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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Uthh ae watan ke naujawaan

Posted on: April 4, 2016


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Kashmir-1951.

In Hindi films, there were quite a few films made on the background of Kashmir. The first such film was Kashmir ki Kali-1940, in which the lead pair was handsome Master Vithal and petite,lovely Kavita Devi. Next was Kashmir hamara hai-1950′( original name was ‘Bapoo ne kaha tha’) with lead pair of Paresh Bannerjee and Meera Mishra. This was also the first Hindi film of Bombay in which Jagmohan Sursagar sang a song, ‘rang de kesariya’. The third film was ‘Kashmir’-51, where the lead pair was beautiful, Regal Veena and handsome Al Nasir. This film was actually filmed in Kashmir ghati.

Next film was ‘Kashmir ki kali’-64, by far the most successful of all Kashmir films so far. The lead pair was Debonair Shammi Kapoor and a Debutante Sharmila Tagore. There was also a documentary “Kashmir hamara hai” made by Films Division of Indian Government in 1948 which was shown in all theatres in India in the wake of Tribal attacks by Pakistan on Kashmir. Later on some more films on Kashmir were-

Johar in Kashmir-66

Shayar-E-Kashmir-72

Love in Kashmir-76

Mission Kashmir-2000

Kashmir Hamara Hai-2001 ( Unreleased, though Censored on 17-10-2001)

Border Kashmir-2002.

Film ‘Kashmir’-1 was not a very popular film. The reason was, after the Partition and independence, people were looking for a respite from all that patriotic fervor, which they had more than enough of for the last few years. They were tired. Now they got what they wanted and some peace of mind was sought, perhaps. Additionally,the Hindi film music was going through its Golden Period and so many films with excellent music were enjoyed by people, may be that was the reason why serious films like on Kashmir issue got side-tracked. Though a film buff myself, even I had not seen this film.

Today’s song is sung by Mohd. Rafi, Geeta Roy and Pramodini Desai- a very uncommon name for the regulars and a blank for the others. Who was this Pramodini Desai ? To know this, we have to go back in Time machine….

There were 3 Major Centres for Hindi Film Production in India in the early days, viz. Calcutta, Lahore and Bombay.

From the period of Talkie films, all the 3 centres became very active and many films with lot of songs were produced there. Initially, in the Talkie films, even the Dialogues were in poetry type, so it was difficult to demarcate Dialogues and songs separately. Films like Indrasabha-1932 had 71(or 69) songs. Similarly films from that era had anything between 10-50 songs each.

In the Calcutta centre, film music had a distinct influence of Robindra Sangeet. In the Lahore films, it was Punjabi and folk tunes whereas in the western Bombay centre music was influenced by Marathi stage, Gujarati Dramas and Parsi Theatre. Out of this Marathi stage music had a pronounced effect on films as many classical Drama artists joined Film industry. As such this music was well developed and its acceptability was taken for granted.

When more films and songs were made in Bombay, there was a need for more singers. The composers were constantly on the lookout for fresh singers.

Prabhat Film Company shifted from Kolhapur to Poona, but there were many connections still left in Kolhapur area. When Prabhat started making the film ” SANT SAKHU ” in 1941, the Music Director Keshav Rao Bhole needed new singers. His assistant at that time was a young man from Kolhapur area, named VASANT DESAI. He was entrusted the task of getting new singers.

There is a book “The Desai Trio and the movie industry in India” by shri Nilu Gavankar. He describes this episode thus-

Vasant Desai had lot of connections in Kolhapur and Konkan. He had learnt about two Desai Sisters of Kolhapur who were very good singers, but he did not know them. He went to Kolhapur and met Mrs. Susheelabai Gavankar, the author’s wife and his family friend. He enquired if she knew these girls. She said,”Yes.Their mother Sharadini Desai is my friend.”

They both went to Desai house. Vasant Desai was introduced. There were 2 sisters VINODINI AND PROMODINI. Vinodini was about 15 yr.old. Vasant Desai proposed that Vinodini sings for a Hindi film. There was a flat refusal “as girls from good homes do not sing in films”. After a great convincing and a promise of personal protection,it was agreed.

