Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Sharma


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4506 Post No. : 16047

Today’s song is from the film Kaise Kahoon-1945.

To start with, Bombay was the first film making centre followed closely by Calcutta. Slowly, some other centres like Madras, Coimbatore, Poona, Bangalore etc. as occasional film centres also developed. In 1924,i.e. 11 years after the first silent feature film was released in Bombay, Lahore made its first silent film-“The daughters of Today”. It was made and released in Lahore. This film was made by Mr. G K Mehta, a former officer of North Western Railways, who had imported a Camera from London. A R Kardar, who was making posters for foreign film productions and who was a qualified well known Calligrapher, assisted Mehta. Kardar and his friend Ismail both also acted in that film.

In 1928, Kardar, with no other work on hand, decided to start a film making studio and a production company called ” United Players Corporation” to make films. He made 12 silent films in Lahore, thus bringing Lahore’s name on the map of film centres in India. Therefore, Kardar can be called the architect of Lahore film industry, in a sense. Slowly Talkie films were planned in Lahore. Dalsukh Pancholiestablished his studio. The making of films like Khazanchi, Khandan and Zamindar firmly established Lahore as a Film making centre. Many films like Poonji, Daasi etc were made there. Punjabi aspirants in various fields like acting, direction, music, singing, cinematography etc found Lahore convenient to start careers, rather than going to Bombay all the way.

Film Kaise Kahoon – 45 was made by Pancholi Art Studio, Lahore which had earned All India fame with its highly successful films. As per Baburao Patel’s review in Film India magazine January 1945, the film’s story was by Dalsukh pancholi himself. He had also written the story for another hit film Daasi-44 earlier. Patel said in his review that ” Pancholi stole ideas from foreign films “. Whether True or not, the treatment Pancholi’s films gave to the stories was certainly loved by the audience all over India, so there was no problem. The film was directed by foreign trained Moti B Gidwani, who directed 17 films in his career. It is interesting to know, however, that his first film as a director, ” Midnight Girl -29″ was a resounding flop and it caused the film maker company- Maharashtra Film company of Kolhapur to close down. It also caused a group of 5 people to leave the company earlier and start their own Prabhat Film Company, at Kolhapur.

Cast of the film was Ragini, Najmul Hasan, Akhtar, Jagirdar, Durga Mota etc. Ragini was famous and popular. She was one of the two actresses of Hindi films, who had Brown eyes, the other being Vanmala. The hero Najmul Hasan was a compromise actor, who had become infamous due to his elopement with Devika Rani of Bombay Talkies. She returned to her husband and he was left high and dry ! Baburao Patel described him as ” an overfed Owl ” !

One name in the cast is that of Durga Mota. His real name was Durgaprasad. Due to his heavy build he was nicknamed Mota(fat). He was a permanent member of Pancholi films as a comedian. It is very sad that his career ended in a gruesome way. In 1947, after Partition, there was an exodus of millions from Lahore to India. Durgaprasad also wanted to shift to Delhi. He went to Lahore station to catch the train. Suddenly, a frenzied mob of rioters invaded Lahore station and they started killing all the passengers waiting to go to India. People started running to save life. Due to his fatness, Durgaprasad could not move faster and was caught by the mob, who cut him in pieces on the Lahore Railway station platform itself.

The film was released on 16-11-45 ( 75 years ago to the date, almost), in Imperial Cinema, Bombay. The story of the film, as adapted from the Film India magazine review by our Sadanand kamath ji, was – A doctor (Gajanan Jagirdar) has a son and two grown up daughters – Geeta (Ragini) and Basanti (Baby Akhtar). The son who was in Burma is expected to return home, However, he is accidentally killed by Pradeep (Najam ul Hasan) without knowing the identity of the deceased. As it often happens in Hindi films, coincidentally, Pradeep lands in a doctor’s house for an overnight stay. He falls in love with Geeta instantaneously. The overnight guest becomes a permanent attachment. Basanti, the younger sister of Geeta, is also happy about her sister’s love for Pradeep.

As usual in Hindi films, when the love reaches a finale, a villain, a zamindar (probably Ajmal) steps in the picture. He comes to know about the accidental death of the doctor’s son and the killer who is none other than Pradeep. After a lot of suspicions and misunderstanding, the things get cleared and Pradeep gets his fiancee Geeta.

