Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Jaa raha hai kaarwaan

Posted on: April 17, 2014


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

THE VIBRANT 40s (Episode No. 6)
———————————

CREDIBILITY is certainly a valuable virtue and a treasure to possess. Our parents enjoy a high credibility quotient with us. Anything told by them was accepted without a doubt or a question.(This is, of course, in olden days). We respect people with credibility. Books like Dictionaries and Encyclopedias carry the highest credibility. Does anyone question the meaning of words in a Dictionary ? Certainly not ! Likewise Encyclopaedias too give credible information.

When WIKIPEDIA-the free online encyclopedia-started on 15-1-2001, people all over the world were happy. Now, with just one click they could get any information, on almost any subject. Over a period of more that 10 years, wiki has become an Icon for detailed information on almost any imaginable subject. Wiki operates in 287 languages and stores 35 million articles on various subjects. The Wiki information ocean is constantly expanding, with almost 500 million visitors every month.

Wiki information articles are written by experts on respective subjects. Unfortunately, Indian films and Music History is so inadequately recorded that information available is hardly sufficient to cover all persons, films or singers. To add to the problem, the information hosted on Wiki about our films, music etc. is not written by any experts. Therefore these articles are not only insufficient but also carry-most times- incomplete, erroneous and non specific information. Of course, there is a provision that ANY person can edit or update the uploaded information. Wiki has no means to verify or corroborate the information. They entirely depend upon the articles received.

This invariably includes inaccurate information, as far as Indian film related subjects are concerned. Initially, people like us used to take Wiki information as ‘Golden truths’ but soon it was found that many events like Birth and death dates are wrongly documented. There being no system of verification before uploading, wrong dates and information details are provided to the readers. Sometimes,even if the articles are provided by knowledgeable experts,somebody else re edits it with wrong information.

I will give one of my own examples. On 20th November 2011, I posted a comment on Cineplot (based on information I had got from Wiki) that Nirmala Devi-mother of actor Govinda was originally a Muslim named Nazeem and that she converted and changed her name to Nirmala after marrying Arun Ahuja in 1941. On 25th Nov.2011, Dr Surjit Sing from USA refuted my claim and quoted from a book, stating that Nirmala was originally also a Hindu. When I pointed out the Wiki reference, he edited the Wiki entry on 26-11-2011, providing a PDF link to the book ” Filmi Titaliyan” published in 1945. Accordingly, the Wiki entry as well as the Cineplot entry were amended. After 2 years, Wiki again changed its article and today Nirmala devi is mentioned as originally a Muslim called Nazeem. The PDF link is also removed ! Ab bolo !!

Similarly I find that dates of Births and Deaths ( for example K.L.Saigal), of many film personalities are wrong, misleading innocent readers, who blindly believe Wiki. I would request our readers not to take Wiki information for granted and compare it with other sources-as far as Indian Films and Music matters are concerned. I believe that WIKI is alright for all other matters.

The topic has come up today, because when I checked Wiki for information on Rafiq Gaznavi, I found that no information was available, but Salma Agha’s (his grand daughter) information was available. Rafiq Gaznavi was the Music Director of Laalah Majnu-1945. A song from this film is being presented today.

Younger generation may not have heard his name, but he was a very active hero,Singer and Music Director during his time. If one believes what Saadat Hasan Manto has written about him, he was also a very active Casanova. being a Pathan from north West area, he was tall, handsome, rough and very talkative. He had the knack of getting along with women easily. That was the reason even his friends kept him away from their homes and met him outside. He married 3 times and all three were sisters from Amritsar.

Born to an enlightened family in 1907, in Rawalpindi, Rafiq Ghaznavi was full of life since his earliest days. He passed his childhood amidst scenic, natural beauty, surrounded by mountains, valleys and lakes.

After passing his matriculation, Rafiq Ghaznavi moved to Lahore. In Lahore, he completed his intermediate examination from Islamia College, Lahore. Then he graduated from the Punjab University in 1933.

During those days if a handsome, enthusiastic young man was endowed with acting talents, he was more inclined towards the glamorous movie business. Rafiq Ghaznavi was no exception. Let us go seventy-five years back in time and see how movies were made in that time period.

Those were the days of silent movies. Though the vocal film ‘Alam Ara’ was released in 1931, still silent movies were in vogue for quite sometime, just like black and white movies continued to flood the market after the advent of color movies.

Visionary movie director, Mian A.R. Kardar is considered the discoverer or ‘Columbus’ of the Lahore film industry. Moved by Rafiq Ghaznavi’s powerful voice and good looks, Kardar signed him as hero for his silent movie, ‘Brave heart’, while the latter was studying in college.

Thus, Rafiq Ghaznavi debuted in the film ‘Brave heart’ in 1931 at the age of twenty-four. Soon Rafiq Ghaznavi began to outlive his town and his time while his companions were thinking what to make of their lives.

Perhaps, Rafiq Ghaznavi was one of Indo-Pak sub-continent’s most admirable, attractive, capable, good-natured, handsome and happy-go-lucky artists to grace films. He attained enormous respect and renown because of his versatility.

Director A.R. Kardar, on the other hand, made his first talking film, ‘Hoor Punjab’ in 1932. Later, he changed its name to ‘Heer Ranjha’ and it was released under the banner of Play art phototone.

Handsome, as Rafiq Ghaznavi was, Kardar picked him up for the romantic lead role of ‘Ranjha.’ While actress Anwari played the lead romantic role of ‘Heer Seyaal’. Additionally, Rafiq Ghaznavi composed music and lent his impressive voice to all the songs. Hence, he was the hero-composer-singer in the film ‘Heer Ranjha.’ Since all the songs were pictured on him he was also the singing star.

In private gatherings, Rafiq Ghaznavi often said that whether it is a beautiful face or a lilting voice, gorgeous dress or demeanor, wonderful environment or a great moment, tasty food or an interesting conversation, one should always live to the fullest and makes life easier for others. He himself was a great talker an optimist, and expected others to talk and think positively.

After working in ‘Heer Ranjha’, Rafiq Ghaznavi migrated to Bombay and worked diligently for the Bombay film industry. Meanwhile, a world of new ideas had taken shape in an all-new era, as Rafiq Ghaznavi appeared in ‘Bharat movies’ film ‘Roshan Ara’, directed by G.R. Sethi.

Rafiq worked and gave music in films like Jawani Diwani, Samaj ki bhool, Behan ka prem, Prem pujari, Ghulam daku, Mere laal, Prem bazar, Do auraten, Usne kya socha, kiske liye, Chalti duniya, Chal chal re naujawan, Shyam savere, Manjadhar, Kaala naag, Kaun kisi ka, Sitara, Bahu rani, Apni nagariya, Sikandar e azam, Prithvi vallabh, Society, Laila majnu, Mazaq, Najma, Taqdeer, Nadaan, Naukar (last film in India).

After partition, Rafiq Ghaznavi migrated to Lahore. Later, he moved to Karachi. In Pakistan, he composed music for director Ashfaq Malik’s film ‘Pervaaz’ and director Aziz Ahmed’s film ‘Mandi.’ Next, he joined Radio Pakistan and dedicated himself whole-heartedly to the cause of Radio programs.

Dwelling on his personal life, Rafiq Ghaznavi married film actress Zehra and had a daughter, Shahina, from her. Shahina grew up and made her mark as an actress in movies like ‘Beli’, ‘Nigar’, ‘Aankh ka nasha’, ‘Bharosa’, and ‘Intiqaam.’

Rafiq Ghaznavi also had a son, Murad, from his first wife, Zehra. In due course of time, Rafiq Ghaznavi divorced Zehra. She married director A.M. Mirza and was known as Zehra Mirza.

Actress Anwari was the second wife of Rafiq Ghaznavi with whom he had a daughter, Zarina Agha. Later, Zarina Agha changed her name to Nasreen and worked in director A.R. Kardar’s movie, ‘Shah Jehan’ and Daud Chand’s movie, ‘Aik Roaz.’ Further, Zarina Agha’s daughter, Salma Agha, achieved great name and fame as a singing star.

Actress Anu Radha, whose real name was Khursheed Akhtar, was the third wife of Rafiq Ghaznavi, with whom he had a son, Ayaz Mehmood. Furthermore, one of Rafiq Ghaznavi’s daughter married popular writer-director, Zia Sarhadi. Zia Sarhadi’s two sons, Khayam Sarhadi and Bilal Sarhadi attained fame in show business.

Interestingly enough, all three wives of Rafiq Ghaznavi were real sisters and they hailed from Amritsar.

Rafiq Ghaznavi, who was such a charismatic figure, a talented composer of the highest grade and a visionary, passed in 1974, in Karachi, at the age of sixty-seven.

Laila majnu was a popular theme for film producers. Silent films on this story were made in 1922 and 1927,Talkie films were made in 1931 (Bombay),1931 (Calcutta),1945, 1953 and 1976. Laila majnu-45 was produced by Hind Pictures which was owned by its Director Nazir Ahmed. The film had one more director-Shareef Nayyar. He was born in 1922 in Lahore he came to Bombay and was staying with K.Asif, in nazir’s house only. He later directed one more film-Yaadgaar-1947. After partition Nayyar migrated to Pakistan and became a big name there. He directed over 20 films between 1952 to 1986. Nayyar died on 24-4-2007 at Karachi.

The lyricist was Tanvir Naqvi and music direction was by Rafiq Ghaznavi and Pt Govindram. There were 11 songs in the film. The star cast was Nazir, Swarnalata(Sayeeda Banu), Gope, K N Singh etc.

1945 was a time when Mohd. Rafi was struggling for an entry in Hindi film singing. The song which we are going to listen to today is the song in which Zohra and Khan mastana were the lead singers and in the chorus had Mohd.Rafi and S D Batish. The ways of Fortune are strange. Few years later, in K.Asif’s Laila Majnu, Mohd. rafi was the lead singer and a paralytic, poor Khan Mastana was in the chorus ! Mohd. Rafi has appeared in the picturisation of a song of this film, which is already posted on this blog.

Today’s song features in the film partly as a Background song during Titles and after the Titles continues showing a caravan of Gypsies. The tune of this song is like a marching song-a possible effect of the ongoing World War II. This song was composed by Pt Govindram.

Enjoy the song….


Song-Jaa raha hai kaarwaan (Laila Majnu)(1945) Singers-Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Khan Mastana, Lyrics-Tanvir Naqvi, MD-Pt Govindram
Chorus

Lyrics

jaa raha hai kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
jaa raha hai karwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan

ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan

aaj yahaan
kal wahaan
zindagi ka kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
aaj yahaan
kal wahaan
zindagi ka kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
jaa raha hai kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
jaa raha hai kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan

aayi ab guzar gayin
manzilon pe manzilen
manzilon pe manzilen
aayi ab guzar gayin
manzilon pe manzilen
manzilon pe manzilen
phir bhi hai rawaan dawaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
phir bhi hai rawaan dawaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan

aaj yahaan
kal wahaan
zindagi ka kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
aaj yahaan
kal wahaan
zindagi ka kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
ja raha hai kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan
ja raha hai kaarwaan
ye zindagi ka kaarwaan

o o o
o o
o o o
ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae

o o o o
o o o
o o o o

kaise kaise log yahaan aaye
aake chal diye
aaye
aake chal diye

is jahaan mein chand roz
dil laga ke chal diye
dil laga ke chal diye
kaise kaise log yahaan aaye
aake chal diye

dasht hai majnu nahin
ee ee
dasht hai majnu nahin
mehmil to hai laila kahaan
mehmil to hai laila kahaan
mehmil to hai laila kahaan

——————————————————–
Dasht=desert
mehmil= small covered palanquin carried on back of camel; vehicle for travel for ladies

11 Responses to "Jaa raha hai kaarwaan"

Majestic voice of Zohra is so enchanting! Surprised to hear the clarity of the song…Thanks Deshmukh ji!

Like

Arun ji,

Thanks sir, every series that you are posting here is a treasure house of interesting information, besides of course introducing wonderful songs to us.

Thanks very much.

Atul ji,
Lyrics corrections at two places.

aayi ab guzar gayin
manzilon se manzilen
manzilon se manzilen
aayi ab guzar gayin
manzilon se manzilen
manzilon se manzilen

should read
aayi aur guzar gayin
manzilon pe manzilen
manzilon pe manzilen
aayi aur guzar gayin
manzilon pe manzilen
manzilon pe manzilen

?? hai majnu nahin
ee ee
?? hai majnu nahin
mehmil to hai laila kahaan

should read
dasht hai majnu nahin
ee ee
dasht hai majnu nahin
mehmil to hai laila kahaan

meaning –
the desert is here, but where is majnu
the camel palanquin is here, but where is laila

dasht = desert
mehmil = small covered palanquin carried on back of camel; vehicle for travel for ladies in the caravans across the deserts.

Rgds
Sudhir

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Excellent info on Rafique Ghaznavi.

Another trivia : after divorcing him, Anwari Begum married Raj Kapoor’s mama, Jugal Kishore Mehra, who also adopted her daughter, Zarina Agha/Nasreen. So that makes Raj Kapoor an uncle of Salma Agha and Salma Agha an aunt of Kareena Kapoor 🙂

Using RK’s recommendation, Salma Agha managed to get into B R Chopra’s Nikaah even though Amrita Singh’s mother Rukhsana (a niece of Begum Para) tried her best to get the part for her daughter by sending death threats to Salma Agha hoping she would quit India:)

Like

bluefire ji,
Thanks for your comments. Here are the trivias in proper sequences…

Rafiq and Anwari (who was his first wife’s younger sister) had their daughter,Zarina. (NOT Zarina Agha. She became Agha later). When she became grown up,her name was changed to Nasreen and she acted in Shahjehan-46 as Ruhi,opposite Saigal. She also acted in one more film as Nasreen.
She was married to Liyaqat Gul Tajik of karachi.He was a dealer in Precious stones.(Such professionals are called Agha). he set up a prospering business in London. Their daughter was Salman Agha.

After the divorce from Gaznavi,Anwari married Jugal Kishore Mehra, who converted and became Ahmed Salman. Later on he became Dy.Director General of Radio Pakistan.

Raj Kapoor had arranged a party in London to celebrate his son’s marriage(Rishi kapoor). He made efforts and found out about Nasreen,who was his maternal step sister. He invited her family. In the party B.R. Chopra saw Salma Agha and on Raj’s recommendation,selected her for his film ‘Nikah’.

-AD

Like

correction- ‘ Their daughter was SALMA AGHA.’
-AD

Like

Sam, Do u mean Anwari Begum, known for Heer Ranjha (1932)? Or there was another?

Like

Is Saeeda/Sayeeda Khan (w/o Brij Sadanah) also a daughter of actress Anwari Begum? What are the relationship between Writer Shagufta Rafique with Anwari Begum and Sayeeda Khan?

Like

Sayeeda was daughter of Anwari Begum. Officially, Shagufta Rafique is also daughter of Anwari Begum. But it was always said that Shagufta was actually the daughter of Sayeeda Khan, who was raised by Anwari Begum after Sayeeda got married to Brij. Shagufta claims she never found real truth but when she was younger and would go out with her “mom” Anwari Begum, old-timers of Bollywood comment to her “Naani Ke Saath Jaa Rahi Ho”, etc. Before becoming a successful writer with the Bhatt camp, Shagufta first took up prostitution to support Anwari Begum and then had a stint as a bar dancer in middle east as well. The whole saga involving these folks is very fascinating, obviously with the murder-suicide of Brij, Sayeeda and their daughter.

Like

that’s not I’m asking but Anwari begum, a grand mother of Salma Agha and Anwari Begum Mom of Sayeeda khan.

Like

More than the song, I am very much fascinated by the information and trivia on the personalities connected with this song. Amazing research!!

Thank you very much, Arun-ji

Like

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