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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘J S Kashyap


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3458 Post No. : 13873

Today’s song is from film Aazaad-40, made by the famous Bombay Talkies.

Bombay Talkies was one of the premiere production companies of India in those times. Its films became very popular and the music was lapped up by the audience. There were other equally famous production houses like Prabhat Films,Ranjit studios and New Theatres of Calcutta, all churning out block busters. While Ranjit showed how to make money, Bombay Talkies added prestige to films.

Language in Hindi films was a great issue in those times and it is here that Bombay Talkies won hands down ! Prabhat films had its Hindi totally influenced by Marathi ( and hence was popular in western India), and New Theatres films had their Hindi straight lifted from books of Hindi Prachar Sabha- too pure ! It was only Bombay Talkies films which used the colloquial language of India- easily understood by the masses and acceptable to all classes equally. While Prabhat called it “Preet” , and New Theatres said ” Prem”, Bombay Talkies used the words like ” Pyar” and “Muhabbat” – a mix of Urdu and Hindi ( called Hindustani). Prabhat dialogues were too formal, while New Theatres’ were highly literary and Bombay Talkies used day to day language understood easily over the length and breadth of India.

Surprisingly,it was not by design. Himanshu Rai’s Hindi was not good. Whenever a new film story was read out to him, he would insist for simpler language so that he understood it. This culminated into the strongest point of Bombay Talkies films !.

Bombay Talkies was run on Hollywood style. Very systematic, disciplined and maintained a conducive atmosphere for best performance by all. All facilities were provided to the staff, with a common canteen for all- high and low. Bombay Talkies believed in recruiting talented people and also developing their own staff. From the begining, it was considered a Heaven for Bangla artistes. But to its credit, it never neglected or denied opportunities to any Non Bangla artistes. This enabled the Film industry- in later years – benefitting with a variety of experts in all fields of cinema making.

In the initial period, Devika Rani used to be the Heroine in all films, but in 1939, Bombay Talkies invited Leela Chitnis to work in film Kangan-39, opposite Ashok Kumar. The usual director Franz Osten had directed it. The film was a hit and Bombay Talkies went ahead with another film Bandhan-40. When the shooting of Bandhan started in end 1939, its Director Franz Osten and all other German Technicians of the studio were arrested by British police and interned at Deolali, near Nashik, Maharashtra. The film was then completed by the assistant director N.R.Acharya, who graduated to Director’s post. Even this film was a Hit. Yet another film was launched with the pair of Askok Kumar and Leela Chitnis, viz. Aazaad-40 and this film too was directed by N.R.Acharya.

N.R.Acharya – was a Hindi director born in Karachi. He was a government contractor when he joined East India film Company in Calcutta (1934). Later he worked as production manager at Bombay Talkies, where he directed the first examples of S. Mukherjee’s new regime, e.g. Bandhan and the Abbas script Naya Sansar. He became a producer with KISHORE SAHU’s Kunwara Baap (1942). He continued producing under the Acharya Arts Production banner until 1950. He also made Gujarati films, e.g. Lagna Mandap. In 1942, when there was a split in Bombay Talkies and one group left to establish Filmistan, Acharya too left but did not join any group and he became a free lancer. Later he started a company,’N.R.Acharya Productions.’

FILMOGRAPHY:

1940: Bandhan; Azad; 1941: Naya Sansar; 1942: Uljhan; 1943: Aage Kadam; 1949: Parivartan; Shohrat (with K. Amarnath); 1950: Lagna Mandap; 1956: Dhola Maru. ( adapted from Ency.of Indian cinema )

In early 1940, Bombay Talkies’ expert writer and Himansu Rai’s long time associate Niranjan Pal left Bombay Talkies, and Sardendu Bannerjee, a noted Novelist from Bengal was recruited. However his first film Aazaad-40 did not click unlike other films of the lead pair. The film had a cast of Ashok Kumar, Leela Chitnis, Hansa Wadkar, Rama Shukul, Mumtaz Ali, Nazir Bedi, Ramchandra Pal, Nana Palshikar etc etc. Hansa Wadkar was new to Bombay Talkies, having worked as a Heroine in its earlier film ” Navjeevan-39″, opposite Rama Shukul. She had impressed the company and hence even in film Aazaad she was paired opposite Rama Shukul again.

Hansa Wadkar’s real name was Ratan Bhalchandra Salgaonkar. She was born at Bombay on 24-1-1923 in a family of professional singers or ” Kalawanteen” as they are called in Maharashtra.These Kalawanteens were similar to courtesans or Devdasis. They earned their living by entertaining guests by their singing,but they could not get married. They would have their ” Seths ” or benefactors to look after their living needs and sometimes they would have children also from them. However Hansa’s mother had married an upper caste person Salgaonkar. Hansa’s father was a useless person,who lived on wife’s earnings and drank whole day and night.

Hansa was beautiful and knew singing and dancing. She wanted to work in films. There was a family friend-a distant relative- Bandarkar,who would take Hansa to various studios for finding work. She got a film,” Shaadi ka mamla”-1936 at the age of 13 years. this was actually a Marathi drama ( ” Vijayachi Lagne” by Mama Warerkar) shot as a film,which became a flop. meanwhile Hansa was made pregnant by Bandarkar and to save face,she was married to this 10 year older person. She was just 14 year old then.

her next film was Modern Youth-37. Then she did a few B grade films. Hansa changed her name to Hansa Wadkar,which was her maternal surname. She was not only attractive but also expert in dancing and singing. She was offered films by Bombay Talkies ,where she did 3 films-Durga,Navjeevan and Azaad. Later Prabhat also called her for Sant Sakhu in 1941. She did 3 films for Shantaram-Sant Sakhu,Ramshastri and Matwala Shayar.

Hansa worked with top banners and opposite Top actors in her heydays. She did 28 Hindi films. From 1949 onwards,she did 25 Marathi films, including Record breaking ‘Sangatye Aika-59,Ramshastri-44 etc .

Hansa’s life was was in two extremes.On her professional front,she was very successful,but on her personal front,she was very sad. She always sought Love,but she got deception,heartbreaks and torture. Her first husband Bandarkar was a very suspicious character. Due to him she had many abortions,which spoiled her health. She tried many men in search of Love,but she was a disappointed soul throughout.

Hansa Wadkar wrote her autobiography ” Sangtye Aika ” in 1970. It was the same title of her most successful film in Marathi.The book created many waves in the industry since she was very candid and open in the book. After retirement,she lived with Rajan Javale,a handsome Marathi film actor ( he did many Hindi films too ). She called him Baba. She was always ready to give Interviews,because she wanted that people should know the truth. She died on 23-8-1971.

Hansa’s Filmography- Shadi ka mamla, Modern youth,Bahadur kissan,Sneh lagna,Zamana,Durga,criminal,Navjeevan,Azaad,Sant sakhu,Apna paraya,Dillagi,mwera gaon,Ramshastri,Meena,Aarti,main kya karun,begram khan,matwala shayar,gaurav,Dhanyawaad,Dhanwale,Mere Laal,Sant janabai,Shrikrishna Darshan,Maya machhindra,Shrikrishna Satyabhama and Shri Gurudev dutt from 49 to 66, she did 25 Marathi films.

Shyam Benegal made a film on her autobiography-Bhumika-1977. Hansa’s role was done by Smita Patil and Bandarkar was Amol palekar The film was very successful and won many awards.

Film Aazaad-40 did not become a hit film, because the popular romantic pair of Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis was shown as an old couple in the later part of the film, which probably was not liked by the audience. The story of the film is….

AAZAAD(1940) was a Bombay Talkies’ film,in which two composers were there. Ramchandra Pal also composed one song in this film. He also acted in this film.

The screenplay and story were of Sardendu Bannerjee, while the Dialogues and Lyrics were by Jamuna swaroop Kashyap “Natawaa”.

Azad was a story of three friends and the ageold conflict of conservatism v/s Modernism. Vijay(Ashok Kumar) is a wealthy young collegian with modern thinking and rebellion against bad customs.Loknath is a conservative while Jagdish is oscillating between the two.

