Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Mangal gaao ree mandap chhaao ree

Posted on: March 9, 2021


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4617 Post No. : 16258 Movie Count :

4418

Today’s song is from a relatively obscure film, though it was said to be successful in those days. The song is from the film Prabhat-1941 – made by Tarun Pictures. It was directed by a true professional V.M. Vyas, who knew his job so well that 60% of his films were successful at the Box office. He took the best stars always and major singers and composers worked for him. His own banner was Sunrise Pictures, established in early 1941 and in the first 6 months itself his first film ‘ Ghar ki Laaj’ was completed. Prabhat was his second film as a director in 1941.

Vishnukumar Maganlal Vyas was born on 4-11-1905 in Ahmedabad. He started his career in 1927 as a Cinematographer. His company, Sunrise films was started in 1941. He produced and directed 30 Hindi and many Gujarati films. He died on 24-1-1962 at Bombay. Vyas was a very hardworking person and a man of ‘ never say die ‘ spirit. He was disciplined and did not tolerate any nonsense. He was also known as a very miser. He being a Vaishnav, his stars would get only vegetarian food during shootings. If they wanted Non Veg food, they had to spend for it.

At the time of film Naukar-43, the pair of Shaukat Hussain and Nur jehan troubled Vyas to no end. Not attending the shoots on time, asking for extra money on some pretext or the other and in general giving trouble and mental torture to Vyas were common. Not only this, additionally Nur jehan and Shaukat used to take interesting property materials from the sets to their house-like furniture, decorative vase, cupboards etc. Vyas kept quiet till the film was complete.

Once the film was completed and released, he registered an F.I.R against both of them for stealing studio equipment. To utter dishonour of Noor jehan, a police raid was made on her residence and all the furniture, tables, decorative pieces etc. , which she had taken from the sets were confiscated and the court fined her also.

Thus Vyas did not keep quiet when it was his turn and taught a lesson to Noor jehan and Shaukat Hussain.

Writer Mohanlal Dave was closely associated with the films of Vyas. In almost all of his films, Dave was the story, dialogue and s/p writer. Born in 1883 in Amreli district, Mohanlal Gopalji Dave studied upto 7th standard and became a Teacher on Rs. 5 p.m. salary. To try better prospects, he came to Bombay, worked in a Hotel as a waiter and then got another job. In 1905, he worked on a steamer going to karachi.

He returned to home, got married and went again to Bombay. In 1911 Maek ji Seth started Imperial and employed him to write advertisements and stories. After some time, he started earning Rs. 700 p.m. In 1917, he joined Dwarkadas Sampat for Rs. 1300 p.m. and wrote several stories for silent films.

When Kohinoor Film Company was started, he was contracted to write 2 stories per month. At the same time, he got from Ardeshir irani’s Imperial 30,000 per year to write stories for silent films.This went on for 6 years. In those days his name used to be shown above the titles of Kohinoor films, as per ‘ Encyclopedia of indian Cinema’.

His stories must have had Magic, because most films written by him became hits and his demand increased. Initially he teamed up with Director naqndlal Jaswantlal. From 1918 to 1933, he wrote more than 150 film stories for Silent films. When Talkie started, he worked for Jayant Desai, Imperial, Nagina, Pushpa and especially Sunrise Pictures of V.M.Vyas. he must have written more than 150 Talkie stories.

He was famous among the older stars and they honoured him too. He always used to wear Dhoti , a long shirt and a Pagdi. From his earnings of 50 years, he bought a huge plot in Santacruz, Bombay and build a very big Bungalow named ” Master Bhawan”. He also opened a Jewellery shop which ran for 20 years. He had 1 son and 2 daughters.

His social work and social service was well known in the field of education and promotion of Sanskrit. Anandilal poddar school of Santacruz, Mumbai is established by hi. He also established many schools, libraries, Temples etc. The speciality of his film stories was that they included Camera Movements, Fade outs etc. Secondly, his most Talkie films were repeats of his silent film stories. He also wrote Gujarati film stories. After retirement , he suffered from Cancer. Operation cured him but a fall gave him fractures. He was hospitalised but died on 20-12-1969.

1941 was the first year in the second decade of the Talkie Era and it was the beginning of the emergence of a New film industry. When Talkie started in 1931, for many years after that, the films were made by the people who had done work in the Silent films. These films had a spill over for the silent era artistes. Once the films started talking,most silent artistes who could not speak Hindi or Urdu automatically disappeared. Thus started the influx of new actors who could speak Hindi and sing songs, in whatever way they could. Intelligent directors like V Shantaram,Bhavnani, Sohrab Modi, Chandulal Shah, Himanshu Rai, B N Sircar, L V Prasad and a host of Gujarati directors understood that the Talkie needs a different treatment than silent films. Music directors from stage dramas tried their hand in composing film music.

In the next 8-9 years, there was a perceptible change in the film making, acting, singing, and composing music in the films that were made. Quality artistes from the silent era continued for some more years – finally giving way to the new artistes. The 30s and the 40s mostly differed in film music and story contents. The new blood composers like Anil Biswas, C Ramchandra, Naushad, Ghulam Haider, K Datta, Hansraj Behl, Bulo C Rani, Gyan Dutt and many more replaced the Parsi, Marathi and Gujarati drama music to more acceptable lilting songs. Many musical films were made and some everlasting songs were composed by these people. At the end of the 40’s decade one more major change in the film industry took place due to Partition. More about it when we discuss a song from 1951 in coming times. Let us see some important films.

JBH Wadfia became Chairman of Film Advisory Board. He produced First Sindhi film ‘ Ekta ‘-1940. His film Court Dancer was also in English.
Asra- Debut of actor director N A Ansari.
Behan- Mehboob directed this film having an incest suggestive story.
Chandan- Debut of S N Tripathi as an MD
Chitralekha- First big success of Kidar Sharma. Mehtab’s bath scene caused a ripple.
Dhandhora- Actor comedian Charlie directed the only film.
Doctor- Pankaj mullick gave excellent songs. First popular song with whoof beats-‘ Chale pawan ki chaal ‘.
Jhoola- One of the most successful films like kangan and bandhan, starring Ashok kunmar and Leela Chitnis.
Kanchan- First composed song of naushad-” Bata do koi”
Khazanchi- A milestone in musical revolution with Punjabi Theka, by Ghulam haider. Debut of Shamshad Begum in Hindi films.
Lagan- Saigal, as usual, gives good songs.
Mala- was remade as ‘ Amar-55’ with music again by Naushad only.
Naya Sansar- Story of Newspaper world. A novelty. Ashok kumar’s famous cigarette smoking in films started from this film, solving his problem of ‘ what to do of the hands during acting’ !
Nirdosh- Mukesh sings his first song.
Padosi- Last film of V Shantaram before leaving Prabhat. A Landmark film. ” Kaisa chhaya hai ujala” popular chorus song.
Pardesi- Debut of actress Anjali Devi (not the southwali) with real name ‘Durgesh’
Radhika- Debut of Nalini jaywant.
Raj Nartaki- Ambitious Wadia film in English , Bangla and Hindi. Released in USA by Columbia Pictures of Hollywood.
Sangam- Amritlal nagar’s first film as a writer. He did 18 films as writer and Lyricist.
Sikandar- A Magnum-Opus from Minerva. Chorus song- ” Zindagi hai pyar se” very popular.
Taj mahal- Debut of Baby Suraiya as actress.
Sasural and Ummeed were 2 films in which Noorjehan senior acted and sang. Hoiwever these films usually included in filmography of Malika E Tarannum Noor jehan.

Today’s song is sung by Vatsala Kumthekar. Her end was very tragic. VATSALA KUMTHEKAR’s family was originally from Goa, but they shifted to Bombay. She was born in 1909. After primary education she started training under Ustad Barkat ali khan-the elder brother of Bade Ghulam Ali khan.

She became an expert in Thumri singing and started mehfil singing when she was just 16-17.She had a terrific voice which would mystify the listeners. She used to sing in various cities all over India. She got offers to act in Marathi and Hindi films.

Her first Hindi film was Prabhat film co. Poona’s WAHAAN-1937. She started acting and singing in films.
Her some of the films were-Banke Sanwariya, Madhu Bansari, Hurricane special, Zambo ka beta, Aaj ki duniya, Anuradha, Jai swadesh,Aurat-40, Holiday in Bombay-41, Prabhat, Sangam, Lalaji,Aabroo, Zabaan, Aashirwad, Ishara, Raahat, Tatar ka chor, Sher e Bengal, Geeta, Naag panchami, Aflatoon Aurat, Deepak, Jai Mahakali and last film was Toofan aur diya.

She was living with Sheth Ibrahim but he left her for another woman. Then he came back to her and she also accepted him till he died. Then she lived alone. Her financial and mental condition became very bad.

When her Sheth died, She became mad, shaved her head and roamed on Bombay streets begging. one day she was found dead on a bridge. She was cremated by BMC as an unclaimed, unidentified person, but someone from the crowds recognised her and her story came to be known.

With this song, film Prabhat-41 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song-Mangal gaao ree mandap chhaao ree (Prabhat)(1941)Singer- Vatsala Kumthekar, Lyricist- Ehsan Rizvi, MD- Shanti Kumar Desai

Lyrics

Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani

shubh din aaya aanand chhaaya
shubh din aaya aanand chhaaya
sukh sampat ka darshan paaya
sukh sampat ka darshan paaya
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani

howe mubaarak
howe salaamat
howe mubaarak
howe salaamat
jug jug jeewe pooton khele
jug jug jeewe pooton khele
raani raaj chalaawe
raani raaj chalaawe
raaja raani
Ram aur Seeta
raaja raani
Ram aur Seeta
Radhe Kanhaiyya
Radhe Kanhaiyya
Radhe Kanhaiyya
Radhe Kanhaiyya
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani

shubh din aaya aanand chhaaya
shubh din aaya aanand chhaaya
sukh sampat ka darshan paaya
sukh sampat ka darshan paaya
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani

10 Responses to "Mangal gaao ree mandap chhaao ree"

Treasure trove of information – Thanks a lot for introducing to stuff.

Like

Manohar Lal Dave ji,
Thanks for your kind words.
-AD

Like

Dear Arun ji,

As usual……treasure of information……thanks a ton!

Regards,

Umesh

Like

Umesh ji,
Thank you.
-AD

Like

Arun Ji.
Interesting contents.
The one I liked, amongst others, was about V M Vyas’s taking action against dishonest acts of Noor Jehan & Shaukat Hussain.
Nice to learn about Mohan Lal Dave’s social services. I did not know about his establishing Anandilal Poddar School Santacruz ( which I used to pass by, often)
The piece about Vatsala Kumkekar’s very very tragic life in her later stage in life was heart wrenching.
The song was good to listen to.

Like

Satish ji,
Thanks for your comments. I too liked what he did to NJ. You should read some other details how he was troubled by this naughty couple, as given in Manto’s book.
-AD

Like

Dear writer s,
Interesting read. Just check with your authentic sources, since my parents used to tell me that the music 🎶 notes were played just a split second following the singer (and not exactly WITH singer) to get the depth of the songs…!!to get a 3D or stereophonic ‘type’ of effect which I can clearly see (actually hear) in this song so effectively
Correct me if it was only a coincidence 🙏🏽

Hope you find my humble finding interesting
-Atul Dave
Architect

Like

Atul Dave ji,
Thanks for your interesting observations.
Since I am not a Music expert, I am unable to comment on it anyway.
-AD

Like

Arun ji ,
Namaste .

As usual , I enjoyed this interesting nd informative post .
Your post is a combo of हसू आणि आंसू …
I giggled reading the नेहले पे देहला incident about Vishnukumar Vyas nd his hero – heroine nd tears rolled down my eyes while reading about Vatsala Kumthekar .
Arun ji , U have successfully blended हास्य और करुण रस .

Btw , I remember having watched a superhit Gujarati film દાદા હો દીકરી in 1977 in which the role of ‘dada’ was played by Vishnukumar Vyas
. Is this an example of same name confusion ???

Nd yes ,
I liked the song also .

Well , thnx a lot Arun ji for this write – up .

With regards ,
Pramod Godbole .

Like

Pramod ji,
Thanks for your kind words and appreciation.
I do not know much about Gujarati film artistes, so cant say anything about that film actor.
-AD

Like

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16300 song posts by now.

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