Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Muqaabla


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4750 Post No. : 16485

The tale of two brothers – Hafiz Khan and Aziz Khan, sons of the Ustad Waheed Khan of Etawaha Gharana is not only saddening but also contrasting in the end. After a promising start in Hindi films as a playback singer and the music director in the 1940s, Hafiz Khan died in 1972 in extreme poverty. Aziz Khan, on the other hand, after a brief stint with Hindi film industry as a music director, reverted to playing Sitar and trained his son, Ustad Parvez Khan who is now an internationally well-known Sitar player.

Etawaha Gharana popularised the Sitar and Surbahar and Ustad Waheed Khan was a famous exponent of both these musical instruments. He appeared in Satyajit Ray’s ‘Jalsaagar (1958) in which he can be seen playing Raag Bihaag on Surbahar in one of the scenes of the film. Ustad Waheed Khan was a court musician at the court of Holkar of Indore for 18 years, in the court of Maharaja of Patiala for 3 years and later in the court of Nizam of Hyderabad until 1948. Naturally, he wanted his two sons to continue the Gharana tradition of playing Sitar and Surbahar. With this aim in mind, Ustad Waheed Khan gave extensive training in Sitar, Surbahar and vocal music to his two sons. At the age of around 12 , Hafiz Khan was sent to Kolkata to receive further training in Sitar and Surbahar from his uncle, Ustad Inayat Khan (father of sitar maestro Ustad Vilayat Khan) who found Hafiz Khan to be a promising student of Sitar and Surbahar. He used to accompany his uncle in his sitar/surbahar concerts.

In Kolkata, Hafiz Khan got mesmerised with the songs of K L Saigal and Pankaj Mullick. He was now more interested in becoming a singer in Hindi films than learning Sitar and Surbahar. On a visit to Hyderabad to spend some time with his father who had then become a court musician in the court of Nizam, Hafiz Khan got a chance to sing songs on Hyderabad Radio. Knowing fully well of his father’s strong aversion to film songs, he had to sing on the radio without revealing his name. He got some money for his singing on the radio.

Knowing that his father would never allow him to sing for Hindi films, one day Hafiz Khan ran away from Hyderabad with his money earned from radio singing to Mumbai some time in 1934. After doing some odd jobs in the film studio including small roles as actor, producer Chandrarao Kadam, who was producing ‘Bahadur Kisaan’(1938) for which Mir Sahab was entrusted with the music direction, gave him a chance to sing a solo song ‘baalam gaye pardes ri sajni’ which became his debut playback song in a film. With this song, Hafiz Khan became known as a singer. Since he wanted to hide his name associated with film songs from his father, Mir Sahab gave him a new name ‘Khan Mastana’ keeping in view his jolly nature.

After the release of ‘Bahadur Kissan’ (1938), Mir Sahab joined Minerva Movietone as the music director. He also took Khan Mastana to Minerva Movietone where he was taken as a playback singer on a 3-year contract. During this period, he sang songs in ‘Jailor’ (1938), ‘Talaaq’ (1938), ‘Pukaar’ (1939) ‘Main Haari’ (1940), etc. His songs from these films raised his popularity graph. During the last year of the contract with Minerva Movietone, Sohrab Modi wanted him to play sitar in addition to his contract as playback singer. Khan Mastana refused to play sitar as he did not wish to become a musician. He left Minerva Movietone. By that time, he had also got an offer from a film producer to work as a music director (probably for ‘Virginia’, 1940). Since Sohrab Modi did not want to lose Khan Mastana, he gave him a chance as a music director in his film ‘Vasiyat’ (1940) which he accepted as a free-lancer.

In around 1945, Khan Mastana’s younger brother, Aziz Khan had also joined Bombay film industry as a music director. To conceal his identity for his association with films, he had also changed his name to ‘Aziz Hindi’. By 1947, Khan Mastana had become a top male playback singer next only to G M Durrani and had given music direction to as many as 23 films. Everything was going very fine in his filmy career. He had money, fame and the luxury of staying in any one of his 5 flats in Mumbai. But his misfortune started when he paid a visit to Hyderabad sometime in 1947. His father who was a court musician at that time with Nizam, did not allow him to return to Mumbai. Instead, he pressurized Khan Mastana to learn classical music and sing in front of him rather than in the films. This continued for almost a year which led to delay in films for which he was committed to complete the recording of the songs as playback singer and as a music director. The producers of such films had to engage some other music directors to complete their films. Khan Mastana’s unprofessional attitude resulted in losing some prospective films as the music director.

In early 1948, Khan Mastana once again ran away from Hyderabad for Mumbai. One year of the absence from the film industry is sufficient for a film artist to be forgotten. Khan Mastana managed to get some playback singing assignments to re-establish himself in the film industry. One of the songs in which he sang with Mohammed Rafi was ‘watan ki raah pe watan ke naujawaan shahid ho’ from ‘Shaheed’ (1948) which became very popular. When Khan Mastana has just settled down in the film industry mainly as a playback singer in his second innings, his father came to Mumbai and forcibly took him ( also his brother, Aziz Khan) back to Hyderabad. This time, he was trapped in Hyderabad for about 2 years.

When Khan Mastana returned to Mumbai after 2 years – probably in 1951, he had not only faced the wrath of producers and music directors for his unprofessional behaviour, he had to face stiff competition of emerging playback singers like Mohammed Rafi, Mukesh, Talat Mehmood and Manna Dey. Some new music directors had also emerged during his absence who were happy with the emerging playback singers. Khan Mastana realised that his days as playback singer and the music director were over. In his third inning in film industry, he could get only a handful of songs to sing. He sang his last song as a playback singer, zindagi hai yaa koi toofaan hai in ‘Zindagi Yaa Toofaan’ (1958) which became his swan song.

From the mid 1950s up to his death in March 1972, Khan Mastana lived a life of extreme poverty. During his heydays, he lavishly spent money on his friends who also made him addicted to some vices including drinking. So, he had not saved money for the future. He was staying with his family in a small room mocated in a lane adjunct to Mahim Dargah. He had got afflicted with paralysis in 1966. His only son got similar affliction at the age of 14.

Khan Mastana who had sung nearly 150 songs, composed music in around 30 films besides acting in around 10 films died unsung in abject poverty in March 1972.

What a sad end of a lineage from the Etawah Gharana. His nephew, Ustad Shahid Parvez Khan (son of his brother, Aziz Khan) who is an accomplished sitar player of international repute is of the view that going by the recordings of his uncle’s Hindustani classical renditions and sitar/surbahar recitals available with the family’s archive, Khan Mastana would have become one of the leading exponents of Hindustani classical music if he had concentrated on playing Sitar/Surbahar and as a classical vocalist rather than in the Hindi film industry.

‘Muqabala’ (1942) was one of the films of Khan Mastana’s heydays for which he was not only the music director, he also sang for himself in the film and also provided playback singing for other actors. This film seems to have been produced at a time when Wadia Movietone was in the verge of a split between Wadia Brothers. The film was made under the banner of J B H Wadia Productions but it was a Homi Wadia presentation. The film was jointly directed by Batuk Bhatt (Nanabhai Bhatt) and Babubhai Mistry. The star cast included Nadia and Yaqub in the lead role supported by Srinivas, Rajni, Dalpat, Nazira, Agha, Jal Khambata, M K Hasan, Baby Madhuri etc.

The film had 9 songs of which 3 songs have been covred in the Blog. All the songs were written by A Karim. I am presenting the film’s 4th song, ‘mujrim hoon mohabbat ka jo chaahe saza dena’ which is picturised on Yaqub. Agha is also seen in the song picturization.

Almost all on-line resources mention Yaqub as the singer. But it is apparent that the voice in the song is that of Khan Mastana.

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————

Acknowledgement: Sometime last year, one of my friends sent me a photocopy of an article written by Madhup Sharma which was published in Hindi magazine, ‘Madhuri’ in 1969. This article was based on the interview the author had taken with Khan Mastana in his house. Much of the information about Khan Mastana in my article is based on this source with some updates.

Video Clip:

Audio Clip:

Song-Mujrim hoon mohabbat ka jo chaahe sazaa dena (Muqaabla)(1942) Singer-Khan Mastana, Lyrics-A Karim, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

aa aa aa
haaa haaa
aaaa aaaaa
mujrim hoon mohabbat ka
jo chaahe saza dena
mujrim hoon mohabbat ka
jo chaahe saza dena

mujrim hoon mohabbat ka aa aa
haan aan
jo chaahe saza dena aa aa
par yaad rahe itna
dil se na bhula dena
par yaad rahe itna
dil se na bhula dena

main dil tumhen deta..aa hoon
lekin kahe deta hoo..n
main dil tumhen deta hoon
lekin kahe deta hoon
mujhko to mitaaya hai
isko na mita dena
mujhko to mitaaya hai
dil ko na mita dena

aaraam na hai din ko….o o o o
aur neend na raaton ko…o o o o
aaraam na hai din ko
aur neend na raaton ko..o o o
beemaar kiya tumne
ab tum hi dawa dena
beemaar kiya tumne
ab tum hi dawa dena

wo guzri huyi baaten
raaton ki mulaakaaten
wo guzri huyi baaten
raaton ki mulaakaat..en
bhoole se jo yaad aaye
do aansoo baha dena
bhoole se jo yaad aaye
do aansoo baha dena
mujrim hoon mohabbat ka
jo chaahe saza dena
par yaad rahe itna
dil se na bhula dena


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4688 Post No. : 16372

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2011-2021) – Song No. 23
———————————————————————————–

This day ten years ago (19 may 2011) saw four songs being covered in the blog. That month of may 2011 was seemingly a month when I was not in a position to discuss songs with the same regularily and rate that I used to achieve in the past. My guess is that summer vacations were on at that time. My school going daughter, my ife and our three pets had joined me at Nagpur and that as the reason for less number of posts in this month. With the benefit of hindsight, even that rate that I managed to achieve in this month ten years ago makes that month seems like a prolific month vis a vis the same month ten years later. 107 songs were covered in may 2011, whereas 18 days of the corresponsing month this year has seen only 26 songs getting covered in first 18 days of the month of may 2021.

Here are the details of the four songs covered in the blog on 19 may 2011:-

Blog post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
3904 Ham apne dard ka kissa sunaaye jaate hain Muqabala (1942) Two songs covered by now out of nine
3905 Aasmaan se door taaraa ho gaya Darogaji(1949) Eleven songs covered out of 12. Final song unavailable
3906 Aaya re aaya re mera jaane bahaar aayaa Insaaf(1966) 2 songs covered by now out of six
3907 Naseeb hoga mera meharbaan kabhi na kabhi Chaalis Din(1959) 5 songs covered by now out of 8

We can see that all four movies remain upYIPPEED even ten years later. So potentially we can have four Blog Ten Year Challenge posts today. But realistically, it can not be that. For example, the one missing song of “Darogajee”(1949) seems to be unavailable. So another song from that movie cannot be discussed. And so, that movie cannot be YIPPEED as things stand today.

“Muqaabla”(1942) was chronologically the first movie whose song was covered ten years ago. This movie was produced by Homi Wadia and directed by Batuk Bhatt and BabuBhai Mistry. It had Fearless Nadia and Yakoob
with Sreenivas, Rajni, Dalpat, Agha, Nazira, Baby Madhuri, M.K.Hasan, Jal Khambata, Khan Mastana, A.Rehman, Azim, Habib, Kunzru etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Muqaabla”(1942) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Khan Mastana.An unknown female voice joins in chorus for a few lines. A Karim is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khan Mastana.

The song is picturised as a dance song on a male and a female dancer. I am unable to identify the male dancer, but the ghaghra choli donning female is unmistakably fearless Nadia. It must be a rare occasion where fearless Nadia is dressed in a desi female attire and she is dancing like a desi lady. We are used to see her dressed in masculine attire and fighting baddies.

It is another man (and not the male dancer) who lip syncs the song on screen.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

Can it be so that the female voice heard in the song is that of Fearless Nadia herself ? I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on this matter.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchaadra.

video link:

audio link:

Song-Meri jholi bhar de khaali teri raam kare rakhwaali (Muqaabla)(1942) Singers-Khan Mastana, Lyrics-A Karim, MD-Khan Mastana
Khan Mastana + Unknown female voice

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali

paisaa dewey paisaa paavey
paisaa dewey paisaa paavey
sunn ley rey baabaa aa
jaisaa dewey waisaa paawey
jaisaa deway waisaa paawey
diyaa liyaa tere sang chale ae
diyaa liyaa tere sang chale
ye jag ki reet niraali
ye jag ki reet niraali
rey teri ram karey rakhwaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali

moh lobh ke tod dey phandey ae
o baaboo jee
moh lobh ke tod dey phandey ae ae
o baaboo ji
moh lobh ke tod dey phandey ae
jhoothi duniya jhoothey dhandey
le jaa dil ki duaayein
bandey kabhi na jaayein khaali
de jaa dil ki duaayein
bandey kabhi na jaayein khaali
rey teri ram karey rakhwaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali

duniya rain baseraa hai
paapon kaa chahoon oar andheraa hai ae ae
duniya rain baseraa hai ae ae
paapon kaa chahoon oar andheraa hai
neki ka tu diyaa jalaa ley
ek paisaa dey ae
neki ka tu diyaa jalaa ley
ek paisaa dey ae
rain baney ujiyaali manwa
rain baney ujiyaali
rey teri ram karey rakhwaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
meri jholi bhar dey khaali
rey teri raam karey rakhwaali


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4054 Post No. : 15186 Movie Count :

4172

Hullo To all in Atuldom

A very happy Janmashtami or Gokulashtami or Sri Krishna Jayanthi as it is called in the various parts of the country. It is celebrated with a lot of prasads, bhajans and jagrans (in some regions). Jagran means keeping awake. The thought behind this is that Lord Krishna was born in the dead of the night so the devotees keep vigil till that hour. As per mythology it was raining heavily at the time of the Lord’s birth and most of the country is having a good monsoon at this point.

The Srimad Bhagwat Puraan says- at birth the Lord was transported, hidden inside a basket by his father Vasudev, to the house of Nand in Gokul, across a swollen Yamuna. (As if in anticipation of the lord there is a flood alert along the banks of the river Yamuna this year.) The Lord grew up in the loving care of Nand and his wife Yashoda. His baal-leelas (playful pastimes as a child) are described in the 10th Canto of the Srimad Bhagwat Puraan. One of the acts described in great detail is ‘maakhan chori‘ – how the lord Loved to reach out to the pots of curds, milk and butter that used to be hung up in the kitchens of Gokul.

Today’s song shows the day 2 of the Janmashtami / Gokulashtami celebrations that is very common in western India. It is from the 1979 Rajkumar Kohli directed Sunil Dutt- Reena Roy- Bindiya Goswami- Shatrughan Sinha starrer ‘Muqaabla’. It has songs penned by Verma Malik with Laxmi-Pyare as the music directors.  Asha Bhonsle, Kishore Kumar, Anwar, Mahendra Kapoor and Mohd. Rafi are the playback singers used in the movie. The movie was a typical romantic, masaala movie where Sunil Dutt and Shatru play gang leaders. I vaguely remember having seen it, possibly on television, and by the time I discovered it half the movie was over.

But here is the gist as given on IMDB.com:

Sheru (Shatrughan Sinha) and Vicky (Sunil Dutt) are two gang leaders. After a series of complications and mishaps both realize that they will be better off being friends and helping the poor and needy. They also fall in love with two separate women, one of them is Lacho (Reena Roy). When these two turn good guys, the bad guy’s leader Banwanri (Ranjeet) gets angry and vengeful. Fortunately, our two heroes get support from a honest police inspector (Premnath). Then Sheru finds out that Lacho really loves Vicky and his son, this embittered them both against each other. And the two again resume their old rivalry and hatred for each other.

As I said earlier, Janmashtami celebrations continue on to the second day in many parts of India. There are street corner scenes where in pots of goodies along with dahi are tied high up. Groups of youngsters make an attempt at breaking the pots, by making human pyramids and emulating Krishna’s habit of breaking pots which were tied up in the kitchens of yore.

In my younger days (there, I let the cat out of the bag, that I am not so young now though I like to think that I am still a bachcha 🙂 ) we used to have dahi-handi in our apartment complex between the two wings of flats. They used to be tied at a height of 1st floor. We needed a pyramid of three tiers to reach the handi. It was a very simple joyful day. Then as time went by, as in other spheres of life, commercialization set in the dahi-handi festival began to be conducted with prize money attached to the ropes of dahi-handi. This has further grown to the extent that there is this chowk (crossroad intersection) in Thane where the competition is held and the whole road is out of bounds for traffic for the day. And groups of youth practice for months on end to make pyramids which have seven or eight layers. There are numerous cases of people falling and breaking their limbs.  Lately there are also all girl groups in the contest. It is telecast live on all Marathi TV channels and makes for good viewing.

Dahi-handi was made popular in Hindi cinema by Shammi Kapoor in ‘Bluffmaster’ (1965) – the original “Govinda Aala Re, Aala, Zara Matki Sambhaal Brijbaala“.  Various heroes have copied him in subsequent years. In today’s song, we have Shatrughan Sinha and Sunil Dutt have a go at the handi along with Manmohan (in red shirt) and others who are not clear in this video. (A few years back Sonakshi Sinha also had a Govinda song to her name). The song is written by Verma Malik and Laxmikant Pyarelal are the music directors. Mohd Rafi and Kishore Kumar are the playback singers.  I couldn’t stop my smile when I saw Sunil Dutt dancing. Don’t know who the dance master was who gave him steps that were uncharacteristic of Duttsaab. Then Dr. Shreeram Lagoo enters the scene as the advisor of peace and I was desperately trying to recognize the actor in the light brown shirt with a head band who was trying to raise bets on who will break the handi. The finale of the song is the whole pyramid collapsing when this actor pokes a pin into the feet of one of the govindas (that is what the boys in the pyramid are called)

Govinda Aala Re!!!!

Song – Teen Batti Waala, Ae Govinda Aala  (Muqaabla) (1979) Singer -Mohammed Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Lyrics – Verma Malik, MD – Laxmikant Pyaarelal
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Prakashchandra)

teen batti waala
ae govinda aala
ae teen batti waala
he govinda aala
govinda govinda govinda
he govinda govinda govinda
rassi pe latki mitti ki matki
matki mein maal masaala
govinda
govinda
govinda teen batti waala
dekho matki phodne aala re aala

he laal patti waala
govinda aala
he laal patti waala
he govinda aala
govinda govinda govinda
he govinda govinda govinda
oopar latak ke niche patak ke
loot lo maal masaala
govinda
govinda
govinda lal patti waala
apni sena ko lekar aala re aala

baandh kataare daal do ghera
is matki par haq hai mera
baandh kataare daal do ghera
is matki par haq hai mera
sar koi uthaaye
sar ko jhuka do
haath uthe to
haath uda do
haathon ke tote ud jaayenge
hum se jo pad gaya paala
govinda
govinda
govinda teen batti wala
dekho matki phodne aala re aala

naam mera duniya pehchaane
bachcha bachcha mujhko jaane
naam mera duniya pehchaane
bachcha bachcha mujhko jaane
kadam uthe to
duniya jhukti
chalti hawa mujhe dekh kar rukti
mere haath se bach kar jaaye
bach kar jaaye
jaaye koi kismat wala
govinda
govinda
govinda lal patti wala
apni sena ko lekar aala re aala

govinda aala re aala
govinda aala re aala
is matki ko hum lootenge
govinda aala re aala
dekhna phir kayi sar phootenge
govinda aala re aala
hai muqaabla hum cha tum cha
koi na aaye beech mein chamcha
dekhta hoon mai tera hausla
kar doonga main abhi faisla
teen batti to jalti rahegi
lal patti bhi to chamakti rahegi
teen batti to jalti rahegi
lal patti bhi toh chamakti rahegi

[dialogues]

govinda govinda govinda govinda
he ae ae ae
govinda govinda govinda govinda
he ae ae ae
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16500 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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