The music of film kaise Kahoon-45 was by a veteran Pt. Amarnath Batish. I am purposely calling him Batish, because there was another MD with the same name of Pt. Amarnath Chawla. They were obviously different, but were a case of ” Same Name Confusion” because both never wrote their full names. In this matter Marathi actresses never became a case of SNC, because they all used their surnames, like Shanta Apte and Shanta Hublikar, Nalini Tarkhad and Nalini Jaywant, Leela Chitnis and Leela Chandragiri etc. etc. This made matters clear and easy to identify.

In 1931 the first Talkie film was released. There were seven songs in this film. With this film, along with the existing Film Industry an additional Music Industry also came into existence. The early film makers understood the importance of music in India. Music, Instrumental or Vocal had secured the Royal Patronage from the kings and Nawabs. For the common people Gramophone records were providing musical entertainment. Occasional open air dramas and music concerts too were popular. By the 30’s decade the NFS (Non Film Songs) became a craze and several popular singers churned out their records.

Music became an integral part of Hindi films. Famous filmmakers like Prabhat, Ranjit, New Theatres, Madon Theatres, Bombay Talkies, Saraswati Cinetone etc. also helped in promoting film music. Initially Film music was greatly influenced by Parsi Theatre, and Marathi and Gujarati Natya Geets as well as Folk songs. This was successfully changed by Ghulam Haider with Punjabi Music in Lahore and Naushad with UP folk music in Bombay. Pt. Amarnath and his younger brother pair of Husnlal-Bhagatram carried forward the Punjabi music.

Amarnath Batish was born in 1912 in Jalandhar. He started his career as an actor and singer on stage dramas. He was a good Harmonium and Tabla player. He started his career with HMV as an Orchestra Director, in Delhi. Master Madan, the child Prodigy recorded few Punjabi songs under his baton.

It was natural that Amarnath joined Films. His first film was Roop K Shorey’s Nishani-1942. Pandit ji had discovered Naseem Akhtar. She and Shamshad begum sang songs for him. In the same year, his first Punjabi film Govandi-42 was released. His new find Zeenat Begum sang in it. Even Amarnath sang a song ” Pagadi utaar jatta” along with S D Batish and chorus in it. However, the British government banned this Patriotic song. The film was a hit film. Film Daasi-44 was his most popular film. All songs became hits. He did a film Irada-44, in Calcutta in which he introduced Hemant Kumar in Hindi films.

Simultaneously, he was giving music to Punjabi films too like Koel-44 and Gul Baloch-45.During the 40s decade Pt. Amarnath was the most busy composer, with a line up like- Nishani-42, Paapi-43, Irada-44, Daasi-44, Panchhi-44, Shirin Farhad-45, Ragini-45, Kaise Kahoon-45, Dhamkee-45, Sham Savera-46, Shalimar-46, Shehar se door-46, Jhumke-46, Aai Bahar-46, pagdandi-47, Mirza Saheban-47, Roop Rekha-48 and Ek Teri Nishani-49.

He gave music to 18 Hindi films, composing 152 songs in all. Due to his success, he started taking drinks, which became his nemesis. At the time of film Pagdandi-47, after a few songs, he was replaced by Khurshid Anwar. Even in his last two films Roop Rekha-48 and Ek teri nishani-49 after a few songs, he was replaced by other MDs. Film Patjhad, which he had signed, was given to Ghulam Haider.

During the making of the film Mirza Sahiban-47, Pt. Amarnath died at the age of just 35 years, on 20-2-1947. The balance songs were done by Husnlal Bhagatram.

(Adapted with thanks, from Film Sangeetkar by Prof. Yadav, an article by Sharad Dutt in milleniumpost.in, Dhunon ki yatra by P.Raag, HFGK, muVyz and my notes).

So far, 2 songs of this film were discussed. Today’s song is the third song here. I would say, songs of this film do not conform to the fame of Pt. Amarnath for giving melodious songs. But then, every song of every film can not be of the same quality.


