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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Ajit Merchant


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3915 Post No. : 14976

Today’s song is from the film Chandi Pooja-57.

The decade of the 1950’s was significant in HFM for many reasons. Firstly, this was the decade which saw the peak of the Golden Era of the HFM and also it witnessed the downward trend in the quality of music by the end of the decade. Secondly, those Music Directors who bloomed highest in the end of 40’s, slowly started their journey downwards. A glaring example is that of C.Ramchandra. At the same time, those Music Directors who had just started their ascent in the end period of the 1940’s, went to their Zenith, stayed there for a while and began their descent by early 1960s. Typical examples are Shankar-Jaikishen, S D Burman, Madan Mohan etc.

The last few remnants of HFM of 1940s like Khemchand Prakash (he died in 1950), Hansraj Behl, Gyan Dutt, K.Datta etc began their downward journey in this decade and new stars like N Dutta, Hemant Kumar etc emerged on the musical horizon.

Thirdly, the decade was a decade of Mythological and Religious films. As many as 124 such films were released under this Genre. Consequently, Music Directors like Avinash Vyas and S N Tripathi etc, who were specialists of this Genre prospered.

1957, in my opinion, was the Pinnacle of Hindi films in the Golden Era. What films! What Music !! What entertainment !!! Films were at their best in 1957. The list reads Aasha, Abhimaan, Ab Dilli door nahin, Agra Road, Apradhi kaun, Baarish, Bada Bhai, Begunah, Bhabhi, Champakali, Dekh Kabeera roya, Do aankhen bara haath, Ek gaon ki kahani, Ek jhalak, Ek saal, Gateway of India, Hum panchhi ek daal ke,, janam janam ke phere, Kathputli, Miss Bombai, Miss India, Miss Mary, Mother India, Mr. X, Nau do gyarah, Naya Daur, paying Guest, Pyaasa, Shaarda, Yahudi ki Ladki etc etc.

It seemed as if, leading Music Directors had decided to showcase their Best offerings to the HFM lovers in the decade of the 50’s. In this flood, other MDs like Narayan Dutt, Bipin-Babul, Avinash Vyas, Jimmy, Sanmukh Babu upadhyaya, B N Bali, A R Qureshi, Ram gangully, S Mohinder, Ghulam Mohammed, Kanu Ghosh, Ramlal, Vinod, Sardul kwatra, Husnlal Bhagatram were operating but without their presence being felt.

Among all the stalwarts and their films,there was one Music Director, who quietly performed his acts and disappeared . His name was Ajit Merchant. He is one of those who were successful in Gujarati films more than Hindi films. he did give some melodious songs, however, he was not successful. he was the son of Ratansy Jetha, a criminal Lawyer in Bombay. Born on 15-8-1922, he was the only child in the family.Instead of school education, he was more interested in learning Music. he was encouraged by his father and learned from Ustad Amaan ali khan of Bhendi Bazar and Shiv kumar Shukla ( Principal of Music college, Baroda). he also learnt western music from Amy Markerus.

He started as assistant to Ashok Ghosh and Anil Biswas. His first independent work as Music Director was film Refugee-48. Then came film Raaj kumari-55 (a remake of Tamil film Van sundari), Indraleela-56, Chandi Pooja-57, Rambhakta Bibhishan-58, Sapera-61, Challenge-64 and his last film Lady killer-68. He was a Music producer in A.I.R. from 1957 to 1967. He gave music to 32 Gujarati films and only 8 Hindi films. In Gujarati, he is best remembered for Dilip Dholakiya’s song ” Taari aankhno afini” from film Diwa Dandi-50. ( Mera joota hai Japani is inspired by this song). He also gave music to more than 200 Gujarati, Hindi and Marathi stage dramas. He left behind wife Nilamben , 4 daughters and 2 sons, when he died on 18-3-2011 at Bombay.

Film Chandi Pooja-57 was directed by Raman Desai. Raman B Desai was born in Bilimora,Gujarat,on 28-4-1918. At the age of 20 years he joined Wadia Movietone as an assistant Director. He assisted Director Chaturbhuj Doshi for quite some time. he became an independent Director with Pehli Pehchan in 1947. Then came Narad Muni,Raja harishchandra,Hari Darshan,Naag Panchami,Chakradhari,Rajyogi Bharthari,Navaratri,Waman Avataar,Ram navami,Grihalaxmi (he also produced it) and Amar jyoti-1965. he also directed 6 Gujarati films.Due to his expertise in religious films,he was known as ” King of Mythological Films”.

