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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Meri Mitti Ki Duniya Niraali

Posted on: February 9, 2018


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3493 Post No. : 14034

The box office successes of ‘Chaudhvin Ka Chaand’ (1960) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963) were mainly attributed to musical bonanzas they offered to the cinegoers in general. In that process, the captain of the ships, i.e., the director of the films who had an important role in making the films the box office success was largely ignored. In those days, like many, I identified the first film with Guru Dutt and the music director Ravi. In case of ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963), I identified the film with the musical and lyrical feasts of Roshan and Sahir Ludhianvi. I was not aware at that time that these two successful films were directed by M Sadiq.

After few years when I did come to know of M Sadiq, I thought of him as a new upcoming director who specialised in directing Muslim social and historical films. This was borne out of the facts that his subsequent two films were ‘Bahu Begum’ (1967) and ‘Noor Jahan’ (1967). How wrong I was!

Last year, while doing a research on producer-director  AR Kardar, I became aware of the fact that M Sadiq (10/03/1910 – 03/10/1971) started his filmy career as early as 1932 as screen-play writer for Punjabi film, ‘Heer Ranjha’ (1932) which was a debut film for AR Kardar as the director of a talkie film.

After 1932, there appears to be a big gap in his filmy career if I go by his filmography. However, browsing through many pages of various ‘Filmindia’ issues gives me an indication that M Sadiq assisted AR Kardar all through 1932 to 1942 in his various directorial ventures, in various capacity – story/screen-play/dialogue writer, editor in addition to being one of his regular Assistant Directors.

By 1942, M Sadiq had become one of the two key assistants to AR Kardar along with SU Sunny. (SU Sunny later directed films like ‘Udan Khatola’ (1955), ‘Kohinoor’ (1960) and ‘Paalki’ (1966)). Baburao Patel, Editor of ‘Filmindia’ magazine had described them as ‘the left hand and the right hand of AR Kardar’ without identifying as to who was left hand and who was the right hand. He had also nicknamed them as ‘little Kardars’.

When AR Kardar set up his film production company, Kardar Productions in 1942 with his maiden film ‘Sharda’ (1942) as a producer-director, he gave an additional responsibility to M Sadiq as the film editor. In his next film, ’Namaste’ (1943),  AR Kardar entrusted  M Sadiq and SU Sunny to jointly direct the film. Kardar’s ‘Jeewan’ (1944) appears to be the first film which M Sadiq directed independently. However, this film did not do well on the box office. In the same year, Jaimini Dewan Productions gave him the opportunity to direct ‘Rattan’ (1944). The film became a box office bonanza for its producer. However, the credit for the success of the film was mainly given to the musical scores by Naushad.

From 1946 through 1950, M Sadiq directed 8 films which included ‘Shaam Savera’ (1946), ‘Daak Bangla’ (1947), ‘Kaajal’ (1948), ‘Chaar Din’ (1949) and ‘Sabak’ (1950), the last mentioned film was his first home production under the name of Sadiq Productions. In the 1950s, he directed 11 films, mostly his home productions like ‘Saiyaan’ (1951), ‘Shabaab’ (1954), ‘Musafirkhana’ (1955), “Chhoo Mantar’ (1956), ‘Mai Baap’ (1957), ‘Duniya Rang Rangeeli’ (1957) and ‘Khota Paisa’ (1958).

However, many of his home production films did not fare well on the box office. When Guru Dutt started ‘Chaudhvin Ka Chaand’ (1960), being a Muslim social film, he wanted the film to be directed by a Muslim director who was well versed in Lucknowi etiquette. Those days, M Sadiq had a lot of financial difficulties and Guru Dutt wanted to help him (as mentioned in Nasreen Munni Kabir’s documentary ‘In Search of Guru Dutt’).

‘Chaudhvin Ka Chaand’ (1960) was a box office hit film. However, the credit for the success of the film went mainly to the musical scores of Ravi with the lyrics of Shakeel Badayuni. In Hindi film industry, a director working for a producer who also happens to be an ace director would remain in his shadow. For, the people will always have a doubt whether the ace director was a ‘shadow director’ of his own film. The song sequences in the film as Abrar Alvi puts it “. . .bear the stamp of Guru Dutt. . .” (Source: ‘Ten Years with Guru Dutt’). This kind of aspersions were also made in the case of  Radhu Karmakar who directed RK Films’ ‘Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai’ (1960) and of Abrar Alvi himself who directed Guru Dutt’s ‘Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam’ (1962).

