Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Hum Bharat ki santaan

Posted on: September 3, 2019


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4064 Post No. : 15198 Movie Count :

4176

Today’s song is from an obscure, unknown, ‘Ç’ grade stunt film – Toofani Tirandaz-47. This film was made by Homi Wadia’s Basant Pictures, but, for a change, it was directed by Boman Shroff – who was a regular actor in Wadia’s stable, present in almost every film of Fearless Nadia, including today’s film. The cast of the film was Nadia, Prakash, Sayani Aatish, Boman Shroff, Sona Chatterjee, Mithu miyan, Krishnakant, Rajpoot(horse) and Austin ki Bachhi(a jalopy). The film had 8 songs, all written by Begum Aziz Minai ( her other film was Aabida-47 in which she wrote 3 songs). Music was composed by A.Karim.

Toofani Tirandaz-47 was a routine stunt film from Wadia, having more or less the same story and same actors. Despite this, the films of Fearless Nadia were extremely popular in a certain class of audience in India and in many Arab and Middle east Gulf countries, where there was a great demand for these films. After Partition, even in Pakistan, Wadia stunt films were popular and in demand. In 1948, when Wadia made the film “Shri Ram Bhakta Hanuman”-48, he exported even this film to Muslim countries after changing the Title as “Udta Bandar” ( उडता बंदर ) or The Flying Monkey, converting a Mythological film into an action film ! The film was equally popular there.For Nadia films, additionally, a lady bashing up goons and restoring justice, while at the same time having a love story with the Hero was so thrilling for the audience. They were so enamoured with Nadia, that they did not care, she did not look Indian or her Hindi diction was defective !

There was a difference between Wadia – Nadia stunt films and stunt films made by other film makers. The specialty was, in addition to the regular human star cast, these films were full of thrilling acts by Animals. In most Wadia films,the animals had a distinct role to play- of course without dialogues ! Ha Ha !!

As long as Wadia Movietone was united, there was a roll-call of trained animals like Horse, Dog, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Elephants etc etc. In some films there were Hyenas and pythons too. In addition,Machines also played specific roles, like a Car and a Motor Cycle. In one film, Nadia’s whistle used to make the Motorcycle come to her ! What was most noteworthy was that that all these Non-Human stars had their own names !

The set of actors and actresses working in stunt/Action films in C grade movies were a fixed lot. In a way they ‘specialised‘ in this sort of films. In almost all the stunt films of Nadia( she did few social films too), the fixed crew and cast included the Bilimoria brothers, John Cavas, Jal Khambata, Minoo the mystique(Minu Cooper), Sardar Mansoor, Boman Shroff, Sayani Atish etc. Not everyone was in every film, but they took turns in appearances.

From 1935 onwards stunt films ,including Nadia’s, had a Horse named “Punjab ka Beta”, a Dog named ‘Tiger’, and a motor car name ‘ Rolls Royce ki beti’.

After Wadia brothers split and Homi started his Basant pictures, Nadia joined him and another set of animals like, Rajpoot(Horse), Moti(Dog) and Austin ki bachhi(a motor car) were included. In addition there was a Motor Cycle called ‘Runnio’ as well.

Few years back, in one of my posts, I had written about the animals and Machines in Nadia films, but it was not a detailed information. I was very keen to know more about animals in films. Who trained them, how are they handled and whether the animals are not scared of the strangers and the Arc lights etc were my questions. I did not know how to get this information.

Then suddenly I remembered having read an article-PDF- by some Mala Doshi, on Memsaab’s Blog , some years ago. I tried but could not locate it. As usual the kind hearted Memsaab came to my rescue and she provided me the link to it. I read it completely. However this did not have answers to my questions, though it is also quite informative.

I contacted one of my friends in Pune and he told me that an article giving all this information was published in RASRANG-a Marathi film magazine, years ago. This was a poor clue, but I started searching for it without any result for a long time. My luck smiled on me one day, when I was reading a book RUPERI SMARANYATRA (memories of the silver screen) by Prof. Subhash Savarkar. That article , which I was searching so desperately was reprinted in this book !

The article is written by Mr. Vasant Bhalekar who also holds its copyright. This article must have been published in the late 60s or so. I thank Mr.Bhalekar for this information.

‘Punjab ka beta’ was trained by Agha Mehmood who was in the Film Industry since 1930 onwards supplying trained animals. The Horse was born in Ahmedabad, trained in Surat and worked in Bombay. He was very intelligent. His first film was ‘Ishq ki Laila’-a silent film. In 1935 Punjab ka Beta or PKB joined Wadia movietone. His original name was GAZI which was changed by JBH Wadia to PKB, when he first worked in “Hind kesari”-35

He was expert in running, trotting, falling, sleeping-like dead, jumping, walking on knees, standing on 2 legs etc. Nadia used him first time in ‘Lutaru Lalna’-38 and PKB was her horse till it died. In Diamond queen-40 PKB and Nadia jumped through wild raging fire. Both were burnt, but the shot came off fantastic.

In Jai Bharat-36, PKB carried Master Chhotu in his mouth for a distance and gave close ups too. In Flying Prince there was a shot when the Heroine chases a Train and jumps onto it. PKB was ridden by Hashim, son of Agha, in Heroine’s clothes and boarded the train, but both were a little hurt.

Punjab ka beta died soon after working in Hind ka laal-40. Agha trained another horse Rajpoot just like PKB.

Rajpoot gave a deadly shot in Baabuji-50, where he had to climb and come down stairs of a 30 feet set. Agha first took the horse around the sets and up and down 4-5 times. The horse got the idea of the shot and he gave it superbly, though this shot was very life threatening.

Rajpoot also acted in Darvesh-49 and Cobra Girl-63 in which he had to do some back kicking (like an ass). Actually back kicking is the first thing all trainers make the horse to forget before horse’s training starts. Now Rajpoot had to be taught what he was made to forget. For this Agha used to rap his hind legs and make a sound on the Tin sheet kept behind him. After 2-3 days the horse understood what is to be done and started back kicking.

In film Zabak – 61, the horse was supposed to smile and wink at the Hero. Agha knew that when a Foal (colt or filly- young horse) is brought before a Horse it starts making a laughing face and sounds. Hence be brought a colt and took the shots of Rajput smiling. Then for winking, they used water used after washing crackers. When horse’s eyes are washed with this water, horse winks for one hour ! Thus this shot was also taken.

Agha also trained horse Moti and elephant Ramchandra for film NAVRANG-59. They both were trained to do dancing steps for a month. Sandhya danced with these animals and it has come out wonderfully.

We see many animals ‘acting’ in the films, but we hardly know how much effort of the Trainers has gone behind that. Besides taking care of the animals, the trainers have to tolerate the ‘moods’ of the animals also.

With the the stunt films in “C” grade dwindling, animals which are used nowadays in films are only the pet animals, like Dogs, cats, Birds etc. The use of wild animals like Tigers, Lion, Elephants etc is no more required in the films. Horses are used sometimes.

Jimmy Bharucha, one of the best Horse Trainers in India, had himself been trained in foreign countries. He had opened a Horse Training School in Poona. Yesteryear actor SHYAM was one of his earliest students. For all his films, Shyam used the same horse from Bharucha. Actor Shyam had died while doing a stunt for film Shabistan-51.

Whenever he talked about Shyam, Bharucha got emotional. The truth about Shyam’s death….

That fateful day, Shyam was in a very cheerful mood. He joked with other artists as usual. The film was SHABISTAN. He had to do a stunt scene on a horse. His double was kept ready. However Shyam insisted on doing that dangerous shot himself that day. The scene started and was also completed successfully. There was a round of applauding claps.

Shyam was getting down from the horse and suddenly,the horse started running. Shyam’s foot got stuck in the stirr-up and he was dragged some distance before people ran and stopped the horse. Shyam was unconscious. He was immediately taken to the hospital, but he died-with his make up and costume still on him !( another actor who died on the sets was comedian actor Gope. He finished his shot. His last dialogue was ” Main upar jaa raha hoon”, and he collapsed with a massive heart attack which took his life instantly.)

Bharucha had supplied horses to films like Aan, Anarkali and Mughal e Azam etc. He had supplied Dogs for films like Love in Simla, Hum Hindustani etc. Once when the Producer was not paying in time he stopped the animal’s work. They were paid immediately because the animal’s shots were half done till that time.

Bharucha had trained one beautiful white Horse to dance to the tune of Waltz and Cha Cha. The horse was in great demand by Taj Mahal Hotel to entertain Foreign guests !

So much about the Animals in films. There is much more information , may be some other time. I was also keen to know more about the actors of Wadia films, but it was like searching a needle in a hay stack. One thing – they were seen only in C grade stunt films and hence the so called “Gentleman” magazines and papers etc. paid no heed to them and secondly – they ended their careers in the late 40s or early 50s, as the C grade stunt film Genre died its natural death. When no source works on my own, I turn to one sure point, i.e. Harish Raghuwanshi ji. Though he is not keeping too well these days, he is always prompt in responding and providing help, whenever available.With his help, I got some – only some – information on 2 of the major actors of Wadia – Nadia movies.

