Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Khan Mastana


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4750 Post No. : 16485

The tale of two brothers – Hafiz Khan and Aziz Khan, sons of the Ustad Waheed Khan of Etawaha Gharana is not only saddening but also contrasting in the end. After a promising start in Hindi films as a playback singer and the music director in the 1940s, Hafiz Khan died in 1972 in extreme poverty. Aziz Khan, on the other hand, after a brief stint with Hindi film industry as a music director, reverted to playing Sitar and trained his son, Ustad Parvez Khan who is now an internationally well-known Sitar player.

Etawaha Gharana popularised the Sitar and Surbahar and Ustad Waheed Khan was a famous exponent of both these musical instruments. He appeared in Satyajit Ray’s ‘Jalsaagar (1958) in which he can be seen playing Raag Bihaag on Surbahar in one of the scenes of the film. Ustad Waheed Khan was a court musician at the court of Holkar of Indore for 18 years, in the court of Maharaja of Patiala for 3 years and later in the court of Nizam of Hyderabad until 1948. Naturally, he wanted his two sons to continue the Gharana tradition of playing Sitar and Surbahar. With this aim in mind, Ustad Waheed Khan gave extensive training in Sitar, Surbahar and vocal music to his two sons. At the age of around 12 , Hafiz Khan was sent to Kolkata to receive further training in Sitar and Surbahar from his uncle, Ustad Inayat Khan (father of sitar maestro Ustad Vilayat Khan) who found Hafiz Khan to be a promising student of Sitar and Surbahar. He used to accompany his uncle in his sitar/surbahar concerts.

In Kolkata, Hafiz Khan got mesmerised with the songs of K L Saigal and Pankaj Mullick. He was now more interested in becoming a singer in Hindi films than learning Sitar and Surbahar. On a visit to Hyderabad to spend some time with his father who had then become a court musician in the court of Nizam, Hafiz Khan got a chance to sing songs on Hyderabad Radio. Knowing fully well of his father’s strong aversion to film songs, he had to sing on the radio without revealing his name. He got some money for his singing on the radio.

Knowing that his father would never allow him to sing for Hindi films, one day Hafiz Khan ran away from Hyderabad with his money earned from radio singing to Mumbai some time in 1934. After doing some odd jobs in the film studio including small roles as actor, producer Chandrarao Kadam, who was producing ‘Bahadur Kisaan’(1938) for which Mir Sahab was entrusted with the music direction, gave him a chance to sing a solo song ‘baalam gaye pardes ri sajni’ which became his debut playback song in a film. With this song, Hafiz Khan became known as a singer. Since he wanted to hide his name associated with film songs from his father, Mir Sahab gave him a new name ‘Khan Mastana’ keeping in view his jolly nature.

After the release of ‘Bahadur Kissan’ (1938), Mir Sahab joined Minerva Movietone as the music director. He also took Khan Mastana to Minerva Movietone where he was taken as a playback singer on a 3-year contract. During this period, he sang songs in ‘Jailor’ (1938), ‘Talaaq’ (1938), ‘Pukaar’ (1939) ‘Main Haari’ (1940), etc. His songs from these films raised his popularity graph. During the last year of the contract with Minerva Movietone, Sohrab Modi wanted him to play sitar in addition to his contract as playback singer. Khan Mastana refused to play sitar as he did not wish to become a musician. He left Minerva Movietone. By that time, he had also got an offer from a film producer to work as a music director (probably for ‘Virginia’, 1940). Since Sohrab Modi did not want to lose Khan Mastana, he gave him a chance as a music director in his film ‘Vasiyat’ (1940) which he accepted as a free-lancer.

In around 1945, Khan Mastana’s younger brother, Aziz Khan had also joined Bombay film industry as a music director. To conceal his identity for his association with films, he had also changed his name to ‘Aziz Hindi’. By 1947, Khan Mastana had become a top male playback singer next only to G M Durrani and had given music direction to as many as 23 films. Everything was going very fine in his filmy career. He had money, fame and the luxury of staying in any one of his 5 flats in Mumbai. But his misfortune started when he paid a visit to Hyderabad sometime in 1947. His father who was a court musician at that time with Nizam, did not allow him to return to Mumbai. Instead, he pressurized Khan Mastana to learn classical music and sing in front of him rather than in the films. This continued for almost a year which led to delay in films for which he was committed to complete the recording of the songs as playback singer and as a music director. The producers of such films had to engage some other music directors to complete their films. Khan Mastana’s unprofessional attitude resulted in losing some prospective films as the music director.

In early 1948, Khan Mastana once again ran away from Hyderabad for Mumbai. One year of the absence from the film industry is sufficient for a film artist to be forgotten. Khan Mastana managed to get some playback singing assignments to re-establish himself in the film industry. One of the songs in which he sang with Mohammed Rafi was ‘watan ki raah pe watan ke naujawaan shahid ho’ from ‘Shaheed’ (1948) which became very popular. When Khan Mastana has just settled down in the film industry mainly as a playback singer in his second innings, his father came to Mumbai and forcibly took him ( also his brother, Aziz Khan) back to Hyderabad. This time, he was trapped in Hyderabad for about 2 years.

When Khan Mastana returned to Mumbai after 2 years – probably in 1951, he had not only faced the wrath of producers and music directors for his unprofessional behaviour, he had to face stiff competition of emerging playback singers like Mohammed Rafi, Mukesh, Talat Mehmood and Manna Dey. Some new music directors had also emerged during his absence who were happy with the emerging playback singers. Khan Mastana realised that his days as playback singer and the music director were over. In his third inning in film industry, he could get only a handful of songs to sing. He sang his last song as a playback singer, zindagi hai yaa koi toofaan hai in ‘Zindagi Yaa Toofaan’ (1958) which became his swan song.

From the mid 1950s up to his death in March 1972, Khan Mastana lived a life of extreme poverty. During his heydays, he lavishly spent money on his friends who also made him addicted to some vices including drinking. So, he had not saved money for the future. He was staying with his family in a small room mocated in a lane adjunct to Mahim Dargah. He had got afflicted with paralysis in 1966. His only son got similar affliction at the age of 14.

Khan Mastana who had sung nearly 150 songs, composed music in around 30 films besides acting in around 10 films died unsung in abject poverty in March 1972.

What a sad end of a lineage from the Etawah Gharana. His nephew, Ustad Shahid Parvez Khan (son of his brother, Aziz Khan) who is an accomplished sitar player of international repute is of the view that going by the recordings of his uncle’s Hindustani classical renditions and sitar/surbahar recitals available with the family’s archive, Khan Mastana would have become one of the leading exponents of Hindustani classical music if he had concentrated on playing Sitar/Surbahar and as a classical vocalist rather than in the Hindi film industry.

‘Muqabala’ (1942) was one of the films of Khan Mastana’s heydays for which he was not only the music director, he also sang for himself in the film and also provided playback singing for other actors. This film seems to have been produced at a time when Wadia Movietone was in the verge of a split between Wadia Brothers. The film was made under the banner of J B H Wadia Productions but it was a Homi Wadia presentation. The film was jointly directed by Batuk Bhatt (Nanabhai Bhatt) and Babubhai Mistry. The star cast included Nadia and Yaqub in the lead role supported by Srinivas, Rajni, Dalpat, Nazira, Agha, Jal Khambata, M K Hasan, Baby Madhuri etc.

The film had 9 songs of which 3 songs have been covred in the Blog. All the songs were written by A Karim. I am presenting the film’s 4th song, ‘mujrim hoon mohabbat ka jo chaahe saza dena’ which is picturised on Yaqub. Agha is also seen in the song picturization.

Almost all on-line resources mention Yaqub as the singer. But it is apparent that the voice in the song is that of Khan Mastana.

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Acknowledgement: Sometime last year, one of my friends sent me a photocopy of an article written by Madhup Sharma which was published in Hindi magazine, ‘Madhuri’ in 1969. This article was based on the interview the author had taken with Khan Mastana in his house. Much of the information about Khan Mastana in my article is based on this source with some updates.

Video Clip:

Audio Clip:

Song-Mujrim hoon mohabbat ka jo chaahe sazaa dena (Muqaabla)(1942) Singer-Khan Mastana, Lyrics-A Karim, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

aa aa aa
haaa haaa
aaaa aaaaa
mujrim hoon mohabbat ka
jo chaahe saza dena
mujrim hoon mohabbat ka
jo chaahe saza dena

mujrim hoon mohabbat ka aa aa
haan aan
jo chaahe saza dena aa aa
par yaad rahe itna
dil se na bhula dena
par yaad rahe itna
dil se na bhula dena

main dil tumhen deta..aa hoon
lekin kahe deta hoo..n
main dil tumhen deta hoon
lekin kahe deta hoon
mujhko to mitaaya hai
isko na mita dena
mujhko to mitaaya hai
dil ko na mita dena

aaraam na hai din ko….o o o o
aur neend na raaton ko…o o o o
aaraam na hai din ko
aur neend na raaton ko..o o o
beemaar kiya tumne
ab tum hi dawa dena
beemaar kiya tumne
ab tum hi dawa dena

wo guzri huyi baaten
raaton ki mulaakaaten
wo guzri huyi baaten
raaton ki mulaakaat..en
bhoole se jo yaad aaye
do aansoo baha dena
bhoole se jo yaad aaye
do aansoo baha dena
mujrim hoon mohabbat ka
jo chaahe saza dena
par yaad rahe itna
dil se na bhula dena


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4748 Post No. : 16476

Kishore Sahu, actor, producer, director and story/screen-play/dialogue writer must be a dynamic, ambitious and resourceful person. Otherwise, how could one explain the pace at which he turned producer after the release of only one film? He started his acting career with a lead role in Bombay Talkies’ ‘Jeewan Prabhat’ (1937). One film old Kishore Sahu set up a film production company, India Artists Ltd. As a managing director of the company, he produced ‘Bahurani’ (1940) which was released in June 1940. The film was commercially successful.

By 1945, Kishore Sahu had become a successful film producer, director, writer and actor. But before that he faced a ‘speed breaker’ in his career path. Sometime in the latter half of 1940, Kishore Sahu’s marriage with Snehprabha Pradhan, his co-star in ‘Punar Milan’ (1940) in September 1940 ran into trouble. In less than six months of their marriage, they separated. The long court battles and the resultant divorce sometime in 1942 affected Kishore Sahu to such an extent that he left Bombay in early 1941 and went into ‘hibernation’ for a year or so in his native town and Nagpur.

