Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Takht na hoga taaj na hoga

Posted on: July 2, 2013


This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Of late, my guest posts here have been infrequent. And have almost always been for a particular occasion – an anniversary or blog milestone. Regulars here have brought this to my notice, saying that I should post more frequently and not just on occasions. I’m flattered and honoured that they like reading my posts. So a big thank you to all of them. I’m always happy to do a write-up here on this beloved blog – and if it’s been only on special occasions so far, it’s purely coincidental.

So here I am today – doing a write-up with NO specific occasion or milestone in mind. Just a normal post. 🙂

This post is triggered by a film I happened to see last night. I’ve been watching a number of 1960s movies in the last few days – Kathputhli (1971 – but rather late 1960s-ish), Dulhan Ek Raat Ki (1967), Baharein Phir Bhi Aayengi (1966), Bin Baadal Barsaat (1963) and Aaj Aur Kal (1963). They are all movies that have at least one or two songs that I’m fond of. And though it’s tricky to watch a movie just because of a song you like (Neel Kamal, I’m looking at you!), I still fall for this every now and then. While I can always catch the song on youtube, I like to see the context in which the song happens – and therefore I end up seeing the movie. And sometimes feeling let down (Bin Baadal Barsaat, I’m looking at you!).

Anyway, I watched Aaj Aur Kal (1963) last night. I knew it had lovely songs, composed by Ravi – “itni haseen itni jawaan raat kya karein”, “ye vaadiyan ye fizaayen” and “mujhe galey se lagaa lo” are all fairly well-known songs. In fact, I remember “ye vaadiyan” used to play quite regularly on All India Radio in the 70s.

I didn’t know too much about the movie except that it had Sunil Dutt and Nanda. I remember seeing some scenes from the movie when it was shown on Doordarshan many years ago. And since all these famous songs, which I’d caught on youtube, have Nanda in a wheelchair, I sort of figured out that she’s a wheelchair patient and that Sunil Dutt is treating her. But nothing more.

So I was pleasantly surprised to see the film also had Ashok Kumar and Tanuja, two actors I like a lot and will never complain if I see their name in the credits.

And of course I knew this was a film with Sahir’s lyrics. And that almost always means there is a treat waiting. There are usually undiscovered new songs – and they usually have Sahir’s lyrics stamped on them. Always something to look forward to.

Sahir did not disappoint me. There were at least four songs I did not know – one, a qawwali (that has been posted already), then a total timepass song by Tanuja, Deven Varma (not posted yet), then, a sad song (not posted yet) – and finally a lively election-related song. I didn’t know any of these songs – and I liked all of them!

The song I am posting here today is the election-related song. Anybody who knows Sahir’s background would say it is right up his sleeve. Sahir was known to have communist leanings – and this song is all about power to the people. In fact, I can’t help feeling that maybe the entire situation itself was written keeping Sahir in mind. 🙂

Briefly, the story relating to this election is as follows. Ashok Kumar is the royal head of the princely state but, after India’s independence, the government has annexed his state as part of India, thereby leaving him with no state to rule over. Elections are called for. Ashok Kumar is pitted against the lowly commoner, Sudesh Kumar. Ashok Kumar uses all the means at his disposal – including money and muscle power – to buy votes. Sudesh Kumar has to reach out to the people through his message of fighting oppression, fighting for people’s rights, fighting for change. With the help of Sunil Dutt, Tanuja and others, he calls out to the masses and exhorts them to vote for their rights, and against those who’ve exploited them until now. Just so perfect for Sahir, isn’t it? 🙂

When I watched this movie last night – especially this part – I couldn’t help feeling that though this movie was made 50 years ago (yes, it is exactly 50 years ago that this was released), all the ills relating to electioneering that it talks about are in vogue even today. Using money power, using muscle power is just as prevalent today as it was all those years ago. If anything, the scale might even have increased, inspite of best efforts by the Election Commission to curb such practices. It left me with a sense of sadness at the state of affairs.

Anyway, the film itself is an enjoyable one – a sweet storyline, with the presence of a sparkling Tanuja, a handsome Sunil Dutt and a fairly sweet, if rather weepy, Nanda. Ashok Kumar puts in his usual solid performance, though I found his role a bit too harsh for my liking.

