Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Qila hai buland dekho

Posted on: April 29, 2014


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

THE VIBRANT 40s.(Episode No. 8)
———————————–
This post is coming after a break of almost 10 days or so. It was not a ‘Commercial Break’, but was a ‘Duty break’ ! We like to engage ourselves in the olden times, but the newer generation wants to enjoy Today’s life Today…or even earlier, if possible. Everyone seems to be in a hurry these days. I had to bow down to family pressures and go on a trip, down to KERALA. Of course it did a lot of good to me. Away from the Computer, FB and the Whatsapp, the days were spent in the company of family members, in ” The God’s Own Country”-Kerala. It did refresh me to the extent that after a gap of almost 60 years, I tried swimming again. To my own surprise, I could swim comfortably and the family heaved a sigh of relief ! All of them were unitedly against my determination of swimming with grandchildren ” at THIS age ” !!!. (My swimming Video is posted on my FB page).

The song under discussion today is from a film almost 70 years old-Hum Ek Hain-1946. This was a Prabhat film. Its films always had music based on classical or Natya sangeet. This film was the First film of Prabhat in which Punjabi style and Rhythm was used successfully, in spite of opposition from the old timers of the company. The composers who achieved this breakthrough was none other than the leading pair of HUSNLAL-BHAGATRAM.

I am also happy to announce that this is the 200th song composed by Husnlal-Bhagatram, to be posted on this Blog.

Husnlal-Bhagatram was one of the most popular composer pair of their times. They started in 1944 with Chand. Their peak was achieved in 1949 and their magic ended with the sixth decade. They gave music to 49 films and most films’ music became popular. Although Bhagatram was the Elder of the two brothers, their name was famous as Husnlal – Bhagatram. During the peak of their career, the handsome,good looking Husnlal’s name was linked to the upcoming singer of those days-Lata Mangeshkar. This episode is described by C. Ramchandra in his autobiography in Marathi.

Elder brother Bhagatram had given music to 9 films in 1939 and 1940, independently, under the name Bhagatram Batish, but the brothers prospered only after Husnlal joined his brother and they gave music as Husnlal-Bhagatram.

Pandit Husn Lal was born in Kahma Village, district Jalandhar, Punjab, on 8-4-1920. He was initiated into music by his father, the Late Devi Chand and elder brother Pandit Amar Nath, (the famous music composer of the ‘40s). Later he became the disciple of Sangeet Maha Mahopadhyaya Pandit Dilip Chandra Vedi Ji.

Pandit Husn Lal’s first passion was playing the violin, and he learned further under Ustad Bashir Khan. Pandit Husn Lal was a performer par excellence in Khyal, Thumri, Dadra, Gazal, and Bhajan. He had a voice range of three octaves and was an accomplished master of complicated patterns of Taans, like his Guru Vedi Ji.

Pandit Husn Lal was an accomplished Violinist, a renowned Classical singer and an ace Music Director. He, along with his elder brother Bhagat Ram (an ace harmonium player, born in 1914), were the first Hindi film music directors to work as duo and went by the name of “Husn Lal-Bhagat Ram”. The beauty and command over the violin can be seen in different compositions of the duo’s songs in films. They popularized Punjabi folk music as an art form, with the range of music that has a rare lilt and rhythm, yet soulful and poignant, thus becoming the most sought after composers. Their first hit was a film named Chand, after which they never looked back. They gave super hit melodies for more than 80 Hindi films. One point to be noted is that most of his films celebrated their Golden Jubilee with a credit to the music compositions and songs.

Their film Badi Behan (1949) was a classic in the history of Indian cine music. Besides the most popular song, ‘Chup chup kharey ho…‘ there are other seven numbers which gave the audiences the pleasure of music as an art form – ‘Wo pass rahein, ya door rahein‘, ‘Tum mujhko bhool jaao, ab hum naa mil sakeinge‘, ‘Likhnein waley ney likh dee meri taqdeer mein barbaadi likhnein waley ney‘ and ‘Bigree bananey waley, bigree banaa dey‘ (Suraiya) and ‘Muhabbat ke dokhe mein koyee naa akey‘ (Mohammed Rafi).

In ‘Chaley janaa nahin‘ and ‘Jo dil mein khushi ban kar ayey‘ Lata Mangeshkar was perhaps at her best and there could not have been a better return gift to the composer Husan Lal on her 20th birthday (Lata Mangeshkar was born in 1929). The utterance coming straight from the singer’s heart, at times makes the listener cry, as a spontaneous outcome of eternal pleasure. The quality of a diamond cutter in master violinist Husan Lal can be visualized through these two immortal melodies of Lata Mangeshkar. The Punjabi style dholak played by their musician, Shanker (of Shanker-Jaikishan fame) was again a notable landmark!

