Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Kyun bichhad gaye

Posted on: October 11, 2020


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4468 Post No. : 15960

After a long gap, in which I discussed songs and films of the 1950’s for a few months, I am now returning to the decade of the 1940’s. I discussed songs from 25 films of the 1950’s with the last post coinciding with completion of my 8 years of writing posts on this popular Blog.

Today’s song is from a less known- rather an unknown- film, Adalat-1948. It was the first film with this title. This title was lated used by the more famous film Adalat-1958 and also in Adalat -1976.

This film was produced by Mangal Pictures. It was directed by Vasant Joglekar and the music was provided by Datta Davjekar, for songs written by Mahipal and Narendra Sharma. Yes, he is the same Mahipal who became a regular feature in 131 Hindi Stunt, Action, Costume, Historical and Mythological films. Incidentally, Adalat-48 was Mahipal’s last film as a Lyricist.

The cast of the film was Baburao Pendharkar (brother of Bhalji Pendharkar),Salvi, Jog, Madgulkar, Jaysingh, Saroj Borkar, Sudha Apte, Nalini Dhere, Shalini and Rajan (Jawale). The cast, MD, Director all singers except Mohd.Rafi were Marathi people. Most of them are unknown to Hindi audiences.

Jaysingh was the son of director Bhalji Pendharkar, from his first wife. From his second wife(Miss Leela aka Leela Chandragiri) he got another son Prabhakar. Combining the names of these two sons, Bhalji named his new studio “Jayprabha” at Kolhapur. During the riots against the Bramhins, after the murder of Gandhi, this studio was burnt, because Bhalji Pendharkar was a Brahmin. The studio was rebuilt. It was later purchased by Lata Mangeshkar,only to get embroiled in court cases with the Maharashtra Government, for a long time.

Actor Rajan (Jawle) was a Marathi actor. He is the person who lived with and looked after actress Hansa Wadkar in her later bad days in her life, till she died. Actress Nalini Dhere was a Marathi actress but had done few Hindi films like Nagad Narayan-43 etc. In Hindi film industry, at some or the other times, there were as many as 8 Nalini’s operating as actresses and singers – Nalini Tarkhad, Nalini Jaywant, Nalini Nagpurkar, Nalini Gupte, Nalini Dhere, Nalini Saraf (who became Seema Deo-wife of actor Ramesh Deo), Nalini Chonkar and Nalini Korgaonkar (singer-Jail Yatra-47).

Another actor Madgulkar was a great personality in Marathi literary field. Gajanan Digambar Madguḷkar (1 October 1919 – 14 December 1977) was a Marathi poet, lyricist, writer and actor. He was born in village Shetphal, Atpadi Taluka, Sangli district in Maharashtra. His family hailed from village Madgule in the same Taluka.

He is popularly known in his home state of Maharashtra by just his initials as Ga Di Ma (गदिमा). He was awarded Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1951 and Padma Shri in 1969. He has written 157 screen plays and over 2000 songs in his career. He was called Adhunik Valmiki (the modern Valmiki) of the current era due to his composition of Geet Ramayan ( Ramayana in Songs) as the most notable work. 2019 was celebrated as his Birth Century year. Government of Maharashtra hosted various events and festivals to grace the occasion.

Madgulkar wrote poetry, short stories, novels, autobiographies and scripts, dialogues and lyrics for Marathi as well as Hindi movies. His poems have been adapted to a wide range of musical forms such as Sugam-Sangeet (light music), Bhawa-Geet (emotional songs), Bhakti-Geet (devotional songs), and Lawani (a genre of folk songs in Maharashtra). Madgulkar entered the world of movies in 1938 at Kolhāpur. He contributed to 157 Marathi and 25 Hindi movies. He was also an artist. He loved to draw nature scenes. Special mention must be made for the films, Jeewan Jyoti-53-S/play and dialogues, Toofan aur Diya-56- story, and Do aankhen barah haath-57-Story, S/play and dialogues.

A noteworthy fact about Madgulkar is that during his peak period in Marathi films, he created a World Record. He teamed up with Music Director Sudhir Phadke and director Raja Paranjape. Together, as a team, they gave a total of 11 Hit films,in a row in 18 years- from 1948 to 1966 … a record for a Team.

He had knowledge of 10 languages including Marathi, Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu.

Madgulkar was married to Vidya (Padma Patankar, Kolhapur) and they had 3 sons (Shridhar, Anand, Sharad Kumar) and 4 daughters (Varsha, Kalpalata, Deepa, Shubhada). The popular Marathi writer, Vyankatesh Madgulkar was his younger brother.

His home in Pune (‘Panchavati Bungalow’) has become a place of attraction for his fans.

In Hindi film industry, there were many name alikes. Some of them caused serious problems of ‘Same Name Confusion”. Artistes of the same name was a common phenomenon in early cinema i.e. the 30s and the 40s. Then it diminished slowly. This matter was not only common in actors, but in other categories also. As far as Music Directors are concerned, there were so many “Datta”s as MDs. Some of them at the same time and few causing the SNC syndrome too ! There were K.Datta, N.Datta, Narayan Dutta, D C. Dutta, Dattaram and Datta Davjekar. Each one contributed to HFM to his ability.

