Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Aage kadam badhaana hoga

Posted on: May 26, 2020


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day: 4330 Post No.: 15623

Today’s song is from film Aagey Kadam-43. This is an obscure movie, in the sense that no information about its story etc is available anywhere on the Net or Film India magazine issues. However, from the lyrics of its various songs, one can say that the film is about a love story set amidst Patriotic atmosphere. Of course, being British times, such films had to be careful, lest their raw material quota of Raw Film would get into problem, during the wartime controls. Further the tablet of patriotism has to be sugar coated, so as not to get into legal tangle like perhaps”Kismet” of Bombay Talkies !

Among the wartime films, from 1939 to 1945, I feel that the year 1943 was quite significant as many musical, noteworthy and successful films came up during this year. Taking a look at the films of 1943, we find that a total of 105 Hindi films were made in this year. For the 7 year period of 39 to 45, this was the highest number – the lowest being 1945 with just 74 films.

Films like Aabroo, Bhakta Raj, Hamaari baat, Hospital, Hunterwali ki beti, Ishara, Kanoon, Kashinath, Kismet, Mahatma Vidur, Manchali, Mazaq, Nadaan, Nagad Narayan (a remake of Marathi film-‘ पैसा बोलतो आहे ), Nai Kahani (one of the best songs of Hindi film history-” neend hamari, khwaab tumhare ” was from this film), Najma (first film of Mehboob productions), Namaste,, Pagli, Panghat (film Chitchor-76 had the same story), Paapi, Paraya Dhan (The only song by Deena Sanghvi Pathak), Poonji, Prithvi Vallabh (debut in a Bombay film by Meena Shorey), Ram Rajya (super duper Hit film), Sanjog (Suraiya’s playback to Mehtab), Shahenshah Akbar, Shakuntala (First film of Rajkamal Kalamandir of V Shantaram), Tansen (last film of Nagendra Majumdar-father of Ninu Majumdar,MD), Vishwas, Wapas, and Zamin (debut of Khurshid Jr.), made 1943 an year full of content, Music, Acting and entertainment.

Amongst these films, a movie like Aagey kadam-43 was nowhere to be noticed or remembered. The film was made by Acharya Art Production, owned by its director, N R Acharya. This is what Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema says about Acharya….N R Acharya,Hindi director (1909-1993) born in Karachi. Was a government contractor when he joined East India film Company in Calcutta (1934). Later worked as production manager at Bombay Talkies, where he directed the first examples of S. Mukherjee’s new regime, e.g. Bandhan and the Abbas script Naya Sansar. Became producer with KISHORE SAHU’s Kunwara Baap (1942). Continued producing under the Acharya Arts Prod. banner until 1950. Also made Gujarati films, e.g. Lagna Mandap.

FILMOGRAPHY-1940: Bandhan; Azad; 1941: Naya Sansar; 1942: Uljhan; 1943: Aage Kadam; 1949: Parivartan; Shohrat (with K. Amarnath); 1950: Lagna Mandap; 1956: Dhola Maru.

There were two MDs for this film- old timer Madholal Damodar Master and Ramchandra Pal- who was in Bombay Talkies, with Acharya. The cast of the film was Motilal, Anjali Devi, Mubarak, Rajkumari Shukla, Leela Pawar, Narbada Shankar and others. There were 8 songs, but in the absence of individual credit we do not know which song was composed by whom. Lyricist was Kailash Matwala. Out of these 8 songs, I have heard 7 songs and find them good songs with tune and rendition. One song of Motilal is already on the Blog.

The name Anjali Devi, which appears in the cast is not of the famous south actress Anjali Devi ( 8-12-1927 to 13-1-2014 ), who acted in films like Ek the Raja-51( dubbed film), Shuk Rambha-53,Ladki-53, Devta-56, Suvarn Sundari-57 etc etc. This Anjali Devi of the 40s was different. As usual, I find that the filmography of south Anjali devi includes films done by Anjali Devi of the 40s. This is what I call Same Name Confusion.

Miss Anjali Devi’s real name was Durgesh Kumari. She was born at Benaras in 1926 in a respectable Brahmin family. Her education was not much but she was fluent in Hindi, Urdu, English and Sanskrit. At the age of 14 years, she came to Bombay, to fulfil her desire of becoming an actress.

She joined Ranjit Films and worked in film Pardesi in the year 1940. The film was released in 1941. She was credited as Durgesh in this film. She was called to Bombay Talkies to work in film ‘ Punarmilan’-40, directed by Najam Naqvi. When a section of artistes, led by S.Mukherjee, left Bombay Talkies to start Filmistan in 42, one of the BT directors N.R.Acharya also left and started his own company Acharya Art Productions. Anjali Devi also left to join Acharya.

She acted in 3 films of Acharya, Kunwara Baap-42, Uljhan-42 and Aage Kadam-43. She later on acted in Paristan-44, and Parivartan-49. She then got married to N.R.Acharya and settled as a Housewife.

There is one more name-Rajkumari Shukla. There is scant information available on the net about her. Recently, I got her more information from an Urdu book ” Filmi Titlian” 1945, written by Bijli Jampuri from Hyderabad Deccan (that is my hometown). So here is her latest information for our readers…

Raj Kumari Shukla, She was born in a well-known Brahmin family in Calcutta in 1903. Her own life has been quite tragic. She had to join the film industry not so much because of personal choice, but due to tragic personal circumstances. Like most young girls from Indian families, this virtuous lady, well-versed in household chores, got married. But her family life after marriage proved to be extremely unhappy — so much so that one day her husband gave her a brutal beating and drove her from his house.

Finding no refuge anywhere, she went to Jagannath Puri (in Orissa) and lived there in an ashram. Gradually, her family history and marital problems became known to one of the priests there, and he informed her parents. Her elder sister then brought her back to her house.

One theatre actor known locally as Gujarati Baba used to live nearby. Sometimes, she would get some theatre passes from him and go to local theatres to see some plays. This not only helped her to forget her unhappy past but also kindled in her young heart the desire to act in plays. The Gujarati Baba then persuaded her to adopt acting as a profession. Accordingly, in 1933, she joined Maadan Theatre and began her career as a leading lady, Film-goers of those days can still recall her “hilaali abroo, tez aankhen, kushaada peshaani aur siaah zulfen”. She excelled in emotional roles.

Starting her career in silent films, she came into her own with the advent of “Talkies”. Apart from Maadan Theatre, she worked for other film companies too. Her memorable films included “Intezaar”, “Zevar”, “Jagat Mohini”, “Far’yaad”, “Chaandni”, “Sharda”, “Panghat”, Tulsi”, “Swami, “Ek Raat”, “Man Ki Jeet”, “School Master”, Dulhan”, “Badalti Duniya”, “Aankh Micholi”, “Raj Nartaki”, “Jhoola” and “Najma”. She now acted more as a character artiste and vamp. Her realistic emoting in such negative roles makes the audiences shiver in revulsion. Her roles in films like “Ek Raat”, “Swami”, “Jhoola”, “Far’yaad” and “Dulhan” have been specially appreciated by film-goers.

She was only an actor and not a singer. She acted in 31 Talkie films. She also worked in few Gujarati and Bangla films. Her last recorded Hindi film was Nai Maa-46. She did sing just one song in her career. That was in film Panghat-43. It was a duet with Baby Tara. At her times, the other more famous actress-singer Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali was also very active. In few films both acted, but the songs were only by Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali. There were two more Rajkumaris also. One was Rajkumari Calcuttewali and another was from south, T.R.Rajkumari. Their details have been described earlier and also in my book” Forgotten artists….”. (Information for the above has been taken from Urdu book,”Filmi Titlian”published in 1945, and Film Directory, with thanks.)

Today’s song is a duet by Anjali Devi and Motilal, with Chorus. This is also a sort of Patriotic song, exhorting friends to be ready for a sacrifice for the country.


Song-Aage kadam badhaana hoga (Aage Kadam)(1943) Singers- Motilal, Anjali Devi (Durgesh Kumari), Lyricist- Kailash Matwala, MDs- Master Madholal and Ramchandra Pal
Both

Lyrics

Doston
naya sabak sikhlaana hoga
naya sabak sikhlaana hoga
dhang zamaane ka badla hai
dhang zamaane ka badla hai
kuchh kar ke
kuchh kar ke dikhlaana hoga
haahaakaar uthha hai jag mein
haahaakaar uthha hai jag mein
peena hai to aaj
peena hai to aaj jagat mein
peena hai to aaj

aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage

baadhaaon ko door hataana hoga
soyon ko phir aaj jagaana hoga
apne ko apnaanaa hoga
phoolon ko samjhaana hoga
?? nahin hai
?? nahin hai
aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga

aage
aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage

aafaten jo sar pe aayen
unse na daro
shaan se jiyo
shaan se maro
aafaten jo sar pe aayen
unse na daro
shaan se jiyo
shaan se maro
yahi sandesa ?? chali hai
yahi sandesa ?? chali hai
aaj hamen pahunchaana hoga
aaj hamen pahunchaana hoga
aao

aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage
aage
aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage
aage
aage

4 Responses to "Aage kadam badhaana hoga"

Arunkumar ji,

Many Thanks for this post.
I don’t recollect reading on this blog, but are there any statistics on the singing career of Motilal, both as an actor-singer as well as having taken playback. Did he stop singing after Pehli Nazar (1945) ?
Have Rafi saab and Talat saab given playback for him ?

Thanking you in advance.
Mahesh

Like

Mahesh ji,
Thanks for your comment.
Motilal, being an old time actor had to sing his own songs, because Play back had not started by then. He sang 33 songs in 16 films, from Shehar se door-1934 to Kamal-1949.
I am not sure about Talat’s PB to Motilal, but Rafi gave him regular PB. I remember one of his famous songs ” Duniya ke saare gamon se begana, main hoon Mastana” from film Mastana-54, sung by Rafi.
-AD

Like

One of my well remembered (& liked) song of Rafi picturised on Motilal is another one from Masatana

Liked by 1 person

Yes, this too is a very good song. I also like it .

Like

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