Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Khan Mastana


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3932 Post No. : 15005

Today’s song is from film Zamane ki Hawa-52.

From 1-1- 2019 to 23-4-2019, I wrote 43 posts here and out of this, only 8 posts are about films of 1950’s decade. This is roughly 20% of my output in this period. If I calculate the number of posts of 1950s decade in my entire 750+ articles, then the percentage may hover around just about 10 % only, I am sure, though I have not calculated that. It is not that I deliberately avoided them, but the problem is, this Blog has covered most popular films fully and I guess, the maximum percentage of songs covered is also from the decade of 1950’s.

In such a case, I was not left with much scope and choice. Still, I wrote on many left out Gems. In fact, I ran few ‘Series’ too like ” Missing Gems from the 50s decade” with 18 songs and ” Bhajan Mala-Golden 50s” with 12 songs. There was yet another one also-” Shankar-Jaikishan in the 50s ” with 10 songs. However, all said and done, I will not hide the fact that I am very partial to songs from the 1930s and the 1940s. Discussing these songs- which is my Forte and also Comfort Zone, I get Nostalgic and I am able to share information on forgotten artistes of that era. Today, these posts may not mean much, but after I am gone and after a few years, I know that my posts will be the Researcher’s “Wanted list” and will be much sought after for their rare contents.

When I first heard today’s song, sometime in the early 1950s, I was in Hyderabad and had, till then, not been to Bombay anytime. The kind of language and the words used in this song are typically Bambaiya. I did not know it and we friends used to laugh at the lyrics and wordings of this and other similar songs ( of Johnny Walker, mainly). Over a period of time I realised that in Hindi film songs, the greatest victim is the language Grammar, pronunciation and diction of words.

Most lyricsts and composers twisted words to suit the Meters, Rhyming and never bothered about the gender of the words. Words like Tu, Tum,Hum, Mai, Aap, Voh, Un, Unhen etc were used irrespective of their suitability in the lyrics just because they fitted in Meters and rhymed perfectly. Once I realised this aspect, I and my friends started finding such wilful blunders in melodious and popular songs.

The reason I remembered all this is, few days back I found an article ” Vyakaran, Uchharan aur Utpeedan”( व्याकरण, उच्चारण और उत्पीडन), by shri AK ji, who is a reader and well wisher of this Blog, posted on his Blog – Songs of yore. He has written an absolute Gem discussing how in Hindi songs, the Grammar, pronunciation and right usage of language and words is molested/abused. He has also quoted several examples in songs. I strongly recommend this article to connoisseurs of HFM.

Film Zamaane ki Hawa-52 was a film made during the transition period of Hindi cinema from the works of pre independence artistes to cope up with the changing times and tastes of the Indian audience in the rapidly ascending Golden Era of HFM. The major change was the extra emphasis on churning out melodious and musical films than on Histrionic excellence or a strong story line. This film was produced and directed by a veteran of pre-independence era- Wali Sahab, under the banner of his own production outfit Punjab Film Corporation.

Music direction was by not one, but 4 less known and less successful composers like, Z.Sherman, Gulshan Soofi, Khan Mastana and Aziz Khan. For 12 songs of the film, as many as 5 Lyricists were there, which included Wali sahab, his brother Nazim Panipati, Kaif, Khalish and Sagar Badayuni. One song from this film has been discussed here earlier. The cast of the film consisted of Mumtaz Shanti, Husn Bano, her mother Shareefa, Shakuntala, Suresh, Murad, Pran, Kesari and many others. It was an uncommon instance, when both mother and daughter worked together in the same film. While launching Nutan in film Hamari Beti-50, both Nutan and her director mother Shobhana Samarth had acted in the same film.

This pair of Mother and daughter- Husn Bano and Shareefa- had strange life stories.

Roshan Ara aka Husn Banu was born in Singapore on 8-2-1919. She was very beautiful. She started her career in Calcutta ( just like her mother), by working in New Theatre’s film “Daaku Mansoor-34″. After this film, her mother, Shareefa brought her to Bombay and she started getting roles in Wadia films. She was working only in C grade stunt action films. After 1940, she got 2 social films made by Bharat Laxmi films and in 1941 again 1 film each from Bhavnani productions and National studios.However she got only small or side roles.

In 1941, When she was selected for Ranjit’s film Dhandora as a Heroine, this was a new experience for her as she had never worked in a social or a comedy movie as a Heroine. All her experience was for stunt films only. Husn Bano acted in 53 films and sang 44 songs in 16 films. She had married Wadia’s director Aspy Irani. Husn Bano worked in films till her last film Akhari Sajda-1977 and then she retired. She had a big house ‘Shareefa Manzil” in Dadar, Bombay. On 23-11-1986, her husband Aspy irani left home for work and he simply disappeared. He was never found and was declared as a “Missing Person” by the Police.

Husn Banu was beautiful. She was featured in Lux Soap advertisement in the early 40s. Leela Chitnis was the first to feature in this Ad during early 1940. After that Azuri, Bharati Devi, Manorama, Ratanbai, Shobhana Samarth, Mumtaz Shanti, Neena, Sadhona Bose and Maya Banerjee had also featured in these ads.