Raman B Desai expired on 22-12-1997. ( he should not be mistaken for another director Ramanlal Desai,who operated in the same period and directed films like Aab-e-Hayaat-55 and Sangeeta-50 etc).

The cast of the film was Nirupa Roy, Manhar Desai, Prem Adeeb, Shanta Apte ( her last film), Sapru and others. In hindi film, Shahu Modak and manhar Desai both were Christians, but became famous by doing Mythological and religious films and enacting Hindu Gods and Saints.

Manhar Desai was a Gujarati Christian-real name Malcolm Alfredo D’souza. He was born on 3-8-1917. He used to stammer when he was a boy. He used to act and sing in dramas and due to his stammering style, he was very popular on stage. After completing High school, he ran away to Bombay to join Films, but could not even enter any studio, Disappointed, he returned to his home and restarted studies. He joined Wilson college in Bombay for graduation. In college he started acting and singing on stage. He had a friend N.C.Pandey, who was also mad after films. He promised Manhar that if he becomes a Director, he will make manhar a Hero. While in college Manhar married his classmate, who was from U.P.

In 1947, Manhar got a call from his friend N.C.Pandey, who was to direct a Hindi film. He made manhar the Hero of this film and thus fulfilled his promise. Toofani Sawar-47 was the first film of Manhar Desai, in Hindi. He was invited to work in film Gunsundari-48 ( Gujarati), opposite Nirupa Roy. The film was Hit and he acted in next film Mangal Phera-49 with Nirupa Roy. This too became a Hit film in Gujarati and then there was no looking back. His next Hindi film was Madhosh-51 opposite Meena kumari. Following their success in Gujarati, Nirupa Roy and Manhar were paired in several Mythological films in Hindi. Films Naag Panchami-53 and Shivratri-54 made him a popular Hero in Hindi mythological films.

Manhar Desai was fond of Reading. During breaks in shooting, he would catch up with his reading. He also was a good painter. Manhar worked in 106 Hindi films. His last film was Nal Damyanti-88. In the last phase of his career, he was disillusioned about the working in films in this era, so he gave up working and retired. ManharDesai died on 25-2-1992.

Today’s song is a very melodious song. Many readers may still remember this song. My thanks to our Sadanand ji Kamath for locating this song and giving me the link, on my request, since I could not find it anywhere. This is the type of camaraderie that exists among the Atulites.


Song-Dig dig dig dig daiyya…chali meri Naiyya (Chandi Pooja)(1957) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Ajit Merchant
Chorus

Lyrics

Dig dig dig dig daiyya
aa aa aa aa aa
chali meri naiyya
aa aa aa aa aa
Dig dig dig dig daiyya
chali meri naiyya
bahe purwaiyya re
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re

matwaali gopiyaan pukaaren
jaldi se aa mil kanhaiyya
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re

ooper chalte kaale megha aa
kaale kaale megha re
ooper chalte kaale megha
neeche chalti naav
chalti naav re ae
aa gaye ham to door
rah gaya peechhe gokul gaanv
gokul gaanv re
man ki amraiyya hai sooni ee
aa ja re raas rachaiyya
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re

dig dig dig dig daiyya
aa aa aa aa
chali teri naiyya
aa aa aa aa

dig dig dig dig daiyya
chali meri naiyya
bahe purwaiyya re
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re

chori chori kar ke bahaana aa
kar ke bahaana re
chori chori kar ke bahaana
ham nikle hain ghar se
nikle hain ghar se ae ae
mil ja re mohan
kaanp rahi hain ham duniya ke dar se
duniya ke dar se
lehron pe khelti patwaaren ae ae
karti hain chhappak chhappak chhaiyya
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re

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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3859 Post No. : 14873

Greetings all – Basant is here. Today is the celebration of Basant Panchmi.

Of all the wonderful songs that have been created in Hindi films, for celebrating this King of Seasons, I would prefer to place this song today to be amongst the top five. Such a beautiful creation this is.

I myself had not heard of this song, till about five days ago. A friend in our circle enquired whether I had this song. He has been searching for it for some time now. Not being aware of it first hand, I said I will check. And when I located it in my collection, and then heard it for the first time, I am simply bowled over by the soft beauty and the delicious attractiveness of this song. The words, the music and the rendition have all come together in a conspiracy to steal your heart away.