One of these music director’s name will be written in Golden Ink, in the History of HFM. That name is DATTA DAVJEKAR. This is because he helped an all time Legend LATA MANGESHKAR, by giving her the opportunity to sing her First PlayBack Hindi song in one of his films-“Aap ki sewa mein-1947.

Dattatreya Shankar Davjekar (Born on 15-11-1915 – died 19 September 2007), better known as Datta Davjekar or Datta Daujeker , was a veteran music composer mainly associated with Marathi and Hindi movies. He studied upto Matriculation in Nutan Marathi Vidyalay.

He started working from 1931 composing songs in Melas and later in Saraswati Cinetone. Assisted Sureshbabu Mane for film ” Nandkumar’-1937. Later he assisted Govindrao tembe in Natraj company. He was called to Bombay to record all Hindi and Marathi songs for film Savangadi in marathi and Saathi in Hindi in 1938. he first gave music to ‘Municipality’ made by Brilliant Pictures.

Datta Davjekar’s father Baburao used to play tabla for live folk musical plays as well as in Urdu plays. He used to work in Arya Subodh natak Mandali. He played Pakhawaz also.

Davjekar learned how to play tabla and harmonium and thus developed an interest in music. He also started composing songs. Later, he was invited by the famous star Shanta Apte to perform on her shows. Davjekar performed at places as far off as Allahabad and Lahore.

Davjekar assisted C. Ramachandra and Chitragupta for a while. His first break came in 1941 with a Marathi film called Municipality. It was followed by Sarkari Pahune in 1942. One of the film’s songs Naache Sangeet Natwar was a big hit. Davjekar went on to work with big names in Marathi cinema, like Raja Paranjape, Gajanan Jagirdar, Master Vinayak, Dinkar Patil, Datta Dharmadhikari, Rajdutt and Raja Thakur. In 1945, he joined HMV and composed several popular marathi Bhavgeet songs,writing them himself, like ‘Tuj swapni pahile’ and ‘ kuni bai gungunle’ etc. he was known as ‘ DD ‘.

His famous films include Rangalyaa Raatri Ashyaa, Paathlaag, Pahu Re Kitni Vaat, Thoraataanchi Kamlaa, Padchaaya, Chimanrao Gundyabhau, Pedgaonche Shahane, Juna Te Sona, Sant Vahate Krishna Mai, Sukhaachi Sawali, Viasakh Vanwaa and Yashoda. His last film release was Pahaate Punyechi in 1992. His non-film song “Sainik Ho Tumchyaa Saathi” (translation: For you, oh Soldiers) was a big hit and its sales proceeds went to the Armed Forces.

In a career spanning fiftytwo years, Davjekar composed music in several languages for sixty films, twelve plays and several documentaries. He learnt German music for composing music for the play Thank you, Mr Glad. He is credited for giving a break to many singers who became extremely popular over a period of time, including the Mangeshkar siblings, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosale and Usha Mangeshkar as well as others such as Anuradha Paudwal.

The film Maazhe Baal, released in 1943, was Davjekar’s first Marathi film with Lata Mangeshkar. He went on to introduce her to Hindi films with his song Paa Laagoo Kar Jori Re for the film Aap Ki Sewa Mein (1947).

Davjekar did four more Hindi films, Vasant Joglekar’s Adalat-48, Jeet Kiski-52,Premnath’s English-Hindi bilingual, Prisoner of Golconda-53, in which Sudha Malhotra sang, and Bal Shivaji-56 . He used to accompany Lata Mangeshkar on her foreign trips for music programmes as the chief arranger. He won Five awards for his music to Marathi films.In 1995 he was given “Lata Mangeshkar ” award, by Maharashtra Government.

On 19 September 2007 Davjekar died of a heart attack at his residence in Andheri, Mumbai.

An Obituary in One India dated 20th September 2007 says…

Family sources said Davjekar died of heart attack at his Andheri residence late last night. The funeral took place at the Oshiwara crematorium this morning and was attended by family, friends and admirers.

Condoling the death of Mr Davjekar, Lata Mangeshkar recollected that the late music composer had given her the first opportunity in playback singing in his movie “Aap Ki Seva Mein”. “Just like his music, he was a sweet human being,” Mangeshkar said.

His non-film song “Sainik Ho Tumchyaa Saathi” was a superhit and its sales proceeds went to the Armed Forces. Datta Davjekar also composed music for twelve plays including “Thank You Mr Glad” for which he learnt German music. In a career spanning more than six decades, he scored music for nearly 60 films. (Based on information from Wiki, One India, and Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar kosh, with thanks.)

I have not seen this film Adalat-48, but I know that this film was about a love marriage which went to the courts and ended happily. Today’s song is the 4th song on this Blog. It is a Rafi solo song. The prelude music and the tune suspiciously remind me of some songs, which I am not able to pinpoint right now. Maybe you will….


Song-Kyun bichhad gaye (Adaalat)(1948) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Mahipal, MD-Datta Davjekar

Lyrics

kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye jeevansaathhi
bichhad gaye jeevansaathi
bichhad gaye
sang sang dole
sang hans bole
sang sang dole
sang hans bole
ban ban vaati ee ee
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye

janam janam ka saath hamaara
janam janam ka
aa aa aa aa aa aa
janam janam ka saath hamaara
aa aa aa aa
kyun chhoda kyun bichhad gaye
man ke pankh laga kar naina
man ke pankh laga kar naina
khoj mein teri ud gaye ae
khoj mein teri ud gaye
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye jeevansaathi
bichhad gaye jeevansaathi
bichhad gaye
sang sang dole
sang hans bole
ban ban vaati ee ee
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye

Seeta
Seeta
Seeta
tum kahaan ho

ro ro ban parwat se poochha aa aa aa
ro ro ban parwat se poochha
neel gagan ko ghan ko poochhaa
ghan ko poochha
neel gagan ko ghan ko poochhaa
maun khade jad chetan royen
maun khade jad chetan royen
Siya bin saare vyathhit bhaye
Siya bin saare vyathhit bhaye
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye

10 Responses to "Kyun bichhad gaye"

Sir ji, many thanks for this post. When I start to read it I cannot stop till I finish reading it. It took me back to childhood memories when the names Ga Di Ma , Raja Paranjpe, Sudhir Phadke and their movies were always discussed by our elders at home (it would be interesting to know the names of those eleven movies).
And what to say about ‘Geet Ramayan’ it is part of our life our people like me who were growing then.
Thanks for the details about Ga Di Ma and Datta Davjekar. I always like to read about actor Mahipal and his poetry(lyrics in this case).
‘Sainik ho tumchyasaathi’ is an immortal song and I had also mentioned it in one of my write up.
Like the song, but as of now I cannot get which similar song or tune it reminds.
And yes I like the play ‘Thank You Mr Glad’ many times. It was played during Ganpati Festivals in our colony we were staying then. Reminded me of other plays like ‘Ashrunchi Jhaali Phoole’ and ‘Raigadaala Jenvha Jaag Yete’, or ‘Tarun Turk Mhataare Ark’ 🙂

Thanks and regards,

Like

Dear Avinash ji,
Thanks for your detailed comments, which I felt are from ” Dil Se ” !
By enumerating your childhood memories you made me too Nostalgic.
Here are the 11 movies.
1. जिवाचा सखा -१९४८
२. पुढचं पाऊल -१९५०
३. लाखाची गोष्ट -१९५२
४. ऊन पाऊस -१९५४
५. गंगेत घोडं न्हालं -१९५५
६. देवघर -१९५६
७. आंधळा मागतो एक डोळा -१९५६
८. जगाच्या पाठीवर -१९६०
९. सुवासिनी -१९६१
१०.आधी कळस मग पाया -१९६१ आणि
११. गुरु किल्ली -१९६६
Film Lakhachi Gosht-52 was remade in Telugu and Tamil also.
Film Oon-Paus-54 was remade in Hindi 3 times, including AB’s Baghbaan-2003.
I will write about Mahipal soon.
Thanks again.
-AD

Like

Arun Ji,
thanks for post. Never heard this song. I find good appeal in the song.

Like

Dear Satish ji,
Thanks.
There are still many more jewels in the 50’s movies, waiting for their turn here. I will revert to them soon.
-AD

Like

Thanks for bringing to light this wonderful song by Rafi Sahab. I have frequently looked up the songs early period, but I am unable to go beyond it whenever I hear a song. I had not heard this song before today.

But I do believe all creative things start with writing.

About the jewels of 50’s movies, I am looking forward to them. I have tried to find a movie named ‘Ibrat” 1951. I wonder if it is mentioned in Geetkosh. I think you are the knowledgeable person to clarify if it exists. If there was a Rafi song in that movie, it should have surfaced by now.

Thank you for your informative posts.

Regards.

Like

Nahm ji,
Thanks for your comments.
IBRAT-1954 does exist in Geet Kosh, but there is no Rafi song in it.
There are 4 solos of T S Tara Rasiyakar, 2 solos of Vidyasagar and 2 duets of both singers. The 7th song is uncredited to any singer.
There are still many songs of Rafi from the late 40s and early 50s, yet to be covered in our Blog.
-AD

Like

Thanks for the confirmation about film “Ibrat”.

Like

Dear Arun ji…..

As usual superb post…Ga Di Ma was undoubtedly favourite child of Goddess Sarswati!

Thanks for DD special, too many beautiful songs!

Warm Regards,

Umesh

Like

Dear Umesh ji,
Thanks for liking the post and your appreciation.
-AD

Like

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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