The song “Suno Suno Aiy Duniyaan Walo Bapu Ki Yeh Amar Kahani”, sung by Mohammed Rafi was the milestone in the history of music. This song was composed by the duo within a record time of just 24 hours; soon after the demise of Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation. More than a million copies of a set of two 78 rpm discs of this recording were sold, within one month.

Husn Lal-Bhagat Ram worked with famous playback singers like Ameerbai Karnataki, Suraiyya, Shamshad Begum, Zohrabai Ambala, Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt, Suman Kalyanpur, and Kishore Kumar, Mohammed Rafi, amongst others. He also composed and played alongside Pandit Ravi Shankar and Pandit Jasraj.

Pandit Husn Lal performed as a violinist on All India Radio and at other renowned music festivals and concerts and taught music to his music-loving disciples. In the late 60s,this pair parted company with each others. Husnlal’s father in law was an influential person. With his help,Husnlal settled in Delhi and started teaching music to aspirants.

One day morning,while on a morning walk, he fell dead in a garden. Someone recognised him and informed his family. The day was 28-12-1968.

Bhagatram too spent his last days in pathetic condition,working for other composers.one day in 1973,he died in Bombay. His son Ashok,who uses the surname Sharma, is an artiste with Doordarshan. ( I had the opportunity to speak to shri Ashok Sharma ji, about his father,few months back).

Once Lady Luck turns her back on someone,Destiny plays strange games. Here is a comment by a leading composer of the 50s, about Husnlal-Bhagatram’s destiny..

“some things happen in life differently……for example, as Shankar was a good dancer, he danced with ‘dholak’, in ”pyar ki jeet”, for which , story, screenplay, dialogues and few songs were written by the song writer, Rajendra Krishan, under the banner of famous pictures….. and the music directors were the then first pair of hindi film music, Husnlal Bhagatram, and incidentally both were brothers to join the film industry……Husnlal was a good violinist and Bhagatram was a harmonium master……when they were assigned the film ”pyar ki jeet”, Shankar was their assistant and played on dholak and tabla and being a dancer himself, danced in the film as stated above……

….it is the destiny, that Shankar made pair with Jaikishan and both with a brilliant mind, went on to become the most successful of music directors, and Husnlal Bhagatram, went into oblivion with the passage of time….
…Husnlal’s father-in-law was a well established person and supported his son-in-law, after being failure as music director, with Bhagatram…..and then Husnlal took to play violin….and Bhagatram…..sorry to say….being alone , started to play harmonium under the direction of his disciple, none other than Shankar, who once played dholak and tabla under his direction………what would you call it….destiny? “

Here is their Filmography yearwise– 1944: Chand; 1946: Hum Ek Hain; Nargis; 1947: Heera; Mirza Sahiban; Mohan; Romeo and Juliet; 1948: Aaj Ki Raat; Lakhpati; Pyar Ki Jeet; 1949: Amar Kahani; Balam; Badi Bahen; Bansaria; Hamari Manzil; Jal Tarang; Naach; Raakhi; Sawan Bhadon; 1950: Adhi Raat; Apni Chhaya; Birha Ki Raat; Chhoti Bhabhi; Gauna; Meena Bazaar; Pyar Ki Manzil; Sartaj; Surajmukhi; 1951: Afsana; Sanam; Shagun; Stage; 1952: Kafila; Raja Harishchandra; 1953: Aansoo; Farmaish; 1954: Shama Parwana; 1955: Adle- Jehangir; Kanchan; Mr Chakram; 1956: Aan Baan; 1957: Dushman; Jannat; Krishna Sudama; 1958: Trolley Driver; 1961: Apsara; 1963: Shaheed Bhagat Singh; 1965: Tarzan And The Circus; 1966: Sher Afghan.

Film Hum Ek Hain-46 was a milestone in many ways. This was one film in which several artistes made their Debuts… Dev Anand, Rehman, Rehana and Kamala Kotnis as Actors and P.L.Santoshi as Director. This was the first film from which Prabhat accepted music of a different type. This was also the First film from which Durga Khote started acting as Mother of some adults and also stopped getting Heroine roles. With this film P L Santoshi developed an obsessive love for actress Rehana, producing many films for her in later years and finally getting destroyed in the process after she migrated to Pakistan.

Hum ek Hain was truly a precursor to films featuring Hindu, Muslim and Christian sons. Probably Manmohan Desai got inspiration for his films from here only. 1946 was a time when the Independence of India was on the anvil and many films tried to give a message of Unity for a stronger India. The detailed review and synopsis of this film is available here, done by my FB friend Nivedita Ramkrishnan, on 27-9-2010.

