Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Nalini Jaiwant


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4504 Post No. : 16044

Today, November 16th 2020 is the 53rd Remembrance Day of the music director, Roshan Lal Nagrath (14/07/1917 – 16/11/1967). In 1951, he had composed teri duniya mein dil lagta nahi waapas bula le for ‘Baawre Nain’ (1951).The Almighty seemed to have taken his composition seriously and snatched him away from us early at the age of 50.

Most of Roshan’s song compositions were like poems woven in Hindustani classical music. This was but natural because firstly, he was trained in Hindustani classical music in Marris College of Music (now Bhatkhande Music Institute) in Lucknow in the 1930s. During the same period, he had also learnt Sarod from Ustad Allauddin Khan and later learnt Dilruba/Esraj on his own. Secondly, he worked with illustrious lyricists who were also poets, like Kidar Sharma, Shailendra, Sahir Ludhianvi, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Shakeel Badayuni, Neeraj, Bharat Vyas, Kavi Pradeep etc.

In 1940, Roshan joined All India Radio (AIR), Delhi as a musician where he came into contact with Khurshid Anwar who had joined AIR as Music Programme Producer in 1939. Roshan worked in AIR for about 8 years during which he got the rich experience as a musician for all types of semi-classical music like thumris, dadras, ghazals, qawwalis and also the folk songs. During his stint in AIR, Roshan got married to Ira Moitra who was a regular singer at AIR, Delhi.

In 1948, Roshan decided to shift to Mumbai to try a career in Hindi film industry as a music director. Due to his wife Ira Roshan’s acquaintance with Anil Biswas, Roshan got the first-hand exposure of composing songs for films from Anil Biswas by attending his song recordings. During this period, he also worked with his erstwhile AIR colleague, music director Khurshid Anwar as his music assistant for ‘Singaar’ (1949). After this assignment, it was struggling days for him as he did not have any assignment.

Roshan met Kidar Sharma, producer-director, who had already announced his film, ‘Neki Aur Badi’ (1949) with Snehal Bhatkar as the music director. He found Roshan to be musically talented person. Knowing that Roshan was going through hard days, Kidar Sharma decided to entrust the work of music direction to him with the consent of Snehal Bhatkar. [Incidentally, for ‘Gunaah’ (1953), after one song, Kidar Sharma had replaced Roshan with his consent and entrusted the music direction to Snehal Bhatkar]. Unfortunately, ‘Neki Aur Badi’ (1949) badly flopped at the box office. Roshan was devasted and went into depression. Again, Kidar Sharma came to his rescue and entrusted him the music direction of his next film ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950).

The box office success of ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950) with almost all the 9 songs in the film becoming popular, established Roshan as a successful music director. This success was followed by ‘Ham Log’ (1951), ‘Malhar’ (1951), ‘Anhonee’ (1952), ‘Naubahaar’ (1952), Chaandni Chowk’ (1954) etc. Roshan did not have a good success in the second half of 1950s as a result of which he had taken some ‘B’ grade films’ assignments. In the 1960s, like ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950), Roshan started with ‘Barsaat Ki Raat’ (1960) which become one of the biggest block busters of 1960 with all its songs becoming popular.

Career-wise, 1960s were the best period for Roshan. He had a spate of musical successes in ‘Aarati’ (1962), ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963), ‘Dil Hi To Hai’ (1963), ‘Chitralekha’ (1964), ‘Dooj Ka Chaand’ (1964), ‘Bheegi Raat’ (1965), ‘Mamta’ (1966), ‘Bahu Begum’ (1967), ‘Anokhi Raat’ (1967) etc.

Mukesh was a friend of Roshan during their Delhi days in the early 40s. With Raj Kapoor in ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950), Mukesh was the obvious choice to sing for Raj Kapoor under his music direction. One can say that it was with Mukesh Roshan started his musical success in ‘Baawre Nain’, ‘Malhaar’ (1951) and ‘Hum Log’ (1951). Incidentally, when Mukesh produced his first film ‘Malhaar’ (1951), he entrusted the music direction to his friend Roshan.

Following the contractual obligation for Mukesh under which he could not sing songs for any other films during the making of ‘Maashooka’ (1953) in which he was the lead actor, Roshan’s collaboration with Mohammed Rafi among other male playback singers began to a greater extent than the earlier period. During 1953-56, Mukesh was concentrating mainly in his acting career and so was Talat Mehmood. This gave Rafi an opportunity to consolidate his collaboration with other music directors. In due course of time, Rafi’s collaboration with Roshan rose to such an extent that post 1954, Rafi became the main male playback singer for Roshan and sang most of the songs for Roshan among the male playback singers. . Among the female playback singers, obviousely, Lata Mangeshkar was Roshan’s main singer followed by Asha Bhosle.

Interestingly, Roshan’s musical career really took off with his association with Mukesh in Baawre Nain’ (1950) and ended with Mukesh in Roshan’s last film, ‘Anokhi Raat’ (1968).

The discussion on Roshan would remain incomplete without discussing his role in making the filmy qawwalis popular. If Madan Mohan was regarded as the king in the musical compositions of ghazals, Roshan was the king of the musical compositions of qawwalis. In ‘Chaandni Chowk’ (1954), Roshan composed his first qawaali – an all ladies qawwali ‘har baat puchhiye ye haqeeqat na puchhiye’. But his most popular qawwalis came from the pen of Sahir Ludhainvi in ‘Baabar’ (1960), Barsaat Ki Raat’ (1960), ‘Dil Hi To Hai’ (1963), ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963) and ‘Bahu Begum’ (1967).

The piece de resistance among the filmy qawwalis both for Roshan and Sahir Ludhianvi is the immortal na to kaarwaan ki talash hai ……ye ishq ishq hai from ‘Barsaat Ki Raat’ (1960). This is an unique qawwali. To the best of my knowledge, it is Hindi’s films’ longest qawwali (12minutes). It is the only filmy qawwali in which apart from Urdu/Persian/Hindi words, 4 lines in Punjabi and few words in Brijbhasha have been used. It is the only filmy qawwali in which an extensive definition of ‘ishq’ has been outlined to include not only the Sufiyana tradition of love towards God but also the spiritual love of Radha-Krishna, Meerabai, Seeta and Ram, Lord Buddha, Masiha among others. This type of qawwalis can only happen in India beacuse of its composite culture. Both Roshan and Sahir Ludhianvi had spent their formative stages of life in the neighbourhood of muslims and Hindu/Sikhs, respectively.

For Roshan, it was a challenging work to sustain the audience and listeners’ interest in 12-minute qawwali especially at a time when people had no patience to listen to even 3-minute songs in the theatres. It was the ingenuity of Roshan that he composed the qawwali, dividing in three broad segments with varying melodies and rhythms and ending with fast tempo and crescendo. It is also a qawwali in which five playback singers lent their voices – Manna Dey, S D Batish, Asha Bhosle, Sudha Malhotra and Mohammed Rafi.

During his filmy career (1949-1967), Roshan composed around 435 songs in 58 films of which the Blog has covered 347 songs as of date.

On the occasion of the 53rd Remembrance Day of Roshan, I am presenting a melodious song, ‘chheen liya beimaan mera dil’ from ‘Zindagi Aur Hum’ (1962). The song is sung by Lata Mangeshkar and is picturised on Nalini Jaywant. The words are of Pandit Shivkumar which have been set to music by Roshan. Apparently, the tune of the song is inspired from Roshan’s own song, saari saari raat teri yaad sataaye.

Video link:

Audio link:

Song-Chheen liya re beimaan mera dil (Zindagi Aur Hum)(1962) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Pt Shivkumar, MD-Roshan

Lyrics

chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
toot na jaaye kahin
toot na jaaye ae
toot na jaaye beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan

sona na maanga roopa na manga
nahin maanga dhan dhaan ho o
jaadu ki joro baandhi najariya
kar diye bekal praan ho o
kar diye bekal praan
chheen liya aa
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil

champa na maanga
chameli na maangi
na rang ras ki khaan ho o
tere ishaare pe bagiya ki bagiya
kar deti kurbaan ho o
kar deti kurbaan
chheen liya aa
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil

naam na jaanoon
gaam na jaanoon
na pehli pehchaan ho o
kaise tikaa loon kaise nikaaloon
shaam ka tu mehmaan ho o
shaam ka tu mehmaan
chheen liya aa
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
chheen liya re beimaan mera dil
toot na jaaye kahin
toot na jaaye ae
toot na jaaye beimaan mera dil


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4497 Post No. : 16030

‘Zindagi Aur Hum’ (1962) was produced by Rashid Parwez and was directed by Pandit Anandkumar. The star cast included Nalini Jaywant, Chand Usmani, Naina, Dinesh, David, Leela Mishra, S Nazir, Mukri, Amar, Jagdish Kanwal, Chandabai, Anwaribai etc. The story was written by Pandit Shivkumar who was the elder brother of Pandit Anandkumar. Pandit Shivkumar also wrote lyrics for 5 of the 6 songs. It was a last film for Pandit Anandkumar as a director though he continued to write screen-play and dialogues for few more subsequent films. It was also the last film for Pandit Shivkumar if I go by the tribute given to him in the credit title of the film.

The highlight of the film is that a major part of the story revolves around the three main actresses – Nalini Jaywant, Chand Usmani and Naina. Hence, the six songs in the film were rendered by Lata Mangeshkar who has lip synced for all the three main actresses in the film. All the 6 songs (of which one song has two versions – solo version by Lata and duet version by Suman Kalyanpur and Sudha Malhotra) are very melodious. I am surprised as to why these songs set to music by Roshan are not as well-known as his equivalent songs in other films. As usual, the reason was that the film failed at the box office.

The DVD of the film is available on one of the video sharing platforms. Unfortunately, the film is heavily edited as a result of which there is some problems with the continuity of the story. With this limitation, I am attempting to present a gist of the story of the film below:

Chaudhari Niranjan Singh (S. Nazir) is a wealthy and a powerful landlord having two daughters – Tulsi (Chand Usmani) and Surajmukhi (Naina). In the neighbouhood, Kaudi (Nalini Jaywant) stays with her widowed mother (Leela Mishra). Tulsi, Surajmukhi and Kaudi are friends and they spend most of their time together. They always have some teasing sessions. In one of such sessions about their life partners, Surajmukhi’s says that she would marry a man of her choice while Tulsi says that she would marry a boy as per her father’s wishes. Kaudi on the other hand says that she would never marry in her life. But their fate is written something else.

There is a secret in Chaudhari Niranjan’s life. In the younger days, he had an affair with a widowed girl with whom he had a child out of wedlock. For the sake of family prestige, both the widowed girl and Chaudhari Niranjan decide to keep this as a secret. That child was none other than Tulsi and the widowed mother was also Kaudi’s mother.

After some years, Choudhari Niranjan plans for marrying Tulsi with a boy from his own community. He had selected Sujaan Singh, the son of his close friend as a bridegroom for Tulsi. Chaudhary Niranjan’s community leaders are against this marriage due to Tulsi being a child out of wedlock. But Choudhari goes ahead with the marriage. On the wedding day, when the couple were returning after the marriage, Sujaan is shot dead (probably akin to a honour killing). Tulsi returns to her home as a widow.

After some time, Manvir Singh (Dinesh, who has a double role in the film) along with his father (David) comes to Kaudi’s house for a temporary stay. Manvir Singh has returned from abroad after completing his education. The family had known each other. What surprises everyone is that Manvir Singh resembles Sujaan Singh. Being a guest in Kaudi’s house, both Manvir Singh and Kaudi have some ‘nonk-jhonk’ (light teasing arguments). In this process, Kaudi develops liking for him. Both Tulsi and Surajmukhi had been the childhood friends of Manvir Singh as his father was a friend of Chaudhari Niranjan.

In the meanwhile, Chaudhuri Niranjan is looking for a bridegroom for his second daughter, Surajmukhi and he has already selected Manvir Singh. Surajmukhi is happy about her father’s selection as she also secretly loves him. During the discussion with Manvir Singh’s father, Chaudhary offers 50 acres of land as a dowry which he raises to 100 acres. But Manvir Singh declines to marry a girl on the strength of her father’s money power.

Ever since Manvir Singh has come to stay in Kaudi’s house as a guest, Tulsi gets to see him often. But whenever she sees him or hears when he plays his flute, she gets convulsion and falls on the ground injuring herself. She thinks that her husband Sujaan has resurfaced. Both Kaudi and Surajmukhi tries to convince Tulsi that it is her illusion as he is not Sujaan. But she is not convinced. In this milieu, a situation develops in which all the three girls, Tulsi, Surajmukhi and Kaudi secretly love Manvir Singh but there is no reciprocation from his side to any one of them.

In the meanwhile, in the greed of getting 100 acres of land from Chaudhari Niranjan as dowry for marrying Surajmukhu, Manvir Singh’s father pressurizes the son to agree to marry her. In disgust, Manver Singh leaves the house to meet Chaudhary Niranjan in his mansion. After seeing him, Chaudhari Niranajan is perplexed as he is also surprise to find him resembling Sujaan. Manvir Singh makes it very clear to Chaudhari Niranjan that he has come with intention of his marriage with Tulsi after coming to know of unfortunate events in her life. Chaudhari Niranjan gets angry on Manvir Singh and ask him to leave. Surajmukhi secretly hears this conversation. This news also goes to Tulsi also who show happiness. Later Manvir Singh meets Tulsi to get her nod for the marriage. But after seeing him, she once again gets convulsion from which she does not recover and dies.

With this incidence, Surajmukhi decides to leave her father’s house as she does not need any worldly pleasure. However, Manvir’s father persuades her to return for his own vested interest to getting a fat dowry. Both Chaudhary Niranjan and Manvir Singh’s greedy father think that deck is now cleared for marriage of Surajmukhi with Manvir Singh. But there is a twist in the tale. When all of them arrive at Kaudi’s house, they find that Manvir Singh has already married to Kaudi. After some arguments, wiser counsel prevails on Chaudhari Niranjan Singh and with the consent of Surajmukhi, he agrees to formally get Kaudi married to Manvir Singh at his expenses in his haveli as a penance for his daughter Tulsi.

The film has an unusual story line in the genre of family drama. Pandit Shivkumar’s dialogues are crisp without using long monologues. The language used in the dialogues is a mix of high-sounding Hindi and Urdu words and sounds quite different from the usual ‘Hindustani’ used in the family drama. All the main actors in the film including the new comers Naina and Dinesh have given good performances. For Director Pandit Anandkumar and music director, Roshan, the film is their repeat performances in ‘Naubahaar’ (1952) in regards to the music composition of the songs and the picturization thereof.

Despite good story, good performances by the main actors and melodious songs, why did the film failed to score on the box offices? In my view, the film did not have ‘star value’ in the sense that barring Nalini Jaywant who was already on a declining trajectory on her acting career, none of the other actors had the capacity to attract the cinegoers. There were also no box-office ‘ingredients’ like villain, mujra dances, fights etc. Even the role of Chaudhari Niranjan as the landlord had no villainous character and hence no mujra dances and fights.

‘Zindagi Aur Hum’ (1962) had 6 songs, including a double version song of which 3 songs have been covered in the Blog. I am presenting the 4th song, jaa re jaa re meri chhod chunariya, sung by Lata Mangeshkar to appear on the Blog. The song is written by Pandit Shivkumar which is set to music by Roshan. The song is picturised on Nalini Jaywant.

I have come across on the internet at many places that Shiv Kumar Saroj has been accredited to the songs of this film except one song which is written by Veer Mohammed Puri. However, I have gone by the name given in the credit title which is ‘Pandit Shivkumar’.

I feel that Shiv Kumar Saroj who was a well-known announcer with Radio Ceylon during 1959-68 is a different person than Pandit Shivkumar. It is evident from the credit title of the film where it is mentioned that the film is dedicated to Pandit Shivkumar who could not see his visions realised. This indicates that at the time of release of the film, he was not alive to see his film which he wrote. Pandit Shivkumar started his filmy career in mid 1930s with Prabhat Film Company as writer. Later, his younger brother Pandit Anandkumar joined him. Shiv Kumar Saroj occasionally wrote lyrics for films from 1966 (Naag Mandir) till about mid-1980s.

With this song, only two songs from the film are left to be covered which I propose to cover in my next set of articles slated for this month.

Video Clip:

Audio Clip:

Song-Jaa re jaa re meri chhod chunariya (Zindagi aur Hum)(1962) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Pt Shiv Kumar, MD-Roshan

Lyrics(Based on Video Clip)

jaa re jaa re meri chhod chunariya
ab main nyaari jhooloongi
jhooloongi
jaa re jaa re meri chhod chunariya

tere kaaran jhoola daala
naihar ki amraai
teri preet ke geet alaape
koyal sun sharmaayi
ae ri ae ri mujhe
ae ri ae ri mujhe laagi najariya
ab main nyaari jhooloongi ee
jhooloongi
jaa re jaa re meri chhod chunariya

bhaav ki daali chaav ki aali
prem dor latkaayi
bhaav na jaana chaav na jaana
jhonka de jhatkaayi
ae ri ae ri mujhe
ae ri ae ri mujhe aayi sooratiya
ab main nyaari jhooloongi
jhooloongi
jaa re jaa re meri chhod chunariya

toone aisa jaadu daala
sab sudh budh bisraayi
tere rang mein rang liya baana
ban thhan kar itraayi
ae ri ae ri main to
ae ri ae ri main to bhooli dagariya
ab main nyaari jhooloongi ee
jhooloongi
jaa re jaa re meri chhod chunariya
ab main nyaari jhooloongi ee
jhooloongi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4452 Post No. : 15915

Today’s song is from the film Daaman-51. The film was produced by M.R. aka Madhukar Rajaram Navalkar, under the banner of his own Madhukar pictures. Surprisingly, the film was directed by Nanabhai aka Yashwant aka Batukbhai Bhatt, who mostly directed Stunt or Mythological films. He did few Social films also. He was the father of Mahesh and Mukesh Bhatt.

Daaman was a Social film like any other film, but it became famous for its Music. Lata Manageshkar, who was favoured by the Music Director K.Datta, in his Marathi films, sang some of her memorable songs like ‘ Tirulilla, Tirulilla ‘ and ‘ Chakori ka Chanda se pyar ‘. film Daaman also became a Historical milestone as it featured the First ever duet of the sisters Lata and Asha ” ye ruki ruki hawaen ‘. Out of the 10 songs of the film Lata featured in 5 songs, with 3 solos and 2 duets.

Song ‘ Tirulilla Tirulilla ‘ became the First ever song in which the singer-Lata- takes her own name like ” Gaaye Lata Gaaye Lata “. Later, Kishore Kumar repeated this feat in his famous song ” Khush hai zamana, aaj Pahli taarikh hai ” from film ‘ Pahli Taarikh ‘-54, in which he took his own name. Still later Lata repeated her feat again in the song ” Ye tanhai haay re” from film ‘ Tere ghar ke saamne’-1963, in which she takes her own name. Besides these, I am not aware of any other song- other than these 3 songs, in which the singer takes his/her own name. If any reader has information, please let us know.

K. Datta was one Music Director who was completely besotted with Noorjehan’s voice. He was so much involved in her songs that after Noorjehan migrated to Pakistan, for some time Datta felt as if his inspiration was lost. Though he supported Lata in his music, he could never come out of the Noorjehan’s aura.

K. Datta or Datta Korgaonkar aka D.P.Korgaonkar alias Anna saheb, was born in Sawantwadi in Konkan area on 4-6-1908. He grew up learning to sing. His mother was a Bhajan singer. He started singing on stage during Ganesh utsav melas. He formed a Music school, ” Gayan Kala Mandir”, along with another singer Sadashiv Nevrekar. When Nevrekar became a Music Director, he also decided to become one and closed the school.

He was called to Kolhapur in 1937 to give music to a Marathi film, made by General Films of Siraj Ali Hakeem- Chandrarao Morey’-38. His first break in Hindi came in 1939 with Mera Haq (Hindi and Marathi),followed by Alakh Niranjan-40 (Hindi and Marathi), Geeta-40 ( in Hindi and Marathi) and Yaad-42.

He first came face to face with Noorjehan in Naadaan-43. He was simply mesmerised with her voice and singing style. He composed 7 songs for Noorjehan. After doing Zameen-43 and Maharathi Karna-44, he again composed 4 songs for Noorjehan in film Badi Maa-45. He also gave a break to Lata and Asha to sing in a chorus with Noorjehan. It is very sad that initially, K.Datta’s name was not mentioned on the 78 RPM records of Badi Maa. Only on the ‘re-issue’ records his name came up.

His other films were Yateem-45,Shaahkaar-47,Rangmahal-48,meri kahani-48,Daaman-51,Gumaasta-51,Rishta-54,Harihar Bhakti-56 and Ajanabi-66. In all K.Datta gave independently music to just 17 films,plus one film Badmash-44, with Khan Mastana. His Marathi films were 12 from 1938 to 1965. After retirement in 1965,he spent his time in Bhakti, Pooja and Astrology. He used to have a special Pooja every Thursday, when Bhajans were sung. Many composers and other film industry people used to be his visitors. Naushad, C.Ramchandra, Madan Mohan, Sajjad Hussain etc were the regular visitors to Annasaheb. ( Only 3 people in the Hindi film Industry were called Anna Saheb. By coincidence, all 3 were MDs. They were Annasaheb Mainkar, K.Datta and C Ramchandra). He died of heart attack in G.T.Hospital, Bombay, on 23-12-1978.

He was a Noorjehan believer to the core. To date K Datta remains the only top composer from Maharashtra to whom Noorjehan came first, Lata later. No one regretted Partition more than K Datta. Indeed, his creativity seemed to come to an end once Noorjehan left him high and dry by moving, with a song on her lips, to Pakistan. He once said, “Noor Jehan left for Pakistan and took my creativity with her”. The four Noorjehan numbers, as fashioned by K. Datta are historically most important. Because it was hearing and absorbing these four nuggets of Noorjehan, while acting with her in `Badi Maa’, that Lata Mangeshkar learnt to shape her vocal technique. If Lata came to sound a Noorjehan replica for so long, the tonal base for this was laid, just imagine, by a robustly tall Maharashtrian from the ghats called K Datta in `Badi Maa’.The last number of Noorjehan fetched him the ultimate tribute from no less a movie stalwart than Mehboob Khan, who said: “Bhai Datta, yeh gaana to aap ne Khuda ke darbar mein baithe hue banaya lag raha hai” (“It sounds as if you created this song sitting in Allah’s abode”).

K Datta used to play Ek anokha gham ek anokhi musibat ho gayi on a harmonium presented to him by O.P. Nayyar. How grimly significant that the one music director, O.P. Nayyar, who never in his life commissioned Lata, should have gifted that harmonium to the one Maharashtrian composer who believed only in Noorjehan!

The cast of the film included Nigar Sultana, Ajit, Pran, Heeralal, Agha, Yashodhara Katju, Achla Sachdev etc. The comic pair of Agha and Yashodhara was popular in those days. In their films, there certainly used to be a comedy song, filmed on them. In this film too, today’s song is that comedy song shot on these two artistes.

Yashodhara Katju (born 15 April 1928 – died – 1974), a forgotten actress of Indian Cinema, belonged to a reputed Kashmiri Pandit family from Lahore that had moved to Lucknow, where her father Jeevan Lal Katju, was a Zamindar and owned lands in Warburton in Khupra district, Punjab. He was appointed to a senior Administrative position by the British Government. J L Katju later resigned his Government job and joined the freedom struggle of the country. Her Mother’s name was Kailashwati (sister of well known Urdu poet & Judge of Allahabad High Court Late Anand Narain Mulla).

Yashodhra was fondly called as Chunnu by her parents. Other members of this Katju family were her brothers Moti Lal Katju , Pyare Lal Katju & her three sisters Chandra (Manno)-a Professor, Usha (Panno)-an M.A., and Manorama- a Doctor.

Yashodhara studied in English medium schools and was fluent in English, Hindi and Urdu. She did her Junior Cambridge. Apart from that, she was a highly talented girl who was equally well versed with singing and dancing. For some time she also joined Bhatkhande Music Institute, Lucknow to learn music but devoted more time to dancing and got herself trained as a professional dancer (Kathakali, Katahk and Manipuri) from some Masters of Lucknow. Later she took dancing lessons in Delhi as well.

All this apart , this talented girl nursed a desire from her childhood to join films. In 1941, Agha jani kashmiri , who was on a Talent Hunt, saw her in Lucknow and talked to her parents. Finally, much against the wishes of her family, she moved to Bombay in 1941. The family is reported to have sought intervention of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru also to dissuade her from joining films but she proved adamant. Katjus were closely related to Pandit Jawahar lal Nehru’s family. It is said that Chandra Mohan Wattal, another Kashmiri actor of that period too tried to dissuade her from acting in films but she remained adamant. Chandramohan tried all his pressure tactics and tried to force her out of the films, but this girl was different. She was tough and did not fear him or yield to his intimidations. She continued to work in films unabated. Chandramohan died in 1949, but this girl worked in films from 1941 to 1973. Her parents finally consented to her decision and ensured a boarding and lodging for her in Bombay .

Prior to Yashodhara, Shyama Zutshi was the kashmiri Girl who joined films. (She acted in Vishnu Bhakti produced in 1934 and Karvaan E Hayat-35). However, the first Kashmiri girl to work in films was Gulab (real name Saraswati Devi), who worked from 1924 to 1964, in 160 films.

In 1941, at a young age of 14 years, she was offered a role of ” Aarti” in a movie Titled “Lalaji” produced by National Studios. The movie was completed in 1942. Her co-actors in that movie were Yakub, A. R. Kabul, Wasker, Amar, Sunalini, Vatsala Kumtekar, Maya Devi and Krishnakant.

Yashodhara always wanted to be an actress and on 15th August 1941 she joined National Studios. She played heroine and side heroine parts in films like Mahatma Vidur (1943), Dulhan (1943), Vijay Laxmi (1943) etc. Later she was reduced to character roles and became a popular comedienne in the 1950s. Her short plump stature and mischievous eyes really aided her in transitioning from leading to comedy roles. In films like Naujawan (1951), Dholak (1951), Sindbad the Sailor (1952), Ek do Teen (1953), Baaz (1953) etc she was cast in happy-go-lucky roles and even paired with other popular comedians of her time e.g. Bhagwan in Sindbad the Sailor (1952) and Gope. Her last few films as character actress were released in early 1970s including Seema (1971), Hare Rama Hare Krishna (1972), Do Phool (1973) etc .

