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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Ashok Ghosh


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3737 Post No. : 14685

“Gunjan” (1948) was a Nalini Production movie. It was directed by V Desai. The movie had Trilok Kapoor, Nalini Jaiwant, David Abraham, Pande, Balraj Sahni, Veena Kumari, Purnima, Narmada Shanker etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Two of these songs, both sung by Mukesh, have been covered in the blog long ago, viz on 2012 and 2013.

Here is the third song from “Gunjan” (1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Nalini Jaiwant. Vrajendra Gaud is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ashok Ghosh.

Only the audio of the song is available. It is clear that the song was picturised on Nalini Jaiwant herself who was not only the leading lady of the movie but also the producer of the movie..


Song-Kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun (Gunjan)(1948) Singer-Nalini Jaiwant, Lyrics-Vrajendra Gaud, MD-Ashok Ghosh

Lyrics

kiska saath nibhaaun
nibhaaun
ye hai sooraj ye hai chanda
main sandhya si rahi beech mein
kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun
kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun
ye hai sooraj ye hai chanda

sooraj tan mein aag lagaata
bhole man ko chaand sataata
sooraj tan mein aag lagaata
bhole man ko chaand sataata
main samjhaati khadi akeli
peeda kise sunaaun sunaaaun
kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun
ye hai sooraj ye hai chanda

tan hai sooraj ke bandhan mein
tan hai sooraj ke bandhan mein
chaand
chaand chhipa man ke gunjan mein
chaand
chand chhipa man ke gunjan mein
main samjhaati ulajh rahi hoon
kuchh bhi samajh na paaun
nibhaaun
kiska saath nibhaaun nibhaaun
ye hai sooraj ye hai chanda

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3552 Post No. : 14252

Today’s song is from an obscure film called Miss Devi-44. The film was made by Laxmi Productions, Bombay-owned by the producer Director Chimanlal Trivedi. The Music was done by Ashok Ghosh. The song is sung by Rajkumari and an unknown male.

Ashok Ghosh started his music career as an assistant to Pransukh Nayak, for Sagar Movietone film Dr. Madhurika-35. He impressed the company with his work and he was given film Manmohan-36 as an independent Music Director. He had a new assistant named Anil Biswas.

Anil Biswas came from Calcutta along with his Mentor Hiren Bose. In Bombay, he first worked as a joint MD for film Bal Hatya-35 and Bharat ki Beti-35. He got his first film Dharam ki Devi-35 as MD. Anil Biswas joined Sagar as an assistant to Ashok Ghosh. The songs of Manmohan became very popular and famous, especially ” tumhi ne mujh ko prem sikhaya” by Surendra and Bibbo. According to Anil Biswas, he made the song, but Ashok Ghosh always maintained that it was his song. To stress his ownership of this song, Ghosh included the same song in film Nirdosh-41, this time sung by Mukesh and Nalini Jaywant.

After Sagar merged into national Studios, Ghosh gave music to Sanskar-40, Kasauti-41, Nirdosh-41 and Gareeb-42 ( Here again Anil Biswas was his co-MD). Then came Angoothi-43, Sharafat-43, Inkaar-43 and Miss Devi-44 and Aarati-45. His last film was Gunjan -48.Ashok Ghosh left Bombay for Calcutta, where he spent his rest of life.

The Director of this film was Chimanlal Trivedi, who was one of the major film makers of the 30s and the 40s decade. He was more as a Producer businessman than a Director. While he directed hardly 7 films, he produced close to 50 films- all having A grade actors, directors and composers !

Born on 19-3-1909 at a village near Anand in Gujarat he was from a Brahmin family. He did his schooling in Ahmedabad and technical graduation from Baroda. Being an expert in weaving, he took up a job as a weaving Master in Calcutta. Fond of writing, he started writing Dramas, which were staged in Bengal and Gujarat. He was attracted towards Cinema and tried some work in New Theatres. Knowing that the real playing field is Bombay he reached there. he wrote story of film Chevrolet-36 and Danger Signal-37 for Mohan pictures.

He established his own production company CIRCO (Cine Industries Recording COmpany) in 1937. By 1943, he had made 12 films. He preferred not to direct his films, but appointed directors like Mohan Sinha for Laxmi-40, Anuradha-40 and Vanmala-41, Balwant Bhatt for Suhag-40 and Madhusudan-41, A R Kardar for Swami-41 and Nai Duniya-42 and Debki Bose for Apna Ghar-42.

He had the art of getting the most popular stars for his films like, Prithviraj kapoor, Chandramohan, Durga Khote,Mazhar khan, Bibbo,Surendra, Jairaj, Sitara, Jeevan, Yaqub, Shobhana Samarth, Prem Adeeb, Vishnupant Pagnis,Leela Desai, Pahadi Sanyal, Shanta Apte and many others. Even big directors like Debki Bose,Nitin Bose, Kardar,Mohan Sinha, Sarvottam Badami, Nandlal Jaswantlal,Profull Roy, Sudhir Sen, R S Caudhari, Phani mujumdar, Balwant Bhatt etc. worked for him. From Prabhat he brought Shanta Apte for Rs.1000 pm, and also Chandramohan, Pagnis and Mazhar khan. His friend Chandulal Shah followed his way and brought K L Saigal from New Theatres !

C L Trivedi was an expert in gathering funds for his films. After CIRCO at Parel, he started Laxmi Productions at Andheri, in 1942. He made mera Gaon,Sharafat,Bhagya Laxmi,Kadambari,Tamanna,Inkaar,Mohabbat,Miss Devi etc. In 1951, it was Supreme pictures, Trivedi Productions was in 1952, Kala Kendra in 1953 and with Chitra Bharati in 1954, he made 13 films upto 1961. Top Composers like Timir Baran,Ashok Ghosh,Rafiq Gaznavi,K C Dey,Saraswati Devi,Husnlal-Bhagatram and naushad gave music to his films.

In the end, he turned to Stage and started Abhinay Bharati. He staged many dramas in Bombay and Gujarat. Chimanlal always went for big names. He had close relations with Nehru, Menon, Morarji Desai, and other National leaders. His wife Kantaben was a Leader herself. Chimanlal Trivedi died on 25-11-1973. His wife, 3 sons and a daughter settled in USA.

It may be a coincidence, but Gujarati businessmen like Chimanlal Trivedi, Chimanlal Desai,Chimanlal Luhar, Chaturbhuj Doshi, Chimankant Desai, Chunibhai Desai and Chandulal Shah made sizable contribution to Hindi cinema in the first 20 years of the Talkie era. All names started with CH ( ? ) !

Film Miss Devi had a cast of Leela Desai, Surendra,Jagdish Sethi, Agha, Moni Chatterji, Nazeer etc etc. Leela Desai was brought by Trivedi by offering her money she could not refuse. After doing 5 films with New Theatres and 1 film with Ideal Film Co. at Calcutta, she came to Bombay and worked here till she left films.

Leela Desai was the daughter of Dr. Umedbhai Desai-a Gujarati and his second wife Satyabala Devi- a Bengali from Bihar, who was a prominent singer of the 1930s. She was born in America, where her parents had gone for a 3 year trip. She grew up in India. She learnt dancing from Amla Devi-who married Uday shanker, Lachhu Maharaj and Sohan lal. She also learnt music in Morris College , Lucknow. Actress kamala Kumari of New Theatres had also learnt from here. In one of her stage performances in Lucknow, NT’s Director Hem Chander saw her and invited her to Calcutta for working in films.

She worked in the film President-37 as sister of Kamlesh Kumari,opposite Saigal. It was followed by Vidyapati-37, Dushman-38, Kapal kundala-39 and Nartaki-40. She also did Adarsh Mahila-37 with Ideal Film company. Chimanlal Trivedi brought her to Bombay to act opposite Jairaj in film Tamanna-42. She acted in 5 films of Chimanlal Trivedi. After tamanna, leela Desai acted in films like Sharafat,Paraya Dhan, Nagad narayan,Inkaar, Mujrim, Miss Devi,Kaliyan, Meghdoot,Maharani Minal Devi,Magadhraj,Kamla, Dev kanya, Soorat and last film Geet Govind-47.

She acted opposite leading actors like K L Saigal, Najmul Hasan, Jairaj, Pahadi Sanyal, Surendra, Chandra Mohan, Khalil, Baburao pendharkar etc etc. She worked under top directors like Debki Bose, Nitin Bose, kidar Sharma, Phani mujumdar and others. her sisters Monica Desai ( who married Phani Mujumdar) and Ramola were also in films. In a span of just 10 years, Leela Desai acted in 21 films and then left films. She settled in Darjeeling with her mother. Baburao Patel said this about Leela Desai….

“What shall be said of Leela Desai, who acted the part of the President’s sister, the mischievous school-girl, and who always took the active part in the love-making between her and Prakash Babu (Saigal)? I cannot find a single fault with her acting. She played up to Saigal splendidly. Even her eyes were most expressive. What naughtiness was in them? As a shameless hussy she could give points to any of your Hollywood actresses–and win. In the love-duet between her and Saigal it was she who always led. She was the personification of Mr. Bernerd Shaw’s pet notion that, in this eternal amorous game, it is the woman who leads the man on and not, as is commonly supposed, the other way about. From the moment she jumped down her school garden-wall and almost fell plump into the arms of Prakash Babu, who was sitting below chewing the end of his reflections anent his dismissal from his job, she never, in a manner of speaking, left him to himself. She would bring down the house with her: “Uske bad kya hua, Prakash Babu?” The poor man had to dance to her measure ever afterwards. When she found herself with him alone she gave us the impression of having fed on honey-dew and on the milk of paradise. Then, in addition to her sparkling dialogue and supremely ‘alive’ acting, she was gorgeous in her dancing performance. Her whole face was a mirror in which her thoughts were reflected. She was an imp of mischief from commencement to conclusion.”

The onset of second world war from 1939 to 1945 imposed several restrictions on the film industry. One of them was to get extra quota of raw film, the producer had to make one Propaganda film as a war effort of the British. Many big film houses suffered ( New Theatres actually broke down) due to this. Raw film was available in Black market at an exorbitant price ( many people made millions in such Black market of essential commodities and they invested in film industry later).

Film Miss Devi-44 was one such film of propaganda. Unfortunately, by the time the film got completed, censored and finally got released the war had almost ended, thereby losing the very purpose of the film. Germany had surrendered on 8-5-1945. USA dropped Atom Bombs on Japan on 6th and 9th August 1945. Japan surrendered on 2-9-1945 and finally war ended totally. Miss Devi-44 was censored in 1944, but was released on 10-8-1945 in Capitol Theatres, Bombay. By that time the relevance of war propaganda had lost its sheen and need. This affected the film’s running. Another film released almost same time on the same theme was Panna, made by Navyug Films of Acharya Atre. Of course, the lead role of film Panna was done by Geeta Nizami, who was no match to leela Desai in any way !

According to Film India, october-45 issue the story of Miss Devi was about Twin sisters Rani and Devi (Leela Desai). Rani becomes a spy for Japan, whereas Devi is sober, homely, beautiful etc. Devi falls in love with Dr. Ramesh (Surendra).Being a story of twins, there were many scenes of misunderstandings, comedy, song and dances. In the end Rani gets punishment and Devi gets Dr.Ramesh.

Here is a song by Rajkumari with an unknown male. Enjoy this rare song.
( My thanks to Beete kal ke sitare by S.Tamrakar, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Dhunon ki yatra, Vithal Pandya’s books,HFGK, wikipedia and my notes for some information in this article).