It is said that a person in a depressed mind for a long time is likely to experience change in his personality after he overcomes the depression. But in the case of Kishore Sahu, it appears that more than the likely change in his personality, the recovery from the personal problems changed his filmy career for the better. Kishore Sahu returned to Bombay with a story of ‘Kunwaara Baap’ (1942) which was his debut film as a director. He was also the lead actor opposite Protima Dasgupta. It was a social satirical film.

The box office success of ‘Kunwaara Baap’ (1942) encouraged him to direct two more films with similar theme – ‘Raja’ (1943) and ‘Sharaarat’ (1944) making them a trilogy of films with social satire as the theme. He was once again paired with Protima Dasgupta in both these films. While ‘Raja’ (1943) was a commercial success, ‘Sharaarat’ (1944) did not fare well at the box office. But his subsequent film, ‘Veer Kunal’ (1945) which Kishore Sahu produced and directed under the banner of Ramnik Productions was a commercially successful film. In this film, he played the lead role of Veer Kunal.

The next line of career progression took place in 1945 when he bought the banner, Hindustan Chitra Production and become the producer-director under his own banner. Films like ‘Sindoor’ (1947), ‘Saawan Aaya Re’ (1947), ‘Kali Ghata’ (1951) and “Mayur Pankh’ (1954) became successful at the box office. As a director, he saw success in ‘Saajan’ (1947), ‘Nadiya Ke Paar’ (1948). ‘Dil Apna Aur Preet Paraayi’ (1960), ‘Grihasti’ (1963) etc. He also acted in films of other banners.

As happens with many film directors, after his successful innings of around 10 years, Kishore Sahu, by and large, failed as a director in his later part of the career. After ‘Grahasti’ (1963), he could not attain the same level of success as in the 1940s and 1950s. In the 1960s and 70s, Kishore Sahu produced and directed ‘Poonam Ki Raat’ (1965), ‘Hare Kaanch Ki Chooriyaan’ (1967), ‘Pushpanjali’ (1970) and directed ‘Dhuen Ki Lakeer’ (1974) but could not create ripples on the box office front.

Of these four films, I had seen ‘Poonam Ki Raat’ (1965) when it was released. The film was a suspense thriller. I found the film interesting with tightly maintained suspense coupled with outstanding song compositions by Salil Chowdhury. Around the same time, I had seen ‘Gumnaam’ (1965), and later, I had also watched on TV ‘Wo Kaun Thhi’ (1964), The common factors in all these three films were (i) suspense thriller, (ii) Manoj Kumar as the lead actor and (iii) melodious music and songs. While ‘Poonam Ki Raat’ failed at box office, the other two films were box office success. Can it be said that the young directors were more innovative and had read the pulse of the filmy audience of mid 1960s better than Kishore Sahu or was it simply a loss of his magic touch?

When Kishore Sahu was facing a downturn in his career as a producer-director, he started doing character roles in the films of other banners. Dev Anand seems to be fond of Kishore Sahu who acted with him in ‘Kala Paani’ (1958), ‘Kala Baazar’ (1960), ‘Guide’ (1965), ‘Gambler’ (1971) and ‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ (1972). By the way, Dev Anand worked with Kishore Sahu for the first time in ‘Namoona’ (1949).

Kishore Sahu died on August 22, 1980 while on a family trip to Thailand. His last film, ‘Vakil Babu’ (1982) was released after his death.

‘Raja’ (1943) was Kishore Sahu’s third film as a director and the 5th film as an actor. He also wrote the story, screen-play and dialogues for the film. The star cast included Kishore Sahu and Protima Dasgupta in the lead roles supported by Ranibala, Moni Chatterjee, Gulab, Vijay Sahu, Wasker, Anant Prabhu etc.

There were 8 songs in the film of which one song has been covered on the Blog. I am presenting the film’s second song, ‘aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle’. The song is written by Amritlal Nagar which is set to music by Khan Mastana. Most of the on-line resources mention Kishore Sahu as the singer. But it is apparent that the voice in this song is that of Khan Mastana.

When I first listened to the song, it gave me an impression of a song of enjoyment. By the time I come to the last stanza of the song, it dawns to me that all is not well in protagonist’s love life.

Audio Clip:
Song-Aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle (Raja)(1943) Singer-Khan Mastana, Lyrics-Amritlal Nagar, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

shar…..aab
shar….aab
ye shar…..aab
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
armaan mere dil ke
armaan mere dil ke ghaav choom ke nikle
haan choom ke nikle
haan haan choom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab

main kis tarah bachoon
main kis tarah bachoon na ke madhosh banoon main
behosh banoon main aen
main kis tarah bachoon na ke madhosh banoon main
behosh banoon main
behosh banoon main
gar ?? khud sharaab
gar ?? khud sharaab bane jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab

toota huwa dil ek bhi apna sa na paaya
hamne nahin paaya
toota huwa dil ek bhi apna sa na paaya
hamne nahin paaya
hamne nahin paaya
ham pyaar ki duniya se
ham pyaar ki duniya se bahut ghoom ke nikle
haan ghoom ke nikle
haan haan ghoom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
armaan mere dil ke
armaan mere dil ke ghaav choom ke nikle
haan choom ke nikle
haan haan choom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4688 Post No. : 16372

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2011-2021) – Song No. 23
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This day ten years ago (19 may 2011) saw four songs being covered in the blog. That month of may 2011 was seemingly a month when I was not in a position to discuss songs with the same regularily and rate that I used to achieve in the past. My guess is that summer vacations were on at that time. My school going daughter, my ife and our three pets had joined me at Nagpur and that as the reason for less number of posts in this month. With the benefit of hindsight, even that rate that I managed to achieve in this month ten years ago makes that month seems like a prolific month vis a vis the same month ten years later. 107 songs were covered in may 2011, whereas 18 days of the corresponsing month this year has seen only 26 songs getting covered in first 18 days of the month of may 2021.

Here are the details of the four songs covered in the blog on 19 may 2011:-

Blog post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
3904 Ham apne dard ka kissa sunaaye jaate hain Muqabala (1942) Two songs covered by now out of nine
3905 Aasmaan se door taaraa ho gaya Darogaji(1949) Eleven songs covered out of 12. Final song unavailable
3906 Aaya re aaya re mera jaane bahaar aayaa Insaaf(1966) 2 songs covered by now out of six
3907 Naseeb hoga mera meharbaan kabhi na kabhi Chaalis Din(1959) 5 songs covered by now out of 8

We can see that all four movies remain upYIPPEED even ten years later. So potentially we can have four Blog Ten Year Challenge posts today. But realistically, it can not be that. For example, the one missing song of “Darogajee”(1949) seems to be unavailable. So another song from that movie cannot be discussed. And so, that movie cannot be YIPPEED as things stand today.

“Muqaabla”(1942) was chronologically the first movie whose song was covered ten years ago. This movie was produced by Homi Wadia and directed by Batuk Bhatt and BabuBhai Mistry. It had Fearless Nadia and Yakoob
with Sreenivas, Rajni, Dalpat, Agha, Nazira, Baby Madhuri, M.K.Hasan, Jal Khambata, Khan Mastana, A.Rehman, Azim, Habib, Kunzru etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Muqaabla”(1942) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Khan Mastana.An unknown female voice joins in chorus for a few lines. A Karim is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khan Mastana.

The song is picturised as a dance song on a male and a female dancer. I am unable to identify the male dancer, but the ghaghra choli donning female is unmistakably fearless Nadia. It must be a rare occasion where fearless Nadia is dressed in a desi female attire and she is dancing like a desi lady. We are used to see her dressed in masculine attire and fighting baddies.

It is another man (and not the male dancer) who lip syncs the song on screen.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

Can it be so that the female voice heard in the song is that of Fearless Nadia herself ? I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on this matter.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchaadra.

video link:

audio link:

Song-Meri jholi bhar de khaali teri raam kare rakhwaali (Muqaabla)(1942) Singers-Khan Mastana, Lyrics-A Karim, MD-Khan Mastana
Khan Mastana + Unknown female voice

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali

paisaa dewey paisaa paavey
paisaa dewey paisaa paavey
sunn ley rey baabaa aa
jaisaa dewey waisaa paawey
jaisaa deway waisaa paawey
diyaa liyaa tere sang chale ae
diyaa liyaa tere sang chale
ye jag ki reet niraali
ye jag ki reet niraali
rey teri ram karey rakhwaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali

moh lobh ke tod dey phandey ae
o baaboo jee
moh lobh ke tod dey phandey ae ae
o baaboo ji
moh lobh ke tod dey phandey ae
jhoothi duniya jhoothey dhandey
le jaa dil ki duaayein
bandey kabhi na jaayein khaali
de jaa dil ki duaayein
bandey kabhi na jaayein khaali
rey teri ram karey rakhwaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali

duniya rain baseraa hai
paapon kaa chahoon oar andheraa hai ae ae
duniya rain baseraa hai ae ae
paapon kaa chahoon oar andheraa hai
neki ka tu diyaa jalaa ley
ek paisaa dey ae
neki ka tu diyaa jalaa ley
ek paisaa dey ae
rain baney ujiyaali manwa
rain baney ujiyaali
rey teri ram karey rakhwaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4662 Post No. : 16331 Movie Count :

4433

Today’s song is from the film Talash-1943. This is one of those films, about which hardly any information is available on the net or in any book. But thank God, at least credits for all the important departments like Banner, Director, MD, Lyricist and all the star cast names are available in HFGK.

There are few films about which, except their titles and year of censoring, nothing else is known, not on the internet, in any book or even in HFGK. Just for example, in the year 1943 itself you have films like “Pati pooja”, “Magic of South India”, and “Andhi Duniya”, for which the page space is blank- no information at all except the Banner’s name. Since 1931, almost all years till at least 1960, one can find such films in HFGK.

Film Talash-43 was a Stunt film and its cast was full of the usual artistes who featured in such C grade action films. The cast shows the names of Benjamin, Leela Pawar, Ranibala, Sadiq, Dalpat, Faqir Muhammed, Nazira, Shyamsundar, Jahangir, Meherbano, Roopa etc.

I have no idea who this actor Benjamin was, but he featured in stunt and action films from mid 30’s to mid 40’s. All the other names are familiar. There were 8 songs in the film and the singers included Kalyani Bai, Zohrabai ( this was the first time Zohrabai sang for a film’s Heroine in a solo and a duet-thanks to Khan Mastana, the MD), Nalini Rao, Shyamsundar and Khan Mastana – the MD himself. it was a common matter that usually the Music Director also sang a few songs in the film – if he was a singer, which most early era MDs were.

In this singers’ list there are 2 names which fall into the “Same Name Confusion” category. One was Kalyani bai and the other was Shyamsundar.

As far as Shyamsundar is concerned, he was different from Music Director Shyam Sunder (Gabba) and he continued to sing in films till 1955, well after the demise of MD Shyamsunder in 1952, confirming that he was a different person. I have written earlier also about him. Kalyani bai and Kalyani Das were singers who operated in same period in Calcutta and Bombay and both sang in films made in both cities, so the scope of confusion was plenty. However, there was a distinct time slot for their operation in singing.

Kalyani Bai (1920-2009) (real name – Zarina) was an actor-singer who was trained in classical singing. She sang khayal, thumri and ghazals for All India Radio and recorded such genre of songs for HMV. This led her to a filmy career in Calcutta in 1934 as an actor-singer. After some struggle, she was employed with New Theatres and she acted in films like ‘Anaath Ashram’ (1937), ‘Mukti’ (1937), and ‘President’ (1937) in which she also sang some songs for herself.

In 1937, Kalyani Bai left New Theatres and joined Ranjit Movietone in Bombay (Mumbai). Her first film with Ranjit Movietone was ‘Toofaani Toli’ (1937). In the 40s, she appeared to have become a freelancer, although I find that she worked in more films directed by VM Vyas of Sunrise Films than other banners. She was one of the singers in the famous All-Women qawwali in the film Zeenat-1945. Her last film as an actor-singer was ‘Ghar’ (1945). However, she lent her voice for other actresses in films released during 1947-54. She also acted in small roles in a few films of the 1970s and probably early 80s. She later married Seth Chirauddin Bakar. She had 2 sons and a daughter from him. She retired and settled in Bombay. She died on 1-10-2009.

Kalyani Das was a playback singer who started her career in Hindi films from Calcutta with PC Barua’s ‘Jawaab’ (1942) and ended her playback singing career in Hindi films with ‘Iran Ki Ek Raat’ (1949). She also sang for a few films made in Bombay. To the best of my knowledge, she did not act in any films.

It is not so difficult to segregate ‘Kalyanis’ as both of them worked in Calcutta at different times. Kalyani Bai worked in films produced in Calcutta up to 1937 whereas Kalyani Das commenced her playback singing career from Calcutta from 1942 onward. She mostly worked for music director Kamal Dasgupta (8 out of 11 Hindi films in which she was playback singer). She sang 37 songs in 11 films….Jawab-42, meghdoot-45, Kurukshetra-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Prem ki Duniya-46, Bindiya-46, Manmaani-47, Giribala-47, Faisla-47, Swayamsidha-49 and Iran ki ek raat-49.

The third name which had a potential of ‘Same name Confusion’ was NALINI. In the period from the 30’s to 50’s, there were several ‘Nalini’s operating same time, as actresses and singers. They were Nalini Tarkhud, Nalini Jaywant, Nalini Nagpurkar, Nalini Borkar, Nalini Dhere, Nalini Gupte, Nalini Saraf(Seema), Nalini Chonkar, Nalini Rao and Nalini Korgaonkar. However, the problem of ‘ Same Name Confusion’ never arose for any ‘ Nalini’. The simple reason was- all of them were Marathi artistes and as per their custom, they always used their Surnames to make distinction between other ‘Nalini’s. Hence SNC rarely involved Marathi artistes. The other example of this was Shanta Apte, Shanta Hublikar, Shanta Mujumdar, Shanta Kumari and Shantarin.

One peculiar thing about film Talash-43 was that the Director and lyricist of the film was same – A Kareem. (another such example was Kidar Sharma). There were few artistes in the Film Industry who were ‘all- rounders’. These artistes achieved excellence in many departments of film making. A. Kareem was one such artiste. He was brother of Music Director Ghulam Mohammed. He was an Actor, Producer, Director, Composer, Lyricist, writer, screenplay and dialogue writer and a Costume designer ! In my opinion, he can be compared with only Badri Prashad, who was Actor, Producer, Director, Composer, Singer, Character artiste and a Choreographer too !..

In the early era, there were many such artistes who did many things-sometimes out of necessity or compulsion or to sustain jobs. But they were known for ONE main activity. Similarly A. Kareem was known as a Lyricist. He started his career with Aaj ki Duniya-40 as an actor. He also acted in Jagat mohini-40, Meri Khwaish-041, and Circus ki Sundari-41. He wrote s/p and dialogues, with P L Santoshi for films Circus ki sundari-41 and Bombay Calling-42. He composed music for 5 stunt films like Kashmir ki kali-46, Toofani Teerandaz-47,Atom Bomb-47, Dhoomketu-49 and Maya Mahal-49. He had composed 35 songs.

He directed 13 films like Kalakar-42, Talash-43, Badmash-44, Jeewan swapna-46, Parbat ki Rani-48, Rangeele Musafir-50, Josh-50, Gazab-51, Char chand-53, Maharani-57, Mehfil-57, Tilasmi Duniya-62 and Mehbooba-65.

As a Costume designer he worked for Naya Daur-57, Dil apna aur Preet Parayee-60, Mere Mehboob-63,Kaajal-65, Main vohi hoon-66 and Dastak-70. As a Lyricist his most famous song was Talat’s “Hai ye vohi aasman, aur vohi zameen, par meri Taqdeer ka ab vo zamana nahin “. He wrote 146 songs in 20 films.

Nowadays, it is impossible to find such All rounders in the film industry.

Today’s song is a solo song sung by Kalyani Bai, composed by Khan Mastana. With this song, film Talash-43 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song- Kuchh peena kuchh pilaana (Talaash)(1943) Singer-Kalyani bai, Lyricist- A Kareem, MD- Khan Mastana

Lyrics

lalalalalala
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana aa aa aa
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
aaya hai samaa suhaana
aaya hai samaa suhaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana

main bech rahi hoon jawaani
haan aan aan
main bech rahi hoon jawaani
jiska mol hai paani paani
jiska mol hai paani
koi aankhon ka jhhuthhaana
koi aankhon ka jhhuthhaana
lalalala
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena

zindagi khatm na ho jaaye tarakki teri
zindagi khatm na ho jaaye tarakki teri
is qadar pee ke na baaqi rahe hasti teri
is qadar pee ke na baaqi rahe hasti teri

ang ang se joban chhalke
ang ang se joban chhalke
do nainon se madira chhalke
do nainon se madira chhalke
usko na bekaaar ganwaana
usko na bekaaar ganwaana
usko na bekaaar ganwaana
usko na bekaaar ganwaana
laalalalala
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaaaaaana


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4586 Post No. : 16205 Movie Count :

4409

Today’s song is from an obscure and unknown film of the early 40s, which is making its debut on this Blog. The film is Rahgeer-43. Rahgeer means Pathik or a Traveller. No information is available about this film anywhere, except what is provided in HFGK.

1943 was an year in which the IInd world war was in full swing. Both sides were almost equal. The effects of the war on India were… it faced the infamous Bengal Famine, caused by the war profiteering. Controls on film production were tightened by the Government. I.P.T.A. became operative with its first staged p0lay ‘ Nibanna’. Film Kismet became one of the biggests Hits ever. V.Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kalamandir debuted with Shakuntala, so did Mehboob with his film Najma. Government made showing of Newsreel before any film mandatory. Film Raj Nartaki’s english version The Court Dancer was exhibited in the USA, first time for an Indian film.

1943 produced 105 Hindi films, the highest number during the war years, 1939 to 1945. Many landmark and musical films appeared in this year giving a respite to the war torn audience of Indian Cinema. Let us take a look at some of these films.

Film Bhaichara had music by the only other ” Sursagar” musician – Himangshu Dutt ( the more well known being the singer Jagmohan Sursagar). C. Ramchandra had his first musical hit with film Bhakta Raj, made by Jayant Desai productions. Film Gauri from Ranjit became Monica Desai’s first Hindi film in Bombay. It was a very successful film with songs by Khemchand Prakash, based on Bangla Folk tunes. Kanan Devi gave some sweet songs in the film Hospital, under Kamal Dasgupta’s baton.

Bombay Talkies film Hamari Baat was the last film in which Devika Rani acted. Anil Biswas was the composer. Music Director Khurshid Anwar brought Gauhar Sultana from Lucknow to sing some songs in the film Ishara. Naushad'[s musical film Kanoon had some good Suraiya and Shyam duets. Film Kashinath was Nitin Bose’s last film in New Theatres, after he developed differences with B.N.Sircar.

Anil Biswas gave his career best musical Hit film ” Kismet”- the longest running film from Bombay Talkies. Nurjehan’s musical film Nadaan was popular with songs from composer K.Datta. Director Mehboob made his first film Najma, under his own banner Mehboob productions. Yet one more musical from Naushad- film Namaste. At last a musical hit for composer S.N.Tripathi- Panghat from prakash Pictures. Rajkumari Shukla sang her only Hindi song in this film.. (the film was remade as Chitchor-1976).

Film Paraya Dhan had music by Bengal’s famous musician Gyan Prakash Ghosh. Deena Pathak sang her only 2 songs in this film as Deena Sanghavi. Ghulam Haider makes merry again with Shamshad hit songs in film Poonji from pancholi, Lahore. Minerva Movietone blockbuster prithvi Vallabh had 5 songs from menakabai Shirodkar.

One more superhit film – Ram Rajya from Prakash Pictures had very good songs from composer Shankar Rao Vyas. Saraswati Rane gave 2 melodious songs. Yashwant joshi and Yashwant Nikam sang the famous song ” Bharat ki ek Sannari ki katha”. Ram Rajya had also a distinction as the only Hindi film that was seen by Mahatma Gandhi, on 2-6-1944.
( before this Gandhi had seen ” Mission to Moscow-43′ an English film, in Wardha, according to The Hindu (Kathmandu Ed.) dt.8-2-2010). The film had early songs by Manna Dey also. Naushad in full swing with his 3rd Musical Sanjog, where Suraiya gave playback to Mehtab, the Heroine. Vasant Desai gave excellent songs in hit film Shakuntala by V.Shantaram.

In presence of so many hit and musical films an ordinary film Rahgeer was nowhere to be counted. The film was directed by A.Rashid, for whom this was his first film as a Director. Later on he directed 3 more films- Airmail-46, Daulat ke liye-47 and Bulbul-51, for which he wrote some lyrics also. Hafiz Khan Mastan gave music and also acted in it. His case is a ” Rags to Riches to Rags” story.

Hafiz Khan was born in 1917 in Agra. His father Ustad Wahid Khan, from Etawah Gharana, was a famous musician. He sent his two sons, Hafiz and Aziz, to his elder brother Ustad Inayat Khan at Calcutta to learn Sitar. However, both brothers were more interested in film music than learning Sitar.

Ustaad Waheed Khan was a well known and respected player of Sitar and Surbahar. His place in the Etawah Gharana was high up. He had 3 sons. Bande Hassan,Hafiz khan and Aziz Khan. Waheed khan was very keen that his sons should continue his profession,earn a name and shine in classical music of Etawah Gharana. He thought working for music in films was below their dignity and a shame. Bande Hassan specialised in vocal music and became a famous qawali exponent. Second son Hafiz khan,after initial training in classical music turned to film singing,without father’s knowledge. Not only that,he also accepted the pen name of Mastana-awarded by composer Meer Sahib- to hide his identity from father. The third son Aziz Khan also went the film way,using the name Aziz Hindi sometimes.

Though Aziz Khan did not continue his family profession,he ensured that his son Pervez took the training and became an International Sitarist,settling in USA. Even son of Pervez- Shakir became a famous Sitarist. he continues the Etawah gharana tradition now.

Hafiz came to Bombay in the mid 30s and sang a song in the film Bahadur Kisan-1938, music by Meer Saheb. Meer Saheb took him to Minerva and he was employed as a singer. He sang in films like Talaq-38, Jailor-38, Main haari-40 and Sikandar-41. Looking at his jolly nature, Meer Saheb gave him the name Mastana and he became Khan Mastana. Later in his professional life, he wrote Khan Mastana as a singer and Hafiz Khan as a MD.

As a Composer he started with Wasiyat-40, then came Virginia-40, Akela-41, Muqabla, 42, Raahgir-43, Neelam-45 etc. In all, he gave music to 29 films, composing 215 songs. As a singer, he sang 152 songs in 83 films. He also acted in 9 films and directed 1 film- Paramount-41. As a singer he last sang in the film Nek Khatoon-1959 and as a composer his last film was Gunehgaar-53. As an actor his last film was Shikarpuri-47.

Khan Mastana became quite rich. He had 5 flats in Bombay. He had a professional competition with singer G.M.Durrani. It is alleged that once Khan Mastana tried to make Durrani eat a ” Pan ” laced with Sindoor(mercury), so that he can never ever sing again. However, Durrani suspected and vomited immediately. Later, when its analysis was done, the fact came out. Anyway, thanks to Durrani, he did not make it a public issue. Only 17 years after Khan Mastana’s death, Durrani spilled the beans, but did not take Khan Mastana’s name, even then. Only his close friends knew this.

When Mastana was at the height of fame and work, he was invited by the Prince of Hyderabad State to teach music to his Begum. Due to some reason, the Prince became angry with Mastana and he was kept captive for a long time in Hyderabad.

By the time he returned to Bombay. The film industry had changed a lot. Many new singers had appeared. The music pattern had also changed. Khan found it difficult to get singing assignments. However, he continued to compose music. When the bad times continued, he had to sell all his flats, cars etc. He became so poor, that he had to beg near the Mahim Masjid. He also started drinking and taking drugs. Once Naushad saw him there. He tried to help him but drinking had spoiled him completely. Finally he died on 6-3-1972. One of his sons was still begging near the Masjid.

There was a time when in the film Laila Majnu-45, he was the main singer and Rafi was in Chorus. When the bad days came , in the film Laila Majnu (incomplete), Rafi was the main singer and Mastana was in the Chorus ! That is Destiny !!

Today’s song is by Amirbai Karnataki. The song and the tune is quite good. With this song, film Rahgeer-43 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song-Apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai (Raahgeer)(1943) Singer- Amirbai Karnataki, Lyricist- Shevan Rizvi, MD-Hafiz Khan Mastana

Lyrics

Apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai

aankhon mein abhi se kyun
aansoo ye chale aaye
aankhon mein abhi se kyun
aansoo ye chale aaye
hamne to abhi dil se
hamne to abhi dil se
ik faans nikaali hai
hamne to abhi dil se
ik faans nikaali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai

gurbat ke zamaane ki
purdard kahaani ye
gurbat ke zamaane ki
purdard kahaani ye
sah daali magar phir bhi
sah daali magar phir bhi
ik baat chhupaani hai
sah daali magar phir bhi
ik baat chhupaani hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai

rote hain zamaane ke
hansne ke liye ??
rote hain zamaane ke
hansne ke liye ??
soorat bhi kabhi roki
ab hamne zamaane se
soorat bhi kabhi roki
ab hamne zamaane se
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4580 Post No. : 16192

Today’s song is from the film Shri Nagad Narayan-1955.

There is a little story on why I have chosen this song today for my post here. Only the other day, I was going through my mails, searching for some reference. while searching for it, i went back well upto 2014 mails. Suddenly my attention fell on a mail written on 25-8-2014, by our friend in ASAD group-Mr. Mahesh Mamadapur. The mail was addressed to me, Atul ji and Sudhirji. It pointed out that a song by Khan Mastana in the film Shri Nagad Narayan-55 was still uncovered and he had suggested that one of us should make a post on it, as it was a good song.

Out of curiosity, I immediately checked whether this song was covered on the Blog. I was also curious to know, finally who wrote the post on that song. To my utter surprise, I found that even after 7 years the song had still remained uncovered. Perhaps, in those days, all of us must have thought that the other would write on the song. Then I checked on YouTube if this song was available. After a little effort, I found the song also. I felt relieved and decided to correct the slip at least now. Perhaps it was my destiny to write a post on this song, afterall ! Thanks Mahesh ji for the song and here it is, dedicated to Mahesh ji !

The film Shri Nagad Narayan-55 was produced by S.N.Kanva-of Kanva Brothers Corporation, under the banner of their own Kamdhenu Films, Bombay. It was directed by I.S.Johar and the music was by Vinod. The cast consisted of Meena (Shorey), Motilal, Majnu, Omprakash, Badri pershad,Leela Mishra, Shirin etc. The director, composer and the lead pair reminded me of their earlier Hit film ” Ek Thi Ladki”-1949, where, for the first time I.S.Johar and Majnu had made a comedy pair on the lines of Bud Abott and Louise Castello. Later they acted together as a pair in almost every film of Roop K. Shorey, who considered them ” Lucky Mascot”. However, I liked this pair in the film ” Hum sab chor hain”-1956, which was a adapted copy of the film Ek this Ladki-49.

There was another film ‘Nagad Narayan” made in 1943. This was a remake of a Marathi film ” पैसा बोलतो आहे ” made by Bhal G. Pendharkar. I do not know the story of today’s film, but I guess it was a comedy film ( with ‘ Vinod’ as the appropriate MD !). The film had 11 songs written by Qamar Jalalabadi, P L Santoshi, Verma Malik and Madhup Sharma.

In the year 1981, when I was the Zonal Manager in Glaxo Laboratories in Bombay, I had come in contact with this Madhup Sharma. Our company was making an Audio-Visual presentation for our London Principles, for our Veterinary products. One Mr. Mahesh Sharma was making it for us. He knew Madhup Sharma, who was friendly with actor Ashok Kumar. In those days Ashok Kumar used to have a very large Poultry Farm at Lonavala (between Bombay and Poona). We needed to shoot there and also interview Ashok Kumar. Madhup Sharma took us to Ashok kumar in his Chembur bungalow. There I met Ashok kumar personally for discussions. I took many photographs with him at that time.

This Madhup Sharma was a character actor, who acted in 48 films, from 1970 to 1989. He also wrote Lyrics for 2 films, Dara-53 and Shri Nagad narayan-55.

From 1950 to 1960 period, the maximum number of films – 124 were made in 1955, but most films this year were Mythological, Religious, Costume, Comedy and Stunt films. Incidentally, for the same period, 1950 to 1960, there were maximum Mythological/Religious films made – 124. Here are some milestones of 1955.

Film Pather Panchali had a world premier in New York. Festivals of Indian Films were held in London and Peking. Children’s Film Society was established in 1955 and Journal of Film Chamber was started by the South Indian Film Chamber of Commerce.

Taking a look at the 124 films of 1955, we find that…

A coloured Costume film ‘Azaad’, with A grade actors like Dilip Kumar, Meena kumari, Pran etc came from Madras stable.

Leela Chitnis tried to launch her son AJIT as a Hero in the flop film ‘ Aaj ki Baat’. 19 Popular Saigal songs were repeated in film Amar Saigal.

Comedy musical Baap re Baap and Naashad’s Baradari made ripples.

Ashok Kumar’s film Bandish…..on the night of 6-12-1955, when Ashok kumar and MD Arunkumar Mukherjee-his cousin, were returning from the Trial show of Bandish, Arunkumar Mukherjee, died in the car after a massive Heart attack, on Ashok Kumar’s lap.

Film Bhagwat Mahima had very good Bhajans by Hemant kumar.

Film Chingari had lovely songs by MD Manohar. Nalini Jaywant sang her last film song. This was the last film of actress Sunalini Devi also.

Om Praksh directed his first flop film Duniya Gol hai. The film had a record number of 13 Guest Artistes !

The only film of Pt. Amarnath Chawla,” Garm Coat” was renamed ‘ The clerk and the coat’.

Burman’s musical House No.44 became popular.

Another Costume film with A grade actors like Dilip kumar, Dev Anand, Beena Rai etc. from Madras again – Insaniyat. The Hollywood import monkey Zippy featured in Radio Ceylon advertisements for the film.

The evergreen dance and Music film from V.Shantaram – Zanak Zanak Paayal Baaje drew large crowds.

MD Jaidev debuted with a flop film Joru ka Bhai.

N.Datta debuted with film Milap.

MD Ravi debuted with the film Vachan.

Some other films were Mr. and Mrs. 55,Munim ji, Railway Platform (Sunbil Dutt made a Debut), a serious musical, Seema, the great film Shri 420 and Naushad’s Udan khatola.

In the cast of today’s film, you find the name Shirin Bano. Yes, she too is one of the artistes who joined films to get a suitable husband and lead a respectable and comfortable life. Shirin, Shirin Bai or Shirin Bano was from a tawaayaf mother from Lucknow. Her father was a Tamil Brahmin – Ram Seshadri Aiyar, who worked as an accountant with Kikubhai Desai (father of Manmohan Desai) in his distribution department. They were 5 sisters and 1 brother. Shirin joined films at an early age.