Song-Gori gaagar ki Ganga udhhaar diye jaa (Kaise Kahoon)(1945) Singers- S D Batish, Shamshad Begum, Lyricist- Sharma, MD- Pt. Amarnath
Chorus

Lyrics

Gori ee
gaagar ki Ganga udhhaar diye jaa
udhhaar diye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe Ganga kasam

haan
dil waalon ke dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa
vyopaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe Ganga kasam
gori ee
gaagar ki ganga

wo bageeche mein dekho
wo gaagar pade
wo bageeche mein dekho
wo gaagar pade
nahin hoti hai
?? mein pade
babu dil mein hi
o babu dil mein hi
dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa

gori
gaagar ki Ganga udhhaar diye jaa
udhhaar diye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
o tujhe
o tujhe
ganga kasam

baabu
dil mein hi Ganga utaar kiye jaa
utaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe Ganga kasam

Gori ee
gaagar ki ganga

Gori har roz tumse to kehna nahin
Gori har roz tumse to kehna nahin
sada gaagar ki ganga mein behna nahin
sada roop jawaani mein rehna nahin
rehna nahin
aji din hain tere
upkaar kiye jaa aa
baabu u
dil mein hi dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa
vyopaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
o tujhe
o tujhe
ganga kasam

o gori ee
gaagar ki ganga

baabu baala jobanwa hai
pyaar kiye jaa
pyaar kiye jaa
baabu baala jobanwa hai
pyaar kiye jaa
pyaar kiye jaa
kachchi kaliyaan hain
kachchi kaliyaan hain
tan man nisaar kiye jaa
nisaar kiye jaa
phool ban’ne talak
intzaar kiye jaa

gori ee ee
gaagar ki ganga udhhaar kiye jaa
udhaar diye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
o tujhe

baabu
dil mein hi dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa
vyopaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
ganga kasam

o gori ee
gaagar ki ganga


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3782 Post No. : 14762

Today’s song is from the film Gunsundari(1948). It was a bilingual movie in Gujarati and Hindi, made by Ajit Films-a cover company of Ranjit Movietone.

This film was the third Avatar of the same story with same title. First time, Chandulal Shah wrote the story of the film, based on a famous Gujarati drama,”Sangeet Leelavati”, which had appeared in the first decade of the twentieth century. It was written by Keshavlal Bhojak. Chandulal Shah directed the silent film Gunsundari-1927, made by Kohinoor Film company. The cast included Miss Gohar, Raja Sandow and Rampyari in the lead. This silent film was remade in 1934 as a Talkie film ” Gunsundari’-1934, with the same story and same cast. Like the first silent film, even this edition was a hit film.

In the initial stage of Ranjit Movietone, Gunsundari-34 was a Milestone and gave the company the much needed money and stability. Incidentally, after this film, Chandulal and Gohar Mamajiwala came closer and stayed together till Chandulal’s death.

In 1946-47, when Ranjit Movietone came into financial difficulties ( Chandulal Shah had lost 1.25 Crores in one day in Satta Bazar ), it was ‘Gunsundari’ again which was thought of as a saviour. This time, however, the film was made by a cover company of Ranjit- Ajit Chitra, and was directed by Ratilal Punatar, nephew of Chandulal Shah. The set of actors also changed as Gohar had not only stopped acting, but had passed the age and glamour of a Heroine, by now.

A new Heroine- Kokila Balsara was selected as Heroine. She was renamed as Nirupa Roy. This was her first film as a Heroine. The Hero was Manhar Desai. He was actually a Christian- Malcolm Alfredo D’souza. This was his first film with Nirupa Roy. Later, the pair featured in many films-mostly Mythologicals. In Hindi films, it is a miracle that two Christian actors- Manhar Desai and Shahu Modak, became famous by doing Hindu God’s roles in Hindi films. This also confirms that our Film industry was truly a Secular one.

Due to the Partition, Independence etc, film Gunsundari got delayed. Meanwhile Chandulal started another film Lakhon mein ek-47, with Nirupa Roy as the Heroine. This film was released first and for Nirupa Roy, it was on record as her Debut film as a Heroine. As expected, Gunsundari-48 which was made in Gujarati and Hindi, became a hit film in both languages. Nirupa Roy’s acting was appreciated by one and all…including the impossible Baburao Patel of Film India. Gujarati people spread all over India loved the film, as it was shown to be a story happening in a Gujarati family.

The story of Gunsundari was very simple. A simple village girl is married to a rich, educated and modern boy. He does not like this villege belle and keeps off her, spending his time with a professional singer. The film showed how the heroine gets herself educated and becomes modern. At the same time she serves her in laws in traditional ways, winning their hearts and support. In the end, the husband realises his folly and she wins him back completely.