Accordingly. VINODINI sang for her first Hindi film Sant Sakhu in 1941. Later she was given many opportunities to sing in Marathi films, Bhavgeets etc. In 2 years’ time Vinodini got married to Music Director PANDURANG DIKSHIT and became Vinodini Dikshit. She was actually more into classical singing and devoted time in that so she sang in few Hindi films like Sant Sakhu, Gwalan, Lakhon mein ek, Anjali and Kinare Kinare. She gave stage shows for classical singing and was actively involved in Kalyan Gayan Vidyalaya near Bombay.

Her younger sister Pramodini Desai followed suit and started singing in Hindi films, starting with Khush Raho-49. She sang in more films than her sister, Vinodini. Her films include Shokhiyan, Char chand, Fariyadi, Raaz, One two Three, Kashmir, Nand Kishore, Sazaa, Gunah, Pehli Tarikh, Naulakha Haar, Dilruba etc. Later she got married to Ashok Patkar and settled in Bombay as a Housewife.

The film ‘Kashmir’-51 was made by Rajdeep Pictures. and the producer and Director was Rajendranath Jolly. Music was by one of the talented but not so lucky Music Director Hansraj Behl. The cast of the film was Veena, Al Nasir, Kuldeep Kaur, Achala Sachdev, Arun Ahuja, Tiwari etc etc.

For the actress Achala Sachdev ( 3-5-1920 to 30-4-2012), this was her Debut Hindi film ( though another film Dilruba-50 featuring her was released prior to this film, but she considered this film as her Debut film). Achala Sachdev’s-original name Rajinder- name is permanently associated with mother’s roles. She did a mother’s role when she was hardly a 20 year old and since then-more than a heroine- she has been seen either as a sister or Mother in films. In her earliest film ‘Dilruba’-50 she was Dev Anand’s sister and later in many films she was a fixed mother of Dev Anand.

She worked in All India Radio, Lahore. She came to Delhi after Partition and continued her job in All India Radio till her first film. She acted in 181 Hindi films, 3 Punjabi films and 1 Gujarati film, in addition to one uncompleted Bangla film. She acted in a few television serials and Fims Division documentaries too.

During her early years she had got married to Gyan Sachdeva. She had one son and one daughter. Her son settled in US and Daughter in Bombay. When she could not pull on, she divorced her husband. After 12 years of loneliness she fell in love and married an American Clifford Douglas Peters, who was an Engineer and ran an Electronics factory in Poona. She stopped accepting new films after 1976 and then shifted to Poona.

After her second husband died, she shifted from her Bungalow in Bhosari,near Poona to a specious flat in Hadapsar area of Poona. She had completed all films on hand ,but due to insistence of family friend Yash Chopra, she acted in some of his films- notably ‘Dilwale dulhaniya le jaayenge’-95. Though her last film was ‘ Dahak ‘-98, her last released film was Suno sasur ji-2003.

During her heydays, she was very friendly with Sunil Dutt and Nargis, Mona Dev Anand ( Kalpana Kartik), Meena Kumari, Saira Bano and her mother Naseem Bano. She was very punctual during her shootings. Once while working in a Rajesh Khanna film, she had to wait for him for 4 hours, with all make up done. When this continued for the next 10 days, she left the film and went back to Poona. Rajesh Khanna wrote an apology letter to her and then only she came back to complete the film.

Once she was in Poona, she was all alone. No one from film industry ever contacted her in her last 40 years. She was very generous. She had donated Rs 25 lakhs to an NGO, Janseva Foundation to start “Achala Sachdev Institute of Education”. She also gave 15 Lakhs to Dr. H.V.Desai Eye Hospital for construction of a ward. In her last days, she even donated her flat to the NGO Janseva Foundation.

She was sick for the last 6 months of her life and she was looked after by the NGO. She was admitted to Poona Hospital ICU, she got Paralysis, lost her vision and then lost her life on 30-4-2012. A highly successful film star with lots of money, she was neglected by her own son and daughter. Above all, in the last 40 years in Poona, not one soul from the film world met her. What was pathetic was, when she was admitted in I.C.U., her attending doctor Dr. Mehta sent messages to Yash Chopra and others in Film industry, but none came or even inquired and she died a lonely death.

( Based on Cine Blitz, Madhuri,Times of India, Indian Express, Wikipedia and info kindly given by shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji ).