The story of actress Shareefa is very strange.

Sharifa was an actress in the 20s and the 30s. She hailed from the Central provinces and joined the Corianthian Theatre company of Calcutta, in which the famous Urdu writer Agha Hasra Kashmiri was also working. She and Agha fell in love. However during one performing tour, the Maharaja of Charkhari in Central Province, fell for Shareefa. He followed the drama company to Calcutta and bought the already debt ridden Corinthian Theatre company for Rs. 40 Lakhs. This included the entire property and the services of Agha and Shareefa too. Soon they resigned and Shareefa started acting in films.

A Parsi magician named Minoo Kooper ( the actor singer Minu cooper/the mystique of Bombay was a different person) came to Calcutta to give performances. Shareefa was attracted to him and they both left on a tour of Far East. She went as his helper and a consort. For an year they stayed together. When Shareefa became pregnant, Minoo left them in Singapore and returned to India.

Roshan Ara aka Husn Banu was born in Singapore on 8-2-1919. She was very beautiful. She started her career in Calcutta ( just like her mother), by working in New Theatre’s film “Daaku Mansoor-34″. After this film, Shareefa brought her to Bombay and she built a very big mansion in Dadar called ” Shareefa Manzil’.
Shareefa acted in almost 40 films and sang 10 songs in 5 films in early cinema. She continued working till early 50s, when she died.

Another interesting artiste in this film was one of its Music Directors- Gulshan Soofi. He was born at Larkana in 1914. His father and mother died when he was small. He was looked after by a Hermit named Agha Ghulam Nabi Soofi, who treated him as his son. Here he got some education. Having an attraction for Theatres, he ran away and joined Agha Hashr Theatrical company, but he was forced back to the Hermit.

Finally, he came to Bombay with Bhai Dessa and recorded few songs. He joined nanubhai Vakil as an extra, where his talent was recognised and he sang in films Rashk e Laila-34 and Gulshan e Alam-35 besides acting small roles. Then he worked at karachi in films, sang Sindhi songs in Amritsar Gramophone co.. He worked in Mother india-38, Watan-38, Payam e Haq-39 and Jungle Princess-42.

he started as MD with film Aina-44, then came Mauji Jeewan-44, Saathi-46, Durban-46, Devar-46, Pati Sewa-47, Janmapatri-49, Sabj Bagh-51, Zamane ki Hawa-52, Faryadi-53 and lastly Ghamand-55. Gulshan acted in 7 films and sang14 songs. He composed 66 songs in 11 films. In 1957, Gulshan Soofi migrated to Pakistan and retired. No news after that.

Today’s song is composed in a very lilting and melodious tune. The language used here is typical lower class Bambaiya. During Johnny Walker’s time, such words were used in songs sometimes, but after that it stopped totally. As such, the system of having an independent Comedian itself is no more, so no question of comedy songs. I enjoyed this song. You too will, I am sure.

(I have used some information in this post from the book ” Stages of Life- Indian Theatre autobiographies ” by Kathryn Hansen, Filmdom-46 and my notes, with thanks.)


Song-Arre o bewafa tu apne kothe pe chadhela hai (Zamaane Ki Hawa)(1952) Singers- Khan Mastana, Sulochana Kadam, Lyrics- Nazim Panipati, MD- Gulshan Soofi

Lyrics

arre o bewafa
are o bewafa
tu apne kothe par chadhela hai
chadhela hai
are o bewafa
tu apne kothe par chadhela hai
chadhela hai
tera aashaq kai kallak se neeche khadela hai
tera aashaq kai kallak se neeche khadela hai
are o bewafa
o hi hu ha ha

tumhari jaan mein jaaneman
museebat me padeli hai
tumhaari jaam mein jaaneman
museebat me padeli hai
padosi bhi jagela hai
padosan bhi jageli hai
padosi bhi jagela hai
padosan bhi jageli hai
are o bewafa

sa re ga ma
pa dha ni sa

arre marne de in dono ko
aur tu saath chal mere,
saath chal mere
arre marne de in dono ko
aur tu saath chal mere
saath chal mere
idhar tamtam khadeli hai
udhar taanga khadela hai
idhar tamtam khadeli hai
udhar taanga khadela hai
are o bewafa
o ho ho ho ho

chaloongi saath tere
kya hai tamtam ho ke taanga ho
chaloongi saath tere
kya hai tamtam ho ke taanga ho
ki ye bulbul to ab
ulfat ke fande mein fanseli hai
ki ye bulbul to ab
ulfat ke fande mein fanseli hai
arre o bewafa

sa re ga ma pa dha ni sa

magar jaane se pahle
jaaneman
kuchh maal le aao
maal le aao
maal le aao
maal le aao
magar jaane se pahle
jaaneman
kuchh maal le aao
maal le aao
humaare paas kadki hai
na dheli hai na dhela hai
humaare paas kadki hai
na dheli hai na dhela hai
are o bewafa
o ho hui ho ha

ghar ka ghar loot ke
le aaungi
darr kiska hai
jaan kiski hai
jigar kiska hai
sar kiska hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3911 Post No. : 14969 Movie Count :

4091

Today’s song is from an obscure film Vaseeyat-1940.

Though this film was made by Minerva Movietone, neither it was directed by Sohrab Modi nor he had acted in it. The film was directed by K.M.Multani, who also wrote the screenplay for this film. Multani had directed his first film also from Minerva only-Vaasanti-38 – a social film. This too was without Sohrab Modi in any capacity. Multani further directed 3 more films, Virginia-40, Ujala-42 and Umang-44.

Minerva Movietone was started by Sohrab and brother Rustom Modi, when they realised that the stage dramas, filmed as Feature films did not get the public approval. Consequently production from Stage films- their first film production enterprise- was suspended till Minerva became successful. ” Aatma Tarang-38″ was the new company’s first film. C. Ramchandra was the Harmonium accompanist for M.D. Habib Khan and Bundu Khan. He also did a small role in Aatma Tarang and earlier Saeed E Havas-36. Minerva’s first film proved to be a let down.

Sohrab found that there were hardly 20 to 30 persons in the audience on the very First show. The film was based on the power of ‘ Bramhacharya’ (Celibacy). In those days, Sohrab was greatly influenced by the teachings of Ramkrishna Mission. Seeing the poor response, he was upset. Thoughts of quitting the film production line were crowding in his mind. Suddenly, he saw four men coming towards him. They came, confirmed that he was Sohrab modi and told him that his film was very good. They further advised him to keep making such good films and one day he will be on Top. Later on he learnt that these gentlemen were the Judges of Bombay High Court.

Enthused with this experience, he made successful films and took his company to the Top. Renowned for big budget historical films, Minerva benefited from Modi family’s distribution interests in Gwalior, expanded by his third brother Keki Modi into western India. At one time he controlled a chain of 27 theatres in 10 cities. In 1952, they established India’s first Technicolour Laboratory.

Film Vaseeyat40 had music by khan Mastana, who was essentially a singer. The lyrics were by Abdul Baqi. The cast of the film consisted of Sheela, gajanan jahagirdar, Eruch Tarapore, Sunalini Devi, Shobha, Kamini and many others. There were 6 songs sung by Sheela, Pramila and Khan Mastana himself.

Sheela was the Heroine of this film. SHEELA(real name-Roshan Ara) was born on 13-3-1925 at Sholapur-Maharashtra.Her father was Station Master at Sholapur Rly.Stn. Once Sohrab Modi had come to Sholapur with his Drama company.He went to the station to do reservations and saw Sheela.They got to know each others and he proposed to give her roles in his films.Thus Sheela came to Bombay in 1936 and Joined Minerva Movietone as a singer/actress.
Her first film was Khan Bahadur-37,ih which she sang and acted.Then came Jailor-38 in which she sang 4 solo songs under MD Mir Sahib.Then Divorce and Meetha Zahar came.

She became famous only after her songs in Pukar-39.Bharosa,Wasiyat and Sikander also gave her name and fame.In Sikander she had 6 songs out of total 7 songs. The famous song ‘ zindagi hai pyar se’ also had her voice in the chorus. She was Heroine in film ‘ Vaseeyat’-40
Ulti Ganga, Bhakta Raidas, Prithvi Vallabh,and Patharon ka Saudagar were all Minerva films.
She had also done films elsewhere- Alladin and wonderful lamp,college Girl,gaibi Gola,jahan ara,keemti qurbani,Sansar naiya,Shaitan ka pash etc.
After 1943,she almost stopped working.Only in Beete Din-47 and lastly in Billi-49 she sang songs., which was a stunt film of Nadia and Cavas.

She had married the actor Rama Shukla, in 1947. He was a Kanauji Brahmin and they had terrible opposition to their marriage. The marriage was by Registration. Only 4 friends were present in the marriage. They had one son and one daughter. Rama Shukla died by Heart attack in the 50s.
Her voice had a peculiar mixture of Muslim style of Amirbai karnataki and Marathi slant od Shanta Apte.

There is an anecdote with one of her songs. When film Pukar was in the making, C.Ramchandra was working as an assistant to MD Meer Saheb. He has mentioned in his autobiography also that in the absence of Meer saheb, he used to insert his tunes to songs as Meer saheb’s. This was known to many, except, may be, Meer saheb himself. One of the very popular songs sung by Sheela ” Tum bin hamri kaun khabar le ‘ was actually composed by C.Ramchandra. This is supposed to be CR’s first composed song. The credit ,of course, went to Meer Saheb.

Another uncommon name in the cast is Sunalini Devi. Sunalini Devi, the actress, was born on 1-1-1896 in Hyderabad Deccan. Her father, Aghornath Chatopadhyay-a Bengali settled in Hyderabad – was a Sanskrit scholar, was proficient in 27 languages and was the first Indian to get the D.Sc. honour. Sunalini was the elder sister of Sarojini, who became Sarojini Naidu after her marriage, and Harindranath Chatopadhyaya-renowned poet.

Sunalini learnt Music and Dance from her third year of age itself. Due to her sweet voice, she was called ‘ Kokila ‘. It is to be noted that her younger sister Saojini Naidu was called ‘ Nightingale of India’ ! It is unfortunate that the film industry did not use Sunalini’s music skill in her films and she sang just one song in her career in film ‘ Raja Rani-42’.

Sunalini started acting in stage dramas from 1918. Her first movie was ” Light of Asia”-released initially in Germany and Poland in 1925. It’s restored version was released on 5th July 2001, in India. This film was made by Himanshu Rai. The film was shot in Lahore. It was a silent film on Gautama the Buddha. Her first Talkie film was ‘ veer Kunal-32’. She acted in 56 films. Mostly she was known for motherly roles only. She had, like her more eminent sister, married a south Indian- Mr.A.S.Rajan, a writer from Madras.

Some of her more known films are, Aurat,Lalaji, Inkaar, Nai roshni, Talaash, Bairam khan, Tamasha, Dilruba, Malhar etc etc. She retired from films in 1956.

Then there is Eruch Tarapore. Eruch Tarapore was a distant relative of Sohrab Modi and he worked only in Modi’s films. He worked in 16 films, right from Modi’s first film Hamlet-35 up to 1948. Eruch sang one song each in 3 films, Meetha zehar-38, Jailor-38 and Phir milenge-43. He died in 1948.

I have no details of the storyline of film Vaseeyat-40. However, I faintly remember having read somewhere that the story was about a rich person, who dies without a will. There is lot of confusion, but finally the will is found etc.

With today’s song, film Vaseeyat-40 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song- Duniya rain basera Musafir duniya rain basera hai (Vaseeyat)(1940) Singer- Sheela, Lyrics- Abdul Baqi, Music- Khan Mastana

Lyrics

Duniya rain basera musaafir
Duniya rain basera hai ae
Duniya rain basera hai
Duniya rain basera musaafir
Duniya rain basera hai ae
Duniya rain basera hai

saari duniya jaag uthhi tu
saari duniya jaag uthhi tu
lambi taane sowe
lambi taane sowe
jo jowe so paawe musaafir
jo jowe so paawe musaafir
jo sowe so khowe
jo sowe so khowe
door hai manzil neend ke maare
?? jaag ??
duniya rain basera hai
duniya rain basera musaafir
duniya rain basera hai ae
duniya rain basera hai

duniya kya hai paap ki nagri
duniya kya hai paap ki nagri
is se man na lagaana
is se man na lagaana
kadam kadam pe ?? base hain
kadam kadam pe ?? base hain
soch ke pair uthhaana
soch ke pair uthhaana
moh lobh mein pyaar ke ??
aane ?? hai
duniya rain basera hai
duniya rain basera musaafir
duniya rain basera hai ae
duniya rain basera hai


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3770 Post No. : 14744 Movie Count :

4030

Kikubhai Desai who was the producer-director of many successful stunt films during 1930s and early 40s, may not be known to most of the present generation movie buff or even immediate preceding generation. However, if it is revealed that he was the father of Manmohan Desai, the producer-director of many block buster films during 1960s through 1980s, some of the movie enthusiastic especially the movie fans of Manmohan Desai, may develop interest in knowing Kikubhai Desai.

I first came to know about Kikubhai Desai in one of the old issues of ‘Filmindia’ magazine about 5 years back as a producer/director of a stunt film( I have forgotten the name of the movie). While covering rare songs from films of 1930s and 40s during 2015, I came across the information that Kikubhai Desai was the father of Subhash and Manmohan Desai ! This revelation generated interest in me to know about him in detail. In my article posted in the Blog about 2 years back, I had made a brief mention about the filmy career of Kikubhai Desai. Thereafter, I lost track and did not pursue the subject further.

Recently, while flipping through the pages of January 1942 issue if ‘Filmindia’ magazine, I came across a small news about the sudden death of Kikubhai Desai on November 26, 1941 when he was giving finishing touches to his comedy film ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942). This reminded me of my unfinished work to get Kikubhai Desai’s life profile and his filmy career more vigorously than before.

Kikubhai B. Desai (1902-26/11/1941) was born in Sandalpur (now in Navsari district of Gujarat) in an Anavil Brahmin family. Not much is known about his educational background. In 1925, Kikubhai Desai joined as Manager in Jupiter Film Company which was soon taken over by Nanubhai Desai, (father of actress Bindu), one of the two founders of Sharda Pictures, the other being Bhogilal Dave.

However, Nanubhai Desai retired from the partnership in Sharda Pictures and decided to join hands with Ardeshir Irani to set up Sagar Films (Later renamed as Sagar Movietone). Due to some last minute disagreement, Nanubhai Desai withdrew from Sagar Films before it was set up and started Saroj Pictures (later renamed as Saroj Movietone in 1931). He made Kikubhai to handle the film distribution in Punjab and Bangalore branches for Saroj Pictures.

In 1929, Kikubhai visited Bangalore (Bengaluru) and met Haribhai Desai, the proprietor of Surya Film Company who was also his relative. At that time, Surya Films was making its first silent film ‘Raj Hriday’. Haribhai told him that if he has come to enjoy only the colourful world of film industry, he would be sent back home. If he was prepared to work hard and learn the nuances of the film making, he will put him in production department. So Kikubhai started his work from the production department.

When ‘Raj Hriday’ was completed, Kikubhai Desai was made in charge of publicity department. Although compared to production department, publicity department was not a high profile work at that time. Kikubhai felt that he would miss working among the hero-heroines of the films with lot of activities and fun on the set. However, in the absence of any other work opportunity, he reluctantly accepted the change of work. Kikubhai tried new way of publicity for ‘Raj Hriday’ (1929). He got printed a large quantity of attractive pamphlets of the films and got them dropped from the plane in Mumbai. Such publicity was done for the first time. Kikubhai’s novelty in the publicity of the film impressed Haribhai so much that he made him Manager of his Bombay (Mumbai) distribution office.

In Mumbai, Kikubhai’s novel way of publicity of ‘Raj Hriday’ had a positive impact on the film which became a hit. Producers from other banners started giving him contract for the publicity of their films. He did this work for about 2 years during which time he had earned sufficient income to establish his own film production company, Paramount Films and the Paramount Studio at Andheri East in 1931. The banner produced its first silent film, ‘Fauladi Pahelwan’ (1931). Jayant Desai directed the film with Chandrarao Kadam and Miss Nirmala in the lead. In all, Kikubhai produced 8 silent films during 1931-33.

‘Husn Ka Ghulam’ (1933) was Paramount’s first talkie film made under the banner of Saroj Movietone. Thereafter, he produced on an average 3 films every year. None of the online sources give complete list of the filmography of Kikubhai Desai. Manmohan Desai had once mentioned, among other things, that his father had produced/directed 31 talkies during 1931-41. With this vital information, I set upon preparing the filmography of Kikubhai Desai. It was not an easy task to prepare an exhaustive list of films produced by Kikubhai Desai. Sometime his name was mentioned as K B Desai or K Desai. He had also produced films under the banners of India Liberty Films/ Great India Films in addition to his main banner, Paramount Films. I had to rely on the posters/advertisements of the films for confirmations.

Following is the list of films produced by him some of which he directed:

Sr. No. Name of the film Director Banner
01 Husn Ka Ghulam (1933) J P Advani Paramount/Saroj
02 Baghdad Ka Chor (1934) D N Madhok Paramount
03 Hoor-E-Baghdad (1934) R N Vaidya Paramount
04 Chalta Purza (1934) R N Vaidya Paramount
05 Khooni Khanjar (1935) R N Vaidya /Kikubhai Desai Paramount
06 Jaadui Danda (1935) Dwarka Khosla Paramount
07 Tufaani Tamancha (1935) R N Vaidya Paramount
08 Burkhawaali (1936) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
09 Laal Panja (1936) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
10 Farz-E-Ada(1936) A M Khan India Liberty
11 Bansari Baala (1936) A M Khan India Liberty
12 Guru Ghantal (1937) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
13 Kaala Bhoot (1937) A M Khan India Liberty
14 Taranhaar (1937) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
15 Sinhaldweep Ki Sundari (1937) Kikubhai Desai Indis Liberty
16 Alladdin aur Jaadui Chiraag (1938) Nanubhai Vakil India Liberty
17 Baanke Saanwaria (1938) Nanubhai Vakil India Liberty
18 Madhraat Ka Mehmaan (1938) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
19 Madhu Bansari (1939) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
20 Sunehri Toli/Golden Gang (1939) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
21 Sansar Naiyya (1939) Nanubhai Vakil Paramount
22 Reshmi Saari (1940) G P Pawar Paramount
23 Golibaar (1940) Nanubhai Vakil Paramount
24 Sneh Bandhan (1940) J P Advani Great India
25 Aflatoon Aurat/ Amazon (1940) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
26 Akela (1941) Pessi Karani Great India
27 Mere Raja (1941) T S Mani Paramount
28 Circus Ki Sundari/Circus Queen (1941) Balwant Bhatt Paramount
29 Sheikh Chilli (1942) Kikubhai Desai Paramount

This list has been vetted by Harish Raghuvanshi ji, the Film Historian who added 4 films to this list making it 29 out of 31 mentioned by Manmohan Desai. The remaining 2 films may be the ones which were under production at the time of Kikubhai Desai’s death in 26/11/1941. Incidentally, for ‘Dashavatar’ (1951) produced under the banner of J K Films and directed by Jayant Desai, the name of Kikubhai Desai has been mentioned as producer. This may be one of the two unfinished films of Kikubhai Desai which may have been taken over by J K Films with new cast and crew.

From the titles of the films listed above, it is clear that Kikubhai Desai specialised in producing mainly stunt films. He seems to have shifted to producing romantic/social films like ‘Sneh Bandhan’ (1940), ‘Akela’ (1941) and a comedy film ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942).

I have noted from the star cast of the films produced under the banners of Paramount Films, India Liberty Films and Great India Films that Gohar Karnataki, Miss Pokhraj, Miss Moti, Shiraz, Gulab, Shankar Vazare, Navinchandra, Dalpat, Sardar Mansoor etc were the main actors. Damodar Sharma was the music director for as many as 23 films out of 29 films listed above.

As mentioned earlier, during the final touches to the film ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942) which was produced and directed by Kikubhai Desai, he collapsed and died of rupture in appendix on November 26, 1941 at the age of 39.

The sudden death of Kikubhai Desai created a void in his film production companies, Paramount Films and India Liberty Films/Great India Films. At the time of his death, besides ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942) which was at the editing stage, two more films were under initial stages of productions. All the works came to a standstill. His two sons, Subhash Desai and Manmohan Desai and a daughter were minors. With heavy liabilities and debts, Kikubhai’s wife decided to sell their big bungalow in Varsova with a fleet of cars and other assets of the film production companies except the Paramount Studio at Andheri (now Filmalaya Studio). She leased the Paramount Studio to Shiraz Ali Hakim on a monthly rental of Rs.500/- for the sustenance of the family. After selling the bungalow, the entire family shifted to Khetwadi in South Mumbai.

‘Circus Ki Sundari’ aka ‘Circus Queen’ (1941) was released on November 28, 1941 (2 days after the sudden death of Kikubhai Desai, the producer of the film) in Mumbai at Super Talkies. The film was directed by Balwant Bhatt. The star cast included Miss Moti, Jal Merchant, Gulab, S L Puri, Bose, Dhulia, A. Karim, Agha, Rekha etc.

The film was shot inside a real circus with its complete paraphernalia of artists and the wild animals. Probably, it was for the first time in India that a film was shot in the actual lions and tigers cages of a circus. Miss Moti must be a courageous girl do the shooting in the midst of lions and tigers. The story of the film runs more or less on the same lines which has been used in many stunt films of that time.

There is a weak King (S L Puri) who has a popular younger brother-prince named Pratap (Jal Merchant). There is a good prime minister and a wicked woman called Shyama Devi (Gulab) who lives with the King. Lastly, there is a gang of ruffians to complete the ingredients for a stunt film.

A circus is camped in the King’s capital in which an artist named Sundari (Miss Moti) acts with wild animals including lions and tigers. King is impressed with Sundari and wants her to be his mistress. He assigns this task to his henchmen. It so happens that Prince Pratap, King’s brother accidentally meets Sundari and they fall in love.

Now comes a third angle in the guise of Shyamla Devi who though lives with the King but likes to flirt with Prince Pratap. She hatches a plot to overthrow the King but on each occasion, the wise prime minister frustrates her efforts. So it is a three-way war for the supremacy – the King and his henchmen for bringing Sundari for him, Prince Pratap and Sundari to turn their love into a marriage and Shymala Devi and her ruffians to overthrow the King. All the three groups work simultaneously to achieve their respective goals. The end result is that Shyamla Devi dies in a large pot of burning oil. prince Pratap gets Sundari with the blessings of the King. The prime minister becomes victorious. [Paraphrased from the review of the film published in January 1942 issue of ‘Film India’ magazine].

The film had 10 songs which were written by P L Santoshi and A Karim. But the division of the songs between the two lyricists is not known. All the songs were set to music by Khan Mastana.

I present the first among 10 songs ‘le chal ri saagar par naiyya’ from the film ‘Circus Ki Sundari’ (1941). The song is sung by actor-singer Miss Moti.

With this song, ‘Circus Ki Sundari/Circus Queen’ (1941) makes a debut in the Blog.

Acknowledgements:
———————–
1. I am grateful to Harish Raghuvanshi ji for providing me with the material on the early life and filmy career of Kikubhai Desai. He also sent me the scanned copies of the 3 pages from the Gujarati book ‘Sapna Na Saudagar’ written by Vitthal Pandya. He also helped me in updating the list of talky films produced/directed by Kikubhai Desai.

2. ‘Manmohan Desai’s Enchantment of the Mind’ by Connie Haham. Some pages were available online through Google Books in which Manmohan Desai talked about his father and their early days in Khetwadi (South Mumbai).

3. ‘The Advent of Sound in Indian Cinema’ by Virchand Dharamsey – published in the ‘Journal of the Moving Image’ as a research article (Pages 22 to 49).

Audio Clip:

Song-Le chal ri saagar paar (Circus Queen)(1941) Singer-Miss Moti, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

le chal ri saagar paar
naiyya
le chal ri saagar paar
saagar paar sunhari duniya
saagar paar sunhari duniya
rehti sada bahaar
roop jawaani raaja raani
roop jawaani raaja raani
mil gaayen malhaar
mil gaayen malhaar
naiyya
le chal re saagar paar

chalna haule haule
naiyya
chalna haule haule
beech bhanwar na dole
chalna haule haule
naiyya
chalna haule haule
beech bhanwar na dole
sang na khewanhaar
sang na khewanhaar
le chal ri saagar paar
naiyya
le chal ri saagar paar
naiyaa
le chal ri saagar paar


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3744 Post No. : 14702

“Akela” (1941) was produced by Kikubhai Desai and directed by Pesi Karani for Great India Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Mazhar Khan, Bibbo, E Billimoria, Miss Moti, Pratima Devi, Bose, Mohammed Hadi etc in it.

The movie had eleven songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Akela” (1941) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Bibbo. P L Santoshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khan Mastana.

Only the audio of the song is available. Seeing that Bibbo, the leading actor-Singer of those days is in the cast, it is clear that the song was picturised on herself.


Song-Lagti hai chot jigar mein (Akela)(1941) Singer-Bibbo, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

lagti hai jab chot jigar mein
lagti hai jab chot jigar mein
nikla karti haay
lagti hai jab chot jigar mein
nikla karti haay
haay haay mein chhupi kahaani
samjhi na koi baat
haay haay mein chhupi kahaani
samjhi na koi baat
lagti hai jab chot jigar mein
nikla karti haay

samjhe usko ek baar jo
chot kisi ki khaay
samjhe usko ek baar jo
chot kisi ki khaay
din din baras baras se beete
din din baras baras se beete
kachhu na aur suhaaye
kachhu na aur suhaaye
naina rahat hain daras ke pyaase
naina rahat hain daras ke pyaase
kab aayen
kab aayen
kab aayen


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3742 Post No. : 14697

“Raja Rani” (1942) was directed by Najmul Hasan Naqvi for Atre Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Vanmala, Sunalini Devi, Maya Devi, Trilok Kapoor, Baby Vimal, Mazhar Khan, Navin Yagnik, David, Bal Govind etc in it.

The movie had fourteen songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Raja Rani” (1942) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Baby Vimal. Seeing that Baby Vimal figures in the cast of the movie, we can guess that the song was picturised on her as well.

Pandit Anand Kumar is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khan Mastana.


Song-Main ek niraali gudiya (Raja Rani)(1942) Singer-Baby Vimal, Lyrics-Pt Anand Kumar, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
mere nanhe nanhe paanv
mere nanhe nanhe paanv
pair mein jhaanjar jhanjhana baaje
pair mein jhaanjar jhanjhana baaje
mere chhote chhote kaan
mere chhote chhote kaan
kaanon mein baali cham cham chamke
kaanon mein baali cham cham chamke
jaise gagan ke taare
haan haan jaise gagan ke taare
main ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya

chhamchham chhamchham paayal baaje
chaacha ke ghar jaaun
chhamchham chhamchham paayal baaje
chaaha ke ghar jaaun
meethhe meethhe geet sunaakar
chaachi ko bahlaaun
meethhe meethhe geet sunaakar
chaachi ko bahlaaun
main ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
mai ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya

kunj kunj mein chhup chhup jaaun
kheloon aankh michauli
boondaniyon ke taal pe naachoon
boloon prem ki boli

main ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
main ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3502 Post No. : 14068

I became aware of a Hindi film ‘called Virginia’ (1940) nearly 2 years back. My first impression was that the film may be based on some Hollywood movie. Google search for details of this film did not yield much as most of the results pertained to a few Hollywood films of the same name in or around that name. The film did not find mention in ‘Filmindia’ magazine pertaining to the years 1939-41. Later on, I did get some details about the film in ‘list of Bollywood movies of 1940’ on Wikipedia which described the film as an ‘action’ film directed by K M Multani with a star cast of Manjula, W M Khan, Rajkumari, Pratap and David. Khan Mastana was the music director.

A couple of days back, I came across a High Court Judgement dated March 25, 1942 concerning K M Multani vs. Paramount Talkies of India. Being a law student myself once upon a time, I am interested in reading the court judgements, especially of the court cases pertaining to per-independence days. In the judgement, I got to know some more details about the film ‘Virginia’ (1940) and some interesting twist.

‘Virginia’ (1940) was made under the banner of A E M Multani Productions. The star cast mentioned in the judgement included Manjula, Pratap, W M Khan, David, Jamila and thousands of others. The film story idea was conceived by K M Multani sometime towards the end of 1939. Shooting of the film commenced in April 1940 at Bharatiya Studio. On May 16, 1940, the title of the film ‘Virginia’ was registered with Sub-Registrar in Bombay (Mumbai). The film was completed in August 1940 and advertisement of the film commenced in a limited way in September 1940. Censor Certificate was obtained for the film in November 1940. The film was released in Bombay on March 16, 1941 in Minerva theatre. The film ran for two weeks. The film was to be released elsewhere in India.

K M Multani, the producer-director had decided to produce this film on a grand scale just to prove a point that Indian film industry can also make spectacular films on the scale of Hollywood. The idea was to get ‘ high-brow westernised Indians who patronised the foreign films exclusively, to see in Indian films something which they would not find in Hollywood films even’. The story revolved around an imaginary war between Greeks and Romans about 4000 BC. In the film, Virginia was the name of the heroine.

It so happened that Paramount Pictures also conceived a film with a similar title ‘Virginia’ (1941) in 1939 and in December 1939, the title of the film was registered in the USA. The shooting of the film commenced more or less at the same time in the USA as that of ‘Virginia’ (1940). The film was released in USA in February 1941 and in Calcutta and Mumbai in May 1941. It was a family drama set against the background of an estate in Virginia, one of the States in the USA. The theme of the film was contemporary.

When the Paramount Pictures’ film was released in Calcutta and Bombay in May 1941, K M Multani filed a suit in a Bombay court to restrain the exhibition of Paramount film ‘Virginia’ (1941) with the same name on the ground that it would result in misleading a section of the cinegoers. He also claimed the damages for loss of box office collections of his film due to ‘passing off’ ‘Virginia’ (1941) as ‘Virginia’ (1940).

The lower court dismissed the suit on the grounds that no one can claim the sole monopoly of the title ‘Virginia’ as it is a geographical name. There was no reason to believe that Paramount’s film could mislead the cinegoers as the film is in English and the Multani’s film is in Hindustani. Also the story of the both the films are quite different. Even the advertisements of both the films make it very clear that both these films are different in terms of the language, the star cast and the themes of the films. The other point was that both the films were conceptualised, shot and released almost contemporaneously without the knowledge of each other. So there was no mala fide intention.

K M Multani filed an appeal in Bombay High Court against the judgement of the lower court. The High Court upheld the judgment of the lower court and dismissed the appeal with costs. Those interested in reading the detailed judgements, both of the lower court and the High Court can read here.

I am not sure whether K M Multani got ‘Virginia’ (1940) released at other places in India. The fact that the film ran only for two weeks in one theatre in Bombay would indicate that the film was a box office failure. I find that, later K M Multani re-joined Minerva Movietone to direct ‘Vasiyat’ (1940) and there after ‘Ujaala’ (1942). His filmy career almost came to an end with his home production ‘Umang’ (1944). I came to know from the former ‘Filmfare’ editor, B K Karanjia’s book ‘Counting My Blessings’ that K M Multani became the founding editor of trade journal ‘ Film Age’ and retired from film industry to become an estate agent.

‘Virginia’ (1940) had 8 songs written by Ehsaan Rizvi which were set to music by Khan Mastana. None of the songs has yet been represented on the Blog. Today, I present the first song from the film ‘diwaani tu kyaa jaane’ to appear on the Blog. The name of the playback singer is not mentioned. There are two other songs in the film which were identified to be that of Miss Iqbal (or Iqbal Bibi) who has a high-pitched voice. As against this, the voice in the song under discussion is a soft one.

Since Manjula (Manju Diwan, wife of Karan Diwan) is in the cast of the film, I checked her voices in the songs from the films ‘Gaali’ (1944) and ‘Chaand’ (1944). I am convinced that the voice in the song under discussion is that of Manjula (Manju). At the time of making of the film, Manjula was 16 years old and the voice sounds like that of a teenager.

A feature of this song is that there is a long prelude music (0:33) followed by a long interlude (0:42) and the end music (0:20). As a result, the lyrics of the song has space in the disc for about 2:00 minutes.


Song-Deewaani tu kya jaane (Virginia)(1940) Singer-Manju Dewan, Lyrics-Ehsaan Rizvi MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

deewaani tu kyaa jaane
kaun mere ghar aataa hai
deewaani tu kyaa jaane
kaun mere ghar aataa hai
prem sandesha laata hai
prem sandesha laata hai
mere mann wo bhaata hai
mere mann wo bhaata hai
murjhaa chuki hai jo sakhi
dil ki kali khilegi
murjhaa chuki hai jo sakhi
dil ki kali khilegi
deewaani tu kyaa jaane
kaun mere ghar aataa hai
deewaani tu kyaa jaane
kaun mere ghar aataa hai

main kahoongi apni baat
wo sunenge saari raat
main kahoongi apni baat
wo sunenge saari raat
ab kyun
dil shor machaata hai
ab kyun
dil shor machaata hai


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Dev Kanya” (1946) was directed by Dhirubhai Desai for Vishnu Cinetone, Bombay. This “mythological” movie had Leela Desai, Leela Chitnis, Ulhas, Wasti, Jillo, Indira, Pal Mahendra, Kashinath, Samson, Himmatlal etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

What does one do when one wakes up early in the morning? My daily routine is to take my two pets on their morning walks one by one. I have stuck to this routine unfailingly irrespective of the weather. While most fair weather morning walkers give up when the weather becomes foul, I perform my morning walk even when it is raining, it is fog, it is cold etc. Or rather, one can say that my pets insist on going on their morning walks and I accompany them.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Vakil Sahab” (1943) was directed by Mohan Sinha for Pradeep Pictures, Bombay. This movie, described as a comedy movie in its advertisements of those days, had Trilok Kapoor and Madhuri in lead roles, supported by Miss Shahzaadi, Rajkumari Shukla, Gulam Rasool, Badri Prasad, Khan Mastana,Munshi Khanjar, Malti Pande, Mumtaz Begam etc.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Ghazab”(1951) was produced by Raja Fatehlal Shah and M Shakir Lucknowi and directed by A Karim for Chitraleela, Bombay. This stunt film had Bhagwan, Baburao, Shanta Patel, Leela Gupte, Usha Shukla, Azeem Bhai, Sheikh, Ali, Maqbool, Jaani etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has more than 15500 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15505

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Movies with all their songs covered =1195
Total Number of movies covered =4273

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