Between Lalaji (1942 Her first Movie) and Do Phool (1973 her last movie), she acted in about 85 films. Her co stars included most of the well known artistes and stars of her times. From the younger generation, her co-stars included Rakhee Gulzar, Rakesh Roshan, Hema Malini, Simi Garewal, Kabir Bedi, Zeenat Aman, Vinod Mehra, Mumtaz and Mehmood Junior. She worked with almost all prominent directors in the Film industry including S. S. Vasan, Devendra Goel, Guru Dutt, Mohan Segal, P. L. Santoshi, M.Sadiq, D. N. Madhok, H.S.Rawail, B. R. Chopra, Rafiq Rizvi, Kishore Sahu, Dev Anand and Mahesh Kaul.

She started as a co-star, moved to lead roles, shifted to comedy (Mostly with another comedian of her time known as Bhagwan and Gope) and finally did some memorable performances as a character actress (Seema, Hare Rama Hare Krishna and Do Phool etc.).

Her close friends included Nalini Jayawant, Laita Pawar and Nirupa Roy. Sometime in around 1958, she married a Naval officer (Commander Bhandari) and lived a happy married life. After 1973, she did not act in films and slipped into Oblivion. She died of a sudden heart attack, in 1974 (Autar Mota).
(Thanks to Suresh Sarvaiya, Blog Chinar, Film Directory-46 and my notes).

The story of the film Daaman was given by me earlier once, so I am not repeating it here. Today’s comedy song is sung by Shamshad Begum and Trilok Kapoor. This singer Trilok Kapoor is a case of ‘ Same name confusion’. There was another actor Trilok Kapoor ( famous for the role of Mahadev in Mythological films) operating at the same time in the industry. Since he was the more famous one, most sites, Blogs and enthusiastic new music lovers credit this singer’s songs to the actor.
Singer TRILOK KAPOOR too was from Multan, just like the actor Trilok kapoor, and was keen on singing in films. He and his wife have sung many Punjabi songs.

Singer Trilok Kapoor sang a song in film Birhan-48 (Tu chanda main teri chakori – a duet with Dilshad Begum- record No. GE 5232). The film was in production in 1946 at Lahore, but was released in 1948 due to Partition in 47.

The singer of this song can not be the actor Trilok kapoor, for the simple reason that he was busy in making 4 films in 1946 in Bombay and it is impossible that just to sing a song in a film, anybody would go to Lahore in those tumultuous days.

Anyway, after the Partition, the singer Trilok Kapoor became a displaced person. He came to Bombay and met MD Shyamsunder, who sympathised with him, being a Punjabi himself from the same region. Shyam Sunder gave him a song in Bhai Behan-1950, a duet with Shamshad Begum. He got a job in Radio and continued singing in films like Guru Dakshina-50, Kashmir-51, For Ladies only-51, Daaman-51, Saloni-52, Raag Rang-52, Goonj-52, Naya Raasta-53, Toote Khilone-54, Miss Mala-54, Laadla-54 and lastly Trolly Driver-58. Total 14 films and 17 songs.

So, the actor Trilok Kapoor and singer Trilok Kapoor are two different persons-

1) Actor Trilok Kapoor never sang after 1942.

2) Singer Trilok Kapoor never sang in any film featuring actor Trilok Kapoor.

3) If actor Trilok Kapoor was a singer himself, he would have sung his own songs in his films, instead of taking playback from other singers, e.g. G M Durrani in Mirza Sahibaan-47. Those who are singer actors rarely take playback from others.

4) The voice of Trilok Kapoor in songs and the dialogues in films is different.

5) It is likely that the song of Aaj ki Duniya-40 and the duets of Raja Rani also were sung by the singer Trilok kapoor, as he sang a song in Birhan in 1946, as mentioned above with a record number. the entry in HFGK may be just a case of ” Same name confusion” (like few other cases). Since the songs are not available, the benefit of doubt should go to singer Trilok Kapoor because he was a singer and NOT to actor Trilok Kapoor as he was NOT a singer.

6) The final verdict was – Shamshad Begum had confirmed that Trilok Kapoor with whom she sang was NOT the actor/brother of Prithviraj Kapoor, but was a different person.

So, please remember, actor Trilok Kapoor and singer Trilok Kapoor were two different persons.

Here is the song…..Enjoy.


Song-Dil pe kar control (Daaman)(1951) Singer-Trilok Kapoor, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, MD-K Datta
Both

Lyrics

hmm
martaa hoon tum pe jaise
kali pe bhanwra marta hai
kali pe bhanwra marta hai
jaise kali pe bhanwra marta hai

ghoonghat khol de ae
ae zaalim
dil dhhak dhhak dhhak karta hai
dil dhhak dhhak dhhak karta hai

dil dhhak dhhak dhhak karta hai
dil phhad phhad phhad karta hai
dil gud gud gud karta hai

dil pe kar control
?? mera dil hai
dil pe kar control
?? mera dil hai
ration hai
ration hai
ghoonghat pat pat khol
ghoonghat pat pat khol
ration hai
ration hai ration hai
dil pe kar control prem mera dil hai

ek jhalak dikhta do ration card bina ho gori
ek jhalak dikhta do ration card bina ho gori
husn ki sarkaar mein dekho
ho nahin sakti chori
ho nahin sakti chori
?? pe ration hai
dil pe kar contol ?? ke ration hai
ration hai
ration hai

?? hai
hum deputy collector hai
?? collector ??
tu deputy collector hai to ham ration inspector hain
inspector inspector
inspector inspector
ho yahaan se gol
abe ho yahaan se gol
prem pe ration hai
ration hai ration hai
ration hai

achcha to phir
prem lene jaate hain ham
?? baazaar mein
prem lene jaate hain ham
?? baazaar mein
muft mein maare jaaoge jaaoge
mat phansna aise pyaar mein
muft mein maare jaaoge jaaoge
mat phansna aise pyaar mein

kyaa karoon main bol ?
ama ghoonghat pat mat khol
abe dilpe kar control
apne dil jigar mein tu
??
karenge ham manzoor ise
hui hamaari marzi
abhi na hamse bol

dil hai daanwaadol
dil hai daanwaadol ke
ration hai
ration hai
ration hai

??
??
??
??

gore ??
????
bach ke bach ke
bach ke


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Blog Day:

4452 Post No. : 15914

———————————————–————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2010-2020) – Song No. 86
———————————————————————————–

This day ten years ago (viz on date 25 september 2020), six songs from six movies were covered in the blog. The first article was published at 6:50 AM whereas it was 8:59 when the sixth post of the day appeared in the blog.

Here are the details of these songs :-

Song Movie title-Year Remarks
Banaane waale kyaa toone yahi duniyaa banaayi hai Jalpari-1952 06 songs posted
Aa jaa ab to aa jaa Anarkali-1953 All Songs covered
Ye rang bhare baadal Tu Nahin Aur Sahi-1960 All Songs covered
Jaani tum dole dagaa dai ke Dr Vidya-1962 All Songs covered
Chal mere dil lehraa ke chal Ishaaraa-1964 All Songs covered
Angrezi mein kahte hain ki I love you Khuddar-1982 03 songs posted

Four movies whose songs were discussed on 2 September 2020 have been YIPPEED by now. That leaves us with only two movies whose songs are eligible for todays blog Ten yaer challaenge.

“Jalpari”(19552) is one of the eligible movie for BTYC today. Six songs from this movie have been covered in the blog so far. Here are the details of these songs :

Song Posted On
Suno suno gagan ke taaron 22.07.2009
Banaane waale kyaa toone yahi duniyaa banaayi hai 25.09.2010
Barbaad huyi dil ki duniyaa 29.10.2010
Himmat se koi kaam le 21.12.2015
Tum nahin aaye mora jiya ghabraaye 23.12.2015
Khushi ke phool liye aa gaye bahaar ke din 21.01.2018

Here is the seventh song from the movie. This so9ng is sung by Lata and it is picturised on Nalini Jaiwant. Lyricist is not known. Music is composed by Pt Govindram.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala.

Video

Audio

Song-Kaari kaari andhiyaari raat mein (Jalpari)(1952) Singer-Lata, MD-Pt Govindram

Lyrics (Provided by avinash Scrapwala)

kaari kaari andhiyaari ee raat mein
kaare kaare baadarwaa chhaaye
aise mein kahin meraa chaand nikal aaye
to mazaa aaye ae
kaari kaari andhiyaari raat mein
kaare kaare baadarwaa chhaaye
aise mein kahin meraa chaand nikal aaye
to mazaa aaye ae

mere man mein chhaayi udaasi re
main piyaa milan ki pyaasi re ae
mere man mein chhaayi udaasi re
main piyaa milan ki pyaasi re
main kab se khadi hoon raah mein
nainon ke deep jalaaye
aise mein kahin meraa chaand nikal aaye
to mazaa aaye
kaari kaari andhiyaari raat mein
kaare kaare baadarwaa chhaaye
aise mein kahin meraa chaand nikal aaye
to mazaa aaye ae

bhar aayi ankhiyaan mori re
chandaa se door chakori re ae ae ae
bhar aayi ankhiyaan mori re
chandaa se door chakori re
main birhan baat takoon palchhin
hriday mein aas lagaaye
aise mein kahin meraa chaand nikal aaye
to mazaa aaye
kaari kaari andhiyaari raat mein
kaare kaare baadarwaa chhaaye
aise mein kahin meraa chaand nikal aaye
to mazaa aaye

———————————————–
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————–

कारी कारी अंधियारी ई रात में
कारे कारे बादरवा छाए
ऐसे में कहीं मेरा चाँद निकल आये तो
मज़ा आए ए
कारी कारी अंधियारी ई रात में
कारे कारे बादरवा छाए ए
ऐसे में कहीं मेरा चाँद निकल आये तो
मज़ा आए ए

मेरे मन में छायी उदासी रे
मैं पिया मिलन की प्यासी रे ए
मेरे मन में छायी उदासी रे
मैं पिया मिलन की प्यासी रे
मैं कब से कड़ी हूँ राह में
नैनों के दीप जलाए
ऐसे में कहीं मेरा चाँद निकल आये तो
मज़ा आए ए
कारी कारी अंधियारी ई रात में
कारे कारे बादरवा छाए ए
ऐसे में कहीं मेरा चाँद निकल आये तो
मज़ा आए ए

भर आई अँखियाँ मोरी रे
चन्दा से दूर चकोरी रे ए ए ए
भर आई अँखियाँ मोरी रे
चन्दा से दूर चकोरी रे
मैं बिरहन बाँट टाकून पलछिन
ह्रदय में आस लगाए
ऐसे में कहीं मेरा चाँद निकल आये तो
मज़ा आए ए
कारी कारी अंधियारी ई रात में
कारे कारे बादरवा छाए
ऐसे में कहीं मेरा चाँद निकल आये तो
मज़ा आए


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Blog Day : 4109 Post No. : 15260

“Chingaari”(1955) was directed by S Srivastava for co-operative pictures production, Bombay. The movie had Shekhar, Nalini Jaywant, Leela Misra, Sunalini Devi, Pran etc in it.

This forgotten movie had eight rare songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Chingaari”(1955) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Lata. Shailendra is the lyricist. HFGK mentions the music director as Manohar. We thought that it was Manohar Sonik, but by now we know that it was Manohar Arora.

This movie had seven Lata solo songs in it, so it follows that they were all meant for the lead actress viz Nalini Jaiwant. And so we can safely assume that this song was lip synced by Nalini Jaiwant in the movie.

This song, like other songs of the movie, is a forgotten gem.


Song-Raah na soojhe jaaun kahaan (Chingaari)(1955) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Shailendra, MD-Manohar Arora

Lyrics

raah na soojhe jaaun kahaan
lut gaye mere donon jahaan aan
apna paraaya koi nahin
sar pe jhuk aaya aasmaan
aa
raah na soojhe jaaun kahaan
lut gaye mere donon jahaan

dil bechaara toota hua
gham ke haathon loota hua
kheench rahe hain is jaal ko
beraham ?? juda
ae suhaane gham tu bata
main tujhe ab chhupaaun kahaan
raah na soojhe jaaun kahaan
lut gaye mere donon jahaan aan
apna paraaya koi nahin
sar pe jhuk aaya aasmaan

dil ke mehmaan dil se bhi ja
ab tu is duniya mein na aa
bhool ja mujhko tu bhool ja
poochh na mujhse koi wajah
dil bhi mera dil na raha
ab tujhe main basaaun kahaan
raah na soojhe jaaun kahaan
lut gaye mere donon jahaan aan
apna paraaya koi nahin
sar pe jhuk aaya aasmaan aa
raah na soojhe jaaun kahaan
lut gaye mere donon jahaan aan


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4107 Post No. : 15258

“Gunjan” (1948) was a Nalini Production movie. It was directed by V Desai. The movie had Trilok Kapoor, Nalini Jaiwant, David Abraham, Pande, Balraj Sahni, Veena Kumari, Purnima, Narmada Shanker etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. hree of these songs have been covered.

Here is the fourth song from “Gunjan” (1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Nalini Jaiwant. S R Saaz is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ashok Ghosh.

Only the audio of the song is available. It is clear that the song was picturised on Nalini Jaiwant herself who was not only the leading lady of the movie but also the producer of the movie. Nalini Jaiwant is considered an occasional singer but she has sung this song like an accomplished singer. This song is arguably the best of all the Nalini Jaiwant songs that she has sung in HFM.


Song-Jal barsaaye nainwa man mein kaisi aag lagi(Gunjan)(1948) Singer-Nalini Jaiwant, Lyrics-S R Saaz, MD-Ashok Ghosh

Lyrics

aa
jal barsaaye nainwa
man mein kaisi aag lagi
man mein kaisi aag lagi
man mein kaisi aag lagi
kyun aa gayi jawaani mujhpar
liye dukhon ka haar aar
gaya kahaan wo bhola bachpan
kit gayen laado pyaar
uljhan mein hai jaan phansi
phir ye kaisi aag lagi
man mein kaisi aag lagi
man mein kaisi aag lagi

aa aa
main samjhi thhi prem kali se
mahak uthhegi kyaari
jaane ekaaek hua kya
kali bani chigaari
hey
ghar ke deepak se ghar jalta hai
dhuaan nikal na paaye
ae
ghut ghut kar marti abla sa
nikle na munh se haay
uljhan mein hai jaan phansi
phir ye kaisi aag lagi
man mein kaisi aag lagi
man mein kaisi aag lagi ee
man mein kaisi aag lagi


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3737 Post No. : 14685

“Gunjan” (1948) was a Nalini Production movie. It was directed by V Desai. The movie had Trilok Kapoor, Nalini Jaiwant, David Abraham, Pande, Balraj Sahni, Veena Kumari, Purnima, Narmada Shanker etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Two of these songs, both sung by Mukesh, have been covered in the blog long ago, viz on 2012 and 2013.

Here is the third song from “Gunjan” (1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Nalini Jaiwant. Vrajendra Gaud is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ashok Ghosh.

Only the audio of the song is available. It is clear that the song was picturised on Nalini Jaiwant herself who was not only the leading lady of the movie but also the producer of the movie..


Song-Kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun (Gunjan)(1948) Singer-Nalini Jaiwant, Lyrics-Vrajendra Gaud, MD-Ashok Ghosh

Lyrics

kiska saath nibhaaun
nibhaaun
ye hai sooraj ye hai chanda
main sandhya si rahi beech mein
kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun
kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun
ye hai sooraj ye hai chanda

sooraj tan mein aag lagaata
bhole man ko chaand sataata
sooraj tan mein aag lagaata
bhole man ko chaand sataata
main samjhaati khadi akeli
peeda kise sunaaun sunaaaun
kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun
ye hai sooraj ye hai chanda

tan hai sooraj ke bandhan mein
tan hai sooraj ke bandhan mein
chaand
chaand chhipa man ke gunjan mein
chaand
chand chhipa man ke gunjan mein
main samjhaati ulajh rahi hoon
kuchh bhi samajh na paaun
nibhaaun
kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun
ye hai sooraj ye hai chanda


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3617 Post No. : 14419

“Kitna Badal Gaya Insaan”(1957) was directed by I S Johar for Modern Theatre, Bombay. The movie had Ajit, Nalini Jaywant, I S Johar, Kamaljeet, Uday Laxmi, Shanti, Harbans Lal, Saroja, Anil Dutta etc in it.

“Kitna Badal Gaya Insaan”(1957) had eleven songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from the movie to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Lata. S H Bihari is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hemant Kumar.

The song picturisation shows Nalini Jaiwant remonstating with the Almighty- with Lord Krishna to be precise. The picturisation also shows some men listening to the bhajan from outside though they seem to possess far less devotion towards the Almighty than Nalini Jaiwant. 😉


Song-Har baat hai bigdi huyi bhagwaan bana do(Kitna Badal Gaya Insaan)(1957) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-S H Bihari, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

har baat hai bigdi hui
bhagwaan bana do
vinti hai ye
mushqil meri aasaan bana do
aasaan bana do
har baat hai bigdi hui bhagwaan bana do
vinti hai ye
mushqil meri aasaan bana do
aasaan bana do

main kya karoon
main kya karoon taqdeer mere saath nahin hai
par tumse na ho aisi koi baat nahin hai
main kya karoon
taqdeer mere saath nahin hai
par tumse na ho aisi koi baat nahin hai
roothhi hui kismat ko meharbaan bana do
vinti hai ye
mushqil meri aasan bana do
aasaan bana do
har baat hai bigdi hui bhagwaan bana do
vinti hai ye
mushqil meri aasaan bana do
aasan bana do

bhagwaan ho
bhagwaan ho sansaar mein sunte ho sabhi ki
do chaar ghadi mujhko bhi mil jaaye khushi ki
bhagwaan ho
sansaar mein sunte ho sabhi ki
do chaar ghadi mujhko bhi mil jaaye khushi ki
kuchh mere liye jeene ka saamaan bana do
vinti hai ye
mushqil meri aasaan bana do
aasaan bana do
har baat hai bigdi hui bhagwaan bana do
vinti hai ye
mushqil meri aasaan bana do
aasaan bana do


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3476 Post No. : 13961

Today, 23rd January 2018 is the 121st Birth Anniversary of India’s best known revolutionary- Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. His life story and name is known to every Indian. It is not only very inspiring, but is very motivating as well. Unfortunately Netaji did not get the kind of help or support he needed and deserved for his Military action, from Indian politicians of his times. Netaji’s philosophy clashed with the Non-Violence policy espoused by Gandhi and his Congress Party. He pursued his dream single handedly. It is once in a Century that such a person is born. My respectful obeisance to Netaji.

On this occasion, here is a song describing his life which was nothing but a life of Balidaan or sacrifice.

Today’s song is from film Samadhi-1950. With this song, I remember and pay my respects to Music Director C.Ramchandra, in his Centenary Year.

Indian film industry is notably poor in making Patriotic films. Agreed that the first 16 years of the Talkie in India were not suitable or encouraging for making such films, as India was under British rule. But now, after 70+ years of ibdependence, the number of such films can be counted on the fingers of just one hand. Historical films have suffered the same fate. Our Historical films are based on some fictitious love stories and the history part is limited only to the costumes and Horses,Elephants etc.

No doubt, some film makers did make films based on Patriotic themes, almost immediately after independence or in the first few years after that. Songs with Patriotic themes were also used in few films. Films like Apna Desh-49,Samadhi-50, Pehla Admi-50, Andolan-51 and Anand Math-52 are some such examples, but these are only a few among the heap of song and comedy films that were being produced.Sporadic films like Jagriti-54, Chhatrapati Shivaji (52,61 and 2007) and some films of Manoj Kumar were made combining Patriotic themes in later years. As for “Historical” made those days- Mughal e Azam, Anarkali or Taj Mahal were more of Love story films than Historical films.

On this background, making a film like Samadhi was actually a risk. But this risk was offset by planting a Love story and some foot tapping songs and dances. In this, C.Ramchandra’s contribution was extremely important. The evergreen song ” Gore gore, o banke chhore” by Lata and Amirbai and few more lilting songs by Lata and Shamshad Begum made the film a memorable musical extravaganza. However, care was taken that the Patriotic theme of the movie was not compromised.

It was said that Samadhi’s story was based on a True Life story. The film was directed by Ramesh Saigal (2-3-1918 to 20-1-1980), who directed only 10 films in his career, but what some of his films were ! Shaheed-48, Samadhi-50, Shikast-53, Railway Platform-55 and Phir subah hogi-58 can not be forgotten. Film Samadhi had all the elements in it that make a movie successful. Moreover the film had the background of Indian National Army, led by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who was loved by people of India. These factors made the film a grand success at the Box Office. By one estimate, film Samadhi-50 was the highest earner on Box Office in 1950. It reportedly made a gross collection of Rs.1,35,00,000 and a net profit of Rs. 75,00,000 (wiki).

The film cast was Ashok Kumar, Nalini Jaywant, Shyam, Mubarak, David, Badri Prashad, Shashi Kapoor Sr., Collins Paul etc etc.

Ashok Kumar and Nalini Jaywant came together for the first time with this film. They then went on to do 11 films together from 1950 to 1966. Together, they even went abroad for shooting of the film Naaz-54 . Their mutual attraction was well known in the industry. But later they parted ways and though their Bungalows in Union Park, Chembur, Bombay were opposite to each others, they did not even exchange greetings.

Actor Shyam (20-2-1920 to 15-4-1951), who was a popular Hero those days, did the role of Ashok Kumar’s elder brother despite being almost 10 years younger to Ashok Kumar. His height and good physique enabled him to look quite convincing as the elder brother of Ashok Kumar.

Shashi Kapoor Sr.(Shashi Chand Kapoor) did the role of young Ashok Kumar. It is interesting to note that the other Shashi kapoor Jr. ( Raj kapoor’s brother) did the young Ashok kumar’s role in film Sangram-50 in the same year

It is also interesting to note that Netaji’s role in this film was done by an actor named Collins. He was like an O.T.P.- never seen again in any film.

The story of this film was given by me earlier for some other post from this film, so I am not repeating it here. Baburao Patel of ” Film India”, wrote in its May-50 issue that the film was ” irrelevant and obsolete politically, since India had got its freedom now.” However the audience and the readers of his magazine did not agree to his comments and made this film a tremendous success. It goes to prove that Patriotic themes are never irrelevant.

Film Samadhi-50 had 7 songs. 5 songs were already discussed on the Blog. Let us enjoy the song by C.Ramchandra, describing Netaji’s life story in essence.

Ed note:- One song is now left to be covered. This balance song is “Sab mil kar Hind pukaaren” according to HFGK whose record was not made and this song is apparently not available.


Song-Netaji ka jeewan hai balidaan ki ek kahaani (Samadhi)(1950) Singer-C Ramchandra, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-C Ramchandra
Nalini Jaiwant
Female chorus
Male chorus
All chorus

Lyrics

ho o o o
Netaji ka jeewan hai balidaan ki ek kahaani
Netaji ka jeewan hai balidan ki ek kahaani
balidaan hi balidaan hai
bachpan aur jawaani
bachpan aur jaawani
balidaan ki ek kahaani
balidaan ki ek kahaani

hoye bachpan hi se chanchal man mein armaanon ka mela thha
chhoti si ek lehar thhi dil mein
toofaanon ka rela thha
college mein ustaad jo thha wo thha london ka gora
arre usne kaha college me ek din
hindi kaala log chhichhora

sher bose ka khoon jo khaula
sher bose ka khoon jo khaula
gore ko ik chapat lagai
naam kata college se lekin
hind ki laaj bachaai
Netaji ka jeewan hai balidaan ki ek kahaani
balidaan hi balidaan hai bachpan aur jawaani
balidaan ki ek kahaani
balidaan ki ek kahaani

maat pita ne samjhaaya
aur englishtan ko kiya ravaana
badon ke aage honth na khole
lekin baagi dil na maana
europe mein ICS ke imtihaan ko paas kiya
arre itna ooncha ohda paakar
deshbakht ne chhod diya
phir
hindsutan mein aakar pehle gaandhi ko parnaam kiya
gaandhi ko parnaam kiya
gaandhi ko parnaam kiya

wo desh ki seva ka baapu se pehla pehla sabak liya
pehla pehla sabak liya
pehla pehla sabak liya

bharat ke dukh dard ko socha samjha aur pehchaana
kamar baandh kar rann mein aaya
aazaadi ka deewaana
aazaadi ka deewaana
aazaadi ka deewaana

kiya angrezon ne ye aid
karen is baagi ko ab qaid
kuchal daalen
masal daalen
kuchal daalen
masal daalen

magar
bachpan se jo baagi ho
wo zulm se darna kya jaane
jalne se kab ghabraate hain
shama watan ke parwaane
jiski rag rag mein shole hon
wo kya samjhe chingaari ko
hathkadiyon ko
zanjeeron ko
jailon ki chaar deewaari ko
kadam kadam par mushqil aayi
lekin sher sada lalkaara
rah nahin sakta gair ke bas mein
Hidustan hamaara
rah nahin sakta gair ke bas mein
hidustan hamaara
rah nahin sakta gair ke bas mein
hidustan hamaara

sarkaar ne kar daali nazarband zabaanband
maidaan ke jo mard hain hote hai kahaan band
ek raat ko chupke hi se gum ho gaye Neta
shor hua subah kahaan kho gaye Neta
janta bhi thhi hairaan
to sarkaar bhi hairaan
ud jaane se bulbul ke thha saiyyaad pareshan

lekin
maata ko ye ummeed thhi
laut aayega beta
maata se kahe bina kahaan jaayega beta
is aas mein darwaaje bhi ghar ke na kiya band
aa jaayega
aa jaayega
wo laal wo farjan

us maa se badi maa hai jo hindustan hai
wo chodd gaya maa ko
badi maa ko chudaane
is hind ki bigdi hui taqdeer banaane

badal pathaani bhesh
chala pardes
chhod kar desh
hamaara neta
badal pathaani bhesh
chala pardes
chhod kar desh
hamaara neta
aazadi ki nayi ladaai
ladne pyaaara neta

hindustan se kabul mein
aur kabul se berlin mein
chalte chalte pahunch gaya
wo singapore ke rann mein
qaum ki ye fauj aur qaumi taraana ban gaya
qaum ki ye fauj aur qaumi taraana ban gaya

ek ek tinka chuna
aur aashiyaana ban gaya
jai gandhi jai subhash
jai gandhi jai subhash
jai hind jai hind
jai hind jai hind
jai hind jai hind
jai hind


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Saga Of Sleepless Nights – 3
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

neend kabhi rehti thi aankhon mein
ab rehte hain saanwariya

Aah, so now we know, the sleep can no longer come to the eyes, for the eyes are already occupied with the images of the beloved. You cannot accommodate two swords in a single scabbard. Or for that matter, two lions in the same cave. So it has to be that sleep will have to wait outside, while the joys of visions of the beloved crowd all the room inside the eyes.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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