Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Panchhi ud chal apne desh

Posted on: July 27, 2014


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

GEMS FROM THE MIGRATORS….song No. 3
——————————————

Private life of a celebrity has always been a matter of curiosity for the common man and if the celebrity is from the show world like films ,then there is all attempts to dig out the ‘ behind the scene’ stories about the famous people.

In the early era, the female artistes were from the courtesan or the singing families. The males too were not much educated. Thus there were many cases of illicit relationships and children out of wed locks. For the rich producers, having an ‘extra facility’ was a matter of a few thousands. In those days the social medias and the film magazines were not common hence such matters hardly came into the open. The insiders, however, knew many stories. few personalities like actor Shyam, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Prem Adeeb,C.Ramchandra were some of the artistes who were claimed to be involved in ‘ extra-curricular activities ‘. So were some Producers and Directors.

When careers are on the rise,talents are bright and the work is extraordinary, it hardly matters what the artistes do in their private lives. People are happy with their work. Yesteryear Actor,Singer and Music Director RAFIQ GHAZANAVI was one such person.

Rafiq was a singer from his school days and he became famous by the time he completed his Matriculation. He had learn music from a blind expert. He was called by H.M.V. to Lucknow and several records were made of his songs. He completed his graduation. He was an expert in Hindi, Urdu, English, Punjabi, Pushtu and Afghan Persian languages fluently. he was a voracious reader of English books. He edited a magazine “Raavee”. His stage shows were always housefull. He was honoured by the American Art Society with a Gold Medal. He was famous in the art circles of Lahore.

His first film as a composer was ” Pavitra Ganga”-1932. Then came Prithviraj Sanyogita-33 and Deewaani-34 etc. He was a good friend of producer Director Mehboob Khan. The voice accompanying the Mehboob Productions Logo is that of Rafiq Ghazanavi, “Muddai lakh bura chaahe to kya hota hai, wohi hota hai jo manzoor-e-Khuda hota hai”. The famous Logo consisted of a Hammer and Sickle, indicating the socialistic inclination of Mehboob Khan, who was a great follower of Pandit Nehru’s idealogy. When 14 year old Nargis was offered the heroine’s role in Mehboob’s ” Taqdeer ” the music was entrusted to Rafiq Ghaznavi. Shamshad Begum was brought from Lahore specially to sing her first songs in Bombay for “Taqdeer” and Rafiq Ghaznavi was directing her songs.

Famous writer Saadat Hasan Manto, in his book “Stars from another sky “, had devoted a full chapter to Rafiq. Manto, in his inimitable style has described all his ‘extra ‘ activities in details,as he was an observer for most of them. Rafiq was tall and handsome and had the magical quality to attract women. Wine and women were his weaknesses. But there was much more to Rafiq than only running after lowly women. He was never a one woman man. He had married 3 sisters, one after another, but never remained faithful to any one of them. As far as his music was concerned, he was very strict and never mixed these two things. He always tried to give his best in every film. Here is a short Bio from a Pakistani source-

” Born to an enlightened family in 1907, in Rawalpindi, Rafiq Ghaznavi was full of life since his earliest days. He passed his childhood amidst scenic, natural beauty, surrounded by mountains, valleys and lakes.

After receiving his matriculation examination degree, Rafiq Ghaznavi moved to Lahore. In Lahore, he completed his intermediate examination from Islamia College, Lahore. Then he graduated from the Punjab University in 1933.

During those days if a handsome, enthusiastic young man was endowed with acting talents, he was more inclined towards the glamorous movie business. Rafiq Ghaznavi was no exception. Let us go seventy-five years back in time and see how movies were made in that time period.

Those were the days of silent movies. Though the vocal film ‘Alam Ara’ was released in 1931, still silent movies were in vogue for quite sometime, just like black and white movies continued to flood the market after the advent of color movies.

Visionary movie director, Mian A.R. Kardar, is considered the discoverer or ‘Columbus’ of the Lahore film industry. Moved by Rafiq Ghaznavi’s powerful voice and good looks, Kardar signed him as hero for his silent movie, ‘Brave heart’, while the latter was studying in college.

Thus, Rafiq Ghaznavi debuted in the film ‘Brave heart’ in 1931 at the age of twenty-four. Soon Rafiq Ghaznavi began to outlive his town and his time while his companions were thinking what to make of their lives.

Perhaps, Rafiq Ghaznavi was one of Indo-Pak sub-continent’s most admirable, attractive, capable, good-natured, handsome and happy-go-lucky artists to grace films. He attained enormous respect and renown because of his versatility.

Director A.R. Kardar, on the other hand, made his first talking film, ‘Hoor Punjab’ in 1932. Later, he changed its name to ‘Heer Ranjha’ and it was released under the banner of Play art photo tone.

Handsome, as Rafiq Ghaznavi was, Kardar picked him up for the romantic lead role of ‘Ranjha.’ While actress Anwari played the lead romantic role of ‘Heer Seyaal’. Additionally, Rafiq Ghaznavi composed music and lent his impressive voice to all the songs. Hence, he was the hero-composer-singer in the film ‘Heer Ranjha.’ Since all the songs were pictured on him he was also the singing star.