Sayani Aatish – his real name was Sayani Abdul Hamid Ahmed. He was born in Bombay. He had a ancestral Timber business, but his intense desire to work in films brought him to this profession in 1925. He started working in Silent stunt films as a villain.By the time Talkie films came, he had perfected his style. He joined Wadia Movietone. His first Talkie film was “Laal-E-Yaman”-33. After this he did 18 films.His last film was Mere Sajan-41. He was considered an outstanding villain of films.He was a writer and composer too.

Boman Shroff was born in Kalyan-Bombay. He joined films in 1922. After doing many silent films, he joined Wadia Movietone. His first Talkie film was “Laal E Yaman-33”. He was known as a Dare Devil stuntman and master of make up. His role was usually of a comedian. His best performance was in Toofani tarzan-37. He worked in 17 films. His last film as an actor was Stunt King-44. Boman Shroff also directed two films. One, today’s film Toofani tirandaz-47 and Sher Dil-54.

Whenever I write on any Fearless Nadia film, I always remember my meeting with her in the early 80s in Bombay. I only regret that I did not take a Photograph with her. If only Mobile Phones were in vogue in those times…….

(Thanks to Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Vasant Bhalekar, Subhash Savarkar, Greta Memsaab, Film Directory-1938 and my notes for information used herein.)


Song – Hum Bharat ki santaan (Toofaani Teerandaaz)(1947) Singers-Unknown Female voice, Unknown male voice, Lyrics – Begum Aziz Minai, MD- A Kareem
Female Chorus
Male chorus

Lyrics

Hum Bharat ki santaan
Hum Bharat ki santaan
aise chamke teer hamaare
jyon Arjun ke baan
aise chamke teer hamaare
jyon Arjun ke baan
jyon Arjun ke baan
Hum Bharat ki santaan
Hum Bharat ki santaan

jaagi hai Bharat ki naari
dekhegi ab duniya saari
jaagi hai Bharat ki naari
dekhegi ab duniya saari
karegi ab ye desh ki sewa
de kar jeewan daan
karegi ab ye desh ki sewa
de kar jeewan daan
de kar jeewan daan

Hum Bharat ki santaan
Hum Bharat ki santaan

ran mein nikle taan ke seena
paap hai kaayar ban ke jeena
ran mein nikle taan ke seena
paap hai kaayar ban ke jeena
himmat ho to ho jaati hai
har mushqil aasaan
himmat ho to ho jaati hai
har mushqil aasaan

har mushqil aasaan
Hum Bharat ki santaan
Hum Bharat ki santaan
aise chamke teer hamare
jyon Arjun ke baan
jyon Arjun ke baan

hum Bharat ki aankh ke taare
le kar ghoda saath hamaare
hum Bharat ki aankh ke taare
le kar ghoda saath hamaare
hum toofaani teer chalaayen
hum bhi hain balwaan
hum toofaani teer chalaayen
hum bhi hain balwaan
hum bhi hain balwaan

toofaanon se kyun ghabraayen
apni naiyya aap chalaayen
toofaanon se kyun ghabraayen
apni naiyya aap chalaayen
jiske seene mein shakti hai
uska hai Bhagwaan
jiske seene mein shakti hai
uska hai Bhagwaan

uska hai Bhagwaan
hum Bharat ki santaan
hum Bharat ki santaan
aise chamke teer hamaare
jyon Arjun ke baan
aise chamke teer hamaare
jyon Arjun ke baan
jyon Arjun ke baan

6 Responses to "Hum Bharat ki santaan"

Thanks for the informative post Arun ji, Thanks a lot, enjoyed reading

Like

Thanks, Prakash ji, for your comment.

Like

Amongst other contents, training of animals , for filming,was interesting. The exercise to make” the horse”wink was a bit disturbing. Today animal rights would have taken the producers to task!!

Like

You are right.
Thanks for your comment.

Like

Very interesting article. I was always wondering how Sandhya and the Elephant danced together as if they had a secret pact. Today I found the answer. Thank you Arunkumar ji for your excellent article.

Like

Ammj Wijisiriwardene ji,
Thanks for your appreciation. Such comments give us the satisfaction for the hard work that went into writing the article.
Apart from the Elephant ‘acting’, there are many more such stories about Animals in films.
Thanks again.
-AD

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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