Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Janani janmbhoomi…tum maa ho badi maa

Posted on: December 18, 2021


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4901 Post No. : 16706

Today’s song is from the film Badi Maa-1945.

No wonder that the word Maa is one of the favorites of our film makers. There were 5 films called Maa and its varieties like Badi Maa, Chhoti Maa. Then there were Maa films with Baap, Beta, Beti, Behen,Biwi, Mamata, Aanchal, Pyaar, Aansoo, Saugandh, Shakti, and Qasam. Additionally, Durga and Santoshi Maa were also made. Almost 30 films about Maa at one place in the index book. I did not try other letters of the alphabet to see more films with the word maa – like Naani Maa etc !

BADI MAA-1945 was a film of Prafull Pictures of Master Vinayak (Father of actress Nanda).It was produced and directed by Master Vinayak with music by K.Datta or Datta korgaonkar or D.P.Korgaonkar.The story was by V.S.Khandekar,noted Marathi writer,who was ,later,the First Marathi recipient of Gyanpeeth Award for his novel “YAYAATI”.The lyrics were by Anjum Pilibhiti,Zia Sarhadi and Raja Badhe,who was a noted Marathi poet.

Master Vinayak was forced to produce this war effort movie to save his company,because the Govt. At that time desperately needed public support for their war efforts.Such pictures were given grants for production also.if they refused,the consequences were dire. The word Badi Maa,in this film meant Motherland-India.

Today’s song is one of Lata’s early songs in Hindi films. Being brought up in a Marathi atmosphere, initially, she had to struggle very hard to learn Hindi / Urdu word pronunciations, which, like a good learner, she picked up fast. Entering Film world was not so easy, but Master Vinayak played a vital role in establishing her in films or at least in bringing her to the notice of other stalwarts, because he himself died quite early in 1947 itself.

After Deenanath Mangeshkar’s death, Lata was adopted by Master Vinayak. In 1942, vinayak directed his last film for navyug Films “Pahili Mangalagaur”. he gave a small role and one song to her in that film. Then he, with the help of friend Vasant joglekar got her a song in Marathi film ” Kiti Hasaal’. However it was removed from the film before its release. In 1943, Vinayak launched his own Prafulla Pictures and madr 6 movies – 3 Marathi and 3 Hindi.

In the film Gajabhau-44 he gave Lata a hindi song. Then in the film Subhadra, Lata got 3 songs. In 1945, he directed ‘Badi Maa’. Lata and Asha got acting roles and Lata got 2 songs. In Jeevan yatra-46, she sang one song. And finally in 1947, Lata sang her first Hindi playback song in the film ” Aap ki Sewa mein”.

Vinayak died almost immediately after our Independence, but he had done the basic ground work to give a beginning to Lata’s career. Lata was later helped by Ghulam Haider, Khemchand Prakash and Anil Biswas. Then she never looked back.

The story of the film Badi Maa-45 was written by V.S.Khandekar. In those days there were Bangla, Gujarati, Hindi and Marathi writers with almost all film companies to assist in stories and dialogues. V. S. Khandekar was a very popular and famous writer in Marathi.

Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar (11 January 1898 – 2 September 1976) was a Marathi writer from Maharashtra. He was the first Marathi author to win the prestigious Jnanpith Award.

Khandekar was born on 11 January 1898 in Sangli, Maharashtra. His father was a munsif (a subordinate official) in Sangli principality where he spent his childhood and completed his early education. In his early life, he was interested in acting in movies and staged various dramas during school days.
After passing his matriculation exam in 1913, Khandekar joined Fergusson College, Pune. In 1920, he started working as a school teacher at a school in Shiroda.

Khandekar’s writing career began in 1919 when Shrimat Kalipuranam, his first work, was published, and continued to 1974 when his novel Yayati was published.

In 1920, Khandekar started working as a school teacher in a small town, Shiroda, in the present-day Sindhudurg district of the Konkan region in Maharashtra. He worked in that school until 1938. While working as a teacher, Khandekar produced in his spare time abundant Marathi literature in various forms. In his lifetime, he wrote sixteen novels, six plays, around 250 short stories, 50 allegorical stories, 100 essays, and over 200 critiques. He worked and founded Khandekari alankar in Marathi grammar.

In 1941, Khandekar was elected as the president of the annual Marathi Sahitya Sammelan (Marathi Literary Conference) in Solapur. In 1968, the Government of India honoured him with a Padma Bhushan award in recognition of his literary accomplishments. Two years later, he was also honoured with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship of the Indian Sahitya Akademi. in 1974, he was awarded the Jnanpith Award, country’s highest literary recognition, for his novel Yayati. Shivaji University at Kolhapur, Maharashtra conferred on him an honorary degree of D.Litt. In 1998, the Government of India issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honour.

Khandekar’s novel Yayāti (ययाति) received three prestigious awards: A Maharashtra State Award (1960), a Sahitya Akademi Award (1960), and a Jnanpith Award (1974).

Films on his novels were made in Marathi (5), Hindi (3 – Chhaya-36, Jwala-38 and Amrut-41) and in Telugu and Tamil (1 – Dharm Patni-41). He wrote stories, lyrics and dialogues for Marathi and Hindi films too.

Here is his Filmography as per the Indian Cinema Encyclopedia-

1936: Chhaya (Writer, Lyricist), 1938: Dhruva (Lyricist), Jwala (Writer, Lyricist), Jwala (Writer, Lyricist), 1939: Devata (Writer, Lyricist, Screenplay, Dialogue), Mera Haq (Writer, Lyricist), Sukhacha Shodh (Writer, Lyricist), 1940: Lagna Pahave Karun (Writer, Lyricist, Screenplay), 1941: Amrit, Amrit (Writer, Lyricist), Dharma Patni (Writer, Story), Dharmapatni (Writer, Story), Sangam (Writer, Lyricist), 1942: Sarkari Pahune, Tuzhach (Writer, Lyricist), 1943: Mazhe Bal (Writer, Lyricist), 1945: Badi Maa, 1946: Subhadra, 1948: Mandir, 1953: Soneri Savli, 1960: Antaricha Diva (Writer, Lyricist), 1961: Mansala Pankh Astaat (Writer, Lyricist, Story, Screenplay, Dialogue), 1962: Sunbai (Lyricist)

The cast of the film Badi Maa was Noorjahan, Ishwarlal, Yaqub, Jog,Meenakshi, Sitara, Leela Mishra, Damuanna, Lata Mangeshkar and others. The story of the film Badi Maa-45 was…..

In Dinapur,Durgadas(Salvi) was worried about his son Dinesh(Ishwarlal) studying in London,due to attacks by Germans.Moneylender Ghanashyam(Girish)agrees to write off his loan,if his daughter Usha(Meenakshi) marries his son Rajendra(Yakoob).But Rajendra and Mona(Sitara Devi) are Japanese spies in India.When Durgadas refuses ,his house is confiscated,sold and he is on road. Ghanashyam’s daughter Hema(Noorjehan) does not like this as she loves Dinesh.Dinesh comes back to find father poor and destitute.SuddenlyJapanese attack the village and Rajr=endra helps them .Usha urges Rajendra to fight for Badi Maa i.e. Motherland and dies due to bullets.Rajendra repents and saves his village,along with Dinesh.In this,Rajendra dies for the motherland or Badi Maa.

Dinesh and Hema marry.

Let us now listen to this song by Lata, Meenakshi Shirodkar and chorus.


Song- Janani Janmabhoomi (Badi Maa)(1945) Singers- Meenakshi Shirodkar, Lata Mangeshkar, Lyricist- Anjum Pilibhiti, MD- Datta Korgaonkar
chorus.

Lyrics

Janani Janmabhoomisch
swargdapi gariyasi
swargdapi gariyasi
Janani Janmabhoomisch
swargdapi gariyasi

tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
nyaay ke jag mein
deep jala do
o o o o o
soye huye hirday ko jaga do
nyaay ke jag mein
deep jala do
soye huye hirday ko jaga do
dharti ko
aakaash bana do
bana do
aakaash bana do
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa

chhote baalak bilakh rahe hain
aen aen aen
nange bhookhe sisak rahe hain
nange bhookhe sisak rahe hain
daulatwaale ae ae
daulatwaale
hulas rahe hain
julam sitam ka raaj mita do
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa

badli gham ki aisi chhaayi
chhaayi
dushman hua hai
bhai ka bhai
dushman hua hai
bhai ka bhai
hindu musalmaa sikh isaai
hindu musalmaa sikh isaai
ab tum sabko
galey mila do
o o o o
o o o
ab tum sabko galey mila do
o o o o
o o o o
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa

6 Responses to "Janani janmbhoomi…tum maa ho badi maa"

Arun ji,

An unintended error has crept in.

The first Gyana( / Jnana )Peetha award winner was G Sankara Kurup, Malayalam.

Kannada, with 8 Awards is the topper of the list.
( 1967 to 2010 ).
V S Khandekar was awarded in 1974. 3 more got them for Marathi in later years.

Like

He was the first Marathi recepient. I have requested Atul ji to make the correction.
Thanks.

Like

Correction done.
-AD

Like

Dear Guru ji,

You have mentioned that Meenaxi was Master Vinayak’s wife in reality. But we have seen elsewhere that Meenaxi was married to one Dr. Shirodkar in 1936 and that Master Vinayak’s wife was named SUSHILA.

Which is correct?

With warm regards

PARTHA CHANDA

Like

Thanks for pointing out. I have requested Atul ji to make correction.
Thanks.

Like

Correction done
-AD

Like

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