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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Hum Duniya Mein Azaad Rahenge

Posted on: August 28, 2017


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from film ‘Baghdad Ka Jaadu’ (1956). The HFGK is silent on the singer names, but MD is indicated as Shafi M Naagari.

The name of the city of Baghdad became famous all over the world after the Arabian Night stories became popular in almost all languages of the world. There was an air of mystery around the city where many or most stories are told by Princess Scheherzade to the Sultan Shahryar. These are said to be 1001 stories, each told in parts every night by her to delay her death. These stories were first published in English in 1706 and in quick time became extremely popular throughout the world.

Our Indian film producers and their ‘Story Departments’ proved one up on the original book and made up their own variety of stories mixing different stories or even creating newer ones and using Arabic names to make them sound as authentic Arabian Night stories. Film ‘Baghdad Ka Jaadu’ is one such film which was a convoluted attempt to ‘make up’ a novel story using permutation and combination of the popular plots. Lo and Behold ! Out came an outlandish, beaten track mixed up story for the film !

But, as always, the devoted audience of such Action/Stunt films really never bothered about the authenticity or the logic of the film stories, nor were they worried about the histrionic talents of the actors. They wanted fights, daredevil stunts, magic, lavish costumes, animal antics and seductive dances for 2 hours. All the rest was unimportant for them.

Producers of such films knew this and hardly gave any credence to the feasibility or logical base to the stories. Instead they employed trained fighters, known actresses, lavish sets, shining costumes, lilting dances and music together with trained horses, dogs, elephants, monkeys etc. In almost all the films starring Nadia, there is h Horse called ‘Punjab Ka Beta’, a dog named gunboat and an old car called ‘Rolls Royce Ki Beti’. (After Nadia joined her friend Homi Wadia’s Basant films, these were changed to Rajput the Horse, Moti the dog, and an old car called Austin Ki Bachhi).

Film ‘Baghdad Ka Jaadu’ has music by Shafi M Nagari. Now, who is this composer ? A search on HFGK  gives 6 more names of films for him, namely ‘Shamsheerbaz’ (1953), ‘Sher Dil’ (1954), ‘Carnival Queen’ (1955), ‘Diler Daku’ (1957), ‘Circus Queen’ (1959) and ‘Chini Jaadugar’ (1959). Well known music expert and collector Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji has confirmed that this person is none other than composer Mohammed Shafi.

During the studio system and later on, few known MDs too availed of this trick to find a way out of the rules. For example, Snehal Bhatkar used different names to give music as long as he worked in HMV. C Ramchandra used the name Annasaheb or P Ramakant when giving music to action/stunt films. Even Anil Biswas is said to have used the name Bhola to give music (validation required), Lata mangeshkar gave music in the name of Anandghan, GM Durrani  used the alias Gunjan and SD Batish used Nirmal Kumar. So, it is no wonder that while assisting Naushad for so many years, Mohammed Shafi used an alias for giving music to outside films.

Composer Mohammed Shafi (25-12-1925 to 30-4-1980) was one of those talented artistes of Hindi film music who was only used by others and never got enough credit for his work. He is honoured as the ‘Original Arranger’ in the industry. He was an excellent sitar player. He started with Imperial Film company where he played Bulbul Tarang. In 1937 he went to Calcutta and joined New Theatres. He played sitar in films like ‘Kapal Kundala’ (1939) and ‘Aandhi’ (1940), as an assistant to Pankaj Mullick and KC Dey. He played sitar in film ‘Ujaala’ (1942). In this film, the hero -Prithviraj Kapoor was shown as a sitar player, hence the expertise of Shafi was fully utilised in this film.

Starting with film ‘Haqdaar’ (1946), he gave music to 19 Hindi films and 2 Marathi films. Under his direction, Mohammed Rafi sang his first Marathi song. He worked with Naushad for 14 years as his assistant and arranger. He was considered a ‘Dada’ in background music. He gave background music to about 70 films (for Naushad and others). For ‘Mughal e Azam’ (1960), K Asif used to send his personal car to fetch him to studio. It was Shafi who gave the first break to Suman Hemmadi (Kalyanpur) in ‘Mangu’ (1954) and Hemlata in the unreleased film ‘Iraada’. His last film as music director was ‘Dayaar e Medina’ (1975).

Shafi had bought his first car when he was just 15 year old. He had a posh flat in Shivaji Park area of Dadar in Bombay. In the end, everything was gone. He had helped the families of Shakeel Badayuni and Ghulam Mohammed after their deaths. However in his last difficult days, except Rafi Sb, no one came for his help. In the final few months, he suffered from memory loss. His Begum ruefully said – “Good that he does not remember anything. All took his advantage and gave him nothing. There were more things to forget than to remember ! ”

It is said that the entire music of ‘Sohni Mahiwal’ (1958) was done by him. Naushad was sick during this period and did not attend even one recording. The songs “Do Hanson Ka Joda” and “Dhundho Dhundho Re Saajna” from the 1961 film ‘Gunga Jamuna’, were his creations. He used to give tunes to many otherr composers too-whoever asked for help.

The cast of the film ‘Baghdad Ka Jaadu’ includes Nadia, John Cawas, Krishn Kumari, Sheela Kashmiri, Vijaya Choudhari, Dalpat etc. Most people know evrything about Fearless Nadia (Mary Evans, daughter of Australian soldier Herbert Evans and Greek mother Margaret), but not many people know much about John Cawas.

That way, not much info is available about him either. He was born in 1910 at Jabalpore (in Madhya Pradesh, India), which means he was 2 years younger than Nadia. He was a body builder and joined Wadia Movietone. ‘Hunterwali’ (1935) was his first film, while it was the third film for Nadia. Their on-screen pairing soon became very popular and they acted together in almost 15 films or so. Their last film together was ‘Circus Queen’ (1958). John Cawas also directed some films like ‘Mala The Mighty’ (1942) and ‘Baghdad Ka Jaadu’.

After quitting films John became the Manager of Wadia Movietone and was given the third floor flat in the office building of WM itself, where he breathed his last on 4-10-1993. He was unmarried

Sheela Kashmiri was another small time actress about whom not much is known. She started her career as a child artist in films like ‘Damaad’ (1951), ‘Poonam’ and ‘Rangeeli’ (1952), ‘Parineeta’ (1953), ‘Hamlet’ (1954), ‘Daaku’, ‘Munimji’ and ‘Baraati’ (1955). As an adult, she was heroine in only 3 films – ‘Arab Ka Sitaara’ (1961) (with Kamran), ‘Deccan Queen’ (1962) (with Samar Roy) and ‘Tarzan And Gorilla’ (1963) (with Azaad). In all she did 38 films. Her last film was ‘Baankelal’ (1972). She married the producer AA Nadiadwala, and settled as a housewife in Mumbai.

There are only 5 songs listed for this film, in Geet Kosh. Three of them are already discussed here. Today’s song is the 4th song. This song has no details of singer or record number given in HFGK. Anyway, let us now see the video and enjoy it.

[Ed Note: On screen, we can see John Cawas leading a group of armed men and women, and also leading the singing. There is one more primary singer on screen who is lip syncing the male voice. The lines in female voice are performed on screen by Sheila Kashmiri and Krishna Kumari. I request other readers to please confirm and/or correct these identifications.]


Song – Hum Duniya Mein Azaad Rahenge (Baghdad Ka Jaadu) (1956) Singer – Male Voice, Female Voice, Lyrics – Preetam Dehlavi, MD – Mohammed Shafi
Male Voice + Female Voice
Chorus

Lyrics

hum duniya mein azaad rahenge..e..e

hum duniya mein azaad rahenge
ya lad kar mar jaayenge
dushman ki taaqat se darr kar
dushman ki taaqat se darr kar
dushman ki taaqat se darr kar
sar na kabhi jhukaayenge
hum duniya mein azaad rahenge. . .

azaadi ka naara hai ye
saamne gaddaaron ke
azaadi ka naara hai ye
saamne gaddaaron ke
rokey se hum ruk nahin sakte
dushmsn ki talwaaron se
rokey se hum ruk nahin sakte
dushmsn ki talwaaron se
toofaanon se taqqar lenge..e..e
toofaanon se taqqar lenge
hum aage badhte jaayenge
hum duniya mein azaad rahenge. . .

zaalim ko apni himmat se
neecha aaj dikhaana hai
zaalim ko apni himmat se
neecha aaj dikhaana hai
zulm o sitam ki deewaaron se
apna sar takraana hai
zulm o sitam ki deewaaron se
apna sar takraana hai
apne haathon se hum apni
apne haathon se hum apni
bigdi aaj banaayenge
hum duniya mein azaad rahenge. . .

azaadi ki keemat ho gar
jaan khushi se de dena
azaadi ki keemat ho gar
jaan khushi se de dena
soney ke ambaar agar hon
saath ghulami na lena
soney ke ambaar agar hon
saath ghulami na lena
aane wali duniya ko
aane wali duniya ko
aise jeena sikhlaayenge
hum duniya mein azaad rahenge. . .

chaahe zamaana saath na de
apni manzil par jaayenge
chaahe zamaana saath na de
apni manzil par jaayenge
raste ki har mushkil ko
ab khaatir mein na laayenge
raste ki har mushkil ko
ab khaatir mein na laayenge
zinda rehne ki khaatir
zinda rehne ki khaatir
ab maut se hum takraayenge
hum duniya mein azaad rahenge. . .
e. . . e. . . e. . . e. . .

hum duniya mein azaad rahenge
ya lad kar mar jaayenge
dushman ki taaqat se darr kar
sar na kabhi jhukaayenge
hum duniya mein azaad rahenge. . .

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
हम दुनिया में आज़ाद रहेंगे॰॰ए॰॰ए

हम दुनिया में आज़ाद रहेंगे
या लड़ कर मर जाएँगे
दुश्मन की ताक़त से डर कर
दुश्मन की ताक़त से डर कर
दुश्मन की ताक़त से डर कर
सर ना कभी झुकाएँगे
हम दुनिया में आज़ाद रहेंगे॰॰॰

आज़ादी का नारा है ये
सामने गद्दारों के
आज़ादी का नारा है ये
सामने गद्दारों के
रोके से हम रुक नहीं सकते
दुश्मन की तलवारों से
रोके से हम रुक नहीं सकते
दुश्मन की तलवारों से
तूफानों से टक्कर लेंगे॰॰ए॰॰ए
तूफानों से टक्कर लेंगे
हम आगे बढ़ते जाएँगे
हम दुनिया में आज़ाद रहेंगे॰॰॰

ज़ालिम को अपनी हिम्मत से
नीचा आज दिखाना है
ज़ालिम को अपनी हिम्मत से
नीचा आज दिखाना है
ज़ुल्म ओ सितम की दीवारों से
सर अपना टकराना है
ज़ुल्म ओ सितम की दीवारों से
सर अपना टकराना है
अपने हाथों से हम अपनी
अपने हाथों से हम अपनी
बिगड़ी आज बनायंगे
हम दुनिया में आज़ाद रहेंगे॰॰॰

आज़ादी की कीमत हो गर
जान खुशी से दे देना
आज़ादी की कीमत हो गर
जान खुशी से दे देना
सोने के अम्बार अगर हों
साथ ग़ुलामी ना लेना
सोने के अम्बार अगर हों
साथ ग़ुलामी ना लेना
आने वाली दुनिया को
आने वाली दुनिया को
ऐसे जीना सिखलाएंगे
हम दुनिया में आज़ाद रहेंगे॰॰॰

चाहे ज़माना साथ ना दे
अपनी मंज़िल पर जाएँगे
चाहे ज़माना साथ ना दे
अपनी मंज़िल पर जाएँगे
रस्ते की हर मुश्किल को
अब खातिर में ना लाएँगे
रस्ते की हर मुश्किल को
अब खातिर में ना लाएँगे
ज़िंदा रहने की खातिर
ज़िंदा रहने की खातिर
अब मौत से हम टकराएँगे
हम दुनिया में आज़ाद रहेंगे॰॰॰
॰॰ए ॰॰ए ॰॰ए ॰॰ए

हम दुनिया में आज़ाद रहेंगे
या लड़ कर मर जाएँगे
दुश्मन की ताक़त से डर कर
सर ना कभी झुकाएँगे
हम दुनिया में आज़ाद रहेंगे॰॰॰

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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 13800 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3400 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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