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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Surya wahi Chandra wahi

Posted on: October 1, 2012


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog

When film making started in India, the film makers made films on mythological stories, for the simple reason that In India mythology has a great impact on peoples’ life and anything that is mythological is accepted unconditionally.

In the silent movie era, right from 1913 upto 1923, most films were based on such stories like Mohini Bhasmasur, Raja Harischandra, Satyavan Saavitri, Keechak vadh, Vastraharan etc. It was only in 1923 that Madan Theatres in Calcutta made a film called Princess Badar which was based on a story from Persa.

Similarly, if one sees the titles of the Talkie films for the first 5-6 years, the bulk of them were mythological films. Added to this was Parsi theatre fantasies and similar stuff.

BOMBAY TALKIES was established in 1934 as a Public limited company, and it was registered on the stock exchange too. They tried a different approach to movie making, by making movies on socially relevant themes first. However in 1937, they too decided to join the mythological films bandwagon. There were marathon meetings in the company office involving Himanshu Rai, Devika Rani, J.S.Casshyap Natwa, Niranjan Pal, Director Franz Osten etc. Finally it was decided to select the enchanting story of Savitri,from the Aranya Parva of Mahabharat for their mythological movie. The simple reason was that very few films were made on this subject.

J.S.Casshyap was entrusted with the responsibility of research, story writing and Dialogues along with Niranjan Pal. Music was by Saraswati Devi. Cinematographer was Joseph Wirsching, a German just like the Director Franz Osten.

The story of SAVITRI was-

Ashwapati was the King of Madra Desh. His consort was Malavi. He was a great devotee of the Sun God, Savitra. The king’s sadhana pleased the Sun God and he blessed the couple with a child.

A daughter was born and she was named SAVITRI, as she was Sun God’s gift.

Savitri(Devika Rani) grew into a beautiful Rajkumari. One day while strolling in the forest, she meets SATYAWAN(Ashok kumar),who is the son of King Dumatsena. The king has become blind after his Mantri usurped his throne and threw him out of the kingdom. Satyawan has plans to get it back.

Savitri and Satyawan decide to get married, but Raj Jyotishi predicts that Satyawan will die after just one year. Nevertheless, Savitri marries him. In the next one year Savitri studies the shastras and does penance. After one year, one day, while in the forest, Satyawan sleeps on the lap of Savitri and closes his eyes. Savitri sees that YAMARAJ is carrying Satyawan’s Pran. She follows Yama. Yamaraj asks her to go back, but she refuses. Lastly, Yamaraja tells us that he will have a debate with her and if she defeats him,he will grant her 3 wishes, except Satyawan’s Pran.

In the debate Savitri defeats Yama and aske these 3 things-

1.Eyesight and kingdom for the Father in law.

2.100 sons for her father and

3.100 sons for her.

Yamaraj smiles,understands but grants all boons. Sayawan gets up alive. Both bow to Yama.

There was a hugh starcast in this film and many women actors were there like,Chandraprabha(sister of Saraswati Devi),Sunita devi, Vimla devi, Maya devi, Susheela, Aaloka, Tarabai Solanki, Saroj Borkar, Bilkis etc, along with Pithawala, Nazir, Mumtaz Ali, Ramesh, Joshi etc.

Mumtaj Ali(father of Mehmood) did Narad Muni’s role in this film.

There were 12 songs in this film.

Enjoy one of the gems from the past……


Song-Surya wahi chandra wahi (Savitri)(1937) Singer-Ashok Kumar, Lyrics-J S Kashyap, MD-Saraswati Devi

Lyrics

Surya wahi
Chandra wahi
wahi jag hai
wahi jeewan
Surya wahi
Chandra wahi
wahi jag hai
wahi jeewan

phool wahi
baag wahi
wahi aashram
wahi upvan
phool wahi
baag wahi
wahi aashram
wahi upvan

surya chandra jag nutan
jeewan ab navjeewan
surya chandra jag nutan
jeewan ab navjeewan

phool paat navyauvan
upwan ek navupwan
phool paat navyauvan
upwan ek navupwan

ho priye tum nainan mein
tan man mein jeewan mein
ho priye tum nainan mein
tan man mein jeewan mein
tumhri chhavi kaanan mein
kunjan mein
kan kan mein
tumhri chhavi kaanan mein
kunjan mein
kan kan mein

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36 Responses to "Surya wahi Chandra wahi"

Surprise! Surprise! Surprise!
Arunji,
Welcome to the team of “Guest Post”. Oh my God! I still don’t believe it! You made my day. I always wanted to see your post. Thanks you very much. And we hope you will continue this journey with the same (or faster) speed as your write up. Dhanyawaad again.

