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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘S K Pal


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4040 Post No. : 15165

Today’s song is from film Gulami-45. It was a film made by Shalimar Pictures, Poona. Directed by M.Wadhwani, its music was by S.K.Pal. Songs were written by Bharat Vyas, Josh Malihabadi, Akhtar-ul-iman and Majaj. Film Gulami aka Rape of Burma-45 was not a great film. The cast of the film was Renuka Devi, Masood Pervez, David, Tiwari, Bharat Vyas, H. Prakash, Kathana, Balraj Mehta, Neelam etc etc.

The Heroine Renuka Devi was an extraordinary woman, considering the times in which she was living. Renuka Devi ( Begum Khursheed Mirza) was perhaps one of the most educated, upper class, sophisticated and highly cultured Muslim lady, who ever joined the film industry then. One more striking feature of Renuka Devi was that she was one of the very few actresses, who joined films after their marriage. The other such examples I remember off hand are those of Meenakshi Shirodkar (Bramhachari-38 fame), Shobhana Samarth and actress Neena ( real name Shahida-wife of Mohsin Abdulla, brother of Renuka Devi).

Renuka Devi (4-3-1918 to 8-2-1989) had studied up to Masters degree in English Literature, from Aligarh Muslim University. The only other nearest example I remember off hand is that of actress Vanmala (real name Susheela Devi Pawar), who had done B.A., B.T. and was a Teacher in the college before joining films,at the behest of writer, journalist and Director P.K.Atre.

Back in the Thirties, acting in films was not considered an honourable profession for anybody. And for a married woman from a well-educated and respectable upper-middle class Muslim family, it was forbidden to even think about it. But Khurshid Mirza, the daughter of the founders of the Aligarh Women’s College, the wife of a police officer and already a mother of two, was too free-spirited to be tied down by any social norm. She took the plunge and soon a star named Renuka Devi was born.

In those days,popular actresses used to earn quite a lot. For example, Shobhana Samarth earned 36000 ( about 18 lakhs at today’s rate) rupees every year. Other actresses like Shanta Apte, Naseem Bano, Sardar Akhtar, Madhuri etc got about 30000 or so. This was a time when a Chiffon Saree was for Rs.9 and a brand New Studbaker car was for Rs. 5000 only. Renuka Devi also was interested in earning money. However Renuka Devi did only few films in her career. She worked with Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Shalimar and such big banners. Her films are Jeevan Prabhat-37, Bhabhi-38, Badi didi-39, Naya Sansar-41, Shri Ramanuja-43, Sahara-43, Samrat Chandragupta-45, and Gulami-45 .

After partition, her family migrated to Pakistan. In Pakistan, though in demand, she refused to do any films. Instead, she decided to devote her time for women’s uplift, education, welfare and social work. She also did some work on Pakistan Radio,and Pakistan TV.

She published 9 instalments of her autobiography in the popular magazine ” Herald ” from August 1982 to April 1983, under the title ” The uprooted sapling”. This was,later on edited and published by her daughter Lubna as a Book, in 2004, titled- ” A woman of substance- the memoirs of Begum Khursheed Mirza “.

In her book she included a chapter of 24 pages ” Renuka Devi-my celluloid identity”, in which she has described many interesting anecdotes. Her detailed description of the times of the 30s and 40s is a lovely chronicle of the history of Bombay film industry.

Renuka Devi died on 8-2-1989 at Lahore after a prolonged illness. ( As her bio has already been given earlier in this Blog by me and Sadanand Kamath ji, I am not repeating it here).

Film Gulami-45 was a film without the regular Heroine of Shalimar pictures-Neena- real name Shahida. She was Mohsin Abdulla’s wife before W.Z.Ahmed lured her in his net. Abdulla was Renuka Devi’s younger brother. it is said that during the shooting of the film in the studio, Neena never ever visited the studio, as she was too embarrassed to face her sister-in-law.

Bharat Vyas (18-12-1918 to 5-7-82) -who wrote the story,songs and even acted in it, was spotted by W. Z.Ahmed and he offered Vyas a lucrative salary which was hard to refuse, to join Shalimar. Vyas was happy to join because, in Shalimar, he had the company of Josh Malihabaqdi,Akhtar-ul-iman, Kishen Chander, Ramanand Sagar and Sagar Nizami-all employed by Shalimar.He started by writing all 12 songs for film Prem Sangeet-43.Then came Mann ki jeet-44 and Prithwiraj Sanyogita-46. His last film here, Meerabai-47, was also the last film of Shalimar. His job was to adapt Meera bhajans in song form.

After Partition,Neena and Ahmed migrated to Pakistan, taking along with them all the prints of their films and Shalimar became an orphan. Vyas went to Madras to work for S S Vasan for his film ‘ Chandralekha’-48. When he came back, he was approached by some ex-workers of Shalimar. They wanted to revive Shalimar by completing the incomplete film ‘ Rangila Rajasthan. Actually, in 1946 itself, Ahmed had entrusted this film’s direction to Bharat Vyas and some shooting was also done. However due to several reasons, this film was stopped and Meerabai was completed.

They wanted like minded ex-employees to work free to produce the film.Bharat Vyas agreed.He not only wrote songs,but also composed few songs, along with MDs S K Pal and B S Kalla. Further he directed film ‘Rangeela Rajasthan’-49.However, despite all efforts, the film flopped and Shalimar closed down for ever.

In film Gulami, Vyas wrote some songs and aslo sang a duet and a solo song, besides acting in it.Bharat Vyas wrote 1247 songs in a85 films. He acted in 3 films- Gulami-45, Prithviraj Sanyogita-46 and Maa-52. He sang 8 songs in 6 films- Prem sangeet-43, Mann ki jeet-44, Gulami-45, Chandralekhs-48, Navrang-59 and Bharat ki santan-80.

A very odd name in the cast can be seen- Balraj Mehta. I am sure,hardly anyone has ever heard his name, but he was a very active person in his life. Born on 22-4-1918 at Lahore, he was the son of Sukh Dayal Mehta – Superintendent in the Commissioner’s office at Lahore. He completed Matriculation from Central Model High School and B.A. from Dayal Singh College of Lahore in 1939.

He was active in Students’ union and held General Secretary’s post of Punjab University Students’ Union, in 35-37. He organised All India Student Federation conference in 36/37. He was a born Leader. He was interested in acting on stage. In 1944, he founded Indian National Theatre (I.N.T.), which is a very famous institution in India now also. He wrote, directed and produced its first stage drama ” Aawaaz’ in 1945.

By now he was married and needed to earn money. He joined film line. He acted first in ‘ Dulla Batti’ in 1939-40. Then came Sajjan-41,Panna-44, Parakh-44, Patharon ka Saudagar-44, Gulami-45 and lastly Pul-47.In the period 1944-45, he also became Secretary of Film Artistes’ Association and served it for a long time. In 1947, he entered Politics. After Independence, he became a journalist. There is no information about him after this.

Though, film Gulami-45 was completed and certified by Censors in 45, it was released somewhere in the mid 46, as per news item found in Film India magazine. Though the magazine did not publish its full review, a short note, as usual, criticised the lead pair’s acting and praised the direction. It had no good words about the music also. Some readers’ comments also criticised the film.

It was pointed out by one reader that the film was a copy of Hollywood film ” Dragon Seed “-1944. The film ,in its advertisement, described it to be a ‘ Thrilling Patriotic story’. The parallel title of the film was ” Rape of Burma”, indicating a love story in Burma with the war background. However,when the film was released in or around May 1946, the War had ended long back and the film had lost its advantage of Topicality. Baburao Patel also ridiculed showing the married and a mother of 2 kids (Renuka Devi) as an 18 year old girl in the movie.

Renuka Devi was not a singer, nor is there any evidence that she received training is Music. Same case was with Bharat Vyas. Still,they sang this duet in a well balanced way. Though the songs of this film ( I have 4 songs of this film with me) are not that well tuned to remain in memory, but they were of average standard. Even otherwise the MD-S.K.Pal ( nephew of Ramchandra Pal,MD with Bombay Talkies), was not famous to have created any memorable song in his career.

So, here is the duet of Bharat Vyas and Renuka Devi.

(Some information in this article is used, with thanks, from the book ” A woman of substance” by Renuka Devi, webly.com, Who’s who in Film Industry-46, issues of Film India for 1945 and 1946 and my own notes.)


Song-Aajaa aajaa aajaa re O Geeta ke Bhagwaan (Ghulaami)(1945) Singers-Bharat Vyas, Renuka Devi, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-S K Pal
Both

Lyrics

aaja aaja aaja re
aaja aaja aaja re
aaja aaja aaja re
aaja aaja aaja re
o geeta ke bhagwaan
wo apna vachan nibha ja re
o krishn shiv aajaa aajaa re
aaja aaja aaja re

kab se naina pyaase hain
pal bhar to pyaas bujha jaa
kab se naina pyaase hain
pal bhar to pyaas bujha jaa

ham laakh baar aayen mohan
tu ek baar to aa jaa
ham laakh baar aayen mohan
tu ek baar to aa jaa
aaja aaja aaja re
aaja aaja aaja re

ek baar phir braj mein raas racha ja
bansiwaale
ek baar phir braj mein raas racha ja
bansiwaale

sang tumhaare naachen ham
ban kar gokul ke gwaale
sang tumhaare naachen ham
ban kar gokul ke gwaale

bas ek baar phir braj ki wo
bas ek baar phir braj ki wo
jhaanki dikhla jaa re
?? dikhlaa jaa re
phir usi baansuri ki sundar wo
taan suna jaa re ae ae
seeta ke bhagwaan wo apna
vachan nibha jaa re
o krishn phir aaja aajaa re
aaja aajaa aajaa re

brij baalaayen roti hain
rote hain gokul waale
brij baalaayen roti hain
rote hain gokul waale

jamuna ki lahren roti hain
kyun roothhe bansi waale
bansi waale ham roton ko
kuchh dheer bandhaa jaa re ae
bansi waale ham roton ko
kuchh dheer bandhaa jaa re

hamen ye to samjha jaa re
kya bhool huyi jo bhool gaya
kya bhool huyi jo bhool gaya
ye bhed bataa jaa re
geeta ke bhagwaan ho apna vachan nibha jaa re
o krishn phir aajaa aajaa re
aajaa aajaa aajaa re

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3810 Post No. : 14806 Movie Count :

4049

My first article was posted on this Blog on 1-10-2012. Before that, for almost an year and a half, I used to post my comments on the songs posted on the Blog. In those comments, I used to give information about not only the songs, but also about the film, the cast, story. MD, Lyricist and in general any matter connected with the film or the song. For example, while commenting on a song from film Chandralekha-48, I had mentioned how Vasan made more than 100 prints of the film for its All India release and how the famous ‘ Nagara’ dance was choreographed etc etc.

Other readers gave me lot of support by liking and appreciating my informative comments. This and Atul ji encouraged me and I started writing posts on the Blog with great enthusiasm. I have always believed that Knowledge increases by sharing and indeed it did. Within a week’s time I brought up my first series on ” Less Known Singers”. Looking at the welcome it received from people in the Blog and the visitors, I continuously ran as many as 26 series of songs on selected themes.

Some themes were my favourites, like ‘ Flavour of the 30’s ‘, ‘ The vibrant 40’s ‘, ‘ Vintage Naushad “, ‘ Bhajan Mala ‘, ‘Gems from the Migrators’, and ” songs from the Artiste name films”.

One of the series was ” The Great souls of India”, which ran from 1-11-2013 to 15-11-2013, covering 10 songs. In this series I had selected songs from films on Sant Kabir, Sant Tulsidas, Sant Surdas, Sant Tukaram, Sant Dnyaneshwar, Bhakt Dhruv, Bhakt Prahlad, Narsi Bhagat, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Jagadguru Shankaracharya.

That time I regretted that I could only include 10 ‘ Great souls ‘ in the series, when another 8 to 10 were left out. I felt particularly sad that Sant Meerabai was left out. I am making amends to that lapse now. DER AAYE DURUST AAYE. It is never too late to repair the damage. So, today’s song is from a film ” Meerabai”-47. There was yet another film ” Meera’ in 1947. Two songs from that film were already discussed here, therefore I have selected this film, which makes a Debut here.

There was one thing common in these two films on Meerabai. Both films had songs predominantly sung by just One Singer. In the film ‘Meera’-47, 17 songs out of the 18 songs were sung by its Heroine M.S.Subbulakshmi. In the film ‘ Meerabai’-47, all the 13 songs were sung by Sitarabai Kanpuri. While Meera was originally a Tamil film of 1945, dubbed in Hindi in 1947, Meerabai was a fresh film made in Hindi only. In Meera, it was a feast and delight to listen to M.S. in Hindi. Her conspicuous Hindi pronunciations were never a barrier in savouring her divine rendering. Most bhajans in her film had the traditional tunes, but in film Meerabai, the MD S.K.Pal had tried newer tunes to these Bhajans. To his credit, I must say that his attempts were praiseworthy. Just listen to today’s song and you will agree with me.

Mirabai was a great saint and a devotee of Sri Krishna. Despite facing criticism and hostility from her own family, she lived an exemplary saintly life and composed many devotional bhajans. Historical information about the life of Mirabai is a matter of some scholarly debate. The oldest biographical account was Priyadas’s commentary in Nabhadas’ Sri Bhaktammal in 1712. Nevertheless, there are many oral histories, which give an insight into this unique poet and saint of India.

Mira was born around the start of the 16th Century in the Chaukari village in Merta, Rajasthan. Her father was Ratan Singh a descendant of Rao Rathor, the founder of Jodhpur. When Mirabai was only three years old, a wandering Sadhu came to her family’s home and gave a doll of Sri Krishna to her father. Her father saw this as a special blessing but was initially unwilling to give it to his daughter, because he felt she would not appreciate it. However, Mira had, at first sight, become deeply enamoured with this depiction of Lord Krishna. She refused to eat until the doll of Sri Krishna was given to her. To Mira, this figure of Sri Krishna embodied his living presence. She resolved to make Krishna her lifelong friend, lover, and husband. Throughout her turbulent life, she never wavered from her youthful commitment.
On one occasion, when Mira was still young, she saw a wedding procession going down the street. Turning to her mother, she asked in innocence, “Who will be my husband?” Her mother replied, half in jest, half in seriousness. “You already have your husband, Sri Krishna.” Mira’s mother was supportive of her daughter’s blossoming religious tendencies, but she passed away when Meera was only young.

At an early age, Mira’s father arranged for her to be married to Prince Bhoj Raj, who was the eldest son of Rana Sanga of Chittor. They were an influential Hindu family and the marriage significantly elevated Mira’s social position. However, Mira was not enamoured of the luxuries of the palace. She served her husband dutifully, but in the evening she would spend her time in devotion and singing to her beloved Sri Krishna. While singing devotional bhajans, she would frequently lose awareness of the world, entering into states of ecstasy and trance.

Her new family did not approve of her piety and devotion to Krishna. To make things worse, Mira refused to worship their family deity Durga. She said she had already committed herself to Sri Krishna. Her family became increasingly disproving of her actions, but the fame and saintly reputation of Mirabai spread throughout the region. Often she would spend time discussing spiritual issues with Sadhus, and people would join in the singing of her bhajans. However, this just made her family even more jealous. Mira’s sister-in-law Udabai started to spread false gossip and defamatory remarks about Mirabai. She said Mira was entertaining men in her room. Her husband, believing these stories to be true, tore into her room with sword in hand. However, he saw Mira only playing with a doll. No man was there at all. Throughout these hysterical slanders, Mirabai remained unmoved by both the criticism and praise of the world.

After this experience, her family continued to torture her. They restricted her movements and sought to make her life as uncomfortable as possible. In the face of all these trials and tribulations, she remained detached from her physical suffering. There was nothing that could disturb her inner connection to Giridhara (epithet of Sri Krishna as young cowherd boy). It is said that twice her family tried to kill her, once through a venomous snake and once through poisonous drink. On both occasions, it is said Mirabai, protected by the Grace of Sri Krishna, came to no ill harm.

However, the relentless torments and hostility interfered with her life of devotion and contemplation on Krishna. She sought the advice of learned men and saints. They advised her to leave the palace and return to Brindaban. Secretly, with some followers, she slipped out of the palace and escaped to the holy city of Brindaban. In Brindaban Mirabai was free to worship Giridhara to her heart’s content. She would spend her time in singing bhajans and in ecstatic communion with Krishna. Like a true Bhakti, she worshipped God wholeheartedly. The riches of the world offered no attraction to Mirabai; her only satisfaction came from her single-minded devotion to Sri Krishna. Her soul was ever yearning for Krishna. She considered herself to be a Gopi of Vrindaban, mad only with pure love for Sri Krishna.Her devotion and spiritual magnetism were infectious.

Even learned Sadhus would come to her for inspiration. There is a story of one respected Spiritual Master, who refused to speak to Mirabai because she was a woman. Mirabai replied there was only one real man in Brindaban, Sri Krishna; everyone else was a Gopi of Krishna. On hearing this, the spiritual Master accepted the wisdom of Mirabai and agreed to talk to her. Later, Mirabai would become his student.

Much of what we know about Mirabai comes from her poetry. Her poetry expresses the longing and seeking of her soul for union with Sri Krishna. At times, she expresses the pain of separation and at other times the ecstasy of divine union. Her devotional poems were designed to be sung as bhajans, and many are still sung today.

Mirabai was a devotee of the highest order. She was immune to the criticism and suffering of the world. She was born a princess but forsook the pleasures of a palace for begging on the streets of Brindaban. She lived during a time of war and spiritual decline, but her life offered a shining example of the purest devotion. Many were inspired by her infectious devotion and spontaneous love for Sri Krishna. Mirabai showed how a seeker could attain union with God, only through love. Her only message was that Krishna was her all.

It is said in her death she melted into the heart of Krishna. Tradition relates how one day she was singing in a temple when Sri Krishna appeared in his subtle form. Sri Krishna was so pleased with his dearest devotee that he opened up his heart centre, and Mirabai entered leaving her body while in the highest state of Krishna consciousness. (free adaptation from biographyonline.net, with thanks)

Film Meerabai-47 was made by Shalimar Pictures, Poona. Its direcor was W.Z.Ahmed. Lyrics were by Meerabai and MD was Suryakant aka S.K.Pal ( he was the nephew of another MD Ramchandra Pal of Bombay Talkies). The cast of the film consisted of Neena, Masood Pervez, Neelam, Tiwari, Shyama (Dulari), Ramavtar, Noorjehan sr. etc etc.

There is a general and wrong feeling among some movie buffs in India that, artistes who opted to migrate to Pakistan after partition had failed there and died in penury and misery. While some such cases indeed were there unfortunately, but not ALL had failed. On the contrary, I feel most of the Directors, Music composers and Heros succeeded in Pakistan. This was because they were all ready made available to Pakistan industry. Many of them like Khursheed Anwar, Inayat Hussain or G.A.Chisti were regarded as pioneers of Pak film industry. Same case with directors like Dawood Chand, M Sadiq, Shaukat Husaain Rizvi etc who became pillars of Pak film industry. unfortunately, once the crop of artistes who migrated from India ended their careers, their film industry had a premature death. This was because, there was no second line of artistes to take over.

The Hero of the film Meerabai-47, Masood Pervez was also one such migrant who succeeded in Pakistan. He was born in 1918 in Amritsar, Punjab, India. He passed his M.Sc. and joined films. His first film as a Hero was Punjabi film ” Mangati “-42, which became a Golden Jubilee film. He further worked in film Gulami-45 and Meerabai-47. After Partition, he went to Pakistan.

His first film as a Director in Pakistan was ‘ Beli’-50 It had a moderate success. His big breakthrough came with film ‘ Intezar ‘-56, which was a colossal hit. He directed 23 films between 1950 and 1982. he is considered to be one of the pioneers of Pak films. He directed 3 Folk stories Mirza Jat-67, Heer Ranjha-70 and again Mirza Jat-82, all very successful. he died on 11-3-2001 in Lahore. He was the nephew of Saadat Hassan Manto.

Film Meerabai-47 had 13 songs, most of them quite good. The original Meera Bhajans were translated in plain Hindi by Pt. Bharat Vyas. With this song the film makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song-Mhaane chaakar raakho jee (Meera Bai)(1947) Singer-Sitarabai Kanpuri, Lyrics-Meera bai, MD-S K Pal

Lyrics

mhaane chaakar raakho ji ee
chaakar raakho ji
sanwariyaa aa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji
mhaane chaakar raakho ji ee
chaakar raakho ji
saanwariyaa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji

chaakar rah toon baag lagaa doon
nis-din darshan paa toon
brindaawan ki kunj-galin mein
brindaawan ki kunj-galin mein
teri leelaa gaa toon
teri leelaa gaa toon

maane chaakar raakho ji
chaakar raakho ji
saanwariyaa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji

unche unche mahal banaaun
jis bich raakhoon baari
saanwariyaa ke darshan paaun
saanwariyaa ke darshan paaun
jaaun tan man vaari
jaaun tan man vaari

mhaane chaakar raakho ji
chaakar raakho ji
saanwariyaa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji

jogi aayaa jog karan koon
jogi aayaa jog karan koon
tap karne sanyaasi
hari-bhajan ko saadhu aayaa
bindraaban ke waasi
kaahe neer jhare nainan se
kaahe neer jhare nainan se
dheer dharo ji meeraa
aadhi raat prabhu darshan de hai
aadhi raat prabhu darshan de hai
prem nadi ke teeraa aa
prem nadi ke teeraa

mhaane chaakar raakho ji
chaakar raakho ji
saanwariyaa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3621 Post No. : 14431

“Pyaase Nain”(1954) was produced by K P Shahani and directed by S Ram for Tekchand Talkies, Bombay. This “social” movie had Nimmi, Rehman, Gope, Shyama, Vikram Kapoor,mAnwari Begam, Mumtaz, Parvati, Mirza, Baby Feroza, Shamim etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it that were penned by three lyricists and composed by two music directors.

One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Pyaase Nain”(1954) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Meena Kapoor. Wahiq Qureshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by S K Pal.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.


Song-Pyaase nainon ki pyaas bujha de (Pyaase Nain)(1954) Singer-Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Wahid Qureshi, MD-S K Pal

Lyrics

pyaase nainon ki pyaas bujha de
bichhad gaye hain jo
bichhad gaye jo
unko mila de
unko mila de

apna sahaara koi nahin hai
jag mein hamaara koi nahin hai
jiska kinaara koi nahin hai ae
koi nahin hai
us dariya se paar lagaa de
unko mila de

honthon par hai thhandi aahen
dekh dekh kar thhaki nigaahen
kho gayi sab jeewan ki raahen
aasha ka koi deep jala de
unko mila de
pyaase nainon ki pyaas bujha de
bichhad gaye jo
bichhad gaye jo
unko mila de
unko mila de

din raat yoon jo dukh main paaun
darr hai ke tujhko bhool na jaaun
dukh paa kar bhi main muskaaun
main muskaaun
aisi koi raah bata de
unko mila de
pyaase nainon ki pyaas bujha le
bichhad gaye hain jo
bichhad gaye jo
unko mila de
unko mila de


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3516 Post No. : 14122

“Tamaasha”(1952) was directed by Phani Majumdar. The star cast comprises of Ashok Kumar, Dev Anand, Meena Kumari, Kaushalya, Kishore Kumar, Sunalini Devi, Bipin Gupta, Shivraj, Randhir, Krishnakant, Haroon, S N Banerjee, Amit Bose etc. in it.

The movie which was produced by by Ashok Kumar and Savak Vacha under the banner of Bombay Talkies, under the management of Workers’ Cooperative.

The movie had eight songs in it which were composed by Khemchand Prakash (one), S K Pal (two) and Manna Dey (five songs). Six of these songs including all Manna Dey compositions have been covered in the past.

Here is the seventh song from “Tamaasha”(1952) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by S K Pal.

The song is lip synced by Meena Kumari.

Video

Audio


Song-Thhi jin se pal bhar ki pehchaan (Tamaasha)(1952) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-S K Pal

Lyrics

Thhi jin se pal bhar ki pehchaan
bane ab man ke wo mehmaan
ye kya paagalpan hai
ye kya paagalpan hai
Thhi jin se pal bhar ki pehchaan

huye hain jab se wo apne
huye hain jab se wo apne
main dekhoon din mein bhi sapne
ye kaisi uljhan hai
ye kya paagalpan hai
Thhi jin se pal bhar ki pehchaan

kisi ki haar
kisi ki jee eet
kisi ki haar
kisi ki jeet
anokhi hai yahaan ki reet
anokhi hai yahaan ki reet
bina sur goonjta sangeet
ye kaisa gunjan hai
ye kya paagalpan hai
Thhi jin se pal bhar ki pehchaan

gulaabi zindagi ki bho o o o or
o o o or
gulaabi zindagi ki bhor
sunahri hai kiran ki dor
sunahri hai kiran ki dor
baandhne aaya hai chitchor
baandhne aaya hai chitchor
ye kaisa bandhan hai
ye kya paagalpan hai
Thhi jin se pal bhar ki pehchaan
bane ab man ke wo mehmaan
ye kya paagalpan hai
ye kya paagalpan hai
Thhi jin se pal bhar ki pehchaan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3481 Post No. : 13982

Today’s song is from film Maa-52. It is sung by Manna Dey, under the baton of composer S.K.Pal.

The film was produced by Ashok Kumar and Sawak Vachha for Bombay Talkies. The director was Bimal Roy. The screen play was also by Bimal Roy on the story of Swaraj Banerjee.Dialogues were by Nabendu Ghosh and the translations were done by Nazir Hussain and Asit Sen (roly poly actor and Director). The cast was Leela Chitnis, Bharat Bhushan,Shyama, Nazir Hussain,Asit Sen, Manju, B.M.Vyas, Achla Sachdev, Bikram Kapoor, Krishnakant, Samar Chatterjee, Bharata Vyas(uncredited) etc etc.

Nabendu Ghosh (27.3.1917 to 15.12.2007) was born in Dhaka. He was a famous Bangla writer, who joined New Theatres. In 1951 he left New Theatres and joined Bimal Roy in Bombay. He wrote Screen plays/dialogues for most of Bimal Roy’s films. After Roy’s death, he worked with Hrishikesh Mukherjee for a long time. In 1988, he directed his only film “Trishagni’. After his death, his autobiography,”Eka Nauker jatri” was published.

Maa-52 was Bimal Roy’s first film in Bombay. He was born on 12-7-1909, in Suvapur village in East Bengal. His father Hemchandra Roy was a very rich landlord. He was a simple and kind person. After he died, it was known that his servants had misappropriated all his money and land and the family came on the road. The big family shifted to Calcutta in 1930-31.

Bimal Roy joined New Theatres as an assistant to Nitin Bose. He soon became an expert Cameraman and shot films like Chandidas, Devdas, manzil, Grihdaah, Maya, Mukti etc. In 1937, he was married to Manobina Sen. He continued as a Cameraman till 1942 doing more films like Abhagin,Badi Didi, Abhinetri, Haar jeet and Meenakshi.

By 1942, due to restrictions on supply of raw film and financial crisis, added to Ego problems of Big artistes and the management, New Theatres came into problems. One after another most artistes like Barua, Debki Bose, Nitin Bose, Saigal, Prithwiraj kapoor, Kumar, Kidar Sharma etc left Calcutta and reached Bombay. Bimal Roy did a documentary on the Bengal Famine in 1943 and then directed his first Bangla/Hindi bilingual film Udayer Pathe/Hamraahi in 1944. The successful film ran for an year in Calcutta and established him. Then came Anjangadh,Mantramugdha and Pehla Admi.

Bimal Roy came to Bombay for the premiere of film Pehla Admi-50. Here he met his old collegue Hiten Chaudhari,who was working in Bombay Talkies-supposed to be a hub for all artistes coming from Bengal. He took Bimal Roy to Bombay Talkies and he got his first film in Bombay- Maa-52, for direction. Then came Parineeta-53. Bimal Roy then established his own Bimal Roy Productions and made many films. He directed films like Do Bigha Zamin, Naukari, Devdas, Madhumati, Sujata, Parakh, Prempatra and Bandini for his own productions. For others too he directed films like Biraj Bahu, Baap Beti and Yahudi. Bimal Roy Productions mad films like Amanat, Parivaar, Apradhi Kaun,Usne kaha tha,Kabuliwala and Benazir where other directors did the films.

Bimal Roy got 11 Film Fare Awards for Best films and Best Direction in all. He got several National and International awards too. He was a heavy smoker. In 1965, Lungs Cancer was detected and he died on 8-1-1966

Bimal Roy was not only a very sensitive person, but he was like an Institution for subordinates, who learnt a lot from him. He was like a complete school of film making and gave the film industry great film makers and writers like Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Gulzar, Nabendu Ghosh, Salil Chaudhari ( Do Bigha Zamin-53 was based on his story Rikshawala, written in the 40s. Parakh was also his story and he wrote screen play for Prempatra) and Basu Bhattacharya. After Bimal Roy’s death, Hrishikesh Mukherjee dedicated film Anupama to his memories.

One special characteristic of Bimal Roy was song picturisation on character and unknown artistes ( like Guru Dutt). Sachin Shankar sang Parakh song-kya hawa chali. His production manager’s wife Dolly kapoor sang 2 songs in Bandini. Rajdeep, a character artiste sang”mat ro mata laal tere bahutere”in film. W.M.Khan sang in Kabuliwala. In same film a small time actor M.V.Rajan also sang a song.

Bimal Roy shot a major part of film Madhumati in Nainitaal. When he came back to Bombay, to his dismay, he found that 60% shots were spoiled. Without losing head, he shot all those scenes in Bhandardara-near Bombay and the film was edited so well, that nobody felt any difference !

Film Maa-52 was a solid tear jerker competing with any Madras film from AVM or Gemini. The story of the film was…

Chander Babu (Nazir Hussain) is a retired Post office employee, now working with the local Zamindar, on a very low salary. He and his wife (Leela Chitnis) live in Chandanpur. They have two sons. Elder son Rajan (Paul Mahendra) is married to a wealthy family girl (Achla Sachdev), who is very arrogant. He is studying final Law course. The younger son Bhanu( Bharat Bhushan ) is good natured and helpful. He studies in college. he is in love with a girl Meena (Shyama) and her father approves their marriage.

Rajan needs Rs. 300 for his exams, but his father can not get this much money. His own wife has the money but refuses to give. One day Bhanu is returning to his house in the night when he hears “Thief, Thief ” He finds that the Thief is no one else, but his own father who tries theft for Rs 300 to give the fees. Bhanu takes the blame on himself, is caught and jailed.

When Bhanu is released and comes to meet his parents, he is told by Rajan that they don’t want to see even his face. Bhanu goes away, is helped by an advocate and gets a Bank job. His father confesses everything to his wife, gets a shock and dies. The mother goes in search of Bhanu. She is treated like a maid in Rajan’s house. Bhanu works hard and becomes a manager. He sends Rs100 money order every month to his mother, but Rajan and his wife take that Money order, without mother’s knowledge. Bhanu meets Meena and their love kindles again. She tells him about his mother.

Bhanu comes back and meets the mother. He realises that she is treated lie a maid by Rajan and wife. He goes to Rajan, fights with him, drags him to his mother. Rajan and his wife repent and ask for a pardon. The Maa pardons them. Bhanu and Meena’s marriage is announced.

Film Maa-52 had only 6 song. Today’s song is the fourth song to be posted here. It is sung by Manna Dey. The Music Director S.K.Pal- Surya Kumar Pal, was the nephew of composer Ramchandra Pal. He first joined Shalimar pictures of Poona and in the end did few films for Bombay Talkies. In all he did 19 films. His last film was Dhola Maaru-56, in which, for the first and last time, he used Lata Mangeshkar for his songs. The song is picturised on Leela Chitnis….


Song-Chale re chale Raam vanwaas (Maa)(1952) Singer-Manna Dey, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-S K Pal

Lyrics

aakaash bhai bhaanu ??
aaya andhiyaara
maa ke nainon se chhupaa
nainon ka saara

chale re
chale Raam vanwaas
chale re
chale Raam vanwaas
chhal chhal neer bahaaye maata
chhal chhal neer bahaaye maata
naina bhaye udaas
pita ke man mein peer uthhhi hai
pita ke man mein peer uthhhi hai
aas bhai hai niraas
chale re
chale Raam vanwaas
chale re
chale Raam vanwaas

aaj achaanak aandhi aayi
aandhi aayi ee ee ee
aaj achaanak aandhi aayi
van ki kali kali murjhaayi
sneh bhare ae ae ae ae
sneh bhare maa ke madhuvan se
sneh bhare maa ke madhuvan se
roothh gaya madhumaas
chale re
chale Raam vanwaas
chale re
chale Raam vanwaas

apne jeewan ka dhan kho kar
laut rahi hai maa ro ro kar
laut rahi hai maa ro ro kar
haay lagi kismat ki thhokar
tooti man ki aas
Raam gaye vanwaas
haaaaye
gaye Raam vanwaas


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3474 Post No. : 13951

This song is a rare non-film song rendered by Umaraziya Begum.

Based on the details (erroneous, as we now know them to be), the uploader of this song has listed this as a song of the 1942 film ‘Ek Raat’, sung by Neena. The names of the song writer and the music director are also provided along with this upload.

Our friend Sadanand ji was the first one to raise the doubt about the details of this song. Later, we now have a confirmation from Shri Girdharial ji Vishkarma (of Jodhpur). Girdharilal ji has the original record of this song, as published by Jien – o – Phone company.

As per the details available, this song is sung by Umaraziya Begum. The lyricist of this song is not known. Based on certain other inputs, Girdharilal has provided the input that the music director for this NFS song most likely is Ghulam Haider Sb. As per him, there are many other songs in the voice of Shamshad Begum and Umaraziya Begum, that are  released on Jien O Phone records, and all are composed by Ghulam Haider Sb.

Thanks to Sadanand ji and Girdharilal ji, for identifying the correct information about this song.

“Ek Raat”(1942) was produced and directed by W Z Ahmad for Shalimar Pictures. The movie had Prithviraj Kapoor and Neena in lead roles with Mubarak, K N Singh, Feroza, Gulab, Prakash, Rajkumari Shukla, Bibi etc.

The movie had 8 songs. One song from the movie has been covered in the past.

This movie was the debut movie of Neena (actual name Shahida) who was launched with an unprecedented media blitz and fanfare prior to the release of the movie. Mr Sadanand Kamath, while covering the first song of this movie has discussed this matter in detail.

Here is the second song from “Ek Raat”(1942) to appear in the blog. This rare song, like the earlier song, is sung by Neena. The lyricist of this movie (for 7 out of 8 songs), including for this song, was Pt Indrajeet Sharma, and not Pt Indra, as is erroneously mentioned in most onine sources.

Music was composed by S K Pal.

The song was picturised on Neena herself.


Song-Ye raag papeeha gaata hai (NFS)(1940s) Singer-Umaraziya Begum, Lyrics-[Unattributed], MD-Ghulam Haider

Lyrics

ye ae ae ae ae ae
raag papeeha gaata hai
ye ae ae ae ae ae ae ae ae ae ae
raag papeeha gaata hai

kyun pawan ke kaandhon par moorakh
kyun pawan ke kaandhon par moorakh
kyun pawan ke kaandhon par moorakh
jeewan ka mahal banaata hai
jeewan ka mahal banaata hai
ik shwaas ka naata hai tera
ik shwaas ka naata hai tera
ye ae ae ae ae ae ae ae
raag papeeha gaata hai

din ke ujiyaale mein kaliyaan
din ke ujiyaale mein kaliyaan
phool banen aur kumhlaayen
phool banen aur kumhlaayen
raat ke
andhiyaare mein
taare
toote
aur

toot toot kar
toot toot kar
toot toot kar
samjhaayen
toot toot kar
samjhaayen
kyon on on on on on on
shwaas ke chhal ke aata hai
ye ae ae ae ae ae ae
raag papeeha gaata hai


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Nayi Reet”(1948) was directed by Shubhkaran Ojha for India Film Corporation, Bombay. This obscure “social” movie had Sulochana Chatterji, Geeta Bali, Rajendra, Krishnkant, Tiwari, Badri Prasad, Tarabai, Leela Mishra, Ramesh Sinha etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Seven of these songs were Meena Kapoor solos and one song was sung by Shamshad Begam.

One song from the movie (a Meena Kapoor solo) has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Nayi Reet”(1948) to appear in the blog. This song is also sung by Meena Kapoor. Music is composed by S K Pal.

According to HFGK, all the songs were jointly penned by Ratan Kumar Gupta and Bal Krishna Gupta under the joint name of Kumar-Gupta. So this was the first (and last) example of a lyricist jodi in Hindi movies.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Tujhe maaloon bhi hai koi aane ko hai (Nayi Reet)(1948) Singer-Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Ratan Kumar Gupta + Bal Krishn Gupta (Kumar Gupta), MD-S K Pal

Lyrics

Tujhe maaloon bhi hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai
Tujhe maaloon bhi hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai
kaali raaton mein chaandi lutaane ko hai
kaali raaton mein chaandi lutaane ko hai
lutaane ko hai
Tujhe maaloon bhi hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai

mere sapnon ki duniya aa aa aa
duniya
mere sapnon ki duniya sajaane ko hai
mere sapnon ki duniya sajaane ko hai
koi man’ne ko hai aur manaane ko hai
koi man’ne ko hai aur manaane ko hai
Tujhe maaloon bhi hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai

man ko singaara hai
man ko singaara hai
tan ko singaara
man ko singaara hai
tan ko singaara
joban singaara hai
jeewan singaara
joban singaara hai
jeewan singaara
aaj dharti aakaash mil jaane ko hai
aaj dharti aakaash mil jaane ko hai
koi man’ne ko hai aur manaane ko hai
Tujhe maaloon bhi hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai
kaali raaton mein chaandi lutaane ko hai
kaali raaton mein chaandi lutaane ko hai
lutaane ko hai
Tujhe maaloon bhi hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai
koi aane ko hai


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Nayi Reet”(1948) was directed by Shubhkaran Ojha for India Film Corporation, Bombay. This obscure “social” movie had Sulochana Chatterji, Geeta Bali, Rajendra, Krishnkant, Tiwari, Badri Prasad, Tarabai, Leela Mishra, Ramesh Sinha etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Seven of these songs were Meena Kapoor solos and one song was sung by Shamshad Begam.

Here is the first song from “Nayi Reet”(1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Meena Kapoor. Music is composed by S K Pal.

According to HFGK, all the songs were jointly penned by Ratan Kumar Gupta and Bal Krishna Gupta under the joint name of Kumar-Gupta. So this was the firs (and last) eample of a lyricist jodi in Hindi movies.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of this song.

With this song, “Nayi Reet”(1948) makes its debut in the blog.


Song-Do baat na ki aur chale gaye (Nayi Reet)(1948) Singer-Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Kumar Gupta, MD-S K Pal

Lyrics

do baat na ki
aur chale gaye
chale gaye
do baat na ki
aur chale gaye
chale gaye
main khadi rahi
aansoo bhar ke
sahmi dar se
main khadi rahi
aansoo bhar ke
sahmi dar se
chale gaye
tum chale gaye
jaise badri
jaise badri ghir nikal gayi ho
bin barse
upar se
upar se
do baat na ki
aur chale gaye
chale gaye

kayi(?) raat gayin
barsaat gayin
kayi(?) raat gayin
barsaat gayin
aankhon se utar kar baat gayi
ik bol na mukh se bol sakey
ik bol na mukh se bol sakey
ae nithur man ke
dil paatthar ke
nithur man ke
dil paatthar ke
chale gaye
chale gaye
do baat na ki
aur chale gaye
chale gaye


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from a well known film ‘Baadbaan’ (1954). Well known for the simple reason that this was the last film coming from a one-time giant film studio Bombay Talkies. it was the last ditch effort of all the well wishers and workers of Bombay Talkies to save the company from closing down. Unfortunately the effort did not succeed and it was curtains for Bombay Talkies with this movie.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Saagar”(1951) was produced and directed by P Jairaj for his P J Films production. The movie had Veera, Nargis, Jairaj, Durga Khote, K. N. Singh, Bharat Bhushan, David Abraham etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15100 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1176
Total Number of movies covered =4171

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