In private gatherings, Rafiq Ghaznavi often said that whether it is a beautiful face or a lilting voice, gorgeous dress or demeanor, wonderful environment or a great moment, tasty food or an interesting conversation, one should always live to the fullest and makes life easier for others. He himself was a great talker an optimist, and expected others to talk and think positively.

After working in ‘Heer Ranjha’, Rafiq Ghaznavi migrated to Bombay and worked diligently for the Bombay film industry. Meanwhile, a world of new ideas had taken shape in an all-new era, as Rafiq Ghaznavi appeared in ‘Bharat movies’ film ‘Roshan Ara’, directed by G.R. Sethi.

Rafiq Ghaznavi was acclaimed for his character and music in director Shanti Dev’s movie ‘Jawani deewani’, which was released under the banner of Junaid pictures.

He eventually attained stardom with his convincing part in movies like ‘Samaaj ki bhool’, directed by Somi Master, and released under the banner of Imperial Film Company.

Rafiq Ghaznavi was doubtlessly a high-energy, first-rank film star, though; through his acting he exudes an old world formality. He acted in the film ‘Behan ka prem’ and composed the songs as well. It was released under the banner of Prosperity Film Company.

Though Rafiq Ghaznavi was the actor-director-composer in the film ‘Prem pujari’ such was the versatility of the man and his artistry. His best subject was music, which he anatomized in movies. ‘Prem pujari’ was released under the banner of Junaid pictures in 1935.

Essentially, Rafiq Ghaznavi was a lovable man whose hatred of hypocrisy was legendary. He learned a lot from his colleagues. But he was his own man, always. He was such a smart actor.

Below are examples of his intelligent acting-
‘Ghulam daku’, ‘Lail o nahaar’, Mere laal,Prem bazaar,Do auraten,Us ne kya socha,Bhaedi trishool,Kis ke liye,Chalti duniya,Chal chal re naujawan,Shyam savere,Manjhadhar,Pavitra ganga,Sanyogita,kala Naag,kaun kisi ka,Sitara,bahu Rani,Apni nagariya,Sikandar e azam, Prithvi Vallabh etc.

Most definitely, Rafiq Ghaznavi’s career was magnified with the coming of sound and he thrived in the new talkie age. Basically, he was a party-hearty man and his scrumptious personality added flavor to the stew. Besides, his vast experience in the films also added credibility to his performance. Below are three more movies in which he acted and also composed music:
The Minerva Movie tones film ‘Aik din ka Sultan’, director, Sohrab Modi.
The Sarko productions film, Swami, director, A.R. Kardar.
The Hindustan pictures film ‘Kajack’, director, Nazeer.

A lover of laughter, Rafiq Ghaznavi was not witty or humorous in only single instances or small quantities. He was full of mirth and fun. His was a gallant soul. The two movies below proved both their breadth and depth:

The Hindustan pictures film ‘Society’, director, Nazeer.
The Hindustan pictures film ‘Laila Majnu’, director, Nazeer, assistant director, Shareef Nayyar.

Like the character he played in the film ‘Mazaaq’, Rafiq Ghaznavi was a genuine actor, triumphing over roles in movies like ‘Najma’ and adding zest to such great films like ‘Taqdeer’ and ‘Nadaan’ in 1943.

The film ‘Mazaaq’ was released by Zahoor Raja’s film production, Raja Modi tone.
The film ‘Najma’ was the first Muslim social film directed by Mehboob Khan and released by Mehboob Productions.
Mehboob Khan directed the film ‘Taqdeer’.

In some ways, Rafiq Ghaznavi’s character is just as deluded and committed to his art as possibly it could be. A quick example is director Shaukat Husain Rizvi’s film ‘Naukar.’ It was released by V.M. Viyas’s film production, ‘Sun Rise pictures.’

After partition, Rafiq Ghaznavi migrated to Lahore. Later, he moved to Karachi. In Pakistan, he composed music for director Ashfaq Malik’s film ‘Pervaaz’ and director Aziz Ahmed’s film ‘Mandi.’ Next, he joined Radio Pakistan and dedicated himself whole-heartedly to the cause of Radio programs.

Dwelling on his personal life, Rafiq Ghaznavi married film actress Zehra and had a daughter, Shahina, from her. Shahina grew up and made her mark as an actress in movies like ‘Beli’, ‘Nigar’, ‘Aankh ka nasha’, ‘Bharosa’, and ‘Intiqaam.’

Rafiq Ghaznavi also had a son, Murad, from his first wife, Zehra. In due course of time, Rafiq Ghaznavi divorced Zehra. She married director A.M. Mirza and was known as Zehra Mirza.

Actress Anwari was the second wife of Rafiq Ghaznavi with whom he had a daughter, Zarina Agha. Later, Zarina changed her name to Nasreen and worked in director A.R. Kardar’s movie, ‘Shah Jehan’ and Daud Chand’s movie, ‘Aik Roaz.’
After Rafiq left Anwaribai, she married Jugal Kishore Mehra ( Raj kapoor’s Mama), who converted to Islam and became Ahmed Salman. He was also the director of Radio Pakistan. He adopted Nasreen and got her married to Agha Liyaqat Gul Tajik. He settled in London doing Diamond business.

