Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Aji mat poochho kuchh baat college albeli

Posted on: October 1, 2016


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from film ‘Samaaj ko badal dalo’-47- a relatively unknown film. The song is a chorus song, sung by Rafi, Arunkumar Mukherjee and Manna Dey. HFGK does not mention the names of singers, but I got these names from the Rafi songs Excel sheet, corroborated by Muvyz.com and Wikipedia also. The song is composed by Khemchand Prakash. The film is produced by Prakash Pictures of the Bhatt brothers, who had become famous due to their epic films on Mythology like Bharat milap and Ramrajya etc.

In 1947, Prakash Pictures probably made this quicky film during the turmoil of Partition in the country. Under that situation, making a Mythological film, which required elaborate sets, costumes and cast, was risky. The film was directed by Vijay Bhatt and the music was by Khemchand Prakash.

Khemchand Prakash and Prithwiraj Kapoor were good friends. When Kapoor left New Theatres, Calcutta and came down to Bombay, Khemchand also followed him like K.N.Singh and some others. Khemchand was then employed by Ranjit Movietone from 1940 to 1945, in place of Gyan Dutt who was in Ranjit from 1937 to 1940 ( 15 films). Khemchand gave music to 20 films in 5 years period. When he left Ranjit, his friend Bulo C. Rani joined in his place. However, by that time Ranjit was already going downhill due to financial difficulties caused by the gambling of Sardar Chandulal Shah.

The cast of film Samaj ko badal dalo-47 was Arun Ahuja, Mridula,Yakub,Umakant, Leela Pawar, Bikram Kapoor etc etc.The inclusion of Mridula in the film has a story behind it.

Mridula started her career with prestigious Bombay Talkies. Her first film as a Heroine was opposite Dilip Kumar- Jwar Bhata-44. She was under contract with Bombay Talkies for 5 years.

Right from 1931 onward the studio system was very common and Actors, Directors and Composers were hired under contract, on monthly pay rolls by the studios. There was a competition among major studios as to who has got more famous stars on their rolls. Studios also had regional inclinations. For example,Prabhat studios had maximum Marathi artistes, Prakash,Sagar and Imperial had mostly Gujaratis, whereas new Theatres in Calcutta and Bombay Talkies in Bombay promoted Bangla artistes. Studios like Pancholi in Lahore or Minerva or Ranjit in Bombay had a cosmopolitan mix. Ranjit had the biggest fleet of more than 300 people on their payrolls at one time ! They even advertised ” There are more stars in Ranjit than there are in the sky” !!!

In general contracts with artistes went off smoothly, but at times, due to the stubbornness of the owners, the careers of some artistes were almost destroyed or were stuck for a long time plunging them into bleak prospects for their future. Notable cases of such sufferers were that of Meena Shorey of Minerva movietone, Shanta Apte, Manju and Chandramohan with Prabhat films/V.Shantaram, Uma Devi with Kardar studios, Sitara Kanpuri with Shalimar films etc.

Among these, the worst case was that of Meena Shorey.

Khursheed jehan (later Meena Shorey) was a find of Sohrab Modi. She was illiterate. He signed a contract with her, telling her that it was for one year and that she can not work anywhere else in this period. Uneducated Meena signed blindly. She worked in 2 films and then the films stopped. She lost many outside offers-like Mehboob Khan for film Humayun-45 etc, because of her contract. After one year, when she was called to Lahore by Pancholi and was offered 2 films there, she received a legal notice from Sohrab Mody for breach of contract. She went to Bombay to inquire. To her dismay, she found that taking advantage of her illiteracy, Modi had made the contract for 3 years and NOT one year. When she pleaded, he asked for 60000 rupees. Finally she was released when Modi’s wife Mehtab intervened and settled the matter for 30000 rupees.

Chandramohan became a drunkard when V Shantaram did not release him and kept him without work. He died penniless in 1949. Sitara Kanpuri was also cheated by W Z Ahmed of Shalimar films. Kardar destroyed the singing career of Uma Devi because she went to Madras to sing for Chandralekha-48 while under contract but without work for one year.

Similarly Mridula was also a victim of her contract with Bombay Talkies. It destroyed her career as a Heroine for ever. Devika Rani was her Mentor in Bombay Talkies. However, after Himanshu Rai’s death, no one was listening to her in the company due to groupism. Disgusted, Devika rani left Bombay Talkies,having sold all the shares. Mridula got stuck in the company without work, due to her 5 year contract. It was Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures who somehow convinced Bombay Talkies to loan her to him and she got roles in 2 of their films. In film ‘Bhakta Dhruva”-47, she played mother to 16 year old Shashi kapoor (sr) when she herself was about 23 year old only ! But she had no choice. The film and her role became famous, but she lost her chances of becoming Heroine in any film thereafter for ever.

Mridula ( real name Chandrakanta) was born on 2-11-1924 at Almora, but was educated in Delhi. When she was in college doing her graduation, Amiya Chakravarty of Bombay Talkies came to Delhi on a Talent Hunt. He contacted her and gave her an offer. She signed a 5 year contract with Bombay Talkies and Devika Rani became her Mentor, teaching her everything. She was paid 2500 rupees salary with a furnished house. Her first film was “Jwar Bhata”-44, opposite another Debutant Dilip Kumar (Yousuf Khan). After Himanshu Rai’s death, Bombay Talkies was already in disarray. Many people had left the company due to differences with Devika Rai. A group of them formed Filmistan.

She got married to her lover Mr. G C Andley. However the marriage was unsuccessful and she went back to Delhi. She spent a miserable life selling whatever she had to survive. She got divorce and came back to Bombay to work in films, in 1954. She worked in 53 films in all. Her last released film was Saboot-80, though she had married again and retired some time before that.

Presently ( till 30-9-2016) she was living in worli, Mumbai all alone. Her only daughter stayed nearby and looks after her.

Film Samaj ko badal dalo-47 was a sort of social reform film, highlighting the ills of mismatch marriages. The story of the film,in short is like this..

Kishore (Arun) and Manorama (Mridula) are in love with each others but unable to get married. Mridula’s father is a clerk, who can’t afford to pay the dowry demanded by Arun’s family. Jayant (Yakub) is a widower, and Mridula is married off to him. His cruel behaviour becomes apparent when he starts torturing Mridula soon after their marriage. Arun’s parents get him married to the rich Champa (Leela Pawar) who is in love with someone else. Arun helps her get married to Naresh, the man she loves, by giving her a divorce. Arun watches the torture inflicted on Mridula and the story then continues through tense scenes where eventually Arun kills Jayant and unwittingly Mridula too, following which he’s sent to a mental asylum having been declared insane.

Today’s song is a special song, because in this song Rafi himself had appeared on screen singing his lines. Rafi sang on silver screen on few films like, Shahjehan-46, Jugnu-47 and Samaj ko badal dalo-47. The song is sung by Rafi, Arun kumar Mukherjee and Manna Dey. It seems to be sung by some college students.

Link I (begins from the start, ends abruptly)

Link II (begins from second stanza, contains an additional stanza, ends prematurely)

Song-Aji mat poochho kuchh baat college albeli (Samaj Ko Badal Daalo)(1947) Singers-Arunkumar Mukherji, Rafi, Manna Dey, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Aji mat poochho
Aji mat poochho kuchh baat ki college albeli
indrapuri saakshaat college albeli
Aji mat poochho
Aji mat poochho kuchh baat ki college albeli
indrapuri saakshaat college albeli
yahaan basti hai ae
yahaan basti hai ek chhail chhabeeli student ki zaat
college albeli
haan haan ji college albeli
ho ho ji college albeli
yahaan tarah tarah ka din hota
aur rang rang ki raat
college albeli

baj uthha alarm
baj uthha alarm
suno thhanan thhan
thhanan thhan
thhanan thhan
baj gaye saadhe saat
haan ji
baj gaye saadhe saat
per ye saahabzaadon ki aankhon mein hai baaqi raat
aankhon mein hai baaqi raat
aankhon mein hai baaqi raat
college albeli

dam nikla jaata hai
dam nikla jaata hai
phir bhi ham pumph(?) lagaaye jaate hain
phir bhi ham pumph(?) lagaaye jaate hain
ye chai pi kar
dil ke dard o gham bhulaaye jaate hain
phate bhale hon coat
patloon istri ho aabaad
college albeli
haan haan ji college albeli
ho ho ji college albeli
aur roz subah jooton per ho polish ka majboot haath
college albeli

mat poochho
mat poochho
aji mat poochho kuchh baat ki college albeli
indrapuri saakshaat college albeli

ham to dand pel kar seene ko
aisa khoonkhaar(?) banaayenge
ham to dand pel kar seene ko
aisa khoonkhaar(?) banaayenge
bistar ke maidaan se sab khatmal ko maar bhagaayenge
aji nahin nahin
aji nahin nahin
main to hinsa ko bada hi samjhoon paap
college albeli
haan haan ji college albeli
hoy hoy ji college albeli
ye padhe likhon ka kaam nahin
kahte thhe hamre baap
college albeli

imtahaan aata hai
tab ham bezubaan ban jaate hain
imtahaan aata hai
tab ham bezubaan ban jaate hain
kitaab ke kaale har pothe apni jaan ladaate hain
apni jaan ladaate hain
pass huye to badi badi degree ke inaam paate hain
pass huye to badi badi degree ke inaam paate hain
aur fail huye to
aur fail huye ae ae ae ae to
aur fail huye to ae ae ae ae ae
railgaadi ke
chhuk chhuk
rail gaadi ke neechhe kat mat jaate hain
aji padhne do
aji padhne do
ham padha kare
din saara saari raat
haan din saara saari raat
phir jeewan bhar ham lada karenge
bekaari ke saath
college albeli

rupahri parde ki o o o o
……

3 Responses to "Aji mat poochho kuchh baat college albeli"

Khemchand Prakash also sang
Lo Kha Lo Madam Khaana
with Miss Rekha R C Boral Arzoo Lucknawi Street Singer (1938)

Like

Sad stories of illiteracy (legal and otherwise) and greed! Good article that puts the studios and their owners in a dark spot.

Like

Arunkumarji,

I was waiting for somebody to point out that the text below the photograph needs some correction. It gives an impression that the name of the movie is Khemchand Prakash. For a very good post otherwise it comes as if a stone comes under the tooth. Please see if it can be corrected.

D Samant

Like

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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