Advertisements

Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Dagmag Doley Desh Ki Naiyya

Posted on: August 25, 2017


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Wandering into the world of movies of 1930s and 40s gives me immense pleasure. Digging for difficult to find information about old films, directors, music directors, singers or actors is an interesting challenge for me.While on a chase for such information, I frequently come to dead ends and then have to seek another road to gaining knowledge. It is very sad that in our country, documentation about films of 1930s and 40s is very poor.

While compiling the HFGK, the indefatigable Shri Harmandir Singh ji has, however, recorded his findings about old time artistes, when he met them. These are recorded in the magazine “Listeners’ Bulletin” published regularly every quarter by him, and they are a great help to small time writers like me in providing information. These artistes ranged from all genres of films- right from the mythologicals to action and stunt films.

The genre of action and stunt films had a slow and natural death from the decade of the 1950s and thru to the dawn of the 70s decade, it became totally extinct. It was a great pleasure to see these movies from the 1930s to the 50s. I grew up seeing and enjoying these films along with the mythologicals, socials, crime, comedy, musical and mystery films. (I meticulously avoided seeing tear jerkers, tragedies and films like, ‘Suhaagan’, ‘Bhabhi Ki Choodiyan’, ‘Aurat Teri Kahani, and ‘Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki’ etc.).

Like social and mythologicals, the action and stunt films genre had its own set of audience. There was a fixed set of specialist actors, producers, directors, MDs, and even theatres for such films. In the 1930’s, the major producers for the action and stunt films were the Wadia Brothers – JBH and Homi Wadia. In the 1940s, it was the Kadam Brothers – Harishchandra Rao and Chandra Rao Kadam and in the late 1940s and the 50s it was Palav Brothers – Master Bhagwan and Shankar Palav.

Today’s song is from one such stunt/costume drama from 1940 – ‘Hind Ka Laal’, made by the Wadia Brothers under their banner of Wadia Movietone. This film makes its debut on our blog today. The film was directed by Homi Wadia and his assistant Ram ji Arya. This was his first film with his name credited. Later Ram ji Arya directed 5 more films- ‘Manthan’ (1941), ‘Jungle Ki Pukar’ (1946), ‘Bhedi Dushman’ (1946), ‘Sher e Bangal’ (1947) and ‘The Actor’ (1950). The music director for this film was Madhulal Damodar Master.

The name Madhulal Master must be unknown to the newer crop of music lovers, because he retired from film music in 1952 – much before many readers would have been born. The story of the life of Madhulal Master is as strange as the story of his death. On the morning of 19th June, 1990, The Times of India, Bombay flashed a news – “The old time Music Director and a Director of Indian Institute of Puppetry, Shri Madhulal Damodar Master is found murdered in his Shivaji Park home.”

Born on 21-6-1903, Madhulal joined the film industry to become a comedian. However, his first assignment came as an assistant sound recordist, then an assistant music director for two films and finally an independent music director for Krishnatone Film Company for their film ‘Navchetan’ (1932). In the next 21 years he gave music to 34 Hindi films, few Gujarati films and some documentaries. Unable to cope up with the changed pattern of music and public taste, he retired from this profession after his last film – ‘Jungle Ka Jawahar’ (1952). After retirement, he pursued his hobby of puppet making and soon developed a flourishing business. Internationally well known, he is the only Indian member honoured by the International Puppeteers Organization. Very few people know that it was his JOKER PUPPET which was used by Raj Kapoor in his ambitious film ‘Mera Naam Joker’ (1970).

He was invited as a special guest for the release ceremony for the HFGK Vol I, on 8-10-1988, after Harmandir ji meticulously made special efforts to locate him in Bombay. He was overwhelmed with this gesture. Madhulal ji showed a catalogue to Harmandir ji, in which Madhulal ji had recorded information about all songs composed by him with details of the every film that he did in his career. Harmandir ji was wonder struck with his systematic data compilation. In the ceremony, senior artistes like Naushad, Sitara Devi, Rajkumari ji etc all touched his feet with respect. He regaled the audience with his humorous talk for an hour. He had spent 38 years before this in anonymity. It is very sad that his life ended in such a tragic way. (His murderer was never found out. Niether was the motive established, nor was any case filed.)

The cast of the film ‘Hind Ka Laal’ includes Sardar Mansoor, Radharani, Boman Shroff, Bismilla, Master Mohammed, Mithoo Mian, Azuri etc. Radharani, the leading lady of this film, was a case of ‘Same Name Confusion’. There were 3 Radharanis operating at the same time, creating lot of confusion and a mix up of their filmography. When I started finding out about them, it took me almost 3 months to have clear information to differentiate them. Here is some information about them. I am not giving their detailed Filmography here.

  1. The first Radha Rani was from Calcutta. She was a born actress. Daughter of a retired captain and a European mother, she was active doing dramas and dances, right from her school days. She learnt swimming and horse riding too. She sang very well. In 1930 she joined the British Dominion Film Co. in Calcutta and acted in many silent films, with Debaki Bose, Sabita Devi, Dhiren Ganguly etc. Her Hindi and Bangla diction was good. She acted in ‘Yahudi Ki Ladki’ (1933) with KL Saigal. Her other films were ‘Sawaal’ (1943), ‘Bhai’ (in Bangla), ‘Romantic India’ (1936). Her career ended in 1946 when she got married and went to England.
  1. The second Radharani of Calcutta was one of the finest non Bengali singers. She was from a rich Marwaadi family settled in Bengal for many generations. Her Bangla was very good. She sang Pala Keertan songs (songs of Radha and Krishna’s romance), which became very popular. She cut many private song records with the Hindustan Records company. She joined New Theatres and acted and sang in film ‘Kashinath’ (1943). Producers from Bombay invited her to come to Bombay. She acted in some films and also sang in ‘Paraya Dhan’ (1943), ‘Shri Ramanuj’ (1946), ‘Kurukshetra’ (1945), ‘Baap’ (1946), ‘Laaj’ (1946) etc. She worked till 1948.
  1. The third actress with the name Radharani, worked exclusively in Wadia Movietone films. Her voice was not very good. Nevertheless she sang songs in films, like ‘Hind Ka Laal’ (1940), ‘Manthan’ (1941), ‘Bambaiwali’ (1941), ‘Jungle Princess’ (1942) etc. Later, she married Zahoor Raja and migrated to Pakistan with him.

Additionally Shamshad Begum sang an NFS “Tere Poojan Ko Bhagwan” in 1934, for Jeinophone record company, under the name of Radha Rani (since this was a Hindu Bhajan). This bhajan is already discussed on this Blog.

‘Hind Ka Laal’ has 11 songs listed in the Geet Kosh. Today’s song is sung by Master Mohammed. He started his career as an actor and composer in Krishnatone Films production – ‘Harishchandra’ (1931), one of the earliest Hindi talkie films in the first year of talkie cinema in India. He composed 20 songs in ‘Seeta swayamvar’ (1933). Same year he acted in and composed music for India’s first talkie fantasy film ‘Laal e Yaman’ (1933). He used to sing songs in his films.

He was MD for many films of Fearless Nadia – from her first big film ‘Hunterwali’ (1935)  to ‘Sher e Baghdad’ (1946). He gave music to 24 films and composed 217 songs. His last film as MD was ‘Sati Seeta’ (1946).

As a singer he sang 41 songs in 18 films. His last song was in the film ‘Hind Ka Laal’. He was also an actor. He acted in 23 films. His last film as an actor was ‘Flying Prince’ (1946).

A notable feature is that he included patriotic songs in each of his films. Some of his famous songs are “Hum Watan Ke Watan Hamaara” from the film ‘Jai Bharat’ (1936) and “Jhanda Ooncha Rahe Hamaara” from the film ‘Lutaru Lalna’ (1938). Another song from the same film “Jagat Ka Sapna” is based on Hindu-Muslim unity. Though he gave music influenced by Parsi Theatre, his name will be remembered in HFM history as a composer for patriotic and Hindu-Muslim unity songs.

The story of this film is summarized below.

People of Samargarh complain to the Commandant Chandrasen (Master Mohammed) about the harassment by the goons of Veersingh (Dalpat), the Wazir. He goes to convey this to the king (Bismilla), only to find him entertaining his moll Manorama (Gulshan) and the joker Kesar (Mithoo Mian). Manorama insults him and he taunts her. For this, Veersingh arrests him. Kasturi (Nazira), a daasi, conveys this episode to princess Kamla Kumari (Radha Rani). Her friend Prem Kumar (Sardar Mansoor) attacks the Wazir, but Wazir kills Chandrasena and puts the king in jail. Army chases Prem Kumar, who falls in a river and is reported dead.