Please enjoy this song. Of Sahir, by Sahir, for Sahir. 🙂

Audio

Video

Song-Takht na hoga taaj na hoga (Aaj Aur Kal)(1963) Singers-Rafi, Manna Dey, Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Sahir Ludhianvi, MD-Ravi
Chorus

Lyrics

Takht na hoga taaj na hoga
kal thha lekin aaj na hoga
jis mein sab adhikaar na paayen
wo sacha swaraj na hoga

takht na hoga taaj na hoga
kal thha lekin aaj na hoga
jis mein sab adhikaar na paayen
wo sacha swaraj na hoga

laakhon ki mehnat par kabza
mutthi bhar dhanwaanon ka
laakhon ki mehnat par kabza
mutthi bhar dhanwaanon ka

deen dharam ke naam pe khooni
batwaara insaanon ka

deen dharam ke naam pe khooni
batwaara insaanon ka

jiska ye itihaas raha hai
ab wo andhaa raaj na hogaa aa
jiska ye itihaas raha hai
ab wo andhaa raaj na hogaa aa
jis mein sab adhikaar na paayen
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
takht na hoga taaj na hoga
kal thha lekin aaj na hoga
jis mein sab adhikaar na paayen
wo sacha swaraj na hoga

janta ka farmaan chalega
janta ki sarkaar banegi

janta ka farmaan chalega
janta ki sarkaar banegi

dharti ki behaq abaadi
dharti ki haqdaar banegi
dharti ki behaq abaadi
dharti ka haqdaar banegi

saamanti sarkaar na hogi
poonjivaad samaaj na hoga

saamanti sarkaar na hogi
poonjivaad samaaj na hoga
jis mein sab adhikaar na paayen
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
takht na hoga taaj na hoga
kal thha lekin aaj na hoga
jis mein sab adhikaar na paayen
wo sacha swaraj na hoga

mehnat par majdoor ka haq hai
kheton par dahqaan ka haq hai

ho o ho o
jeene par paabandi kyun ho
jeena har insaan ka haq hai

jeene par paabandi kyun ho
jeena har insaan ka haq hai
jai ho janta raaj ki jisme
hullad aur niyaaz na hogaa
jai ho janta raaj ki jisme
hullad aur niyaaz na hogaa
jis mein sab adhikaar na paayen
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
takht na hoga taaj na hoga
kal thha lekin aaj na hoga
jis mein sab adhikaar na paayen
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
wo sacha swaraj na hoga
takht na hoga taj na hoga
kal tha lekin aaj na hoga
kal tha lekin aaj na hoga

15 Responses to "Takht na hoga taaj na hoga"

I remember when this movie was aired on doordarshan. My cousins and I were keen on watching the movie because of the songs. But a neighbour was getting married in the same evening, and we were in and out of the house, watching the movie, going off to attend the festivities.

I remember the story-line. So I suppose, I did watch quite a bit of the movie.

I agree with your comment that Sahir’s communist leanings were woven into the story. I felt the same thing when I watched Ghazal. (Again Sunil Dutt, but paired with Meena Kumari). In Ghazal, Sunil Dutt is a shair who writes for a Qaumi Akhbar, and is forbidden to write love ghazals. Because he cannot help writing lovelorn ghazals after falling for Meena, he is sacked! I felt that the character of Sunil was based on Sahir.

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There were a few ??? I left while typing out the lyrics. Atul has managed to fill a couple of them – “saamanti” and “dehkaan”.
What do these words mean?

Also, there are still a couple of words left as ???. Would appreciate it if somebody could fill them up too. Thanks. 🙂

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Saamanti =Feudal
Dehkan =Tiller

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Thanks for excellent song. Now waiting for ‘Ba Adab, Ba Mulahija, Hoshiyar’ song, mentioned in the write-up.
A side story! This movie was based on a very famous Marathi Stage Drama ‘ Sundar Me Honar’. The drama was also staged as ‘Didi’ in Gujarati. There were some changes- Heroine’s lover, a poet & the Doctor, both were different characters in the drama, as far as I remember. In the movie, both the characters were combined into Doctor (Sunil Dutt)

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Yes, I do plan to write up that song too. I heard it for the first time only now when I saw the movie – and I loved it!:-)

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Raja ji,
Thanks for writing a post which itself is an ‘occasion’ for us.
The film ” Aaj aur Kal ” was produced by Vasant joglekar and the film was based on a famous Marathi Drama ” SUNDAR MEE HONAR ” ( I shall become beautiful…once again ).
This drama was written by Marathi’s popular playwright,poet,writer,actor,director,music director,stage artist,stand up comedian and what not, P.L.Deshpande who is known as just Pu La .
The character of Raja’s daughter ( played by Nanda here) was done by the one time TV News Reader and actress( Newspaper Editor in ‘ Jaane bhi do yaaron ‘)
BHAKTI BARVE. She died in a road accident on Pune-Mumbai Expressway,few years back.
The drama had come in late 69, just after Indira Gandhi had abolished the privy purses of the State maharajas in 1969 January. It reflected the changes Indian society was going thru.
P L Deshpande was the First Director of TV in India. In fact he was specially called to Delhi by Nehru to take this responsibility,because he was trained in it from Germany.He telecast the FIRST ever TV programme in India.
-AD

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Arun ji,

Regarding your comment on this play –
The drama had come in late 69, just after Indira Gandhi had abolished the privy purses of the State maharajas in 1969 January. It reflected the changes Indian society was going thru.

As per the history of this play, this was published originally in 1958 by PL Deshpande. Hence, it could not be related with the abolition of privy purses in 1969 by Indira Gandhi. Also, the film ‘Aaj Aur Kal’ is from 1963.

The reviews of the original play indicates that this play was set in the British times, when the British Raj had taken over the princely states and left them with some gratuity in the form of privy purses. The film was adapted of course, to be in the India of 50s. In this song, when the line
jiska ye itihaas raha hai
ab wo andhaa raaj na hogaa aa

is sung, then on screen we see the Union Jack being lowered.

So there is mixed references, but IMHO cannot be connected to 1969 abolition of privy purses by Indira Gandhi.

Rgds
Sudhir

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The drama (Marathi) I had seen it in late 50s & Gujarati version in early 60s. It was very popular at that time & So Vasant Joglekar decided to make a film, based on it.

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Sudhir ji,
Thanks for setting right the Time Zones.
-AD

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Sudhir ji,
I think I got mixed up with P L Deshpande’s another Hit Drama-TEE PHULRANI,which appeared initially in early 70s,in which Bhakti Barve was the Heroine and which was based on G B Shaw’s Pygmalion.
Sorry for the goof up.
-AD

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Arunji,
For your information ,I would like to add a little (since you are back in Mumbai now)
In the first show (and a few subsequent shows) of Sundar Mee Honar Suneeta Deshpande (wife of Pu La) played the role of Didi Raje and Pu La himself acted as Sanjay ,the poet. Later the couple had to leave for Delhi and the play continued with other cast.
This play is not a translation,still Pu La has mentioned a reference to Barrots of Wimpole Street and also to the life of poet Robert Browning and Elizabeth Browning. he has dedicated the book to the memory of RB and EB.

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Again, lots of interesting information here. I had heard of Pu La but I didn’t know so much about him and this drama. For that matter, I didn’t even know that Bhakti Bharve died in an accident.

As for writing a post, I plan to write more this month. I am always happy to contribute to this blog in any way. 🙂

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Atul ji, Raja ji,

Please read the lines
jai ho janta raaj ki jisme
??? aur ??? na hogaa

as
jai ho janta raaj ki jisme
hullar aur niyaaz na hogaa

“hullar” = riot, anarchy, panic
“niyaaz” = need, poverty

Also, Atul ji, please correct the spelling for
‘dehkaan’ as ‘dahqaan’.

Raja ji,
Thanks for this post. 🙂

Rgds
Sudhir

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Thanks, Sudhirji. As usual, you have the answers. 🙂 Learnt a few new words today. 🙂

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Welcome

🙂

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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