Further, Nasreen Agha’s daughter, Salma Agha, achieved great name and fame as a singing star.

Actress Anu Radha, whose real name was Khursheed Akhtar, was the third wife of Rafiq Ghaznavi, with whom he had a son, Ayaz Mehmood. Furthermore, one of Rafiq Ghaznavi’s daughter married popular writer-director, Zia Sarhadi. Zia Sarhadi’s two sons, Khayam Sarhadi and Bilal Sarhadi attained fame in show business.

Interestingly enough, all three wives of Rafiq Ghaznavi were real sisters and they hailed from Amritsar.

Rafiq Ghaznavi, who was such a charismatic figure, a talented composer of the highest grade and a visionary, passed in 1974, in Karachi, at the age of sixty-seven. “

Today’s song is sung by Rafiq Ghaznavi and Menakabai. Menakabai was born in 1915 at Lahore in a professional singer family. Those days,such girls could easily enter films. Her debut was with ‘Bhedi Raajkumar’-34, a film by Saraswati Cinetone, Poona and the MD was Annasaheb Mainkar. After singing in Pyara Dushman, Krishna Shishtai, Sunehra Sansar etc, she joined Minerva movietone and sang in films like Pukar, Bharosa Main Haari, Sikander, Phir Milenge, Prithvi Vallabh, Bhakta Raidas, Dr Kumar, Sapera, Paak Daaman, Ulti Ganga etc. Her last film was Gul Bakavali-47. In the wave of new female playback singers she was pushed out and forgotten.

This song is shot on Meena and actor Al Nasir. This Meena is same ” Lara lappa girl “, but she had not yet become Meena Shorey. This was only her second film in Minerva Movietone. Her name was Khursheed Jehaan which was changed to Meena by Sohrab Modi. Her “Riches to rags” story was given by me in the earlier song of Prithvi Vallabh ,so I am not repeating here.

Let us now enjoy this duet from a talented singer/composer Rafiq Ghaznavi and Menakabai, shot on Meena and Al Nasir on screen. Rafiq and Al Nasir migrated to Pakistan after Partition and Meena in the 50s.

Video

Song-Panchhi ud chal apne desh (Prithhvi Vallabh)(1943) Singers-Rafiq Ghaznavi, Menaka Bai, Lyrics-Pt Sudarshan, MD-Rafiq Ghaznavi
Both

Lyrics

Panchhi
ud chal apne desh
panchhi
ud chal apne desh
panchhi
ud chal apne desh
panchhi
ud chal apne desh

apne desh ki tujhko dhun hai
tere desh mein kya kya gun hai
jiski khaatir tujhko panchhi ee ee
jiski khaatir tujhko panchhi ee ee
bura lage pardes
bura lage pardes
panchhi
kaisa tera des
panchhi
kaisa tera des
panchhi

mere desh ki ajab adaayen
mere desh ki door balaaye
mera desh hai swarg ka tukda aa aa
mera desh hai sawarg ka tukda aa
phoole phale hamesh
phoole phale hamesh
panchhi
ud chal apne desh
panchhi
ud chal apne desh
panchhi

raste mein sankat aayenge
pag pag par bhay dikhlaayenge
raste mein sankat aayenge
pag pag par bhay dikhlaayenge

hum panchhi parchaayin bankar
hum panchhi parchaayin bankar
oopar se ud jaayenge
oopar se ud jaayenge
madad karenge dev hamare ae ae
madad karenge dev hamare ae ae
Brahma Vishnu Mahesh
Brahma Vishnu Mahesh
panchhi
ud chal apne desh
panchhi
ud chal apne desh
panchhi
ud chal apne desh
panchhi
ud chal apne desh

8 Responses to "Panchhi ud chal apne desh"

Arunji,
Wealth of information about the third migratory bird, Rafiq Ghaznavi. I remember watching this movie on Doodrdarshan. As this movie was of 40’s, my wish of watching a Sunday movie on TV was granted easily by my father. I was preteen then and just remember Sohrab Modi and Durga Khote even though all main actors were introduced to me as a “prerequisite”. The best memory I have is that my father has watched it with me. 🙂
Thank you for bringing my golden memories back.

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Thanks.

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Arun Sir,
I am flying to apna desh tonight for a short vacation.
And, my name is mentioned in the song two times 🙂 🙂
now, what should i say……

Thank you very much for the song…….

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Thanks.

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Arun Ji,
Some time back I had asked for detail information on Rafiq Ghaznavi and you had responded with some, then. Thanks for the in -depth write-up on Rafiq Ghaznavi, Thanks for the beautiful song too.

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Thanks.

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Arun Ji, reading one of your write-ups after a long time, and as it always did, so insightful and rich of information. And the way you write, gives one the satisfaction of reading a good book :). Thank you.

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Thanks.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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