Her first film was ‘Maharani’ (1934). The same year she worked in ‘Vehmi Duniya’, ‘Sewa Sadan’ and ‘Bala Joban’. In 1935 her films were ‘Shamsher e Arab’, ‘Pardesi Sainya’ and ‘Bambai Ki Sethani’. In 1936, she worked in ‘Tope Ka Gola’, ‘Snehlata’, ‘Passing Show’ and ‘Azaad Veer’. ‘Khwab Ki Duniya’, ‘His Highness’ and ‘Challenge’ are her films from 1937, ‘State Express’ and ‘Purnima’ in 1938, and ‘Leather Face’ and ‘Hero No. 1’ from 1939. Total 18 films only.

Shirin alson sang 9 songs in 6 films – Maharani-34, Pardesi Saiyan-35, Khwab ki duniya-37, His Highness-37, Purnima-38 and Hero No.1-39

Her youngest sister Meher Bano also joined films with the name Purnima (she also married a producer / director Bhagwandas Varma). Shirin married producer / director Nanabhai Bhatt, who already had a wife and 3 children. They had 6 children – Mahesh Bhatt and Mukesh Bhatt are their sons.

Today’s song is sung by khan Mastana. In the last part of this song, there are lines “” Laila, Laila pukarun mein ban mein, meri Laila basi mere man mein”. These are famous lines from an original song by Master Nissar in film ” Laila Majnu”-1931, made by Madon Theatres. These lines are used in many other Hindi film songs too.


Song- Aata hai yaad mujh ko guzra hua zamaana (Shri Nagad Narayan)(1955) Singer-Khan Mastana, Lyricist-Qamar Jalalabadi, MD-Vinod

Lyrics

aata hai yaad mujhko guzra huaa zamaana
aata hai yaad mujhko guzra huaa zamaana
tu thhi meri deewaani
main tha tera deewaana
tu thi meri deewaani
main tha tera deewaana
aata hai yaad mujhko guzra huaa zamaana

chanda ki chaandni mein tu so rahi thi gori
aakar teri gali mein seeti mera bazaana
aata hai yaad mujhko guzra huaa zamaana

khidki mein tera aake chhupchhup ke muskuraana
ab tere ho chuke ham
ye kah ke bhaag jaana
aata hai yaad mujhko guzra huaa zamaana

ik din khabar ye aana
tu ban gayi hai dulhan
doli mein tera jaana ro ro ke mera gaana
laila laila pukaaroon main ban mein aen
meri laila basi mere man mein
laila laila pukaaroon main ban mein aen
meri laila basi mere man mein
laila laila pukaaroon main ban mein


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4488 Post No. : 16010

Tanvir Naqvi – 48th Death Anniversary on 01/11/2020
——————————————————————

Geet
————
Kahaan tak sunoge kahan tak sunaaun
Hazaaron hi shikwe hain kya kya sunaaun

Huzoor aap par ek jahaan ki nazar hai
Nigaah-e-karam se bhi mujh ko ye dar hai
Jahaan ki nazar mein kahin aa na jaaun
Kahaan tak sunoge kahaan tak sunaaun

Zamaana huaa hai muhe muskuraaye
Muhobbat mein kya kya hain sadme utthaaye
Kise yaad rakkhoon kise bhool jaaun
Kahaan tak sunoge kahaan tak sunaaun

Duaa hai yahi kuchh zabaan tak na aaye
Muhobbat ka shikwa bayaan tak na aaye
Jalen zakhm dil ke magar muskuraaun
Kahaan tak sunoge kahaan tak sunaaun
Kahaan tak sunoge kahaan tak sunaaun
Hazaaron hi shikwe hain kya kya sunaaun

Tanvir Naqvi
Courtesy: rekhta.org

This is the profile reproduced from Rekhta.org :

Tanveer Naqvi’s lineage traces back to a family of poets who originally came from Iran. With a family immersed in poetry, literature and arts, Naqvi came to be influenced by the poetry of dissent against the British Empire.

Naqvi started as a lyricist in the Hindi film industry in the 1940s, starting his career with Swami (1941). He wrote the lyrics for close to 200 films before moving to Pakistan. He was married to renowned singer and actress Noor Jahan’s sister, Eidan Bai. The big hits of his career include Mehboob Khan’s musical hit Anmol Ghadi (1946) and Jugnu (1947) which were each the highest grossing Indian films of the respective years. Anmol Ghadi (1946) has some of the most memorable melodies in Hindi Cinema. Few people know that Mohammad Rafi was introduced to the Hindi film industry by Naqvi. He was much sought after as a songwriter. After partition, Tanvir Naqvi migrated to Pakistan and for over 15 years remained one of the leading lyricists of Urdu and Punjabi films. His patriotic number sung by Noor Jahan during the 1965 war “Rang Laayega Shaheedon ka Lahoo” became extremely popular.
A collection of his poetry has been published under the title ‘Sunahre Sapne.’
He died on November 1, 1972 in Lahore.

If Tanvir Naqvi wrote songs for 200 films in India before migrating to Pakistan , at a guess his songs tally should be around 400, again guessing at an average of 2 songs per film. 85 songs are so far posted in the blog. So here is one more person who we need to thank for introducing Mohammad Rafi to the hindi film industry.

Shri. Shalin Bhatt Sir has commented on the youtube link of this song that there are 3 singers in this song, Khan Mastana, G. M. Durrani and Mohammed Rafi with Chorus. I agree with this, because I thought there are two different voices singing the second and third portion of the song. Rafi sahab has only two lines to sing independently and in another line in mukhda, he is accompanied by G. M. Durrani(?).

At the time of writing this post in 2018, I was hard at work trying to confirm the details of credits. That when I remembered that one of my cousin who has been in UAE for 3 decades now, once mentioned that Tanvir Naqvi’s son was his colleague, once upon a time, but it has been years since he shifted back to Pakistan. I asked my cousin at the time, if he could get in touch with the son, perhaps to confirm about the song. But it seems, the contact is lost, with no common friends/colleagues links.

This is the third song from Laila Majnu (1945) to be posted in the blog. All songs of this film are written by Tanvir Naqvi and music composer in Govind Ram. So this is one more of the many songs from 1940’s by Rafi sahab which are yet to be posted, as a tribute post for Tanvir Naqvi on his remembrance day.


Song-Sakhi ki khair maayi babaa ki khair teraa Allah nigehbaan ho (Laila Majnu)(1945) Singers-Mohammed Rafi, Khan Mastana, G. M. Durrani, Lyrics-Tanveer Naqvi, Music Director- Pt Govind Ram

Lyrics

Sakhi ki khair
maayii babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho
sakhi ki khair
maayi babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan
ho o o
Allah nigehban ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
ho oo
Allah nigehban ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
Allah nigehban ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
sakhi ki khair
maayii babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo

chaar dinon ki hai yeh duniyaa
aakhir ko mar jaanaa hai
chaar dinon ki hai yeh duniyaa
aakhir ko mar jaanaa hai
samajh samajh kar chalna bande
duniya musaafirkhaana hai
ye duniyaa musaafirkhaana hai
ye duniyaa musaafirkhaana hai
sakhi ki khair
maayi babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo

haan aa
de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
haan aa
de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
Allah nigehbaan ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
Allah nigehbaan ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo

dar par tere aaya sawaali
khairaat de de naa aa
khairaat de de naa aa
dar par tere aaya sawaali
khairaat de de naa aa
khairaat de de naa aa
bhar de pyaala apne karam se
meri duaa lenaa aa aa
bhar de pyaala apne karam se
meri duaa lenaa
sakhi ki khair
maayi babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
sakhi ki khair
maayi babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
haan de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
haan de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
Allah nigehbaan ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4394 Post No. : 15762

Today’s song is from the film Jeewan yatra-46. This film was made by Rajkamal. The film was a social film, directed by Master Vinayak and its music was composed by Vasant Desai.

V Shantaram left Prabhat films or rather was compelled to leave it, because he broke a rule of Prabhat Films. Soon after When the company was founded, one of its directors S Fattelal had married one of its lead actresses Gulab Bai aka Kamla Devi (one who is seen bending in the Prabhat Logo). After this, the team of partners/directors made a rule that if, in future, any of them falls in love with an artiste of the company or gets married to her, he will have to leave the company. After a few years, Keshav Rao Dhaiber, one partner, married Prabhat’s Heroine Nalini Tarkhad. He had to leave the company,in 1938.

V Shantaram also loved and married Prabhat’s lead actress Jayashree (Kamulkar) and had to leave the company. As such, all was also not well between Shantaram and other directors,because they felt that somehow, Shantaram kept all the focus on him for publicity, though they too were capable. Due to all this he left Prabhat. For some time he worked in the Films Division and then started his own studio “RAJ KAMAL Kalamandir”, on the premises of Wadia studios. The name of his company was made up by taking the first syllable of his parents’ names – RAJ(aram) and KAMAL(abai) making RAJKAMAL.

The first film of Rajkamal was Shakuntala with Jayashree playing the role of Shakuntala and Chandra Mohan being King Dushyant. Next films were, Parbat pe apna Dera-44 and Jeevan Yatra-46. Then came the iconic film “Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani”-46. Rajkamal produced many well known films, mostly in Prabhat tradition. I personally consider the film “Do aankhen barah haath”-58, as its best film in terms of the content, acting and the Music. It’s a matter of pride that one of the songs of this film-“Aye Maalik tere bande hum”, became the school prayer song in Pakistan, till 1965.(Ref:Ruperi Smaranyatra by Prof. Subhash Savarkar).

Film Jeevan Yatra-46 was directed by Master Vinayak. This was his last film as a director for Shantaram. Rajkamal films were directed by Shantaram, Vinayak, Keshavrao Datey, V Awadhoot or Kiran Shantaram only. Initially the studio system was very strong in the film industry, but during and after the II WW, Freelancing and crumbling of the studios, one after the other saw the virtual extinction of the studio system. Companies affected were Sagar, Ranjit, National, Wadia, Prabhat, Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Madon Theatres, East India, Shalimar, Paramount, Imperial etc. It sadly heralded individualistic operations. Most studios became available for hiring for shootings. Only Rajkamal, Mehboob and RK studios etc continued some more years with almost the same force. Now, RK studio is demolished and Rajkamal and Mehboob studios are used for TV serial shooting and audio recording facilities.