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Arunkumarji,
Very beautiful descriptions of our society in earlier times.
Very interesting to know that there was a Hindi film on Satyawan-Savitri.
Because I know there was a Gujarati film in 1963, of Satwan Savitri, and all the songs from that film was extra ordinary.
wouldn’t you mind if I put Gujarati song of Satwan Savitri by Lata and Music by Dilip Dholakiya for some gujarati speaking community here?

This song transcends individual suffering into all of human despair and helplessness when our beloved family member facing God of the death (YAMA RAJA)
What a heart-wrenching plea to Yamraja by Savitri, very well done by Lata.
When Yamraja repeat over and over to her…I will give you anything you will asked me to grant your wishes BUT…not pran (life) of your husband, on any circumstances.
Just listening to this song…how she tricked YAMA, and she got her husband back.
Most lovely song…I used to love this song during Raadio days.

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Derubalaji,
Never heard this song. Thanks for sharing. More info on casts please.
BTW, Sati Savitri-64 also has melodious songs, five already posted on the blog. But Savitri-37 is new for me.

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how you like this song? It’s just a gut wrenching song.
Wish we all have this type of power!

I will check out other songs of savitr-i37.

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Love Lataji’s all Guj songs. The most fav one, Ek raj kan, suraj thawaane samane…… It’s there on YT.

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Mazam ratein, (2) ruple madhi se sari rat…both equally good as rajkan..

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Atulji,
Sorry, not trying to continue this comment for Gujarati song, but just look at the clip. There are Kalyanjibhai’s pics from childhood. I just wanted to share one of my fav Gujarati song by Lataji. The song is not full, but pics are memorable.
Thanks

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derubala ji,
Thanks for your appreciation.
This Gujrati song is superb.Thanks.
-AD

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Atulji,
Now, Arunji has “balanced” your both the teams of contributors, Lyrics & Post. (Fifteen in each category)
BTW, the male actor in the picture looks like Ashok Kumar. Is my guess right?

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It is Ashok Kumar

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He looks so young! Yes, I know because he was young then. I just got shocked as never saw his picture that old (or young 🙂 ) Thanks for the confirmation.

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Arun,

I always wondered that with so much of a wealth of information particularly about old and lesser known Hindi films,in your kitty, why you have not been contributing articles. Then I felt that in a way your comments on such films were like mini articles which I guess have already crossed 350.
I sincerely hope that this article is just a beginning and you would regularly contribute articles especially on films of 30s and 40s about which most of us have scanty information.

I have heard the name of this film but never heard this song.
Thanks for discussing this song.

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The last number of his write up that I remember is 387 (Maayaa Baazaar-58, Har phool mein masti hai rangeen hai mausam). I have missed few songs recently, so the number may be higher. Any way, it’s a gr8 pleasure to see Arunji’s name on the blog page. I have always wished to have his name with the category “write ups”, so we could easily find all his posts. Atulji, is it possible?

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Yes, I am working on it.

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🙂 🙂 🙂 ……

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Khyati ji,
Thanks for all those good and envigorating words which will certainly make me keep going in future.
Your follow up on my movie comments is astonishing.Yes,upto 387 you are right.Then I found that there were 4 movies reviewed by me but not included in the list.They are-Gazal-64(21-9),Hum Hindustani-60(24-9),Woh koi aur hoga-67(25-9) and Main wohi hoon-66(25-9-11).With Savitri-37 now the total tally is 392.
-AD

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Arunji,
Out of these four songs you have mentioned, I could not find movie with the title Woh Koi Aur Hoga-67. I searched in Yearwise category also. 😦 . Can you please provide the link of that song?
Thanks

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Khyati ji,
You are right.It is missing from the list of movies.I will take it up with Atul ji also.The link is-
https://atulsongaday.me/2011/09/25/pyaar-milega-jab-na-kahin/
-AD

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Kamath ji,
Thanks for your kind words.I always wanted to write here,but I have been quite busy as I am writing on 15 different groups and blogs,plus my personal life and committments.All this did not allow me any extra time.
Yesterday,one of my friends sent me this song from Savitri.I was so thrilled that I immediately sent it to Atul ji and he was ready to post it next day i.e. today,if a write up was available quickly.
I must thank Atul ji wholeheartedly for encouraging me to write this.
Though I am in 15 groups,my heart and soul remains here only,always !
-AD

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Ah, what an absolutely delightful surprise to see Arunji’s first “song contribution” here! Although I must say I also consider his insightful comments as write-ups in themselves.

Am always glad to learn about 1930s/40s cinema – the more I read about that period, the more interested I get. Whether it is Bombay Talkies or Mehboob Studies or V.Shantaram’s movies or Sohrab Modi’s or Wadia Productions, they are all fascinating – and there is usually a story behind the story. 🙂

Have not been particularly active here the last few days – busy with family but I do try to check the blog as often as I can. And at least leave a comment, if nothing more.

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Raja ji,
Thanks for your kind words.
I always loved seeing and discussing films of 30s and 40s.The films and the songs of that era have a mesmerising effect.Looking back on those times,those actors,directors,film companies and several interesing stories about all these thrills me.It is a different world altogether.
I must thank Atul ji for giving me opportunities and constant encouragement to write about subjects which are close to my heart.
The joy I get being on this Blog is incomparable to anything else !
-AD

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I have posted a comment twice on the page https://atulsongaday.me/2012/10/01/surya-wahi-chandra-wahi/, but it is not appearing. Is something wrong with that page, my comment on other pages are appearing. I am reproducing it again here.
Deshmukh Sir,
It is great to see your name on top of guest post contributors list. Hope you continue to regale us with the story details of known/unknown films and share your treasure of trivia information on people associated with the film industry.
Regards.

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nahm ji,
Thanks for your kind words.I will try to do it again…..and again.
As far as your comments not being accepted on the page has been experienced by me many times.But once it so happened that I wrote a lengthy review of Milap picture and tried atleast 5 times,but failed .At last I left the attempts.( so Milap is not in my list)
But then I learned my lesson.Once it happens,the second time I copy the matter first before pressing ‘post comment ‘ button,so that the matter remains with me even if I have to try 3-4 times later and I dont have to type the same thing again and again.
-AD

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Great work AD. A nice rare song to debut your guest post.Very interesting and informative write-up.We want more of the same,

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Atif ji,
Your appreciation has a special importance,that it is from the original contributor and writer of articles on this Blog.Thanks.
-AD

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Thank you for the post Arunji,

This post is a pleasant surprise.

Main thodaa late wish kar rahaa hoon, woh bhi apne Arunji ke first guest post ke liye. Maaf karo Arunji (deri ke liye)

Regards
Prakash

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Thanks Prakash ji.
Late or early is a relative matter.I know your words come from your heart.
-AD

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Arunkumar garu,
It is great to see you posting here .I cannot resist mentioning that Shanta Apte played Savitri in 1941 Tamil film Savithri and sang several nice songs. M.S. Subbulakshmi played Narada.

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gaddeswarup ji,
Thanks for your comments.
I know about Shanta Apte’s Tamil venture MSS’ role of Narada.
-AD

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Just wondering whether we are missing some more early Hindi film songs. The first Tamil talki Kalidas(1931), apparently had conversations in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi and had songs in all the three languages.

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gaddeswarup ji,
In the early days of Cinema,there was a healthy exchange of songs,films,tunes and even actors,directors etc,between Tamil,Telugu,Kannada and Hindi cinemas.
There are many examples where there are Bengali (as early as in the 30s),Punjabi,Marathi,Telugu,Tamil and Bhojpuri songs in Hindi films and also Hindi songs in Tamil and Telugu films.
Many films were inspired by each others and even dubbed into other languages.
-AD

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Thank you Arunji for bringing this post to my notice. Otherwise I would have missed it. Saraswati Devi seemed to have a good classical base. Love her orchestration!
Beautiful photography!
Thanks also for the background info!

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Arun ji

Congratulations and welcome. It is a great pleasure to see a write up from you. With the wealth of information you have, I am sure we all look forward to your upcoming posts also.

I also checked out your post on the Harvey Pam’s blog, regarding the cycle songs. That is very interesting also.

It is great to see these posts from you.

Rgds
Sudhir

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Sudhir ji,
Thanks.

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Hullo Arunji
welcome to the list of guest contributors. i had read the title of the song u had discussed on the day it was posted itself but i failed to notice that the post was written by you. i had just skipped past reading it bcoz i was too hard pressed for time with family duties.
so congrats on ur maiden post here

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Thank you very much.

Like

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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15100 song posts by now.

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