Song-Balma bedardi hamaar (Miss Devi)(1944) Singers-Rajkumari, Unknown male voice, MD-Ashok Ghosh

Lyrics

balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar

aayi jawaani
jiya mora doley
aayi jawaani
jiya mora doley
saas nanand mori boli boley
saas nanand mori boli boley
raah chaloon to taaken marad mohe
hoy
raah chaloon to taaken marad mohe
maare najariyon se maar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar

din ko nihaaroon main
raah sajan tori
din ko nihaaroon main
raah sajan tori
ratiyaan bitaaun main roye
ratiyaan bitaaun main roye
chhatiyaan dhadak rahi
patiyaa na bheje piya
hoy
chhatiyaan dhadak rahi
patiyaa na bheje piya
dar dar(?) sunat nahin koye
hoy piya
dar dar ?? sunat nahinkoye

din ko nihaare kaahe raah hamaari raani
ratiyaan bitaaye kaahe roye
ratiyaan bitaaye kaahe roye
patiyaan na bheji mohe
patiyaan na bheji mohe
aana thha yahaan gori
aawan ?? ek hai ??
haan gori
aawan ?? ek hai ??

padgi kesariya balam hai tihaari
padgi kesariya balam hai tihaari
choli tori bootedaar
ho gori
choli tori bootedaar

hil mil ke looten bahaar
ho sainyya
hil mil ke looten bahaar
aao gori
hil mil ke looten bahaar

balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar
haay raam
balma bedardi hamaar


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Garib”(1942) was directed by Ramchandra Thakur for National Studios, Bombay. This movie had Surendra, Rose, Baby Meena, Veena Kumari, Santaka, N A Ansari, Agha, Pesi Patel etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today (18 february 2014) is the Birth Anniversary of NALINI JAYAWANT. She was one of my favourite actresses from the 40s and 50s. Her film which I liked the most was “Hum sab chor hain “-1956. Though she was 30 year old by this time, she still looked very charming, naughty and beautiful. The Hero,Shammi Kapoor was only 26 years,but no one ever felt that she looked older than him. There were excellent songs in the film,composed by O.P.Nayyar and the story was quite entertaining.
Read more on this topic…


“Gunjan” (1948), by now an obscure movie, was a Nalini Production movie. It was directed by V Desai. The movie had Trilok Kapoor, Nalini Jaiwant, David Abraham, Pande, Balraj Sahni, Veena Kumari, Purnima, Narmada Shanker etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

The relentless dedication of one man, and his companions on this musical bandwagon, is clearly evident from the consistent pace at which this blog is making progress by the day. A hundred songs are being consistently added every two weeks, give or take a couple of days. It is this consistency that is the most remarkable feature of this effort. The unflagging interest and the singular determination that is exhibited by the entire team, speaks volumes about the leadership and dedication of this one man.

And yes, we are celebrating another century of posts on this blog today.
Read more on this topic…


When I was going through the list of all songs sung by Mukesh, I found that Mukesh had sung a song called “tumhi ne mujhko prem sikhaaya” in his debut movie called “Nirdosh” (1941). While searching for this song, I was unable to find that song. But on the other hand I located another, and even older song with similar lyrics.
Read more on this topic…


Today (8 july) is the death anniversary of lyricist Saraswati Kumar “Deepak”. He was active in Hindi movies mainly in 1940s and 1950s. This blog has 15 songs written by him as of now.
Read more on this topic…


Mukesh was brought to Bombay (now Mumbai) in late 1930s by Motilal (a distant relative) who had seen him singing a song at Motilal’s sister’s wedding. While at Bombay, Mukesh got the opportunity to act and sing in a movie called “Nirdosh” (1941). This movie also had Nalini Jaiwant.It is interesting to note that Mukesh first acted in movies in 1940s, whereas his grandson (Neil Nitin Mukesh) is acting in movies more than six decades later. Read the rest of this entry »


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has exactly 14800 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3800 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1155
Total Number of movies covered =4046

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