This underlines one fact. The film industry has not changed from the days of master Nissar, Rattanbai, Parshuram, G.M.Durani, Wasti, Vatsala Kumthekar, Sajjad Husain or many more artistes, who died in penury, neglect and loneliness. The situation has not changed even today.

Film Kashmir-51 had 9 songs sung by 10 singers- Rafi, Geeta, Asha, Shamshad,Zohrabai, Devendra,Balbir, Master Sonik, Pramodini and T. Kapoor (Trilok Kapoor ?) . Today’s song is second song from this film to be posted here. It is penned by Sarshar Sailani.


Song-Uthh ae watan ke naujawaan (Kashmir)(1951) Singers-Rafi, Geeta Dutt, Pramodini Desai, Lyrics-Sarshar Sailaani, MD-Hansraj Bahl

Lyrics

uthh ae watan ke naujawaan
naujawaan
uthh ae watan ke naujawaan
aaya hai waqt imtihaan
tere watan ke darmiyaan
ik zaalimon ka karwaan
kaarwaan
tere watan ke darmiyaan
ik zaalimon ka karwaan
ae maile jango jadal
maidaan mein chal,
maidaan mein chal,
maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal,
maidaan mein chal,
maidaan mein chal

uthh aur khuda ka naam le
naujawaan
uthh aur khuda ka naam le
joshe amal se kaam le
segon(?) tale aaraam le
dushman kaleja thhaam le,
thhaam le
segon(?) tale aaraam le
dushman kaleja thhaam le
tu shaan se rann mein nikal
maidaan mein chal,
maidaan mein chal,
maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal,
maidaan mein chal,
maidaan mein chal

uthh jald ae mehfil nasheen
naujawaan
uthh jald ae mehfil nasheen
ye waqt baaton ka nahin
tere watan ki sarzameen
dozakh na ban jaye kahin
naujawaan
tere watan ki sarzameen
dozakh na ban jaaye kahin
chal sarkashon ke sar kuchal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal

majloom muhaahi(?) ke liye
naujawaan
majlum muhaai(?) ke liye
mushkil unchai ke liye
aakashnaai ke liye
?? ke liye
ke liye
aakashnaai ke liye
? ke liye
ke liye
chalna hai tujhko sar ke bal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal

shaane to jaat dekh kar naujawaan
shaane to jaat dekh kar
andaaz e himmat dekh kar
rang-e-qayaamat dekh kar
haan teri jurrat dekh kar,
naujawaan
rang-e-qayaamat dekh kar
haan teri jurrat dekh kar
dil chhod de dushman ka dal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal

maana ke dushman kam nahin
naujawaan
maana ke dushman kam nahin
lekin kisi mein dam nahin
ho bhi to koi gham nahin
ya wo nahin ya ham nahin
wo nahin
ho bhi to koi gham nahin
ya wo nahin ya ham nahin
sar par kafan baandhe nikal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal

shiqwa na kar taqdeer se
naujawaan
shiqwa na kar taqdeer se
haan kaam le tadbeer se
shamsheer se ya teer se
dushman hata kashmeer se
kashmeer se
shamsheer se ya teer se
dushman hata kashmeer se
kashmeer se
mushqil nahin mushqil ka hal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal

jaamo saboo?? ko tod kar
naujawaan
jaamo saboo?? ko tod kar
munh maikade se mod kar
rishta watan se jod kar
?? ko chhod kar
chhod kar
rishta watan se jod kar
?? ko chhod kar
tanha sare maidaan nikal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal

uthh ae watan ke naujawaan naujawaan
uthh ae watan ke naujawaan
aaya hai waqt imtihaan
tere watan ke darmiyaan
ik zaalimon ka karwaan
kaarwaan
tere watan ke darmiyaan ik zaalimon ka karwaan
ae mailo jango jadal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal (Naujawaan)
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal (Naujawaan)
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal (Naujawaan)
maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal, maidaan mein chal (Naujawaan)

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4 Responses to "Uthh ae watan ke naujawaan"

Arun ji

Thank you very much for the information about Achala Sachdev…….
Regards

Prakash

Prakash ji,

Thanks for your comment, which I am seeing after a loooong time.
-AD

It appears that the tune of this song was inspired by one of the most popular song of those days “Watan ki raah par watan ke naujawan shaheed ho”, which was also a patriotic song.
Bimal Srivastava

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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