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Archive for the ‘Duet’ Category


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Basics of Music- Part II (Taal)
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In part I, we introduced the concepts of “octave” and “notes” and mentioned that they are known as “saptak” and “swar” respectively in Hindustani classical music. We used these concepts to discuss “Aaroh” and “Avroh”. Ab aage…

People will recall that Sur-Taal is a term that is commonly used while discussing music. We know what is “Sur” or “swar”. Let us now see what is “Taal”.

In a musical performance, there are people (singers as well as musicians) who create swars. These swars lead to what is called melody.

The musical team also has someone who is not at all producing swars and therefore makes no contribution in creation of melody.

If a musician is not producing melody then why is he there in the music team ? Throw him out of the team, some people may suggest.

That person in the musical team does not create melody, but he creates something which is just as important for music. He creates Rhythm (Taal) for the music.

Musical rhythm (taal) is a cyclical pattern of musical sounds (called bol) that get created at certain times (called beats). A taal may have say 16 beats (viz in case of a popular taal called teentaal). In each of these beats, certain “bol” get played. After a cycle of 16 beats during which 16 predefined bols get played, the same cycle get played again and again for the whole duration of the music composition.

This “taal” gets created on Duggi-Tabla in Hindustani classical music, or on mridangam in Karnatak classical music, on dholak in North Indian folk music, on dafli in street musical performances etc.

To summarise, while singers and many musical instruments create melody by playing notes (swars), there are certain musical instruments (mostly percussion instruments) that create cyclical musical rhythm (taal). A taal has a predefined number of beats and certain sounds (called bols) gets played during those beat events.

It is the combination of melody line and cyclical rhythm patterns that constitute music. While swars are being created in the melody line, bols are getting played in a sequence in the taal. Melody line and rhythm patterns seek to keep pace with each other in a musical performance.

Long back, taal was created manually (with hands) in the form of clap (taali) and they may have led to the nomenclature of the term Taal for rhythm. Now, duggi tabla is the standard instrument for this purpose in Hindustani classical music. Duggi (also called baayaan, as it is kept on the left hand side of the tabla player) and tabla (daayaan, as it is kept on the right hand side of the tabla player) together create certain “bols” such as

Name of “bol” How created Remarks
Ga by striking mid part (called maidaan) of duggi Resonant sound
Ka By striking rim (Chhat) of duggi Flat slapping sound no resonance
Ti By striking centre (syaahi) of tabla Flat slapping sound no resonance
Tin By striking mid portion of tabla
Ta/Na By striking rim of the tabla
Dhin Ga + Tin By striking mid part of duggi and mid part of tabla simultaneously
Dha Ga + Na By striking mid part of duggi and rim of tabla simultaneously

Let us take the example of teentaal. It is a 16 beat taal, where the 16 beats are subdivided into sections of 4 beats each. The bols are
dhaa dhin dhin dhaa / dhaa dhin dhin dhaa / dhaa tin tin taa/ taa dhin dhin dhaa

Here is a demonstration of teen taal (couresy the site raag-hindustani.com)

I mentioned earlier that a musical composition has surs creating melody and bol creating rhythm and their combination creates a musical composition. Here is an example how melody line and taal keep pace to create a composition (couresy the site raag-hindustani.com):

Lyrics

piya ki najariya jaadu bhari
piya ki najariya jaadu bhari
moh liyo man prem bhari
moh liyo man prem bhari
piya ki najariya
kawan jatan ab kari e aali
kawan jatan ab kari e aali
naahin pare mohe chain ek ghari
naahin pare mohe chain ek ghari
piya ki najariya jaadu bhari
piya ki najariya jaadu bhari
moh liyo man prem bhari
piya ki najariya

The above concept of “taal” is a very basic concept and one that is more dificult to understand than the concept of swar. The fact that sur creates melody and taal creates rhythm will help us understand what people mean when they describe some one as a melody king or a rhythm king.

Here is a song from “Laal Patthar” (1972). This song is a semi classical song which is sung by Manna Dey and Asha Bhonsle. Neeraj is the lyricist. Music is composed by Shankar Jaikishan.

The vocalists in this song create melody by singing swars in accordance to the grammer of Raag Kalyan, whereas rhythm of this song is kaharwa. Kaharwa is an 8 beat taal, where the eight beats are broken into two parts of four beats each. The bol of this taal are
dha ga na ti | na ka dhin na |

The song, while being sung in the same raag could have been accompanied by a different taal and then the song would have sounded differently.

Note: If you have followed the above discussion carefully and you have understood the concept of taal, then you would be able to catch an error in the lyrics of this song. The lyrics mentions
Sur hai raaja
lay hai raani

The lyrics should have been

Sur hai raaja
taal hai raani

“lay” is another concept that has not been explained so far and we will explain this term in a future article. For the time being try and understand the concept of “taal” as mentioned above and try to visualise how “Sur” and “taal” combine to create music.

As mentioned in the first part of this series, we are trying to go as gently as possible in the series, because the concepts being involved are very important and our understanding of future concepts will depend on our understanding of the terms that have been introduced so far.

Keep offering your suggestions, observations, words of encouragements etc to this series. We want to make this series a collaboration of contributors. I have received one article from a knowledgeable contributor on this subject which I will post after I have introduced some more basic concepts, so that the concepts mentioned in that article can be understood in a knowledgeable manner by readers.

The lyrics of this song were sent to me by Khyati Bhatt long long ago. I do not know how I failed to discuss this song at the time when this lyrics were sent to me long ago. Perhaps it was destined that this semi classical song be discussed while discussing the principle of music in the blog.


Song-Re man sur mein gaa (Laal Patthar)(1972) Singers-Manna Dey, Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Neeraj, MD- Shankar Jaikishan
Both

Lyrics (Provided by Khyati Bhatt)

re ae ae ae
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa

aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa

re man sur mein ga aa aa
re man sur mein ga aa aa
re man sur mein ga
ga ga
re man sur mein ga aa aa

koi taar besur na boley
na boley
koi taar besur na boley
na boley

re man sur mein ga ga
ga
re man sur mein ga aa aa aa

jeevan hai sukh dukh ka sangam
jeevan hai sukh dukh ka sangam
madhyam ke sang jaise pancham
madhyam ke sang jaise pancham
donon ko ek bana
bana
bana
bana aa aa
re man sur mein ga ga ga
re man sur mein ga aa aa aa

dil jo dhadke
taal baje re ae
dil jo dhadke
taal baje re ae

taal taal mein samay chale re
taal taal mein samay chale re
samay ke sang ho ja aa aa
aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
re man sur mein ga ga ga
re man sur mein ga aa aa aa

jag hai geeton ki rajdhani
jag hai geeton ki rajdhaani
sur hai raaja
lay hai raani
aa aa aa
sur hai raaja
lay hai raani
saaz roop ban ja
ban ja
ban ja
ban ja ban ja aa aa
re man sur mein ga ga ga
re man sur mein

ga aa aa aa
re man sur mein
re man sur mein
re man sur mein
ga aa aa aa aa


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Nayi Duniya”(1942) was produced by Naushad and directed by A R Kardar for Sirco Productions, Bombay. The movie had Jairaj, Shobhna Samarth, Azurie, R Vasti, Mazhar Khan, Hari Shivdasani, Jeeva, Ram autaar, Alauddin etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Pamir Harvey, fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

With this song the film Dhongee (1976) makes its debut on this blog. I know only this song from this film and remember it from my childhood days, when it used to be played on the radio, on Vividh Bharati to be precise. The YT uploader has erroneously mentioned this movie as a release of 1979.
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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

VINTAGE SHAMSHAD BEGUM…..Song No. – 9
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Today’s song is from the film Girls school-49. It is a duet sung by Shamshad Begum and Chitalkar.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

I have confused “Chambal Ki Raani”(1979) with “Chambal ki Kasam”(1979) for a very long time indeed. “Chambal Ki Kasam” (1979) was directed by Ram Maheshwari for M P D Productions, Bombay. It had Raj Kumar, Shatrughan Sinha, Mausami Chatterji, Farida Jalal, Ranjeet, Pradeep Kumar, Nirupa Roy, Paintal, Amjad Khan (Special appearance), Gopal Sahgal, R Tiwari, Usha KIran, Peace Kanwal, Jagdish Raj, Nazeer Hussain, Paro devi, Goofi, Maruti Rao, Uma Khosla, Raj Rani, Baby Shalu, Master Bhagwan, Usha (Gwalior), Pt Ganga Prasad (Gwalior), Gurcharan etc. This movie had lyrics by Sahir Ludhianvi and music by Khayyam.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

It was produced by P L Santoshi under the banner of ARVIND AND ANAND FILMS, BOMBAY. This movie had Rehana, Jawahar Kaul, Mumtaz Ali, Radha Kishan, Tiwari, Ram Singh, Srinath, Baba Raja, Abbas Rizvi, Harun, Deshraj, Shanta Kunwar, Indira, Neelam, Mona, Kamal Rani, Usha, Chanchal Kumari, Kalpana, V H Desai, Leela Mishra etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

VINTAGE SHAMSHAD BEGUM….Song No- 6
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Today’s song is duet of Shamshad Begum and G M Durani.

There were 51 films having the word Ghar in their Titles that were released from 1931 to 2012. ‘Ghar’ was made 2 times, Ghar ghar ki kahai-3, Ghar Jamai-2, Ghar Grihisthi-2, Ghar ka chirag-2, Ghar ki izzat-2, Ghar ki Laaj-3, Ghar ki Laxmi-2, Ghar sansar-3, Gharana-2, Gharonda-2, Gharbaar-3, Gharwali Baharwali-2 and a funny Title “Ghar mein ho saali to poora saal Diwali ” was made in 2001.
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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Aap Se Humko Bichhde Huye, Ek Zamaana Beet Gaya” – a classic from the 1969 film ‘Vishwaas’. Interesting story behind this song. Kalyanji Anandji had composed this song to be sung by Mukesh. On the day of the recording, for some reason, Mukesh could not be present. Kalyanji Anandji, for the sake of utilizing the recording session, decided to record the song anyway, in another voice. The song was supposed to be re-recorded when Mukesh would be available again for recording. Later, when re-recording was being discussed with Mukesh, he happened to listen to the song that was already recorded. So impressed was he with the voice and the rendering of this specific song, he insisted that the song be retained and included in the film as recorded. Thus was launched the singing career of a mechanical engineering graduate, who had come to Bombay initially, not to become a singer.

Wishing Manhar Udhas many happy returns of his birthday (13th May).
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

In our day to day life we face some or the other discomforting and problematic situations, most of which get sorted out over time. The end of such situations is the beginning of happiness.

One of the discomforting situations which I have started facing in the post- retirement years is that I suddenly remember the tune of a song which I had heard quite often in my younger days on the radio but I am not able to recall the wordings or other details. I become restless until I find the song. It is by chance that I get to listen to the song on YT or on the Blog after months. And the pleasure I get in solving this kind of ‘puzzle’ is akin to attaining nirvana.
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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Entertaining Sales Pitch Songs – 7
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I remember such sellers from my travels in childhood.  It was a time when intercity travel of half a day or less would be a journey by bus, and a longer journey would be by train.  Both my maternal and paternal families are spread out over the Punjab and Himachal areas north of Delhi – Chandigarh, Simla, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Amritsar.  All these cities being less than a day’s journey, our travels were generally by the intercity state transport buses. Any other travels, like visiting other metropolitan cities which are all south of Delhi, would generally be by train.  During my school years, travel to visit family was quite a regular affair, once or twice a year during vacation breaks.  Other travels, to places like Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Bangalore were less frequent.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where "new" songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than six years. This blog has over 11100 song posts by now.

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