Durga Khote is one of the first lady actors from respectable families of Bombay into Hindi films. This was a period when working in films was seen as the domain of only Tawaifs, professional singers and the likes of them. She was also the first to break the Studio system and start working as a free lancer at a time when sticking to a studio was the best bet for financial security.

Durga Khote was born on 14-1-1905. Her father Pandurang Shyamrao Laud was a solicitor. While studying for her B.A., she got married to Vishwanath Khote, but became a widow-with 2 sons- when she was 26 years of age. She decided to act in films and her first film was Farebi jaal-1931, a silent film. Her role as heroine in ‘ Ayodhya ka Raja”-1932- the First Marathi Talkie film (both in Marathi and Hindi), was much applauded . After a few films she left Prabhat, worked in Calcutta for New Theatres and East India Film company, later shifting to Bombay to work in Prakash Pictures films. She had a scandal free career of more that 50 years, working in over 200 films. She wrote her Autobiography ” Mee Durga Khote ” in Marathi which was translated in English also. She spent her last years in Alibaug, but died in Bombay on 22-9-1991. She was awarded Phalke award in 1983.

Another luminary associated with this film was the legendary classical singer of Kirana Gharana- Manik Dadarkar or Manik Verma,after her marriage with Amar Verma, a dialogue and lyric writer,in 1947. She was more into Classical singing and marathi Bhavgeet rendering than Hindi film singing. She sang in very few films. As per one estimate she sang only 43 songs in Hindi and Marathi films from 1946 (first film bein Hum Ek Hain-46. Her debut song from this film is already posted on this blog earlier.) to 1955. She won several awards. She had 4 daughters. Two of them, viz. Bharati Achrekar and Vandana Gupte are famous as Hindi/marathi film/drama/TV serial artistes. Rani Verma is a singer and Aruna is a Painter. Manik Verma died on 10-11-1996.

Today’s song is sung by Manik Verma and Chorus and is it filmed on Durga Khote and other actors. P L Santoshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Husnlal Bhagatram.


Song-Qila hai buland dekho (Hum Ek Hain)(1946) Singer-Manik Verma, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD-Husnlal Bhagatram
Chorus
Unknown voice

Lyrics

qila hai buland dekho
darwaje hain band dekho
qila hai buland dekho
darwaje hain band dekho
qila hai buland dekho
darwaje hain band dekho
qila hai buland dekho
darwaje hain band dekho

idhar se aayenge
apne munh ki khaaoge
udhar se aayenge
apne munh ki khaaoge
talwaar lekar aayenge
apne munh ki khaaoge
bandook le kar aayenge
apne muh ki khaaoge
hum top lekar aayenge
apne munh ki khaoge
qila hai buland dekho
darwaje hain band dekho
qila hai buland dekho
darwaje hain band dekho
qila hai buland dekho
darwaaje hain band dekho

meri aankhon ke ae ae ae
ujiyaare ho tum
meri aankhon ke ae ae ae
ujiyaare ho tum
apne is ghar ke ae ae ae
rakhwaale ho tum
apne is ghar ke ae ae ae
rakhwaale ho tum
tum hi karoge maan ki god nihaal
tum hi karoge maan ki god nihaal
ek sur mein
bolo bolo mere laal
bolo bolo mere laal
bolo bolo mere laal

hum ek hain
hum ek hain
hum ek hain
ek hamaara ghar hai
ek hamaari maata
ek hamaara ghar hai
ek hamaari maata
bhai bhai ka hamne
joda aapas mein nata
bhai bhai ka hamne
joda aapas mein naata
naam bhale anek hain
hum ek hain hum ek hain
hum ek hain hum ek hain
hum ek hain hum ek hain
hum ek hain hum ek hain

4 Responses to "Qila hai buland dekho"

What a wonderful post! Hats off! Full of information and rare facts. We love you Arun ji. More such articles, please!

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Manik Verma also sang in Gokul-1946; Aage Badho-1947; Maya Bazar-1949; Shiv Leela-1952; Sandesh-1952;

Like

Arun Desmukh Saheb,
Good and interesting informative.
Mohd.Rafi song in Pyar Ki Jeet ‘Ek dil ke tukde hazaar huwe’ was very popular and teasing and alluring song for college girls in those days!!
Swmming is good for any age if person is fit and healthy. .

Like

Simon vaishnav99
Enjoyed this article and series of films where H. Bhagatram was MD. were worth watching .
Shekhar vaishnav

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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