However, he is saved by well wishers and becomes a rebel calling himself ‘Hind Ka Laal’. His horse is known as ‘Punjab Ka Beta’. Veersingh wants to marry Kamla Kumari. He kidnaps her and is about to run away when Manorama stops him. He kills her. Meanwhile, Prem Kumar and his friends attack Veersingh. In the final battle Veersingh is killed and the king is released. The king announces the marriage of Prem Kumar aka Hind Ka Laal and Kamla Kumari. …. The End … Clap Clap Clap ! (638)


Song – Dagmag Doley Desh Ki Naiya (Hind Ka Laal) (1940) Singer – Master Mohammed, Lyrics – Pandit Gyan, MD – Madhulal Damodar Master

Lyrics

dagmag do..le
desh ki naiya
paar lagavo krishn kanhaiya
paar lagavo krishn kanhaiya

kaal toofaan ne desh ko ghera
kaal toofaan ne desh ko ghera
chaaya chaaron ore andhera
chaaya chaaron ore andhera
tujh bina koi na aur khiwaiya
tujh bina koi na aur khiwaiya
paar lagavo krishn kanhaiya
paar lagavo krishn kanhaiya

dukh saagar mein gotay khaaye
dukh saagar mein gotay khaaye
waqt ki lehron ke patwaari
waqt ki lehron ke patwaari
aan bachavo pakad khiwaiya
aan bachavo pakad khiwaiya
paar lagavo krishn kanhaiya
paar lagavo krishn kanhaiya
dagmag dole desh ki naiya
dagmag dole desh ki naiya

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

डगमग डो॰॰ले
देश की नैय्या
पार लगावो कृष्ण कन्हैया
पार लगावो कृष्ण कन्हैया

काल तूफान ने देश को घेरा
काल तूफान ने देश को घेरा
छाया चारों ओर अंधेरा
छाया चारों ओर अंधेरा
तुझ बिना कोई ना और खिवय्या
तुझ बिना कोई ना और खिवय्या
पार लगावो कृष्ण कन्हैया
पार लगावो कृष्ण कन्हैया

दुख सागर में गोते खाये
दुख सागर में गोते खाये
वक़्त की लहरों के पतवारी
वक़्त की लहरों के पतवारी
आन बचावो पकड़ खिवय्या
आन बचावो पकड़ खिवय्या
पार लगावो कृष्ण कन्हैया
पार लगावो कृष्ण कन्हैया
डगमग डोले देश की नैय्या
डगमग डोले देश की नैय्या

Advertisements

3 Responses to "Dagmag Doley Desh Ki Naiyya"

Arun ji,

Thanks very much for throwing some lights on three Radha Ranis.

Hitherto now, I was under the impression that there were two Radha Rani’s – Radha Rani, the kirtan singer who had sung https://atulsongaday.me/2013/01/24/manmohan-mukhda-mod-gaye/ in ‘Kashinath’ (1943) and other Radha Rani who has worked in ‘Sawaal’ (1943) known for seductive dances. She had mostly acted as side heroine and had sung for herself in some films.

However, I am still confused about the Radha Rani who, according to your article, had worked exclusively with Wadia Movietone. I have compared Radha Rani’s photos of some of the Wadia Movietone’s films like Diamomd Queen’ (1940), ‘Manthan’ (1941) and ‘Jungle Princess’
(1942) with the photos of Radha Rani in ‘Baadal’ (1942), ‘Mazaaq’ (1942) and Sawaal’ (1943). To me, Radha Rani of Wadia Movietone and Radha Rani of latter films like ‘Sawaal’ (1943) appear to be the same actress – big size forehead and seductive eyes.

Again, Radha Rani of ‘Sawaal’ (1943) is the same as Radha Rani who had worked with Zahoor Raja in ‘Himmat’ (1941), ‘Mazaaq’ (1942) ‘Baadal’ (1942) and ‘Ghazal’ (1945).

So, I am still confused about three Radha Ranis.

Sadanand ji,
Thanks for discussing RR issue.
My work on this project is not yet complete. Kushal Gopalka, who is working on a book presently, has also sent me some related information. Additionally, there are references in RMIM old discussions, which I found recently. P Kamlakar ji has also written about 2 Radha Ranis on his Blog long back. I am in his touch. (presently in US, he too hails from Hyderabad like me).
It may,after all, turn out that there were only 2 actresses named Radha Rani.
I will keep you informed by separate mails, as soon as I finish this work.
My article at least seems to have achieved one thing. Earlier, you were confused about only 2 Radharanis, now you are confused about 3 Radharanis !
-AD

Ok.
I will wait for the further developments on this issue.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Advertisements

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2017) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 13600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3300 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

13605

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1020
Total Number of movies covered =3725

Total visits so far

  • 9,676,332 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,507 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Archives

Current Visitors

visitors whereabouts

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory

blogadda

Stumble

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 3250 days.

%d bloggers like this: