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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘C M Hunar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4127 Post No. : 15283 Movie Count :

4206

Today’s song is from stunt/action film – Kismatwali-47. The director of the film was Behram Mukadam, who was a Cinematographer with Wadia Movietone. This was the only film he directed. The six songs of the film were written by C M Hunar and music was given by Shyam Babu Pathak.

Shyam Babu Pathak is not a very well known name among Music Directors. He is one of those artistes, who had the talent and a will to do hard work, but Luck did not support him. This resulted in his remaining with unknown banners and B and C grade films. His career spanned from 1938 to 1965 – a period of 27 years in which he composed music for just 29 films and one of his film remained unreleased.

Shyam Babu Pathak was born in 1908 at Gwalior. His music tuition started when he was just 7 years old. He studied in Madhav Sangeet Vidyalaya, under Rajabhaiyya Poonchhwale, Narayan Gupte and Bhatkhande etc. He became an excellent singer and was invited by several Royal houses all over India, for singing. Even V D Paluskar had blessed him. Strangely, though a good singer, he never sang a song in any film.

While touring all over India for Music Mehfils, he learnt many folk songs and tunes. This actually prompted him to join films as a composer. His first film was Royal Commander-1938 – a B grade Costume drama film made by Vishnu Cinetone. In his first film, for just 9 songs, he used as many as 6 different singers. Minimum songs had been his specialty. This was a novelty in the 30s, when the norm was of an average of 12 to 15 songs each film.

V M Vyas of Vishnu Cinetone, was impressed with him and he gave him many films. He got Rani saheba-40, Torpedo-40, Samsheerbaz-40, Malan-42 and Ghar sansar-42. He gave good songs sung by Kalyani, Sardar Akhtar and Kajjan. In Lajwanti-42, his songs were light and comedy type. By now, he had become a confirmed Stunt/action and B/C grade composer. Pyara watan-42,Double face-46 were such films. Double face was Indivar’s first film.

Black Market-47, Namak-47, krishna Sudama-47 and Kismatwali-47 were not much helpful. Takdirwale-48 with Ramprasad, Imtihan-49 and Ret Mahal-49 led him to film Jeet-49 with Anil Biswas. Actually,it seems Anil Biswas took over when Pathak left the film halfway.

After Janmashtami-50 and Achha ji-50, came Preet ka geet-50.Famous poet Harikrishna Premi wrote the songs, which were sung by Mukesh, Geeta and Johra. Next film Hamari Duniya-52 had good Lata songs. Meanwhile his film Parda remained unreleased. In the last phase of his career, came Sapna-52, Vanraj-52, Bombay Central-60 and finally, film Mehbooba-65 closed his career. Shyam Babu Pathak died of heart attack in Bombay on 23-11-1980.

Film Kismatwali-47 was a stunt film featuring Fearless Nadia, John Cavas, Sayani Atish, Khurshid Banu, Sultana, Manchi Toothi, Azim, Habib and many others. In the cast you find a name Sultana. Many readers may not know that, Sultana was the elder sister of actress Zubeida, Heroine of Aalam Ara-1931, India’s first Talkie film. Here is some more information on Sultana.

Sultana, also known as Sultana Razaaq, was one of the earliest film actresses from India and acted both in silent movies and later in talkie movies. She was daughter of India’s first female film director, Fatima Begum. Zubeida (leading actress of India’s first talkie film Alam Ara -1931) was younger sister of Sultana. The youngest sister was Shehzadi-also an actress. Actress Mehtab (Sohrab Modi’s wife), whose real name was Najma, was step sister of these girls. Najma was the daughter of Marium, one of the wives of Nawab of Sachin.

Sultana was among the few girls who entered films at a time when it was not considered an appropriate profession for girls from respectable families, let alone Royalty. Born in the Surat city of Gujarat in western India, Sultana was a stunningly beautiful Muslim princess, the daughter of Nawab Siddi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III of Sachin State and Fatima Begum. She had two sisters, Zubeida and Shehzadi, both actresses. However, there is no record of a marriage or a contract having taken place between the Nawab and Fatima Bai or of the Nawab having recognised any of her children as his own, a prerequisite for legal paternity in Muslim family law. Actually, the Nawab had 3 wedded wives and Fatima was an ‘ outside’ arrangement.

Sultana was a popular actress in the silent movie era, usually cast in romantic roles. She started her career as actress in Veer Abhimanyu (1922) film in 1920s and later performed in several silent films. Later, she also acted in talkie movies. Sultana did sexy roles in films and earned a name as “Sultry Sultana”. She acted in 20 Silent films. She continued acting after the Talkie films started and worked in 19 Talkie films. Her last film was ‘ Girdhar Gopal ki Meera’-1949.. She came into limelight when she filed a case against Yassir Hussain Lalji, son of the chief of Bombay Municipality, in 1931, claiming to be his wife and demanding a sum of Rs. 5 lakhs in those days !

When India was partitioned in 1947, she migrated to Pakistan with her husband, a wealthy man named Seth Razaaq. Her daughter, Jamila Razaaq, was also encouraged by her to act in Pakistani films and she produced a film in Pakistan, named Hum Ek hain (1961), written by famous scriptwriter, Fayyaz Hashmi. The film was partly shot in colour, which was rare those days, but it failed miserably and Sultana stopped producing any films afterwards.

Sultana’s daughter, Jamila Razaaq, married the well known Pakistani cricketer Waqar Hasan, who is the brother of filmmaker Iqbal Shehzad. He runs a business under the name National Foods at Karachi.

Stunt films in India began with Silent films itself.They continued with greater force when Talkie films started. Contrary to popular belief, silent films did not lose ground to Talkie films – not at least immediately. In fact, there was a steep rise in the number of Silent films- from 88 in 1926 to 172 in 1932. In the first Talkie year itself the number rose to 207 silent films. They continued to be made till 1934. They did not pass away because there was no demand, but because Theatres were not available, as all theatres got equipped with sound machines.

The stunt films in India entered its Golden Period, with the entry of Fearless Nadia in the mid 30’s and ended with Master Bhagwan in the mid 50’s. The initiator of this Golden Period was Wadia Movietone. In 1935, they created a fantastic character and a fascinating actress with Nadia- Fearless Nadia. Their inspiration came from 1914 Hollywood film ” Perils of Pauline’, in which the Heroine played several stunts.

Here Nadia became a Masked Terror. She was modern, bold,frank and used a whip on evil men. She was portrayed as a figure deeply committed to overthrow the oppressive male dominated order. Her stunts, played cleverly on Trains, Horse carriages and with wild animals were widely applauded. She was truly the First Feminist icon of Hindi Cinema.

Wadias had a set of other actors, who would be seen alternatively in Nadia’s stunt films. Heros like Prakash, D and E Bilimoria brothers, John Cavas, Jal Merchant and Jal Khambata, Sayani, Habib, Azeem and a line up of non Human actors like Horse-Punjab ka beta, Dogs-Tiger and Moti, and a rattled Rolls Royce car-Rolls Royce ki Beti. In some films wild animals were used.

The definition of STUNT, according to Oxford Dictionary is “an action displaying spectacular skill and daring”. This has been made possible by thousands of stuntmen and women all over the world. Achievements of stunts in the films of 20’s to 50’s, in India is more praiseworthy, considering the lack of proper equipment and the infrastructure in olden days here.

Nadia, Baburao Pehalwan, Vasantrao Pehalwan, Shankar Vazre, Prakash, Raja Sandow, Master Bhagwan, Ranjan and many unsung and unknown action Heros did thrilling stunts only with their ingenuity and daring. The stunt professionals were first time used in Mehboob’s ” Aan “-52 for the action scenes. Azimbhai handled the horses and Douglas took care of the fights-including Fencing.

From the mid sixties, Hindi cinema saw rise of the He Man or the Hero doing stunts himself. This process began with Dharmendra, where the Hero dared to bare his chest for the first time in film Phool aur Patthar-66. As the time went by, stuntmen became Fight masters and they became Action Directors in turn. Nowadays, almost every action film has SPL FX assistance. However few Bollywood actors and actresses take pride in doing stunts themselves. According to an article by Hema Sanghvi on bookmyshow.com, the following 10 actors have done dangerous stunts in their films, all by themselves, without taking a double. Like me, you too will be surprised to see names of 5 well known actresses in this list. The names are Akshay kr., Amitabh Bachhan, Hritik Roshan, Shahrukh Khan, Tiger Shroff, Katrina Kaif, Priyanka Chopra, Sonakshi Sinha, Taapsee Pannu and Shradha Kapoor.

In older times, there were special stunt films making production houses, like Wadias, Ranjit, Imperial, Kohinoor, Mohan Pictures etc. There were specialist directors like Nanabhai Bhatt, Aspi Irani, R S Chaudhari etc. There were specific actors too. As far as Music was concerned,it had little importance in stunts and anyone would do as MD. In every town, there used to be specific Theatres for stunt films and almost every town had a set of bonded audience for stunt films. I was a part of that audience in Hyderabad in my teens.