The words are written by Saraswati Kumar Deepak. Ah, the enchantment of the lyrics that say – “चलो तारों के गजरे बना लो सखी” – come, lets make a garland from the stars. The wonderful music is from the mind of Ajit Merchant. The soft and beautiful melody – it makes such a delightful use of chorus lines interspersed with the primary singing voice. And this exquisite rendition is in the voice of Sudha Malhotra. She has rendered some of the loveliest songs in Hindi films. And this one stands right up there with her best – sung ever so sweetly.

The film is ‘Ram Bhakt Vibhishan’ from 1958 – one of the more obscure and unfamiliar productions, whose claim to fame might well just be the lovely music – like this song. The production banner is Rajni Chitr, Bombay. The film is produced by SJ Rajdev and directed by Samar Chatterji. The star cast of this film is listed as Nirupa Roy, Shahu Modak, Prem Adeeb, Krishna Kumari, Shanta Apte, Babu, Kamal, Surendra Kumar, Neema, Sarita, and Bipin Gupta. A total of nine songs are listed for this film. This is the third song for this film to appear here on our blog.

Listen to this lovely creation, and marvel – at the gems that still need to be discovered.

Song – Ritu Raja Ne Teer Chalaaya  (Ram Bhakt Vibhishan) (1958) Singer – Sudha Malhotra, Lyrics – Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD – Ajit Merchant
Chorus

Lyrics

ritu raja ne. . .

ritu raja ne teer chalaaya
jiya lalchaaya
sajaniyaa..aa..aa
aaya basant
hua birha ka ant
sakhi aaya basant

o o oooo
ooooo oo ooooo
bhanwre chaley. . .
bhanwre chaley
bhanwre chaley gungunaate huye
suno praanon ki bansi bajaate huye
gungunaate huye
gungunaate huye
zara nainon se
zara nainon se naina milaate huye
chalo masti ki basti basaate huye
ritu raja ne
ritu raja ne teer chalaaya
jiya lalchaaya
sajaniyaa..aa..aa
aaya basant
hua birha ka ant
sakhi aaya basant

o o oooo
ooooo oo ooooo
angdaaiyaan. . .
angdaaiyaan
angdaaiyaan le ke pariaan chalin
neele neele gagan ki sundariaan chalin
dekho pariaan chalin
dekho pariaan chalin
badi natkhat hai
badi natkhat rengeeli badi manchali
saari duniya mein machne lagi khalbali
ritu raja ne
ritu raja ne teer chalaaya
jiya lalchaaya
sajaniyaa..aa..aa
aaya basant
hua birha ka ant
sakhi aaya basant

o o oooo
ooooo oo ooooo
chanda taley. . .
chanda taley
chanda taley jhoola daalo sakhi
chalo taaron ki gajre bana lo sakhi
jhoola daalo sakhi
jhoola daalo sakhi
hath chhodo ji
hath chhodo najariya utha lo sakhi
baanke balma ko apna bana lo sakhi
ritu raja ne
ritu raja ne teer chalaaya
jiya lalchaaya
sajaniyaa..aa..aa
aaya basant
hua birha ka ant
sakhi aaya basant

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

ऋतु राजा ने॰ ॰ ॰

ऋतु राजा ने तीर चलाया
जिया ललचाया
सजनीया॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
आया बसंत
हुआ बिरहा का अंत
सखी आया बसंत

ओ ओ ओssss
ओssss ओs ओssss
भँवरे चले॰ ॰ ॰
भँवरे चले
भँवरे चले गुनगुनाते हुये
सुनो प्राणों की बंसी बजाते हुये
गुनगुनाते हुये
गुनगुनाते हुये
ज़रा नैनों से
ज़रा नैनों से नैना मिलाते हुये
चलो मस्ती की बस्ती बसाते हुये
ऋतु राजा ने॰ ॰ ॰
ऋतु राजा ने तीर चलाया
जिया ललचाया
सजनीया॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
आया बसंत
हुआ बिरहा का अंत
सखी आया बसंत

ओ ओ ओssss
ओssss ओs ओssss
अंगड़ाइयाँ॰ ॰ ॰
अंगड़ाइयाँ
अंगड़ाइयाँ ले के पारियाँ चलीं
नीले नीले गगन की सुंदरियाँ चलीं
देखो पारियाँ चलीं
देखो पारियाँ चलीं
बड़ी नटखट है
बड़ी नटखट रंगीली बड़ी मनचली
सारी दुनिया में मचने लगी खलबली
ऋतु राजा ने॰ ॰ ॰
ऋतु राजा ने तीर चलाया
जिया ललचाया
सजनीया॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
आया बसंत
हुआ बिरहा का अंत
सखी आया बसंत

