Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Chheen liyaa re beimaan mera dil

Posted on: November 16, 2020

This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of, then it is piracy of the copyright content of and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4504 Post No. : 16044

Today, November 16th 2020 is the 53rd Remembrance Day of the music director, Roshan Lal Nagrath (14/07/1917 – 16/11/1967). In 1951, he had composed teri duniya mein dil lagta nahi waapas bula le for ‘Baawre Nain’ (1951).The Almighty seemed to have taken his composition seriously and snatched him away from us early at the age of 50.

Most of Roshan’s song compositions were like poems woven in Hindustani classical music. This was but natural because firstly, he was trained in Hindustani classical music in Marris College of Music (now Bhatkhande Music Institute) in Lucknow in the 1930s. During the same period, he had also learnt Sarod from Ustad Allauddin Khan and later learnt Dilruba/Esraj on his own. Secondly, he worked with illustrious lyricists who were also poets, like Kidar Sharma, Shailendra, Sahir Ludhianvi, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Shakeel Badayuni, Neeraj, Bharat Vyas, Kavi Pradeep etc.

In 1940, Roshan joined All India Radio (AIR), Delhi as a musician where he came into contact with Khurshid Anwar who had joined AIR as Music Programme Producer in 1939. Roshan worked in AIR for about 8 years during which he got the rich experience as a musician for all types of semi-classical music like thumris, dadras, ghazals, qawwalis and also the folk songs. During his stint in AIR, Roshan got married to Ira Moitra who was a regular singer at AIR, Delhi.

In 1948, Roshan decided to shift to Mumbai to try a career in Hindi film industry as a music director. Due to his wife Ira Roshan’s acquaintance with Anil Biswas, Roshan got the first-hand exposure of composing songs for films from Anil Biswas by attending his song recordings. During this period, he also worked with his erstwhile AIR colleague, music director Khurshid Anwar as his music assistant for ‘Singaar’ (1949). After this assignment, it was struggling days for him as he did not have any assignment.

Roshan met Kidar Sharma, producer-director, who had already announced his film, ‘Neki Aur Badi’ (1949) with Snehal Bhatkar as the music director. He found Roshan to be musically talented person. Knowing that Roshan was going through hard days, Kidar Sharma decided to entrust the work of music direction to him with the consent of Snehal Bhatkar. [Incidentally, for ‘Gunaah’ (1953), after one song, Kidar Sharma had replaced Roshan with his consent and entrusted the music direction to Snehal Bhatkar]. Unfortunately, ‘Neki Aur Badi’ (1949) badly flopped at the box office. Roshan was devasted and went into depression. Again, Kidar Sharma came to his rescue and entrusted him the music direction of his next film ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950).

The box office success of ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950) with almost all the 9 songs in the film becoming popular, established Roshan as a successful music director. This success was followed by ‘Ham Log’ (1951), ‘Malhar’ (1951), ‘Anhonee’ (1952), ‘Naubahaar’ (1952), Chaandni Chowk’ (1954) etc. Roshan did not have a good success in the second half of 1950s as a result of which he had taken some ‘B’ grade films’ assignments. In the 1960s, like ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950), Roshan started with ‘Barsaat Ki Raat’ (1960) which become one of the biggest block busters of 1960 with all its songs becoming popular.

Career-wise, 1960s were the best period for Roshan. He had a spate of musical successes in ‘Aarati’ (1962), ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963), ‘Dil Hi To Hai’ (1963), ‘Chitralekha’ (1964), ‘Dooj Ka Chaand’ (1964), ‘Bheegi Raat’ (1965), ‘Mamta’ (1966), ‘Bahu Begum’ (1967), ‘Anokhi Raat’ (1967) etc.

Mukesh was a friend of Roshan during their Delhi days in the early 40s. With Raj Kapoor in ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950), Mukesh was the obvious choice to sing for Raj Kapoor under his music direction. One can say that it was with Mukesh Roshan started his musical success in ‘Baawre Nain’, ‘Malhaar’ (1951) and ‘Hum Log’ (1951). Incidentally, when Mukesh produced his first film ‘Malhaar’ (1951), he entrusted the music direction to his friend Roshan.

Following the contractual obligation for Mukesh under which he could not sing songs for any other films during the making of ‘Maashooka’ (1953) in which he was the lead actor, Roshan’s collaboration with Mohammed Rafi among other male playback singers began to a greater extent than the earlier period. During 1953-56, Mukesh was concentrating mainly in his acting career and so was Talat Mehmood. This gave Rafi an opportunity to consolidate his collaboration with other music directors. In due course of time, Rafi’s collaboration with Roshan rose to such an extent that post 1954, Rafi became the main male playback singer for Roshan and sang most of the songs for Roshan among the male playback singers. . Among the female playback singers, obviousely, Lata Mangeshkar was Roshan’s main singer followed by Asha Bhosle.

Interestingly, Roshan’s musical career really took off with his association with Mukesh in Baawre Nain’ (1950) and ended with Mukesh in Roshan’s last film, ‘Anokhi Raat’ (1968).

The discussion on Roshan would remain incomplete without discussing his role in making the filmy qawwalis popular. If Madan Mohan was regarded as the king in the musical compositions of ghazals, Roshan was the king of the musical compositions of qawwalis. In ‘Chaandni Chowk’ (1954), Roshan composed his first qawaali – an all ladies qawwali ‘har baat puchhiye ye haqeeqat na puchhiye’. But his most popular qawwalis came from the pen of Sahir Ludhainvi in ‘Baabar’ (1960), Barsaat Ki Raat’ (1960), ‘Dil Hi To Hai’ (1963), ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963) and ‘Bahu Begum’ (1967).

The piece de resistance among the filmy qawwalis both for Roshan and Sahir Ludhianvi is the immortal na to kaarwaan ki talash hai ……ye ishq ishq hai from ‘Barsaat Ki Raat’ (1960). This is an unique qawwali. To the best of my knowledge, it is Hindi’s films’ longest qawwali (12minutes). It is the only filmy qawwali in which apart from Urdu/Persian/Hindi words, 4 lines in Punjabi and few words in Brijbhasha have been used. It is the only filmy qawwali in which an extensive definition of ‘ishq’ has been outlined to include not only the Sufiyana tradition of love towards God but also the spiritual love of Radha-Krishna, Meerabai, Seeta and Ram, Lord Buddha, Masiha among others. This type of qawwalis can only happen in India beacuse of its composite culture. Both Roshan and Sahir Ludhianvi had spent their formative stages of life in the neighbourhood of muslims and Hindu/Sikhs, respectively.

For Roshan, it was a challenging work to sustain the audience and listeners’ interest in 12-minute qawwali especially at a time when people had no patience to listen to even 3-minute songs in the theatres. It was the ingenuity of Roshan that he composed the qawwali, dividing in three broad segments with varying melodies and rhythms and ending with fast tempo and crescendo. It is also a qawwali in which five playback singers lent their voices – Manna Dey, S D Batish, Asha Bhosle, Sudha Malhotra and Mohammed Rafi.

During his filmy career (1949-1967), Roshan composed around 435 songs in 58 films of which the Blog has covered 347 songs as of date.

On the occasion of the 53rd Remembrance Day of Roshan, I am presenting a melodious song, ‘chheen liya beimaan mera dil’ from ‘Zindagi Aur Hum’ (1962). The song is sung by Lata Mangeshkar and is picturised on Nalini Jaywant. The words are of Pandit Shivkumar which have been set to music by Roshan. Apparently, the tune of the song is inspired from Roshan’s own song, saari saari raat teri yaad sataaye.

Video link:

Audio link:

Song-Chheen liya re beimaan mera dil (Zindagi Aur Hum)(1962) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Pt Shivkumar, MD-Roshan


chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
toot na jaaye kahin
toot na jaaye ae
toot na jaaye beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan

sona na maanga roopa na manga
nahin maanga dhan dhaan ho o
jaadu ki joro baandhi najariya
kar diye bekal praan ho o
kar diye bekal praan
chheen liya aa
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil

champa na maanga
chameli na maangi
na rang ras ki khaan ho o
tere ishaare pe bagiya ki bagiya
kar deti kurbaan ho o
kar deti kurbaan
chheen liya aa
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil

naam na jaanoon
gaam na jaanoon
na pehli pehchaan ho o
kaise tikaa loon kaise nikaaloon
shaam ka tu mehmaan ho o
shaam ka tu mehmaan
chheen liya aa
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
toot na jaaye kahin
toot na jaaye ae
toot na jaaye beimaan mera dil

3 Responses to "Chheen liyaa re beimaan mera dil"

Dear Sadanadji,

Grateful thanks for a beautiful write-up on Roshan. There is a slight correction. Roshan had joined the MORRIS COLLEGE OF MUSIC at Lucknow (the “Marris” appears to be a typo error). It is said that during the Interview, the Principal rang the bell on his desk and asked Roshan to identify the note, which he did, and was immediately selected. This ear for Music stood him in good stead and later, even established MDs such as Anil Biswas would bounce their Compositions off him to check for errors.

Also, there is a difference between the ESRAJ and the DILRUBA although they produce similar melancholic notes. Roshan played the Esraj.

To the best that I know, Roshan had joined AIR Lucknow first as an Esraj player and it is here that he met Ira Moitra who used to sing Rabindra Sangeet there. Later they moved to Delhi and after marriage in 1947, they shifted to Bombay, where they were accommodated in the garage of MD duo of Husnlal-Bhagat Ram at Versova, where their elder son RAKESH was born in 1949.

As you are aware, IRA was a singer in her own right and there is this famous duet with Lata in the Film “ANOKHI ADA” (record version only) :

An intersting Trivia :

Sometime back OUTLOOK Magazine had conducted a Survey among top Musicians of the Country to list the 20 all time best Film Songs. And this song topped the list :

The shant rasa of Yaman combines well with Bhakti rasa. It is an ideal raga for devotional compositions.

Thanks again for a beautiful write-up.

With warm regards



Partha Chanda ji,

Thanks for the trivia about Roshan’s interview with the Principal of Marris College of Music which I was not aware.

The former name of Bhatkahnde Music Insritute is MARRIS College of Music. Sir Williiam Sinclaire Marris, the then Governor of the United Priovinces had inaugurated the college in 1926 and the college was named after him.

I am aware that Roshan played Esraj. Since Dilruba and Esraj are often used interchangebly, as an afterthought, I made correction to to read as Dilruba/Esraj. A Punjabi would say Dilruba whereas people from former Bengal Presidency would call it as Esraj. The difference is mainly in the shape of the intruments.

I have gone by Hrithik Roshan’s website where it has been mentioned that Roshan and Ira Moitra worked together in AIR Delhi. There is no mention of Roshan having met Ira Moitra at AIR, Lucknow. But the possibility of both having known each other in Lucknow cannot be ruled out as I understand, Ira Moitra had also spend some time in Lucknow in pursuit of learning classical music..


Dear Sadanandji,

I stand corrected on the name of Marris College of Music. My sincere apologies.

Again, to the best that I know, both Roshan and Ira were staff Artistes at AIR Lucknow, she a full time singer of Rabindra Sangeet and Roshan was part time Esraj player. If I can lay my hands on the Info on the Net, I’ll forward to you by E-mail.

With warm regards


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