Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Duniya deewaani duniya deewaani

Posted on: September 29, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5186 Post No. : 17165 Movie Count :

4623

Today’s song is from the film Nadi Kinare-1939. The film was released in Pathe Theatre of Bombay on 10-11-1939.

The year 1939 was a landmark year in the history of the world.

The year was 1939 and the British Government had declared war against Germany and Japan, as soon as the WW II began. All countries ruled by Britain were – willingly or unwillingly, drawn into the war efforts and its effects. The war began in the month of September and soon various restrictions came into operation – like rationing, blackouts, shortages etc. The film industry which was still under its development stage suffered. It also realised the importance of remaining united as one industry. However, all that came after 1 or 2 years. In 1939 there was not much effect seen on the film industry.

The industry had its own problems. In spite of the playback system in operation, their problem was that because there was no technique of recording from the film negative yet, the singers had to sing twice. Once for the actual film shooting of the song, and later, with the same set of orchestra, for commercial records. Sometimes, the original singer was not available due to any reason, some other singer had to sing for commercial records. Thus we have many such examples, where the singer in the film song and the record is different. However, this problem continued only till mid 50’s when the Tape and the required technique became available. With just one time recording, the film and commercial recording were taken care of.

Khemchand Prakash. K.Datta (Datta Koregaonkar), Rafiq Ghaznavi and Anupam Ghatak made their Debut as Music Directors. Kavi Pradeep wrote his first film song for film Kangan. In 1939, 2 most Unusual songs were presented, for the first time ( and this record is not yet broken even after more than 80 years.). One was a Multi-Lingual song from film Aadmi-39, a film by Prabhat….Kis liye kal ki baat. This song was in Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Gujarati, Bangla, Tamil and Telugu. ( In its Marathi film version-” माणूस “, this song was only in one language-Marathi.) Different Lyricists and MDs were used for each language. The song became very popular.

Second unusual song was from film ‘ Ghareeb ka Laal’-1939. The song lyrics had the names of 32 artistes, operating in Hindi films that time. Top Heroes and Heroines were mentioned in this song. The beginning of the song was ” Tuze Bibbo kahoon ya Sulochana, Uma shashi kahoon ki Jamuna “. This song was sung by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. In later years many songs with film artistes’ names came but none had so many names. Thus this record is still unbroken, in case of both songs.

Besides these songs, let us quickly take a look at some films of 1939….

Aadmi – Prabhat’s hit film, a remake of the Marathi film ” माणूस “. It had some good songs by Shanta Hublikar, Sundarabai Jadhav and Ram Marathe.

Adhuri Kahani – a trend of Tragedy films set by the effect of film ‘Devdas’. All the 3 main characters of this film commit suicide in the end.

Badi Didi – A New Theatres film.

Brandy ki Botal – Master Vinayak’s comedy remake of Marathi film ‘ ब्रॅंडीची बाटली ‘.

Dil hi to hai – Debut of Kidar Sharma as a Director and Ramola as a Heroine in a Hindi film.

Dushman – New Theatres’ film of Saigal, with only his 4 songs.

Ek hi Raasta – Sagar presents first film with 3 Heroes in one film.

Ghazi Salauddin – Debut of Khemchand Prakash as M.D.

Hukum ka Ikka – First film with a Triple role by Umakant Desai ( who later specialised as Lakshman in 7 films, including Ramrajya-43).

Imaandaar – Debut of actress Shamim Akhtar.

India in Africa – This was the First Hindi film to be shot abroad (in Africa). The Hero B. Nandrekar had also gone to Africa for its shooting. Naaz-54 was not the first such film, though HFGK mentions it so.( Ref – pp 69, Maharashtra-The Birthplace of Indian cinema by Isak Mujawar)

Kangan – First of the 4 Hit films of Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis, made by Bombay Talkies. Kavi Pradeep’s Debut as a Lyricist in this film.

Kapal kundala – New Theatres. Pankaj Mullick’s hit song ‘ Piya milan ko jaana ‘.

Leather Face – Debut of Meena Kumari as a child artiste.

Navjeevan – Debut of Hansa Wadkar as a Heroine- Bombay Talkies film.

Pukar – Hit film from Minerva Movietone. Naseem Bano sings ” Zindagi ka saaz bhi kya saaz hai….”

Indian filmmakers had practiced 4 ways of getting stories for their films, since the beginning of Talkie films.

1. Copy from older films
2. copy from other languages or remake them
3. use stories from Foreign films – especially Hollywood and
4. make a mixture of all this and make a film.

Hundreds of films were made on the stories of Alibaba. Alauddin, Sindbad, Thief of Baghdad, Hatimtai, Gul E Bakavali and other stories from the Arabian Nights. Hollywood films made on famous novels or dramas were another source of inspiration. When the Talkie films started, the first such film was made in 1933 itself titled- “Awara Shehzada “, with Shahu Modak as its Hero.This was the first Hindi film based on the famous novel of Mark Twain- The Prince and the Pauper, published in 1881. Films on this ” Look alike” theme were made in Hollywood as early as 1915 and 1920 This theme was used abundently in Hindi films like Ram aur Shyam, Don, Seeta aur Geeta, Kanoon and many more films. The list will be too long.

In 1937 a film ” Duniya kya Hai” was made by Lalita Pawar, based on Count Leo Tolstoy’s famous novel ” Resurrection”, published in 1899. The Hindi film was inspired by the Hollywood film ” We live again” made on this novel. In 1938, prakash pictures made ” Khwaab ki Duniya “. It was inspired by the popular Hollywood film ” The Invisible man”-1933, which was based on the famous novel of same name, by H.G.Wells in 1897. Subsequently many films like Mr. X, Mr. India etc were made in Hindi on this theme.

These are few examples to prove the point. There are umpteen number of such films. Sometimes the story departments of the film strudios play a clever game. They mix up the stories of 2-3 Hollywood films and make a Hindi film. Today’s film ” Nadi Kinare”-1939 was also made based on few scenes and themes from 3 Hollywood films, namely ” The king and the chorus girl”-1937, ” Bluebeard’s eighth wife “-1937 and ” The rage of Paris “-1938.

The film was directed by Manibhai Vyas (27-4-1920 to 14-11-1993). he directed 20 films from Dukhiyari-1937 to Shrikrishna Bhakti-1973. The MD was Gyan Dutt and the cast was Kumar, Sitara Devi,Indubala, Ram Marathe, Kantilal and others.There were 13 songs in the film sung by Indubala, Sitara Devi,Kantilal,Kalyani and Gyan Dutt himself. Lyrics were by P.L.Santoshi and D.N.Madhok.

Actor/singer Ram Marathe had done a child role in this film He is one of those child actors who left film world at the right time and pursued his hobby of classical singing. Consequently he bacame a big name in Classical Music all over India. His case reminds me of anothe child actor-n Shashi kapur Sr, who was much in demand as a child actor during the period 1944 to 1955. he did 21 films as a child actor. Then he left films, completed his M.Sc. and Ph.D. He went to USA and became a Professor of Maths in Michigan University in USA.

Actually many child actors like Baby naaz, M.Kabir, Sarosh Irani, Master Romi etc reached an age when they were neither child nor an adult. They stopped getting any roles and had to leave films. Child actor Ramchandra ( Ram) Marathe was born on 23-10-1924 in Poona and studied in Bhave school up to 10th.He and his brother ( Anant Marathe aka Anant kumar) worked in films as child actors, due to family conditions. They started work from 1936 onwards. Ram Marathe had an edge over his brother,in that he could sing too. Starting with Shahu Chor in 1936, he worked in Sagar movietone (6 films), Ranjit (3 films) and Prabhat (2 films), in addition to other companies like prakash, Mohan Pictures, Imperial etc. he acted as a child star in 16 films. he sang 11 songs in 6 films. After this Ram left films and started training in classical music-his liking. Here is a short bio of Ram Marathe, adapted from meetkalakar.com….

Ramchandra Purshottam Marathe (1924-1989) began his early career as an actor and singer in films produced by the Prabhat company. His formal training in music assumed a definite direction when he came under the tutelage of Master Krishnarao (Phulambrikar). Later, he trained under accomplished musicians such as Mirashibuwa of Gwalior and Vamanrao Sadolikar of Atrauli-Jaipur. His quest for widening his musical horizons culminated in a long-lasting discipleship (15 years) under Jagannathbuwa Purohit (“Gunidas”). As a consequence of his broad training and background, Rambhau’s music integrated the best of Gwalior, Agra and Jaipur styles. Rambhau was a stalwart in the field of Marathi Natya Sangeet. He was also known as a composer. Among his pupils is Ulhas Kashalkar.

Pt.Ram Marathe had performed in all the prestigious musical festivals at various places like Jalandhar, Patna, Lahore, Delhi, Gwalior, Calcutta, Banaras,Amritsar and almost all over Maharashtra. His contribution to Indian classical music was recognized with several Awards for his unique and successful performances. He was “A-top grade” Hindustani Classical Artist of All India Radio.

Since he had undergone proper Tabla training, he had a great command on Taal and Layakari. He had special command on Rare–Anvat Ragas & Jod Ragas and he was highly recognized for his clear and fast tankriyas and also for Purity of Ragas. He always used to enrich his audience with various semi-classical forms like Khayal, Tarana, Tappa, Natyasangeet, Thumri, Dadra & Bhajans in his concerts. Unlike the present classical singers, his concerts used to last more than 5 hours with the powerful intensity and stamina.

He started his stage career under the perusal of Natvarya Shri Ganpatrao Bodas in 1950 as a leading character in old classical musical dramas like Saubhadra, Sanshaykallol, Swayamvar, Ekach Pyala, Manapman etc. with veteran actor and actress such as Balgandharva, Hirabai Badodekar, Vinayakbuwa Patwardhan, Nanasaheb Phatak etc. Despite his busy schedule in concerts, he performed in 22 old & new Sangeet Natak with more than 5000 stage shows. This is purely out of his dedication and commitment towards Sangeet Rangbhoomi.

Composed music for more than 10 dramas such as – Mandarmala, Suvarna Tula, Meghmalhar, Tansen, Baiju etc. and acted in the play as a leading character role.

His disciples include many eminent classical singers like Pt. Ulhas Kashalkar, Sudhir Datar, Ram Pratham, Vishwanath Kanhere, Vishwanath Bagul, Yogini Joglekar, Shashikant Oak, Madhuwanti Dandekar, Sanjay Marathe & Mukund Marathe etc. (more than 50) and have got the training from him under the traditional Gurukul way of learning.

Maharashtra Government honoured the “Sangeet Bhushan” degree in 1961.
• Recognition by Government of Maharashtra in 1981 for successful completion and continuous 30 years of career in Marathi Sangeet Rangbhumi.

• Honoured “Sangeet Chudamani Degree” by Jagadguru Shankaracharya of Puri.

Appointed by AIR, New Delhi on the Northern (Hindustani) Music Audition Board Committee. Also Advisory Nagpur and other Universities in India.
More than 100 Records and number of CDs and LPs to his credit and composed more than 50 Bandish in various Ragas.
Ram Marathe died on 4-10-1989.

Today’s duet song is sung by Sitara Devi and Kantilal (18-4-1907 to 17-6-1971). Kantilal acted in 31 films and sang 59 songs in 24 films.


Song- Duniya Deewaani duniya deewaani (Nadi Kinaare)(1939) Singers- Sitara Devi, Kantilal, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Gyan Dutt
chorus

Lyrics

Duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewani

koi kahe haaye jigar
koi kahe dil
koi kahe haaye jigar
koi kahe dil
koi kahe chori chori
aake sajan mil
koi kahe chori chori
aake sajan mil
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani

koi kahe dil na mila
aankh mila le
koi kahe dil na mila
aankh mila le
aankh mila le
koi kahe aankhon ke parde mein chhipa le
koi kahe aankhon ke parde mein chhipa le
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani

le ke dil aaya hoon main yahaan
koi khareede
le ke dil aaya hoon main yahaan
koi khareede
koi khereede
hai koi dil waala jo
dil deke ye dil le
hai koi dil waala jo
dil deke ye dil le
duniya deewaani

duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani

loot le joban ke maze
duniya hai phaani
loot le joban ke maze
duniya hai phaani
duniya hai phaani
dam bhar mein guzar jaayenga
ye khwaab e jawaani
dam bhar mein guzar jaayenga
ye khwaab e jawaani
duniya deewani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani

le ke dil aaya hoon main yahaan
koi khareede
le ke dil aaya hoon main yahaan koi khareede
koi khereede

haaye
hai koi dil waala jo
dil deke ye dil le
hai koi dil waala jo
dil deke ye dil le
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani

7 Responses to "Duniya deewaani duniya deewaani"

Its amazing to read about films setting new records with each year release in mid-30s. This article is worth preserving to old as well as new generation for reference.

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Thanks Arunji for the inormative post

Liked by 1 person

Thanks, prakash ji.

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Arunji,
Thanks a lot for this informative post. Sitara Devi mentioned this song in one of her programmes TV. Today I got its co-ordinates.
AK

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AK ji,
Thanks for your appreciation.
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Forms of Hindustani music are quite a few in numbers. At present, in context of Hindustani or North Indian classical music, Dhrupad and Khayal are the two main styles of compositional and singing forms which are prevalent in north India. Thumri, Tappa etc constitutes the light classical music. Apart from these, there are devotional songs known as Bhajan and Kirtan whereas light lyrical music comprise of Geeta, Ghazal. Folk songs such as Kajari, Chaitis etc are also widely practised in north India. Each form of Hindustani music has its own unique yet enchanting features which have earned them prominence in music arena.
https://www.indianetzone.com/51/forms_hindustani_music.htm

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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