In spite of the success of ‘Chaudhavin Ka Chaand’ (1960), M Sadiq did not get offers for directing the films until ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963). Once again the success of this film did not help him in his career as in this case also, the credit for the success of the film was mainly shared by its super hit songs composed by  Roshan on the lyrics of Sahir Ludhianvi.

I feel that  it was unfortunate that the film industry did not recognise the contribution of M Sadiq in the success of  films like ‘Rattan’ (1944), ‘Shabaab’ (1954), ‘Chadhavin Kaa Chaand’ (1960) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963). I have seen all these films and I feel that M Sadiq had done a wonderful job as a director. Guru Dutt was indeed a master craftsman in picurisation of songs. He may have done the song picturisation himself in ‘Chaudhavin Ka Chaand’ (1960).

In my view, M Sadiq was not a novice in picturisation of song sequence in the films. Having experience of directing films for 20 years at the time when he directed ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963), I do not think that he would not have done justice to the song sequences of ‘Chaudhvin Kaa Chaand’ (1960). Just note how beautiful was his picturisation of the song Paaon Chhoo Lene Do Phoolon Ko Inaayat Hogi. It is a difficult situational song where Pradeep Kumar’s open romantic proposal has to be  met with a restrained modesty of the heroine Bina Rai. In this song, the director has also to make the sequence of picturisation interesting with an added handicap of the expressionless Pradeep Kumar. Nonetheless, the director had succeeded at least for me as it is one of those songs where I like to watch and listen on the video clip rather than listening on the mp3 clip.

Again, after the success of ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963), M Sadiq had to wait for another 4 years to get the directorial assignments of ‘Bahu Begum’ (1967) and ‘Noor Jahan’ (1967). Unfortunately, both these films, despite good musical scores, did not fare well at the box office. Sometime in 1970, M Sadiq migrated to Pakistan and directed the film ‘Baharon Phool Barsaao’ (1972) under his own banner, Sadiq Productions. In a couple of Pakistani articles on the migration of film artists, it has been mentioned that M Sadiq came to Pakistan on an assignment to make ‘Bahaaron Phool Barsaao’ (1972). However, when the film was more than half way through, he left for the heavenly abode on 03/10/1971 in Lahore.

Today, I am presenting a multiple version song, “Meri Mitti Ki Duniya Niraali. . . Jahaan Bhagwaan Basen’ from the film ‘Shaam Savera’ (1946) which makes a debut on our blog today. The film was directed by M Sadiq. The star cast included Swarnalata, Wasti, Sulochana Chatterjee, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Badri Prasad, Pratima Devi  etc.

I became aware of this song only a few days back when I heard it in the voice of SD Batish. I immediately fell in love with the song for its rendition and the lyrics. In fact, its first verse led me to minutely grasp the subsequent part of the lyrics. As I was planning to present the song for the blog, somewhere I got confused with the film ‘Subah Shaam’ (1944) which has already made a debut on the blog. Since this film is not in the verge of attaining the status of a ‘yippied’ film, I felt that there was no urgency in presenting the song.

Yesterday, I heard this song once again. But this time, it was in the voice of Rafiq Ghaznavi. After checking on the website, it transpired that it was a multiple version song. It was at this stage I realised that the song in reference was from ‘Shaam Savera’ (1946) which is yet to make a debut on the Blog.

In my 3 decades of trekking in the Himalayas for soaking in the nature, I had always felt that there is Godliness in the nature – “jahaan bhagwan base”.


Song – Meri Mitti Ki Duniya Niraali (Shaam Savera) (1946) Singer – Rafiq Ghazanvi, Lyrics – [Unattributed] , MD – Pt Amarnath
SD Batish

Lyrics

meri mitti ki duniyaa niraali ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
jahaan bhagwaan basen
meri mitti ki duniyaa niraali ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
 
phoolon se rang churaayaa aa
kaanton se dard main laayaa
komalta pankhadiyon se
belon mein pyaar basaayaa
main hoon sundar ban kaa maali
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
jahaan bhagwaan basen
meri mitti ki duniyaa niraali ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
 
hirnon ne aankhen de deen
moron ne naach sikhaayaa aa
hirnon ne aankhen de deen
moron ne naach sikhaayaa
mad bhari koyal ki koo koo
pi pi papihaa ne gayaa
ban ke panchhi phiroon daali daali
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
jahaan bhagwaan basen
meri mitti ki duniyaa niraali ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
 
guru’on kaa saath jahaan hai
pariyon kaa naach jahaan hai
sundar taanon kaa raseelaa
prem kaa geet jahaan hai
main ne jaadoo ki nagri basaa li ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
jahaan bhagwaan basen
meri mitti ki duniyaa niraali ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen

SD Batish Version 
meri mitti ki duniyaa niraali ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
jahaan bhagwaan basen
meri mitti ki duniyaa niraali ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
 
ho jahaan chaandni raaten
pyaar-o-muhabbat ki ghaaten
sundar sunehraa jeewan ho
kyun na ho pyaar ki baaten
tu ne ganga ki nadiyaa bahaa li
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
jahaan bhagwaan basen
meri mitti ki duniyaa niraali ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
 
jeewan mein thhaa jo andheraa
kiranon ne kiyaa saveraa aa
jeewan mein thhaa jo andheraa
kiranon ne kiyaa saveraa aa
khilaa kamal hai suhaanaa
swarg banaa ghar teraa
tu ne preet nagariyaa basaa li ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen
jahaan bhagwaan basen
meri mitti ki duniyaa niraali ee
ho o o o o
o o
jahaan bhagwaan basen

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

स्वर: रफ़ीक़ ग़ज़न्वी

मेरी मिट्टी की दुनिया निराली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें
जहां भगवान बसें
मेरी मिट्टी की दुनिया निराली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें

फूलों से रंग चुराया
काँटों से दर्द मैं लाया
कोमलता पंखड़ियों से
बेलों में प्यार बसाया
मैं हूँ सुंदर बन का माली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें
जहां भगवान बसें
मेरी मिट्टी की दुनिया निराली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें

हिरणों ने आंखें दे दीं
मोरों ने नाच सिखाया
मद भरी कोयल की कू कू
पी पी पपीहा ने गाया
बन के पंछी फिरूँ डाली डाली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें
जहां भगवान बसें
मेरी मिट्टी की दुनिया निराली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें

गुरुओं का साथ जहां है
परियों का नाच जहां है
सुंदर तानों का रसीला
प्रेम का गीत जहां है
मैंने जादू की नगरी बसा ली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें
जहां भगवान बसें
मेरी मिट्टी की दुनिया निराली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें
====================

स्वर: शिव दयाल बातिश 

मेरी मिट्टी की दुनिया निराली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें
जहां भगवान बसें
मेरी मिट्टी की दुनिया निराली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें

हों जहां चाँदनी रातें
प्यार ओ मोहब्बत की घातें
सुंदर सुनहरा जीवन हो
क्यों ना हों प्यार की बातें
तूने गंगा की नदिया बहा ली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें
जहां भगवान बसें
मेरी मिट्टी की दुनिया निराली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें

जीवन में था जो अंधेरा
किरणों ने किया सवेरा
जीवन में था जो अंधेरा
किरणों ने किया सवेरा
खिला कमाल है सुहाना
स्वर्ग बना घर तेरा
तू ने प्रीत नगरिया बसा ली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें
जहां भगवान बसें
मेरी मिट्टी की दुनिया निराली
हो ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ
जहां भगवान बसें

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5 Responses to "Meri Mitti Ki Duniya Niraali"

M Sadiq used to be an important and respectable name during 1940s. Rumors are that when Suraiya-Dev affair was at its peak, Suraiya’s Naani (maternal grand mother) offered Suraiya’s hands to M Sadiq to get rid off Dev but M Sadiq politely and decently refused the offer.

Sadanand ji,

This is what happened after Sadiq went to Pakistan…
” Riding on the peak of popularity ,after Bahu Begum,Sadiq Sahab left India & migrated to Pakistan.In 1971,there under his own banner he decided to produce Baharo Phool Barsao & for the music & songs he signed Nashad & Shewan Rizvi,respectively.Both had already migrated to Pakistan from India.He started shooting at Lahore Studio.but a calamity struck & Sadiq Sahab passed away after a brief illness on 03-10-1971.The movie was completed by Hasan Tariq & was released in 1972.The movie opened to full houses & celebrated Golden Jubilee at many places in Pakistan.Even in the re-run the movie was a jubilee hit. M.Sadiq was destined to die at his birth place Lahore.”( an extract from my article on this Blog)
-AD

What a wonderful write up on M. Sadiq. Thank you for this information, Sadanand Kamath Ji.

What a lovely song with beautiful lyrics as well! Thanks for the excellent write-up on M Sadiq.
In the lyrics please consider, as I hear it,
“Ban ke panchhee phiroon daali daali”.
Regards,

Dear Pratap ji,

You have deciphered the words correctly. Thanks, I have made the correction. 🙂

Rgds
Sudhir

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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