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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Balma bedardi hamaar

Posted on: April 9, 2018


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3552 Post No. : 14252

Today’s song is from an obscure film called Miss Devi-44. The film was made by Laxmi Productions, Bombay-owned by the producer Director Chimanlal Trivedi. The Music was done by Ashok Ghosh. The song is sung by Rajkumari and an unknown male.

Ashok Ghosh started his music career as an assistant to Pransukh Nayak, for Sagar Movietone film Dr. Madhurika-35. He impressed the company with his work and he was given film Manmohan-36 as an independent Music Director. He had a new assistant named Anil Biswas.

Anil Biswas came from Calcutta along with his Mentor Hiren Bose. In Bombay, he first worked as a joint MD for film Bal Hatya-35 and Bharat ki Beti-35. He got his first film Dharam ki Devi-35 as MD. Anil Biswas joined Sagar as an assistant to Ashok Ghosh. The songs of Manmohan became very popular and famous, especially ” tumhi ne mujh ko prem sikhaya” by Surendra and Bibbo. According to Anil Biswas, he made the song, but Ashok Ghosh always maintained that it was his song. To stress his ownership of this song, Ghosh included the same song in film Nirdosh-41, this time sung by Mukesh and Nalini Jaywant.

After Sagar merged into national Studios, Ghosh gave music to Sanskar-40, Kasauti-41, Nirdosh-41 and Gareeb-42 ( Here again Anil Biswas was his co-MD). Then came Angoothi-43, Sharafat-43, Inkaar-43 and Miss Devi-44 and Aarati-45. His last film was Gunjan -48.Ashok Ghosh left Bombay for Calcutta, where he spent his rest of life.

The Director of this film was Chimanlal Trivedi, who was one of the major film makers of the 30s and the 40s decade. He was more as a Producer businessman than a Director. While he directed hardly 7 films, he produced close to 50 films- all having A grade actors, directors and composers !

Born on 19-3-1909 at a village near Anand in Gujarat he was from a Brahmin family. He did his schooling in Ahmedabad and technical graduation from Baroda. Being an expert in weaving, he took up a job as a weaving Master in Calcutta. Fond of writing, he started writing Dramas, which were staged in Bengal and Gujarat. He was attracted towards Cinema and tried some work in New Theatres. Knowing that the real playing field is Bombay he reached there. he wrote story of film Chevrolet-36 and Danger Signal-37 for Mohan pictures.

He established his own production company CIRCO (Cine Industries Recording COmpany) in 1937. By 1943, he had made 12 films. He preferred not to direct his films, but appointed directors like Mohan Sinha for Laxmi-40, Anuradha-40 and Vanmala-41, Balwant Bhatt for Suhag-40 and Madhusudan-41, A R Kardar for Swami-41 and Nai Duniya-42 and Debki Bose for Apna Ghar-42.

He had the art of getting the most popular stars for his films like, Prithviraj kapoor, Chandramohan, Durga Khote,Mazhar khan, Bibbo,Surendra, Jairaj, Sitara, Jeevan, Yaqub, Shobhana Samarth, Prem Adeeb, Vishnupant Pagnis,Leela Desai, Pahadi Sanyal, Shanta Apte and many others. Even big directors like Debki Bose,Nitin Bose, Kardar,Mohan Sinha, Sarvottam Badami, Nandlal Jaswantlal,Profull Roy, Sudhir Sen, R S Caudhari, Phani mujumdar, Balwant Bhatt etc. worked for him. From Prabhat he brought Shanta Apte for Rs.1000 pm, and also Chandramohan, Pagnis and Mazhar khan. His friend Chandulal Shah followed his way and brought K L Saigal from New Theatres !

C L Trivedi was an expert in gathering funds for his films. After CIRCO at Parel, he started Laxmi Productions at Andheri, in 1942. He made mera Gaon,Sharafat,Bhagya Laxmi,Kadambari,Tamanna,Inkaar,Mohabbat,Miss Devi etc. In 1951, it was Supreme pictures, Trivedi Productions was in 1952, Kala Kendra in 1953 and with Chitra Bharati in 1954, he made 13 films upto 1961. Top Composers like Timir Baran,Ashok Ghosh,Rafiq Gaznavi,K C Dey,Saraswati Devi,Husnlal-Bhagatram and naushad gave music to his films.

In the end, he turned to Stage and started Abhinay Bharati. He staged many dramas in Bombay and Gujarat. Chimanlal always went for big names. He had close relations with Nehru, Menon, Morarji Desai, and other National leaders. His wife Kantaben was a Leader herself. Chimanlal Trivedi died on 25-11-1973. His wife, 3 sons and a daughter settled in USA.

It may be a coincidence, but Gujarati businessmen like Chimanlal Trivedi, Chimanlal Desai,Chimanlal Luhar, Chaturbhuj Doshi, Chimankant Desai, Chunibhai Desai and Chandulal Shah made sizable contribution to Hindi cinema in the first 20 years of the Talkie era. All names started with CH ( ? ) !

Film Miss Devi had a cast of Leela Desai, Surendra,Jagdish Sethi, Agha, Moni Chatterji, Nazeer etc etc. Leela Desai was brought by Trivedi by offering her money she could not refuse. After doing 5 films with New Theatres and 1 film with Ideal Film Co. at Calcutta, she came to Bombay and worked here till she left films.

Leela Desai was the daughter of Dr. Umedbhai Desai-a Gujarati and his second wife Satyabala Devi- a Bengali from Bihar, who was a prominent singer of the 1930s. She was born in America, where her parents had gone for a 3 year trip. She grew up in India. She learnt dancing from Amla Devi-who married Uday shanker, Lachhu Maharaj and Sohan lal. She also learnt music in Morris College , Lucknow. Actress kamala Kumari of New Theatres had also learnt from here. In one of her stage performances in Lucknow, NT’s Director Hem Chander saw her and invited her to Calcutta for working in films.

She worked in the film President-37 as sister of Kamlesh Kumari,opposite Saigal. It was followed by Vidyapati-37, Dushman-38, Kapal kundala-39 and Nartaki-40. She also did Adarsh Mahila-37 with Ideal Film company. Chimanlal Trivedi brought her to Bombay to act opposite Jairaj in film Tamanna-42. She acted in 5 films of Chimanlal Trivedi. After tamanna, leela Desai acted in films like Sharafat,Paraya Dhan, Nagad narayan,Inkaar, Mujrim, Miss Devi,Kaliyan, Meghdoot,Maharani Minal Devi,Magadhraj,Kamla, Dev kanya, Soorat and last film Geet Govind-47.

She acted opposite leading actors like K L Saigal, Najmul Hasan, Jairaj, Pahadi Sanyal, Surendra, Chandra Mohan, Khalil, Baburao pendharkar etc etc. She worked under top directors like Debki Bose, Nitin Bose, kidar Sharma, Phani mujumdar and others. her sisters Monica Desai ( who married Phani Mujumdar) and Ramola were also in films. In a span of just 10 years, Leela Desai acted in 21 films and then left films. She settled in Darjeeling with her mother. Baburao Patel said this about Leela Desai….

“What shall be said of Leela Desai, who acted the part of the President’s sister, the mischievous school-girl, and who always took the active part in the love-making between her and Prakash Babu (Saigal)? I cannot find a single fault with her acting. She played up to Saigal splendidly. Even her eyes were most expressive. What naughtiness was in them? As a shameless hussy she could give points to any of your Hollywood actresses–and win. In the love-duet between her and Saigal it was she who always led. She was the personification of Mr. Bernerd Shaw’s pet notion that, in this eternal amorous game, it is the woman who leads the man on and not, as is commonly supposed, the other way about. From the moment she jumped down her school garden-wall and almost fell plump into the arms of Prakash Babu, who was sitting below chewing the end of his reflections anent his dismissal from his job, she never, in a manner of speaking, left him to himself. She would bring down the house with her: “Uske bad kya hua, Prakash Babu?” The poor man had to dance to her measure ever afterwards. When she found herself with him alone she gave us the impression of having fed on honey-dew and on the milk of paradise. Then, in addition to her sparkling dialogue and supremely ‘alive’ acting, she was gorgeous in her dancing performance. Her whole face was a mirror in which her thoughts were reflected. She was an imp of mischief from commencement to conclusion.”

The onset of second world war from 1939 to 1945 imposed several restrictions on the film industry. One of them was to get extra quota of raw film, the producer had to make one Propaganda film as a war effort of the British. Many big film houses suffered ( New Theatres actually broke down) due to this. Raw film was available in Black market at an exorbitant price ( many people made millions in such Black market of essential commodities and they invested in film industry later).

Film Miss Devi-44 was one such film of propaganda. Unfortunately, by the time the film got completed, censored and finally got released the war had almost ended, thereby losing the very purpose of the film. Germany had surrendered on 8-5-1945. USA dropped Atom Bombs on Japan on 6th and 9th August 1945. Japan surrendered on 2-9-1945 and finally war ended totally. Miss Devi-44 was censored in 1944, but was released on 10-8-1945 in Capitol Theatres, Bombay. By that time the relevance of war propaganda had lost its sheen and need. This affected the film’s running. Another film released almost same time on the same theme was Panna, made by Navyug Films of Acharya Atre. Of course, the lead role of film Panna was done by Geeta Nizami, who was no match to leela Desai in any way !

According to Film India, october-45 issue the story of Miss Devi was about Twin sisters Rani and Devi (Leela Desai). Rani becomes a spy for Japan, whereas Devi is sober, homely, beautiful etc. Devi falls in love with Dr. Ramesh (Surendra).Being a story of twins, there were many scenes of misunderstandings, comedy, song and dances. In the end Rani gets punishment and Devi gets Dr.Ramesh.

Here is a song by Rajkumari with an unknown male. Enjoy this rare song.
( My thanks to Beete kal ke sitare by S.Tamrakar, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Dhunon ki yatra, Vithal Pandya’s books,HFGK, wikipedia and my notes for some information in this article).


Song-Balma bedardi hamaar (Miss Devi)(1944) Singers-Rajkumari, Unknown male voice, MD-Ashok Ghosh

Lyrics

balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar

aayi jawaani
jiya mora doley
aayi jawaani
jiya mora doley
saas nanand mori boli boley
saas nanand mori boli boley
raah chaloon to taaken marad mohe
hoy
raah chaloon to taaken marad mohe
maare najariyon se maar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar

din ko nihaaroon main
raah sajan tori
din ko nihaaroon main
raah sajan tori
ratiyaan bitaaun main roye
ratiyaan bitaaun main roye
chhatiyaan dhadak rahi
patiyaa na bheje piya
hoy
chhatiyaan dhadak rahi
patiyaa na bheje piya
dar dar(?) sunat nahin koye
hoy piya
dar dar ?? sunat nahinkoye

din ko nihaare kaahe raah hamaari raani
ratiyaan bitaaye kaahe roye
ratiyaan bitaaye kaahe roye
patiyaan na bheji mohe
patiyaan na bheji mohe
aana thha yahaan gori
aawan ?? ek hai ??
haan gori
aawan ?? ek hai ??

padgi kesariya balam hai tihaari
padgi kesariya balam hai tihaari
choli tori bootedaar
ho gori
choli tori bootedaar

hil mil ke looten bahaar
ho sainyya
hil mil ke looten bahaar
aao gori
hil mil ke looten bahaar

balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar

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8 Responses to "Balma bedardi hamaar"

Arunji,
This post is information-packed. Hats off! It was interesting to note that all the important Gujarati personalities who made major contribution to Hindi films had their names starting with ‘Ch’.
AK

AK ji,
Thanks for your comment and observation of letter ” च “.
-AD

I had heard lots of stories about Dr Umedram Desai (Father of Monika and Leela Desai). He was eccentric to the core. He was from my community and was a friend to my maternal grandfather, in a small village Valod in Surat District. I remember playing with my friends on the large verandah of his huge vacant home there.
For sometimes he was the the Chief Medical Officer in the princely state of Bansda (My home town where I was born)

It was wonderful to read the praise from Baburao Patel, who generally was known for his sarcastic and negative writing about most of the famous film folks.

Bharat ji,
Thanks for additional info on Dr. Desai. I love to read your stories of old times.
Baburao rarely said good things about actors. The few times he is on record for such positive comments, they are invariably for Bangla artistes, as per a book on him.

Dear Arunji,

You have outdone yourself , once again !

Is it possible to get the link to that song by Mukesh and Nalini Jaywant from NIRDOSH (1951) with the words “..tumhi ne mujhko prem sikhaya”? Could not find it on YouTube .

Warm regards

PARTHA CHANDA

PARTHA CHANDA ji,
As per Nalini Jaywant, this song’s record was not issued, therefore it may not be uploaded.
Thanks for your appreciation.
-AD

Sorry for the typo , that should be NIRDOSH (1941)

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