Talking of Master Vinayak, it was Shantaram who helped shape his career. In Kolhapur, the 3 families- Bhal G. Pendharkar, V Shantaram and Master Vinayak were closely related. Bhal ji Pendharkar (Bhalchandra Gopal Pendharkar) was the son of Dr.Gopal Pendharkar, the Royal Physician of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state and his partner Radhabai. Dr. Gopal was already married to another lady. This couple gave birth to Bhalji and Baburao Pendharkar. Their mother Radhabai left Dr. Gopal Pendharkar and married Damodar Karnataki. They had two sons- Master Vinayak (father of Baby Nanda), famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner and his brother Vasudev- who became a Cameraman. Kamalabai, the younger sister of Radhabai married Rajaram Vankudre and they had 2 sons- V.Shantaram, famous actor, director,producer and a studio owner and his brother V. Awadhoot- equally famous Cinematographer.

Master Vinayak Karnataki ( 19-1-1906 to 19-8-1947) was born in Kolhapur. Many of his cousins and family members were already in the Film line.His half brothers Bhal ji and Baburao Pendharkar, maternal cousin V. Shantaram and his brother V.Avadhoot ( cinematographer) were in films. His own brother Vasudev also became a cameraman. Master Vinayak was working as a Teacher in a school, but Bhalji brought him in films. Initially Vinayak was with Prabhat, working under Shantaram and learning many things. He started his own company ” Hans Pictures” in partnership with Baburao Pendharkar and cameraman Pandurang Naik. Their first film was Chhaya-36. (almost all films made by Vinayak till 47 were bilingual in Marathi and Hindi-sometimes with different Titles ( like Ardhangi in Marathi became Ghar ki rani-40 in Hindi etc.)

While Shantaram stressed on technical aspects of film making successfully, Vinayak was keen on a strong story. Therefore he used the works of Top class writers in Marathi like V.S.Khandekar, P.K.Atre, Mama Varerkar etc. ( V.S.Khandekar, later won Sahitya Akademi award, Jnanpith award, Padma Bhushan award and many honours like D.Litt etc. The Government issued a Postage stamp after his death also). Film Chhaya won many awards and was commercially successful. Next Dhrmaveer-37 and Premveer-37 ( The Heroine in this film was Ashalata-wife of Anil Biswas). Then came film Jwala-38, with Chandramohan in both versions-Marathi and Hindi. He learnt to speak excellent Marathi for this film. Later he did 3 more Marathi films also. unfortunately, film Jwala was a resounding flop-not because of anything else. According to V.S.Khandekar, Vinayak had meddled with the story too much. ( this looks to be a chronic ailment of the film line !)

Vinayak fell back on comedy and made Brahmachari-38 and Brandi ki botal-39. Both were successful, but the loss due to Jwala was too big. Even one more comedy- Ghar ki rani-40 could not salvage the damage and Hans pictures was dissolved to form another company Navyug Chitrapat, with added P.K.Atre as a partner. Navyug was the first film company to offer 100 rs. shares directly to the public. ( Bombay Talkies had shares with only the directors, initially). The first film was Lapandav-40. Though successful, P.K.Atre left the company- (along with its Heroine Vanmala- his consort) and established his own company Atre Pictures.

After another comedy, Navyug made Amrit-41. In the year 1942, Navyug made the film ‘ Pahili Mangalagaur”-42, in which Lata Mangeshkar made her debut as an actress and singer. She sang her first ever film song with Snehprabha Pradhan- under the baton of Dada Chandekar. There was a kissing scene of Snehprabha and Shahu Modak in this film. During the making of this film, Vinayak left Navyug and started his own ” Prafull Pictures”. Vinayak made several Hindi and Marathi films including Badi Maa-45. Vinayak died on 19-8-1947, just 4 days after Independence.

Vinayak acted in 18 Hindi films, from Jalti Nishani-32 to film Mandir-48. He also directed 13 Hindi films, from film Nigah E Nafrat-35 (debut film of Shobhana Samarth) to film Mandir-48. He sang 22 songs in 10 films. But from film premveer-37 onwards he could not sing properly due to his tooth problems, hence Master Vasant Eric used to sing his songs for the balance 6 films, though mostly Vinayak is credited for these songs.

Now, who was this Master Eric ? His real name was Vasant Jadhav. He was born in 1907 into a Marathi Christian family of Kolhapur. Bhalji Pendharkar selected him for acting and singing in Shyam Cinetone’s film Parth kumar-1934 (Hindi/Marathi) His pet name was Eric, so he became Vasant Eric and later on due to his singing, he was called Master Vasant Eric. He joined Kolhapur Shalini Cinetone and worked with master Vinayak. He also worked in films like Aakashwani-34 and Honhaar-36. He sang songs in films from 1937 onwards. In all the Marathi/Hindi films of Vinayak he sang for him.

Vasant Eric knew Ratanbai. She introduced him to Ardeshir Irani and he employed Eric in his Music Department, playing various instruments and singing whenever needed. He acted and sang in films made by Huns, Navyug and Prafull films. In 1948, he gave music to a Marathi film. He was called by many MDs to play Chord Piano for their songs.The male voice in Lata’s First Hindi Playback song ” Paa laagu kar jori re” is that of master Vasant Eric only.

His son Ravindra was an actor and daughter Hemlata Shankar (Jadhav) was a film dancer. His grandson Nitin Shanker is an arranger in Bollywood today. Master Vasant Eric died in 1982.(Ack: Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh by Madhukar Potdar).

As per The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, film Jeewan Yatra-46 features a large number of characters travelling on a bus to Benares. A storm forces the passengers to take shelter in an abandoned temple where a prostitute tries to seduce Raja (Yakub) and he is left behind. The bus later breaks down and when Raja rejoins the group a local bandit, Vishwas (Pendharkar), attacks it. Eventually the bandit turns out to be Raja’s father and the husband of an old woman, Kalindi (Protima Devi), another passenger on the bus. Vinayak’s only film in the mainstream Hindi cinema, it included the collective number Ao azadi ke geet gate chalein and Lata Mangeshkar’s Chidiya bole choo choo. Lata Mangeshkar plays a village girl.

There were 10 songs in this film. Twqo songs are already on the Blog. This is the third one. It is a song sung by Khan Mastana, Zeenat Begum and other uncredited voices.


Song-Motor maze se chala re musaafir (Jeewan Yaatra)(1946) Singers- Khan Mastana, Zeenat Begum, Lyricist- Dewan Sharar, MD- Vasant Desai
Unknown male voice 1
Unknown male voice 2
Unknown male voice 3
chorus

Lyrics

Motor maze se chala re musaafir
Motor maze se chala re musaafir
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere
ho o o
o o o
motor waale
re motor waale

Motor maze se chala re musaafir
Motor maze se chala
dheere dheere
hai naazuk zamaaana
dheere dheere
hai naazuk zamaana
haule haule hata chalaana
haule haule hata chalaana

kahin lachke na patli kamariya
kahin lachke na
kahin jhapke na teekhi majariya
ho kahin jhapke na teekhi majariya
kahin sarke na sar ki chunariya
kahin sarke na sar ki chunariya

dheeme dheeme chala
haule haule chala
dheeme dheeme chala
haule haule chala
motor maze se chala dheere dheere

haan maze se chala halke halke
o motorwaale
haan maze se chala halke halke
jaise ?? ke dhhalke
jaise mad ka bhara pyaala chhalke
jaise dulhan
jaise dulhan koi aaye chal ke
jiska joban ho jaadoo bhara aa
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere

?? ki motor ke purze hain ??
naaarayan
inko bachaayega paapon ki aanch se

haan shashtri
jeewan ki yaatra pe jaana hai door door
jeewan ki yaatra pe jaana hai door door

laagi jo thhes kahin to motor hai choor choor
bach bach ke bach bach ke jaa aa gaadi
bach bach ke bach bach ke jaa
haan
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere
ho o o
o o o
motor waale
re motor waale

haaye
motor maze se chala re musaafir
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere
Motor maze se chala aa aa aa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4389 Post No. : 15751 Movie Count :

4342

The job of writing on old films and music is not an easy one, as many people may be thinking. Normally, such information is not available at one place and even if it is, the same has to be cross verified by other documents or proofs of some kind. There are many books available on these topics, but just having a book and copying from it has its own dangers. The danger to your credibility is one and misleading information is another one. I am of the firm opinion that no book on these subjects is without any errors. Every book contains incomplete information – including my own book !

After a gap of 40 years, when I again turned to old films and music and started making comments based on my notes of many years and writing articles, I quickly realised that some of my information had become old, outdated and newer evidence had emerged to prove matters differently. Secondly, as I started collecting and reading several books, I got a different perspective to what I knew. New facts had been unearthed and established myths had been busted. I also realised that a major menace of ‘Same Name Artistes’ was causing a lot of miscrediting, misinformation and injustice was being done to real performers.

As a challenge, I started work on this project and in the last 5-6 years, I dug out credible, indisputable information on at least 35 such cases- involving about 80 old artistes, comprising Actors, Singers, Composers, Directors etc. From what I read on the internet, this project has helped film historians and is quoted by them in their works. Recently, when I visited another well known Blog on old films and music, I was pleasantly surprised when I read a comment from a reader, ” I believe Arun ji, more than what any site says”. I treat this as a certificate of credibility.

In the initial years like 2011 and 2012, some of the comments I made on this and other Blogs and sites are no more valid, because new evidence had emerged and today those comments seem to be totally wrong. But then History, be it of any subject, always gets updated as new evidence, documents, Interviews, Old books, Magazine articles, Newspaper posts etc. emerge and some old bits of information get a changeover. I will give just one example.

In 2011, I had said somewhere,” C Ramchandra and Vasant Desai gave music together to 3 films, under the name of Vasant Ramchandra” and it was accepted. However when a new book was published on Vasant Pawar, Music Director, it became known that he and Ramchandra Wadhavkar-another MD made a pair as Vasant-Ramchandra and gave music to 3 films. This was confirmed in the biography of Datta Dharmadhikari-the director of these films. This way, the earlier belief was proved incorrect and matters became clear and my statement became wrong.

Many such riddles were solved when new evidence cropped up or dug out. Riddles like
1. Who sang ‘ Dilli se aya bhai Tingu’
2. Who sang ‘ Bharat ki ek sannari ki…’
3. Who actually sang songs from the film ‘ Ummeed-41’ as Noorjehan…
4. Who directed films Pariwar-56 and ‘ Apradhi Kaun-57’
and many more riddles were solved when new information came out.

Dedicated workers in this field have done a great job and enriched the old films history. Information on unknown or less known artistes came to light. This is an ongoing process. Those who write on old films and music were not living in that era, so they have to depend on available information in books and other documents. The advent of the internet too has helped, but at times it also spreads wrong or incomplete information. Thus some famous sites too have become doubtful providers of information. Enthusiasts with half knowledge are a headache because they write without checking or corroborating. They simply copy from somewhere – many times out of context. I have kept my policy- ” Never write anything, which you can not defend “.

Why I am writing all this is just to emphasize the value of credibility of what we write. Readers must understand that gaining credibility requires hard work and investment in time. Fortunately, this Blog is famous for providing information which is tested and credible. This Blog is highly respected in the Cyber world of old films and music.

Today’s song is from an obscure film Khilauna-42. It was the first film made by Amar Pictures, which came into being when National Studios was closed. National itself started when Sagar Movietone merged into it. The film was directed by Sarvottam Badami. He was born in 1910 at Channapatna in Karnataka,to a revenue officer working in Mysore. He passed his SSLC and worked as a garage mechanic and then a projectionist in Select Picture House, Bangalore, both of which were owned by Dr. Ambalal Patel. Patel moved to Bombay and financed Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company, and Chimanlal Desai as a partner forming Sagar Movietone in 1930.

At the age of 19 years, Badami went to Bombay to study automobile engineering. He was asked by Ardeshir Irani who met him at a wedding to help out with the recording equipment he had purchased from abroad.

Badami helped in the sound recording department for the first Talkie in India, Ardeshir Irani’s Alam Ara (1931). Around that time a German director making the Tamil film “Harishchandra” left half-way and Badami offered to complete it, the co-director was Raja Chandrasekhar, although the co-director credit has also been cited as T. C. Vadivelu Naicker. The film turned out to be successful. He was contracted by Sagar Movietone (Sagar Film Company) to direct three films, two in Telugu and one in Tamil: Galava Rishi (Tamil), Rama Paduka Pattabhishekam and Shakuntala in Telugu. The success of these films established him as a director. His working team had people like the cinematographer Faredoon Irani, music director Anil Biswas and the Sagar Movietone favourites Sabita Devi and Motilal.

Initially, to avoid embarrassment to his family he requested not to be credited in the regional language films. He did not know Hindi but from 1932-1947, he worked for Sagar Movietone and also directed nearly 30 films in Hindi, for many others. His first Hindi film was Chandrahasa (1933) starring Noor Mohammed Charlie. He was paid Rs 2000 per film with the complete film being made within Rs 50,000. He worked with most of the top actors of the time like Motilal, Nargis, Ashok Kumar and Pahari Sanyal. He brought Mehboob Khan who was then doing roles as an extra out of obscurity and gave him the role of Sabita Devi’s father in the film Vengeance is mine(1935).

He made several films based on novels. Some of the writers whose work he used were K.M.Munshi, Sarat Chandra and Ramanlal Vasanthlal Desai. The film Aap ki Marzi (1939) was inspired by the Hollywood film Paradise for Three (1938). He became known for his satirical comedies and “socially relevant films”.His film Grihalaxmi (1934), which starred Jal Merchant and Sabita Devi had the woman getting into marriage only if her doctor husband agreed not to want children. The success of the film mitigated the enraged public reaction at the time.

He showed his understanding of media publicity required for films when in 1937, Badami resorted to woo audiences by announcing cash prizes of Rs.500, Rs.200 and Rs.100 for the best reviews of his newly released film Kulvadhu (1937). The promotional gambit worked sending audiences to the theatres. According to an interview, most of Badami’s films didn’t survive as the negatives were burnt to extract the silver from the silver nitrate.

After Aap ki Marzi-38, he followed his mentor, Dr. Patel and joined Sudama Pictures, when in 1939, Sagar Movietone merged into National Films. Badami also worked in Famous Cine Laboratories, from 46 to 48.

Apparently, in 1948 Deputy Prime Minister Vallabh bhai Patel, who was then also in charge of the Information Ministry, on a visit to the Cine Laboratories Bombay, asked Badami to help set up a Newsreel and Documentary section. The Films Division was established in 1948. He became chief producer in the newsreel department and made several documentaries. He worked in the Films Division making documentaries from 1948-1952. After that he stopped making films and returned to Bangalore to retire as “I was a forgotten man in the feature film world”. He became an industrialist by starting a manufacturing business. Later he worked as a Consultant for Kamani Group of Industries also. He died in 2005 in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

FILMOGRAPHY: 1932: Harishchandra; Galava Rishi; Paduka Pattabhishekham; Shakuntala; 1933: Chandrahasa; 1934: Grihalakshmi; 1935: Dr. Madhurika; Vengeance is Mine; 1936: Jeevan Lata; Grama Kanya; 1937: Kokila; Kulavadhu; 1938: Three Hundred Days and After; 1939: Aap Ki Marzi; Ladies Only; 1940: Chingari; Sajani; 1941: Holiday in Bombay; 1942: Khilona; 1943: Prarthana; 1944: Bhagya Lakshmi; 1945: Ramayani; 1946: Uttara Abhimanyu; 1947: Manmani; 1951: Vinoba Bhave (Doc);1952: Roof over the head.

(Ack: Sapnon ke saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Sagar Movietone by Biren Kothari, HFGK, muVyz, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, and my notes)

The cast of the film “Khilauna”(1942) was Snehprabha Pradhan, Jairaj, Prabha, Satish, Kanhaiyalal, Pratima Devi, Nagendra and others. Prabha and Nagendra may be new names for most people. Prabha Rajpal was from a respectable Hindu family of Punjab. She was born on 6-6-2015 at Ludhiana. Her father Rajpal was a high ranking government officer based at Lahore. All her education was done in Lahore. She was fluent in Urtdu, Hindi, punjabi and English.

Right from childhood, she was keen on working in films. Being an orthodox family, there was opposition, but despite all this she entered films and her first film was Jung Bahadur aka DareDevil-1935. After doing some films like Dilawar-36, Awakening-36, she left Bhavnani camp and worked in Minerva’s film Atma Tarang-37 as a Heroine opposite Sohrab Modi. She was very beautiful. Then she joined Sagar and worked in films like Gramophone singer-38, ladies only-39, Civil marriage-40. Later she became a freelancer.

In all she worked in 36 films in her career. She got married to a Cinematographer Virender Ahuja and settled down after the film Veerangana-47.
When her husband was one of the producers, she worked in film Shrimati ji-52 and then retired from films.
(Ack; Filmdom, Film Directory, CITWF, HFGK and my notes).

Nagendra Majumdar was the father of Music Director Ninu (Niranjan) Majumdar. Nagendra was born in a happy family in the year 1894 in Bombay. After his father died, “Pearl Dairy” established by his father ran very well doing good business. Suddenly, Nagendra’s wife fell seriously ill and despite taking her full care, she expired. Due to neglect of the Dairy in this period, Dairy also closed down.

He shifted to Baroda and worked as a State Police Inspector.Later he worked as Watch and Ward Inspector in Baroda Railways. He left the job and started working as a hero in dramas of famous dramatist R.V.Desai. Heeralal, the owner of Laxmi Film Company, Bombay was impressed with his personality and took him to Bombay in 1926 to act in his silent films. Thus started his film career. In those days Silent films used to be completed within a month. He worked as a Hero in films of Laxmi, Jagdish and Imperial film companies.

In the same year, he directed a film ‘Paani mein aag’-1926, made by Royal Arts. Then came two more films made by Kaiser E Hind films. He also directed films for other companies. In all, he directed 15 Silent films by 1932. By then the Talkie had arrived. In the next 14 years he directed 12 Talkie films like – Ras Vilas-32, Sassi Punnu-32, Patit Pawan-33, mirza Sahibaan-33, Mera Imaan-34, Kala Wagh-34, Rangila nawab-35, Kimiyagar-36, Aaj ka Alladin aka Alladin II-36, Lehri lutera-37, Talwarwala-46 and Swadesh Sewa-46.

When offers for direction became few, he started acting in films. He acted in 12 films. When K L Saigal came to Bombay, Nagendra wanted to work with him. In the film Tansen-43, he did the role of Tansen’s (Saigal’s) father and he was very happy. Other films that he acted in were Kanchan-41,Beti-41, Khilauna-42, Bhakt Surdas-42, Armaan-42, Tansen-43, Gauri-43, Adab Arz-43, Bharthari-44, Prabhu ka Ghar-45, Ghazal-45 and Dhanna Bhagat-45.

His last 2 films came in 1946, but his health was not cooperating for quite a few years. He gave up work and took a rest. However, he suffered from paralysis and died on 22-8-1951. His son Ninu Majumdar worked in Bombay A.I.R. as head of Gujarati programmes, since 1937. By the time Nagendra died, Ninu had already started working as a Music Director.

As a Director, Nagendra had worked with the best of his times like, Master Vithal, Zubeida, Jillo, Billimorea brothers, Madhuri, Navinchandra, Durga Khote, Jairaj, Sultana, Noorjehan sr and such luminaries of those days. He had worked for Ranjit, Imperial, Sharda, Lakshmi, Jayant Desai films, Yagnik films etc etc.
( Information for this, is collated from various sources like Listener’s Bulletins No. 40 of Feb-80 and No.145 of July 2010, HFGK, muVyz, Sapnon ke Saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Silent films by Dr.Verma, Lost Treasures by Kamlakar P. and my notes.)

Film Khilauna-42 was based on the Gujarati story by Vaju Kotak. Screenplay and dialogues were by R S Chaudhari. The film was released on 21-3-1942 at Royal opera House, Bombay. It did average business at the box office. The film’s review came in the Film India issue of May 1942. Baburao Patel did not have a good opinion about the film’s direction, but he praised Snehaprabha’s acting along with Prabha. The film’s story was about a jobless artiste and a homeless girl. The love story had some complications but the end , as expected, was happy. The film had 10 songs and today’s song is its best song, according to me.


Song-Nazron ke khel khele koi kis tarah akele (Khilauna)(1942) Singers- Khan Mastana, Snehprabha Pradhan, Lyricist- Pt. Indra, MD- Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

Dil unko dhoondhta hai
Hum dil ko dhoondhte ae ae hain
manzil ke paas donon manzil ko dhoondhte hain

nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele

??
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele

lut gayi main to soch lo
lut gayi main to soch lo

lut(?) gaya ji main to sochna
lut(?) gaya ji main to sochna
utar gayi tasweer si dil mein
aa baithhi taqdeer nazar mein
utar gayi tasweer si dil mein
aa baithhi taqdeer nazar mein
ab na aur samaay rasiya
ab na aur samaay
ab na aur samaay rasiya
ab na aur samaay

chhalkat chhalkat ?? gagariya
??
chhalkat chhalkat ?? gagariya
??
ghat ghat dolat hamri najariya
ghat ghat dolat hamri najariya
ek musaafir aaye
?? dekhoon soyi ankhiyaan
?? dekhoon soyi ankhiyaan
tanman mein ??

tanman mein aa jaaye rasiya
tanman mein aa jaaye rasiya
tanman mein aa jaaye
nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3932 Post No. : 15005

Today’s song is from film Zamane ki Hawa-52.

From 1-1- 2019 to 23-4-2019, I wrote 43 posts here and out of this, only 8 posts are about films of 1950’s decade. This is roughly 20% of my output in this period. If I calculate the number of posts of 1950s decade in my entire 750+ articles, then the percentage may hover around just about 10 % only, I am sure, though I have not calculated that. It is not that I deliberately avoided them, but the problem is, this Blog has covered most popular films fully and I guess, the maximum percentage of songs covered is also from the decade of 1950’s.

In such a case, I was not left with much scope and choice. Still, I wrote on many left out Gems. In fact, I ran few ‘Series’ too like ” Missing Gems from the 50s decade” with 18 songs and ” Bhajan Mala-Golden 50s” with 12 songs. There was yet another one also-” Shankar-Jaikishan in the 50s ” with 10 songs. However, all said and done, I will not hide the fact that I am very partial to songs from the 1930s and the 1940s. Discussing these songs- which is my Forte and also Comfort Zone, I get Nostalgic and I am able to share information on forgotten artistes of that era. Today, these posts may not mean much, but after I am gone and after a few years, I know that my posts will be the Researcher’s “Wanted list” and will be much sought after for their rare contents.

When I first heard today’s song, sometime in the early 1950s, I was in Hyderabad and had, till then, not been to Bombay anytime. The kind of language and the words used in this song are typically Bambaiya. I did not know it and we friends used to laugh at the lyrics and wordings of this and other similar songs ( of Johnny Walker, mainly). Over a period of time I realised that in Hindi film songs, the greatest victim is the language Grammar, pronunciation and diction of words.

Most lyricsts and composers twisted words to suit the Meters, Rhyming and never bothered about the gender of the words. Words like Tu, Tum,Hum, Mai, Aap, Voh, Un, Unhen etc were used irrespective of their suitability in the lyrics just because they fitted in Meters and rhymed perfectly. Once I realised this aspect, I and my friends started finding such wilful blunders in melodious and popular songs.

The reason I remembered all this is, few days back I found an article ” Vyakaran, Uchharan aur Utpeedan”( व्याकरण, उच्चारण और उत्पीडन), by shri AK ji, who is a reader and well wisher of this Blog, posted on his Blog – Songs of yore. He has written an absolute Gem discussing how in Hindi songs, the Grammar, pronunciation and right usage of language and words is molested/abused. He has also quoted several examples in songs. I strongly recommend this article to connoisseurs of HFM.

Film Zamaane ki Hawa-52 was a film made during the transition period of Hindi cinema from the works of pre independence artistes to cope up with the changing times and tastes of the Indian audience in the rapidly ascending Golden Era of HFM. The major change was the extra emphasis on churning out melodious and musical films than on Histrionic excellence or a strong story line. This film was produced and directed by a veteran of pre-independence era- Wali Sahab, under the banner of his own production outfit Punjab Film Corporation.

Music direction was by not one, but 4 less known and less successful composers like, Z.Sherman, Gulshan Soofi, Khan Mastana and Aziz Khan. For 12 songs of the film, as many as 5 Lyricists were there, which included Wali sahab, his brother Nazim Panipati, Kaif, Khalish and Sagar Badayuni. One song from this film has been discussed here earlier. The cast of the film consisted of Mumtaz Shanti, Husn Bano, her mother Shareefa, Shakuntala, Suresh, Murad, Pran, Kesari and many others. It was an uncommon instance, when both mother and daughter worked together in the same film. While launching Nutan in film Hamari Beti-50, both Nutan and her director mother Shobhana Samarth had acted in the same film.

This pair of Mother and daughter- Husn Bano and Shareefa- had strange life stories.

Roshan Ara aka Husn Banu was born in Singapore on 8-2-1919. She was very beautiful. She started her career in Calcutta ( just like her mother), by working in New Theatre’s film “Daaku Mansoor-34″. After this film, her mother, Shareefa brought her to Bombay and she started getting roles in Wadia films. She was working only in C grade stunt action films. After 1940, she got 2 social films made by Bharat Laxmi films and in 1941 again 1 film each from Bhavnani productions and National studios.However she got only small or side roles.

In 1941, When she was selected for Ranjit’s film Dhandora as a Heroine, this was a new experience for her as she had never worked in a social or a comedy movie as a Heroine. All her experience was for stunt films only. Husn Bano acted in 53 films and sang 44 songs in 16 films. She had married Wadia’s director Aspy Irani. Husn Bano worked in films till her last film Akhari Sajda-1977 and then she retired. She had a big house ‘Shareefa Manzil” in Dadar, Bombay. On 23-11-1986, her husband Aspy irani left home for work and he simply disappeared. He was never found and was declared as a “Missing Person” by the Police.

Husn Banu was beautiful. She was featured in Lux Soap advertisement in the early 40s. Leela Chitnis was the first to feature in this Ad during early 1940. After that Azuri, Bharati Devi, Manorama, Ratanbai, Shobhana Samarth, Mumtaz Shanti, Neena, Sadhona Bose and Maya Banerjee had also featured in these ads.

The story of actress Shareefa is very strange.

Sharifa was an actress in the 20s and the 30s. She hailed from the Central provinces and joined the Corianthian Theatre company of Calcutta, in which the famous Urdu writer Agha Hasra Kashmiri was also working. She and Agha fell in love. However during one performing tour, the Maharaja of Charkhari in Central Province, fell for Shareefa. He followed the drama company to Calcutta and bought the already debt ridden Corinthian Theatre company for Rs. 40 Lakhs. This included the entire property and the services of Agha and Shareefa too. Soon they resigned and Shareefa started acting in films.

A Parsi magician named Minoo Kooper ( the actor singer Minu cooper/the mystique of Bombay was a different person) came to Calcutta to give performances. Shareefa was attracted to him and they both left on a tour of Far East. She went as his helper and a consort. For an year they stayed together. When Shareefa became pregnant, Minoo left them in Singapore and returned to India.

Roshan Ara aka Husn Banu was born in Singapore on 8-2-1919. She was very beautiful. She started her career in Calcutta ( just like her mother), by working in New Theatre’s film “Daaku Mansoor-34″. After this film, Shareefa brought her to Bombay and she built a very big mansion in Dadar called ” Shareefa Manzil’.
Shareefa acted in almost 40 films and sang 10 songs in 5 films in early cinema. She continued working till early 50s, when she died.

Another interesting artiste in this film was one of its Music Directors- Gulshan Soofi. He was born at Larkana in 1914. His father and mother died when he was small. He was looked after by a Hermit named Agha Ghulam Nabi Soofi, who treated him as his son. Here he got some education. Having an attraction for Theatres, he ran away and joined Agha Hashr Theatrical company, but he was forced back to the Hermit.

Finally, he came to Bombay with Bhai Dessa and recorded few songs. He joined nanubhai Vakil as an extra, where his talent was recognised and he sang in films Rashk e Laila-34 and Gulshan e Alam-35 besides acting small roles. Then he worked at karachi in films, sang Sindhi songs in Amritsar Gramophone co.. He worked in Mother india-38, Watan-38, Payam e Haq-39 and Jungle Princess-42.

he started as MD with film Aina-44, then came Mauji Jeewan-44, Saathi-46, Durban-46, Devar-46, Pati Sewa-47, Janmapatri-49, Sabj Bagh-51, Zamane ki Hawa-52, Faryadi-53 and lastly Ghamand-55. Gulshan acted in 7 films and sang14 songs. He composed 66 songs in 11 films. In 1957, Gulshan Soofi migrated to Pakistan and retired. No news after that.

Today’s song is composed in a very lilting and melodious tune. The language used here is typical lower class Bambaiya. During Johnny Walker’s time, such words were used in songs sometimes, but after that it stopped totally. As such, the system of having an independent Comedian itself is no more, so no question of comedy songs. I enjoyed this song. You too will, I am sure.

(I have used some information in this post from the book ” Stages of Life- Indian Theatre autobiographies ” by Kathryn Hansen, Filmdom-46 and my notes, with thanks.)


Song-Arre o bewafa tu apne kothe pe chadhela hai (Zamaane Ki Hawa)(1952) Singers- Khan Mastana, Sulochana Kadam, Lyrics- Nazim Panipati, MD- Gulshan Soofi

Lyrics

arre o bewafa
are o bewafa
tu apne kothe par chadhela hai
chadhela hai
are o bewafa
tu apne kothe par chadhela hai
chadhela hai
tera aashaq kai kallak se neeche khadela hai
tera aashaq kai kallak se neeche khadela hai
are o bewafa
o hi hu ha ha

tumhari jaan mein jaaneman
museebat me padeli hai
tumhaari jaam mein jaaneman
museebat me padeli hai
padosi bhi jagela hai
padosan bhi jageli hai
padosi bhi jagela hai
padosan bhi jageli hai
are o bewafa

sa re ga ma
pa dha ni sa

arre marne de in dono ko
aur tu saath chal mere,
saath chal mere
arre marne de in dono ko
aur tu saath chal mere
saath chal mere
idhar tamtam khadeli hai
udhar taanga khadela hai
idhar tamtam khadeli hai
udhar taanga khadela hai
are o bewafa
o ho ho ho ho

chaloongi saath tere
kya hai tamtam ho ke taanga ho
chaloongi saath tere
kya hai tamtam ho ke taanga ho
ki ye bulbul to ab
ulfat ke fande mein fanseli hai
ki ye bulbul to ab
ulfat ke fande mein fanseli hai
arre o bewafa

sa re ga ma pa dha ni sa

magar jaane se pahle
jaaneman
kuchh maal le aao
maal le aao
maal le aao
maal le aao
magar jaane se pahle
jaaneman
kuchh maal le aao
maal le aao
humaare paas kadki hai
na dheli hai na dhela hai
humaare paas kadki hai
na dheli hai na dhela hai
are o bewafa
o ho hui ho ha

ghar ka ghar loot ke
le aaungi
darr kiska hai
jaan kiski hai
jigar kiska hai
sar kiska hai


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16500 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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