ओ ओ ओssss
ओssss ओs ओssss
चंदा तले॰ ॰ ॰
चंदा तले
चंदा तले झूला डालो सखी
चलो तारों के गजरे बना लो सखी
झूला डालो सखी
झूला डालो सखी
हठ छोड़ो जी
हठ छोड़ो नजरिया उठा लो सखी
बाँके बलमा को अपना बना लो सखी
ऋतु राजा ने॰ ॰ ॰
ऋतु राजा ने तीर चलाया
जिया ललचाया
सजनीया॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
आया बसंत
हुआ बिरहा का अंत
सखी आया बसंत


This article is written by Peevesie’s mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today is the 98th birth anniversary of a venerated poet and song writer in our Hindi film industry. He is one of those lyricists in the industry, who has a significant portfolio of work but not much is known about his personal life. We only know that he started to work in the Hindi films in 1942. On our blog, the last two posted songs written by him are “Main Nainon Ka Saawan Bhulaane Chali Hoon”, and “Ek Gagan Panth Ka Pakheru”.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Indra Leela”(1956) was produced by Malikchand Kochar, M A and directed by Rajendra Sharma for Nirmal Pictures, Bombay. This mythological movie had Trilok Kapoor, Kuldeep Kaur, S N Tripathi, Leela Mishra, Rajendra Singh, Indu Pal, Rajkumar, Ram Raseela, Lalit Kapoor, Nirmal Kumar, Kamaldeep, Chawla, Uma Devi, Uma Dutt, Amarnath Tripathi etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The runaway success of musical films like ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941), ‘Basant’ (1942), ‘Kismet’ (1943), ‘Tansen’ (1943) and ‘Rattan’ (1944) seem to have attracted, many new music directors to join the Hindi film industry in the 1940s. But only a few of them could climb the ladder of success to reach among the top music directors and elongate their successful musical carrier in the 1950s and beyond. Most of new music directors vanished into thin air after composing songs for very few films.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This is a very melodious song from film, RAMBHAKTA BIBHISHAN-1958,sung by Kavi Pradeep ji, who was an expert in singing such songs.
Read more on this topic…


“Lady Killer” (1968) was a quintessential B grade movie. It was a People Pictures presentation. It was directed by B J Patel. The movie had Helen, Shabnam, Arun Sarnaik, Nilopher, Vishwa Mehra, Satyen Kappu, David Abraham etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


“Challenge” (1964) is a movie as obscure as any. This movie was a Movie Centre Production. It was directed by B J Patel. It is not clear who played the lead role in this movie. The sketchy information available about this movie suggest that Ranjan, Chitra, Maruti, Polson, Tiwari, etc figured in this movie.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Music director Ajit Merchant is better known for his contributions to the Gujarati cinema and to the theatre world in Bombay. He did venture into the Hindi film world also, albeit his contribution is limited to less than 10 movies. Saperaa (1961) is one of the movies that Ajit Merchant composed music for. I have already discussed a wonderful Manna Dey solo from this movie, some days back. Here is another beautiful gem of a song from the same movie. This is a duet, that is rendered so lovingly by Manna Dey and Suman Kalyanpur. The lyrics are by Indeewar. The lead roles in this movie are played by Jyoti and Ranjan. Other actors in the film are Tiwari, Jeevnkala, Sunder, Uma Dutt, Neena, Rajan Kapoor etc.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Ajit Merchant, a leading music director for Gujarati films and for the theatre world in Bombay, passed away about 4 months ago (18th March, 2011). He was 80 plus. Although better known for his work in the Gujarati cinema, he did compose music for Hindi movies, albeit a small number. By some accounts, his offerings in the Hindi film world number less than 10. An accomplished music director, Ajit Merchant gave a first important break to a struggling Jagjit Singh in the late 60s. Raj Kapoor was also a fan of Ajit Merchant. It is said that after hearing the song “mari ankh no afini tara roop no bandhani . . .” (from the Gujarati film “Divadndi” he requested Shankar Jaikishan also to listen to it. The result of this reference was the song “Mera joota hai japaani” from film Shri 420, based on the tune of the Gujarati song.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15100 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1176
Total Number of movies covered =4169

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