One day they come accross a girl Jamuna(Leela Chitnis) hunted by a badman. Loknath and and Jagdish stay away,but Vijay rescues her and takes her home.She is stamped a fallen woman,but Vijay knows she is pure and courageous.They fall in love, marry and go away to another villege Ratanpur,to avoid trouble from society.

After 25 years, Jagdish settles as a Lawyer in Calcutta.He has one motherless daughter Seeta(Hansa Wadkar),who is rescued from Train dacoits,by Anand ( Rama Shukul),the Doctor son of Vijay.Jagdish calls him home and learns that he is Vijay and Jamun’s son.He is in a dialemma now.

However love triumphs and the youngsters finally get married in presence of Vijay,Jamuna,Jagdish and Loknath.

This was a film in the tradition of bringing new thinking through films by Bombay Talkies, for which they were known.

Film Azad-40 had 9 songs. only one song was composed by Ramchandra pal and he sang this song. He also acted in the film, but this song is not picturised on him. The song is basically a Kabir bhajan, but patched with some lines by Jamuna prasad Kashyap.


Song-Haariye na himmat bisaariye na Raam (Aazaad)(1940) Singer- Ramchandra Pal, Lyrics-Lyricist- Kabir and Jamuna Swaroop Kashyap, MD- Ramchandra Pal

Lyrics

haariye na himmat
bisaariye na raam
haariye na himmat
bisaariye na raam

tu kyun soche bande
sab ki soche raam
tu kyun soche bande
sab ki soche raam

haariye na himmat
bisaariye na raam
deepak leke haath mein
andha raah dikhaaye
auran aage chaandna
aap andhere jaaye
paap puny aur bhale bure ki wo hi karta tol
paap puny aur bhale bure ki wo hi karta tol
ye saadhe nahin jagat haath ke
ye saadhe nahin jagat haath ke
tu kya jaane mol

jaisa jiska kaam
paata waise daam
jaisa jiska kaam
paata waise daam
tu kyun soche bande
sab ki soche raam
tu kyun soche bande
sab ki soche raam
haariye na himmat
bisaariye na raam
haariye na himmat
bisaariye na raam

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Anyaay” (1949) was directed by J S Cashyap for Diamaond Pictures Limited, Bombay. The movie combined scenes from 14 old hit movies of Bombay Talkies that were expertly edited, and then they were combined with some new scenes shot later. The movie had nine songs. Four of these songs were taken from old movies (including their picturisations) from “Jeewan Prabhat”(1937), “Hamaari Baat”(1943) and “Izzat”(1937). So this movie was an instance of literally cutting and pasting scenes from older movies and passing them off as a new movie.

The movie itself had J S Cashyap, Laxman Saroj, Putli Bai, Narbada Shankar, Devidutt Nautiyal, Kesar Bai, Shree Bhagwan, B S Bhatnagar etc. The old footage of the 14 old movies of Bombay Talkies had actors like Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, Kishore Sahu, Mumtaz Ali, M Nazir Ajmeri, P F Pithawala, Kamta Prasad, Maya, Meera etc in them.

One song from the movie has been covered in the past. Here is the second song from “Anyaay” (1949) to appear in the blog.

The song under discussion is sung by Meena Kapoor and J S Cashyap. J S Cashyap is the lyricist as well. Music is composed by Ram Prasad.

Seeing that J S Cashyap acted in the movie, it would seem that the song was lipynced by him as well. Who lip synced in the voice of Meena Kapoor is not known. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on this matter.


Song-Toot gayi jab man ki beena (Anyaay)(1949) Singers-Meena Kapoor, J S Cashyap, MD-Ram Prasad

Lyrics

toot gayi
toot gayi ee
toot gayi ee
jab man ki beena
kaise nikle raag
toot gayi
jab man ki beena
kaise nikle raag

door huye mere man ke mohan
door huye mere man ke mohan
roothha mera suhaag
toot gayi jab man ki beena
kaise nikale raag
toot gayi

sainya sang rang karti phirti
saajan se milti sakhiyaan
sainya sang rang karti phirti
saajan se milti sakhiyaan
main dukhiyaari bichhad gayi
ka ke sang kheloon phaag
main dukhiyari bichhad gayi
ka ke sang kheloon phaag

mere dil ki lagi koi kya jaane
ye peer meri koi kya jaane
ghaayal ki gati ghaayal jaane
jaa ke laagi tan man aag
mera saathi mujh se bichhad gaya
mera saathi mujh se bichhad gaya
ka ke sang kheloon phaag

toot gayi
jab man ki bena
kaise nikle raag
toot gayi

toot gayi
toot gayi ee ee


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Izzat”(1937) was directed by Franz Osten for Bombay Talkies. The movie had Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar in lead roles. The movie also had Kamta Prasad, Fateh singh, M Nazir, Ahmad, Mumtaz Ali, K H Dharamsi, Vimla, P F Peethawala, N M Joshi, Ameer Ali, Suneeta Devi, Madhurika, Manohar Ghatwai, Chandraprabha etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Izzat”(1937) was directed by Franz Osten for Bombay Talkies. The movie had Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar in lead roles. The movie also had Kamta Prasad, Fateh singh, M Nazir, Ahmad, Mumtaz Ali, K H Dharamsi, Vimla, P F Peethawala, N M Joshi, Ameer Ali, Suneeta Devi, Madhurika, Manohar Ghatwai, Chandraprabha etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Pakshiraaj” (1959) was directed by S N Tripathi for Vijay Films, Bombay. The movie had Nirupa Roy, Manhar Desai, Ulhas, Bhujbal singh, Anand Kumar, Shalini, S N Tripathi, Rajrani, Mahesh Desai, Indira Bansal, Kesari, Babu Raje, Dalpat, Ratnamala, Poonam Kapoor, D D Nautiyal, Anil Kumar, Anand Joshi etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Bombay has been the centre of Film making in India right from the very beginning. Why Bombay and not any other city in India ? It was because Bombay wahub of business activities in India, because it attracted Talent from all over the country and because the Bombay Government constantly made attempts to develop it as a metropolitan city. Old records indicate that a total of 2.72 lakh people migrated to Bombay in 1911, while this figure was was 4.21 lakhs in 1921 and more than 5 lakh people came to Bombay in 1931 to seek employment.
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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This write up contains hard to find details on this obscure movie. This is the 400th obscure movie whose details have been provided by him in this blog.

I was very fond of seeing movies and listening to the songs since childhood. Those days, children were not allowed to see films, unlike today (only the other day I saw my neighbour taking his family of wife and 2 sons aged 10 and 14 to see the film “The Dirty picture”. I became sqeamish, but these are current trends). If at all a film was to be seen, the children had to go with their mother, aunt, grandmother or some such female relative and the film would invariably be “Ram Ravan Yudh” or “Bakasur ki Maut”.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog

When film making started in India, the film makers made films on mythological stories, for the simple reason that In India mythology has a great impact on peoples’ life and anything that is mythological is accepted unconditionally.
Read more on this topic…


“Achhoot Kanya” (1936) was a Bombay Talkies Production. It was produced by Himanshu Rai and directed by Franz Osten. The movie had Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani in lead roles.
Read more on this topic…


“Achhoot Kanya” (1936) was made at an era far far removed from the present day. It was produced by Bombay Talkies. Its producer was Himanshu Rai and it was directed by a German director called Franz Osten. It was a case of an indophile German directing a Hindi movie on a sensitive topic like untouchability and doing a great job. And those were the days when India was under British occupation too. And Ashok Kumar, a lab assistant with Bombay Talkies found himself being made the hero of the movie when the heroine Devika Rani eloped with the original hero, only to come back subsequently. And she was the wife of Himanshu Rai ! And the music director of this movie, a Parsi lady faced stiff resistance from members of her community who were against her decision of joining the film line as a music director.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 14000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3500 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1087
Total Number of movies covered =3846

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