Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Bichhad gaye jo saathi

Posted on: September 1, 2014

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in If this article appears in sites like and etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Till 1947, Hindi films were made in Bombay, Lahore, Calcutta and Poona. Most studios were located in these cities. South Indian language films were made mainly in Madras and Bangla films were made in Calcutta and Dhaka.

The Partition in 1947 changed the picture completely. Wholesale polarisation took place. Producers of Hindi films had to flee from Lahore, leaving everything behind them and some artists from Bombay left for Pakistan. Thus, after Partition, the exclusive centre for production of Hindi films was only Bombay. By 1950 things settled in India and Pakistan Film Industry.

Telugu film producers shifted to Hyderabad, Kannada films to Bangalore and Malayalam to Kerala. Madras, however,still made films other than Tamil, like Telugu Hindi etc. But now it was only Remakes of successful Tamil films or dubbed films. The 50s saw many Hindi films dubbed from southern languages(Read Tamil/Telugu). Initially, they were Mythological, Fantasy or costume films. In the 60s, however even social films were remade.

Film production in Madras is very methodical and professional. They make films as per plans and in planned times. For this reason, in the 60s to 80s many Hindi film actors volunteered to to make films in south. The producers in south too had their favourites. In the Music area, there were,Ravi ,C.Ramchandra or Madan Mohan, for lyrics and story, Rajinder Krishna and Pradeep, and actors were Jeetendra, Rajendra Kumar,Sunil Dutt and Mehmood.

Though Polarisation took place in film production, the attraction to come to Bombay and work here continued. Artists from various centres still came to Bombay.
The biggest contribution came from Bengal, in the areas of music, direction and acting. Artists from South tried their hand with Hindi films, either by Remade or dubbed films. Thus the greatest south actors like Sivaji Ganeshan, M G Ramchandran, N T Rama Rao, A.Nageshwar Rao, Jayalalita, Janaki, Susheela, Prem Nazir of the older generations and Rajanikanth, Kamal Hasan and Chiranjeevi from the next Generations were seen in Hindi films.

In the music department also, many composers like K.Narayan rao, C.Balaji, S.Rajeshwar Rao, C R Subramanyam, E Shankar, R Sudershanam, Ramesh Naidu, Adi Narayanrao, Vishwanath-Rammurthy, Lingappa etc worked in Hindi films.( Only Dr.Rajkumar, the Kannada Superstar never worked in Hindi films. In fact, except for just 1 Telugu film, Shri Kalhasti Mahatmyam, Dr.Rajkumar never worked in any other language film.)

There is one name from South, which was so famous, that it is surprising that he too gave music to Hindi Films. His name is GHANTASALA.

Most people from outside south may not know this name, but he was a legend in Sothern languages as a Singer and Composer.

GHANTASALA VENKATESWARA RAO was born on 4-12-1922 in a Telugu Bramhin family of Mr.Soorayya, who was a great singer himself. Ghantasala lost his father very early and was brought up by his maternal uncle. After education in college and Karnatak music, he joined the ‘quit India’ movement and was jailed for 18 months. After the sentence was over, he started working in earnest. On someone’s advise, he joined films and did some small roles.

His first film as a MD was ” Mana Desam”, also a debut film for N T Rama Rao. Some sources claim that his debut was with film ” Laxmamma”. After this there was no looking back. Ghantasala became very famous. He sang in Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam and Tulu as well as Hindi.

Ghantasala has sung over 10000 songs in southern Languages. He was MD for more than 100 films in south.

Ghantasala’s first Hindi film as MD was Pataal Bhairavi-1952, a Hindi remake of the Telugu blockbuster. His assistant in this film was A.Krishnamoorthy, who knew Hindi very well. He also gave music to Jhanda ooncha rahe hamara-64, Pandav vanvaas-73 and Lav-Kush-74.-all remakes/dubs of Telugu films. In film Rani-52, a remake which had D C Dutt as composer, Ghantasala sang his first Hindi song.(Though this song with a personal commentary by the collector is on You Tube, Gantasala’s daughter refuses to accept that this is Ghantasala’s song).

Ghantasala( This was his surname-his first name being Venkateswara Rao-which was never used by anyone.) died on 11-2-1974 at Madras. He was a Padmashree and a Postage stamp was released with his photo, in his honour on 11-2-2003.

Today we will see and enjoy a song from Pataal Bhairavi-52. This was a production of Vijaya Vauhini studios, produced by B.Nagi Reddy and Chakrapani( He is the same person who was also the Editor of Chandamama Magazines). This film broke all the records of Box office in Andhra and other southern states. So a Tamil retained even in the Hindi version, because Malathi was proficient in speaking, reading and writing Hindi fluently.

Incidentally, after this film, N T Rama Rao started his own Production Studio-Ramkrishna Studios-in Hyderabad.

Vijaya Vauhini studios and the Chandamama offices were located in Vadapalani, a suburb of Madras. In 1980,I had an opportunity to see the studios and also meet Mr.Chakrapani in Chandamama office,through one of my friends in Madras.

PATAAL BHAIRAVI-52 was directed by K.Venkat Reddy and the music was by Ghantasala (Asstt.-A.Krishnamurthy). Lyrics were by Pt.Indra. There were 9 songs ,sung by Talat Mehmood, G M Durrani,Geeta Roy, Kamala Devi and Jikki (P G Krishnaveni). Jikki is one of favourite singers from South,apart from P.Suseela.

The story of Pataal Bhairavi is a Fantasy, full of drama, dances, Magic, Sword Fights, Heavy costumes, palaces and lot many Trick scenes.

Ramu(N T Rama Rao) is the son of an ordinary gardener, who falls in love with Princess Indumathi(Malathi) of Ujjain Kingdom. While the Rajmata has no objection, the king does not approve of a commoner..So, Ramu decides to become rich and meets a mantrik (S V Ranga Rao) who promises to make him rich in quick-time. Actually, the Mantrik wants to sacrifice Ramu to the Goddess ( Girija) to propitiate her and get rich himself.

Ramu comes to know of the mantrik’s plan and plays the game in such a way that instead of Ramu, the Mantrik is sacrificed to the Goddess, who appears before Ramu and makes him rich and powerful. Meanwhile, the king is attacked by a big enemy, but Ramu helps the king and defeats the enemy and saves the kingdom. The king is now in his favour and Ramu not only gets married to Indumathi but is also declared the heir Apparent to the king’s throne.

There are many trick scenes and sword fights in the film worth seeing. It is said that actor RANJAN helped the producers in shooting the sword fight scenes.

( The story was once again remade in 1985, with Jeetendra as Ramu, Jayaprada as Indumati and Kader Khan as the Mantrik. Shoma Anand played the Goddess Patal Bhairavi.)

Here is a melodious song from this film. This is a solo song by Talat Mehmood. After hearing the song, one may be reminded of the song from Barsat-49 – “Bichhade huye pardesi” by Lata Mangeshkar. Those days it was a common and mutually approved way of copying tunes from Hindi-Telugu films, nevertheless Talat song has its own charm too. Enjoy…


Song-Bichhad gaye jo saathi (Paataal Bhairavi)(1952) Singer-Talat Mehmood, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Ghantasala


bichhad gaye jo saathi
bichhad gaye jo saathi
phir na milenge kya
bichhad gaye jo saathi

bikhhre phoolon ke kaanton se ae
poochh rahi hai bulbul ro ro o
bikhhre phulo ke kaanton se
poochh rahi hai bulbul ro ro
ujde gulshan armaanon ke phir na khilenge kya aa aa
bichhad gaye jo saathi

ulfat roothi kismat roothi
rooth gayi duniya saari
ulfat roothi kismat roothi
rooth gayi duniya saari
bujhe huye ye charaag dil ke
phir na jalenge kya aa
bichhad gaye jo saathi

kya kya thhe armaan hamaare
kya kya thhin ummeeden aen
kya kya thhe armaan hamaare
kya kya thhin ummeeden aen
dil hi dil mein rone waale
phir na hansenge kya aa
bichhad gaye jo saathi
phir na milenge kyaa aa
bichhad gaye jo saathi
bichhad gaye jo saathi

2 Responses to "Bichhad gaye jo saathi"

Another gem from south!!! I am one of many others who is not familiar with this name and his contribution in Hindi Cinema. 10000 songs in southern languages in about 100 films…. monumental contribution in south part.
This song does remind you of Bichade huye pardesi of Barsat. Rightly said, “Talat song has it’s own charm too…”
Thanks for one more informative post.


Talat at his best. Am aware of Ghantasala’s contribution to South cinema, yet the write-up was very informative.


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