Indian film audience of India is unusual. They are not tired of repetition of popular stories and themes rather they take pleasure in repeat viewing. Therefore a popular theme gets made as a film again and again. This is exactly what happened in case of Gunsundari.

There are several examples of popular films made with same story and same title.

Gunsundari- 1927, 1934 and 1948 ( Gohar in first 2 films)
Devdas- 1934 (Bangla), 1935 (Hindi) and 1955 ( I am not counting Shahrukh’s film)
Anarkali- 1928, 1935 and 1953 ( Sulochana-Ruby Myers- acted in all three. In the first two films, she was Anarkali. In the third, she did a character role.)
Khazanchi-1941 and 1958 ( Manorama acted in both films.)

Off hand, I remember only these films, where the story and Title was same. There may be more such cases.

There are umpteen number of film remakes on the same story, but with different Titles and casts. Some examples I remember at this moment are.

Aurat-40 and Mother India-57 ( Kanhaiyalal acted in both versions).
Mala-41 and Amar-54 (Jayant acted in both. Naushad gave music to both)
Grihasthi-48 and Ghar basake dekho-63
Malkin-53 and Biradari-66
Geeta-40 ( Chandramohan did double role of Father and son) and Ustad-57 (Ashok kumar did the double role) and Karmyogi-78(Rajkumar did double role)
Sangram-50 and Shakti-82
Kismet-43 and Bandhe Haath-73
School Master-59 and Zindagi-76 and Baadbaan-2003

There are many such remakes and the list would be too long. This only proves that a popular theme/story is worth in remaking a film.

Why does this happen. Are there shortage of stories ?

In 2004, a book called “Why we tell stories’, written by Christopher Booker was published. It is a book having more than 700 pages-728 pages to be exact. The book says “There are only 7 (Seven) basic plots in the whole world. They are recycled again and again in Novels, movies, Plays and Operas. These are

1.Overcoming the Monster
2.Rags to riches
3.The quest
4.Voyage and return
5.Rebirth
6.Comedy and
7.Tragedy .

After this book was published, there was a chaos and criticism started. ‘New York Times’ also jumped in. The author coolly replied all points and stuck to his statements. If we look at Hindi films, I personally feel that what the author has said is true in our case. Only thing is that our film stories are always a clever mixture of all or some of the above points.

Coming back to today’s song, it is a lovely song by Amirbai. There were 3 MDs-Bulo C Rani, Hansraj Bahl and Avinash Vyas. For 14 songs, 5 singers were used. Sadly, some of the songs ( including today’s song) are not credited to any of the 3 Music Directors. Also we do not know the lyricist’s full name .

After listening to the song, I find it has lot of similarity to Nurjehan’s song from film ‘Dost’-44- Badnam muhabbat kaun karen, aur ishq ko ruswa kaun kare. Just like Sajjad Hussain used a pause after the word ‘badnaam’, in Nurjehan’s song to get a special effect, in today’s song also there is a pause after the word Ármaan’. However, the same magical effect is not achieved. Afterall original is original !


Song-Tumse muhabbat kaun kare armaan pareshaan kaun kare(Gunsundari)(1948) Singer- Amirbai Karnataki, Lyricist- Sharma

Lyrics

Tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare ae
Tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare
ummeed se hansti duniya ko
ummeed se hansti duniya ko
pal bhar mein biyaanbaan kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare

jab jaan ki dushman ulfat hai
jab jaan ki dushman ulfat hai
aur pyaar hai dushman raahat ka
aur pyaar hai dushman raahat ka
aap hi apne haathon se
aap hi apne haathon se
phir maut ka saamaa kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare

kyun tumse aankhen chaar kare
kyun tumse aankhen chaar kare
kyun ulfat ka iqraar kare
kyun ulfat ka iqraar kare
chitchor ko dil ki nagri ka
chitchor ko dil ki nagri ka
betaur(??) nigehbaan kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshan kaun kare

har waqt labon par aahen hon
har waqt labon par aahen hon
aur haath kaleje par hi rahe
aur haath kaleje par hi rahe
din raat lahu ke ashq baha kar
aankhon ko veeraan kaun kare
din raat lahu ke ashq baha kar
aankhon ko veeraan kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16076

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1235
Total Number of movies covered =4389

Total visits so far

  • 14,004,585 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,923 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogadda

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory
%d bloggers like this: