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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari

Posted on: December 26, 2018


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3813 Post No. : 14811 Movie Count :

4051

Today’s song is from an obscure old film of the first decade of the Talkie films- Snehlata-1936.

The song is sung by Rajkumari under the baton of Lallubhai Nayak. This Prakash Pictures’ film was directed by Balwant Bhatt-elder brother of another director Nanabhai Bhatt. The cast of the film was, Gulab, Jayant, Panna, Umakant, Shirin Bano, Rajkumari,Lallubhai etc etc.

When films started to be made in India, in the early part of the 20th century, only local talent was used,naturally. As the industry started taking a shape,it was seen as an opportunity to earn wages. It was also an industry which did not require high education, a better creed or a particular religion. All that was required was to look reasonably well ( even tolerable) and readiness to do work. When films were shown in villages towns and cities, it created a desire in the hearts of aspirants and a flow to the film centres like Lahore, Calcutta, Kolhapur and Bombay started.

The Talkie film set the norms for actors. for the main roles-good looks, ability to speak in Hindi and singing ability and for other roles-tolerable looks, readiness to learn and do hard work were the standards. Being Talkie, knowledge of speaking Hindi/Urdu became necessary. This automatically became an exit point for several European, Jew and Anglo Indian artistes who had dominated the silent films. Thus the gates now opened for Hindu and Muslim girls, boys and adults.

As the industry grew, opportunities and requirements increased. Aspirants from other than local stations started pouring in, making the film industry a true representative Of Bharat, that is India. people from far off places thronged to Bombay, Lahore and Calcutta. Bombay had artistes hailing from U.P., Rajasthan, Bengal, Punjab, Delhi in addition to Gujarat and Maharashtra. Some artistes came from obscure and far off places too.

Some such examples come to mind offhand are, Hero Vijaykumar came from Shimla ( later even Sheila Ramani also came from there), kamla Kotnis from Andhra, Ranjan from Tamilnad, A,K,Dar aka Jeevan and Chandramohan from Kashmir, Amirbai Karnataki from Hubli, Sarvottam Badami from Bangalore etc etc.

When actress Shyama Zutshi from Kashmir acted in films like Vishnu Bhakti-34 and Karvaan E Hayaat-35, there was a hue and cry. Famous actor Chandramohan – who too was from Kashmir-resented that women from Kashmir came into films and warned Shyama not to act in films and go back. Eventually, she left films and joined Politics with her father in Kashmir. She is popularly considered as the First Kashmiri girl in Hindi films- followed by Yashodhara Katju in the 40s and 50s. Now of course so many girls and boys are from Kashmir in films. However Shyama Zutshi was NOT the first actress form Kashmir.

The First actress form Kashmir to work as a Heroine in Hindi films was GULAB, who was part of the cast of today’s film Snehlata-36. Her real name was Saraswati Devi. She was born on 10-6-1908 at Jammu. She joined Krishna Film Company in 1924. Her first silent film’Krishna kumar’ came in 1925. She worked in 60 silent films. Her last silent film was ‘Dagabaz Dushman’-32, made by east India Film co.Bombay.

Her first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33, made by Vishnu Cinetone. It was directed by Dhirubhai Desai. She sang one song ‘more preetam jab ghar aaye’ composed bu Kikubhai Yagnik. Then came Baburao Patel’s ‘Bala Joban’-34, Sewa Sadan-34 and Nai Duniya-34 ( Debut film of Rajkumari and Jayant). In this film Gulab sang 2 songs.

Gulab was very beautiful and quite popular in film industry. Some of her films were Bambai ki sethani-35, Challenge-37, Bharosa-40, Pyas-41, Ek Raat-42, Station master-42, Gaali-44, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Mirza Sahibaan-47, Lahore-49, Badi Behan-49, stage-51, Post Box 999-58, Chhabili-60 etc etc. She acted in 160 films. her last film seems to be Haqeeqat-64 ( stats from MuVyz)

The Hero of film Snehlata-36 was Jayant. I used to like his masculine, well built personality and resonant voice. Rugged type of roles ( like in Madhumati-58) suited him best. I wonder how this Pathan must have acted in love story films ! His real name was Zakeria Khan. His family was from Peshawar. he was born on 8-10-1915. Till he was 15 year old, his father Sardar S.A.Khan was a Sports superintendent in Alwar state. After schooling, Jayant joined Alwar state army as second Lt. After 2 years he quietly resigned and proceeded to Bombay to become an actor. His family was unaware of this.

For few months, he went from one studio to another looking for an opening. Finally Director Vijay Bhatt met him and took him in Prakash Pictures Gujarati film ‘Sansar leela’-33, which was remade in Hindi as Nai Duniya-34. After this no work for few months and he did smaller roles in stunt films- about 30 films. Director Gunjal advised him to shift to Social films and he did Mud-40, opposite Shobhana Samarth. Then there was no looking back. Films like Mala-41( which was remade as Amar-54 and Jayant had acted in it also doing the same role), Zevar-42, Daavat-43, Poonji-43, Shirin Farhad-45, Maa baap ki laaj-46, Shoharat-48 etc came to him.

Jayant did 105 films. He sang one song in film State Express-38 also. His last film was Insaniyat-74. Film ‘Love and God’ was released in 1986. Jayant had 3 sons- Amjad khan (Gabbar singh), Inayat khan and Imtiyaz khan. Jayant died on 2-6-1975….just 2 months before film ‘Sholey’-75 was released !

The film was directed by the elder brother of Nanabhai Bhatt- Balwant Bhatt. He was born at Porbandar,Gujarat 0n 13-1-1909. Balwant started his career by assisting Naval Gandhi in 1930-31 and then N.B.Vakil at Sagar Studios in 1932. He turned Director with the advent of Talkie films and joined Prakash Pictures with Actress-1934. His first film was Chalta purja-1932 and the last one was Nagin aur Sapera-1966. He directed 33 films,mostly stunt and C grade films. He directed some Gujarati films like Sansar Leela,Seth Sagsha,Diwadandi,Snehlata etc.He was the producer of Dillagi-1942,Gunehgar,Alif Laila etc. Diwadandi-1950 became famous for its song-” Taari aankhni afini”, sung by Dilip Dholakia with music by Ajit Merchant. His film Mordhwaj-52 was the Debut film for MD Narayan Dutt. Balwant Bhatt died on 7-2-1965,at Bombay.

Film Snehlata -36 was also made in Gujarati. In those days, the regional language film industries were not that developed, so bilingual film making was quite common. The film seems to have had 7 songs, but HFGK mentions only 4 songs-all sung by Rajkumari, who was a regular singer in that period. The film ‘which was also known as ‘Bharat ki Devi’ had all songs written jointly by brothers Vijay and Shankar Bhatt.


Song- Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari (Snehlata)(1936) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyricist- Vijay and Shankar Bhatt, MD- Lallubhai Nayak

Lyrics

Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Ganga ki si ujiyaari
tu Ganga ki si ujiyaari
Ganga ki si ujiyaari
?? tumhaari
?? tumhaari
?? tumhaari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari

tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
sachmuch toone waar diya
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
aisa adbhut pyaar kiya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
kaisa adbhut pyaar kiya
aa aa aa aa

????
charnon par balihaari
sab charnon par balihaari
sab charnon par balihaari
?? vibhooti aaari
?? vibhooti aaari
vibhooti aaari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
aisa adbhut pyaar kiya
aa aa aa
preetam charnon par balihaari
main akshay ki ??
??
??
mahima hai teri nyaari

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2 Responses to "Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari"

Arun ji ,
Nice article .
The info about the transition of film industry from silent movies to talkies is interesting .
I liked to read the short life stories of Gulab nd Jayant .

Thnx for this post .

Thank you.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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