Whenever I write about a Nadia film, I always remember my meeting with her in 1982. If only Mobile phones were prevalent that time, my meeting with her would have been captured for ever. Alas !!!

Today’s song is sung by Salma. I do not know who she was. With this song, film Kismatwali-47 and singer Salma make their Debut on this Blog.


Song- Gaa ae muhabbat gaa aakhri naghma gaa (Kismatwaali)(1947) Singer- Salma, Lyrics- C M Hunar, MD- Shyam Babu Pathak

Lyrics

Gaa ae muhobbat gaa
Gaa ae muhobbat gaa
aakhri naghma gaa
aakhri naghma gaa
Gaa ae muhobbat gaa
Gaa ae muhobbat gaa

kitne dinon ki khushi ki lay par
kitne dinon ki khushi ki lay par
aansoo apne ae
gham ka taraana gaa
aansoo apne ae
gham ka taraana gaa
Gaa ae muhobbat gaa
Gaa ae muhobbat gaa

kaale kaale baadalon ko ?? tera
kaale kaale baadalon ko ?? tera
chamcham chamkat bijliyaan
ko o o
hasrat samajh ke gaa
hasrat samajh ke gaa
Gaa ae muhobbat gaa
Gaa ae muhobbat gaa

subah ?? hawa chali hai
aandhi bankar haay
dil apna ?? deepak ke
dil apna ?? deepak ke
bahaar tu na aa
gaaye
shole jo jigar mein bhadke hai
haaye haaye
shole jo jigar mein bhadke hai
haaye haaye
uljha aa aa
uljha hai ?? hawaa aa

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3479 Post No. : 13979

Today (26 january 2018) is the 69th republic day of India. As for the blog, it was the 10th republic day for us. It may be unbelievable but we are just six months away from completing a decade of existence for this blog.

Today, three articles have been covered by three contributors. One post introduced a “debutant” movie. Sudhir Jee had planned to post a suitable song from “Susheela”(1966) that we thought would make “Susheela”(1966) our YIPPEE movie of the day. But Sudhir Jee discovered that this movie had another song left (this additional information was lying hidden in the corrigendum.

After posting this song, a worried Sudhir Jee emailed me, telling me that our YIPPEE target for the day is not yet achieved and we need to achieve it by posting balance song from any YIPPIABLE movie even if that song was not really a Republic day kind of a song.

I had myself given some thought to this matter and I had found that we indeed have an appropriate YIPPIABLE movie for the occasion. This is in fact quite a special song on many counts.

For once, this song is perhaps the earliest song of the “bada hoke desh ka naam karoonga” genre of song. This song just one year after Indian independence. The movie is “Tigress”(1948). “Tigress” was directed by Keshav Talpade for Basant Pictures, Bombay. It had Fearless Nadia, Prakash, Dalpat, Sona Cahtterji Boman Shroff, Radha, Qamar, Jal Khanbata, Kareem, Salim, Rajput (the horse), Moti (the dog), <Austin ki bachchi (the car) etc.

Thisb movie had five songs in it and it was a treasure trove of songs for occasions like Republic day. In fact, Sudhir Ji himself has covered a song from this movie during the republic day of 2013.

I think that the picturisation of this song is similar to the picturisation of the song covered by Sudhir Ji on this day five years ago. Two teachers (played by Sona Chatterji and Fearless Nadia) are singing this aspirational song in the presence of school children who hope to grow into adults citizens who would then take the destiny of the nation in their hands and cover the nation with glory. The song also shows Nadia unfurling the national flag.

Great sentiments are expressed in this song. It is worth noticing that India was not yet a republic at that time. That will happen only two years later.

I have read an article today by one of our youngest contributors who has expressed cynicism at the state of affairs of the nation as present. I, on the other hand, who has been attending republic day from the 18th republic day (today it was the 69th republic day today), I feel extremely optimistic. From a nation that was a begging bowl economy at that time, we are now one of the biggest economies of the world. The country was never in this good a shape as it is now. I was a hopeful “nanha munna raahi” in those days. Now I feel that we are really at a stage where we can take off.

Today I actually find myself holding a “baagdor” of the nation as a grown up citizen of the country. I actually represent the Government and as such I help run the nation. Instead of looking at others and complaining that they are not doing anything for the nation, I seriously think that everyone of us should ask ourselves what we are doing for the nation. If we do our job to the best of our abilities- and out best can really be quite something- then we will in some way help contribute in nation building.

We all take pride in the fact that India is one of the fastest growing economy in the world and that its GDP is growing at a growth rate of 7 % per annum. Let everyone of us ask ourselves- am I contributing in this GDP growth rate ? If I am not making a positive contribution, then at least I should try not to come in the way of those who are contributing in this GDP growth.

For instance, I ask myself. What is the contribution of Indian Railways in Indian GDP ? And what is the contribution of my unit in that GDP. I find that Railways, despite being such a huge government organisation, contributes only 1 % to national GDP. Road sector on the other hand contributes 4 %. It shows that railways have lots and lots of room for improvement. I ask such questions for my own unit as well, and that helps us keep ourselves in our toes.

If one does not waste time then one can achieve a lot. In India we do not realise the value of time. I can claim to be one of the very few people who values time. I do not waste my time or the time of others. That helps me achieve lots of things, including in my official works that most people cannot even dream of, because they always run out of time.

No doubt there are people in India who are self serving and their contributions in national building is in the negative, but let us not waste our time lamenting that. Let us do our own jobs sincerely and to the best of our abilities. That alone will make lots and lots of difference in the long run.

I feel that I have some experience and insight in such matters, I will share my views about where we stand as a nation and what can be done to progress fast vis a vis other nations in a series of articles in future. I hope our regulars will find those articles informative and interesting.

For the time being, let us enjoy this song from “Tigress”(1948). The movie had five songs in it. Following were the four songs that were covered earlier in the blog.

Song Title

Post No.

Post Date

Prem ke taange pe main udd jaaun 7363 18-Jan-13
Hum iss zameen ke hain 7410 26-Jan-13
Ae gham naseeb gham ko lahoo kar piye jaa 7415 28-Jan-13
Ye chaand taare hamen beqaraar karte hain 13668 21-Oct-17

Singers are not identified. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify them. Lyrics are penned by C M Hunar. Music is composed by Chitragupta.

With this song, “Tigress”(1948) joins the list of movies that have all their songs covered in the blog.

I take this opportunity to wish everyone a very happy 69th republic day. May we be in an even better shape the next year on the same day.


Song-Aaj bachche hain ham (Tigress)(1948) Lyrics-C M Hunar, MD-Chitragupta

Lyrics

aaj bachche hain ham
kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan
aaj bachche hain ham
kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan

aur padh likh ke hona hai hamko vidwaan
aur padh likh ke hona hai hamko vidwaan
aaj bachche hain ham kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan kal honge jawaan

jahaalat ka kar denge ham munh kaala
vidya se duniya mein hoga ujaala
taakat ke sar pe jeet ka sehra
taakat ke sar pe jeet ka sehra
apne gale mein ho jaimala jaimala
apne gale mein ho jaimala jaimala

kasrat karen ham kartab dikhaye
ek do teen char paanch
varjish kare ham taakat badhaayen
ek do teen char paanch
ham taakat badha ke dikhaaye aan ban
ham taakat badha ke dikhaye aan ban
aaj bache hai ham kal honge jawan
kal honge jawan kal honge jawan

taakat se chadayenge apne vatan pe apna jhanda
ilm se lahrayenge apne vatan pe apna jhanda
ilm se lahaayenge apne vatan pe apna jhenda
vande matram vande matram
vande matram vande matram


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Tigress”(1948) was directed by Keshav Talpade for Basant Pictures, Bombay. This Fearless Nadia starrer stut movie had Fearless Nadia, Prakash, Dalpat, Soa Chatterji, Boma Shroff, Radha, Qamar, Jal Khabhata, Kareem, Saleem, Rajput (the horse), Moti (the dog), Austi ki bachhchi (the car) etc in it. 🙂
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Nakli Baap”(1949), an out and out obscure movie by now, was directed by Ahmad Ghazi for Babu Productions, Bombay. The movie had Mehrunnisaa, Shyama, Chandrika, Dilawar, Habib, Sheikh, Aziz Premi, Jagmohan, arvind Kumar, Maqba, a M Patel, F Mirza, Kanta Patel, Bajrang, Rafiq, Gafoor, Chhote, Babu, Sethi, Shyam, Dawood etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Billi”(1949) was a stunt movie which was directed by Nari Ghadiali for super Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Nadia, John Cawas, Vittha, Putli, azeem, Munchi Thoothy, Sheikh, Mithhoo Miyaan, Mustafa, Arvind Kumar, Mater Hunar etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today (30 march 2016) is a red letter day for HFM lovers, though not too many people may be aware of it. It was on this day in 1951 that the Hindi commercial service of Radio Ceylon (later Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation) started its broadcast. So today is the 66th anniversary of that Red letter day for music lovers.
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15289

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1180
Total Number of movies covered =4209

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