Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Javed Akhtar


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4950 Post No. : 16813

Hullo Atuldom

‘Pehli Baar’ (First Time) is a program that is aired on a channel of the DTH service that I am subscribed to. It gives background about how some celebrities met or got together for the first time ever. Of course the incidents, and content in that program is possibly stuff that many of us have read over the years over-and-over again, and also in all the Filmfares, Screen (the magazines of yesteryear), Star & Style, Stardust, Cine Blitz etc. that were available in all the circulating libraries of those times. Stories like how Nargis had batter in her hand when she opened the door for Raj Kapoor, how Balraj Sahni saw Johnny Walker mimicking actors as he sold tickets in Mumbai’s BEST buses etc.

When I write a post I try to bring songs from the first movie of the celebrity who I am focusing on. The ‘Pehli Baar’ of the artistes who have made a place in our hearts and minds. The Pehli Baar that I mentioned star-kid (now a grown-up man) Abhishek Bachchan in a post, must have been this song – “Happy Days Are Here Again“.

But that was not his debut in Hindi films, his debut was in JP Dutta’s ‘Refugee’ in 2000. The movie was also the first released film for Kareena Kapoor. Jackie Shroff, Suneil Shetty, Reena Roy, Anupam Kher, Kulbhushan Kharbanda, Shadaab Khan (Amjad Khan’s son), Ashish Vidyarthi and a whole set of known faces forming the supporting cast were part of the film which was about a Muslim family from Bihar that had migrated to East Pakistan post the partition of India in 1947. But after the formation of Bangladesh in 1971 this family along with several such families are forced to relocate to West Pakistan. For this they choose the Dhaka-Guwahati-Delhi-Ajmer route. From Ajmer they go to Haji Peer in Pakistan through Bhuj in Rann of Kutch. In this endeavor they are assisted by an agent who is simply addressed as Refugee (Abhishek Bachchan). He normally is very impersonal when escorting people across the border and is unaware that he is assisting terrorists too. But he begins to like the daughter (Kareena Kapoor) of this family and keeps visiting her even after the family is settled into Pakistan. The rest of the movie talks about the hardships the lovers face due to involvement of the border security forces, terrorism in the region etc. And as in all JP Dutta movies there is exchange of fire, across the border, between the Indian and Pakistani forces and a thought provoking question at the close of the film when Kareena Kapoor delivers her baby in the no-man’s land area between the two nations.

‘Refugee’ was an average grosser at the box-office and both the debutantes got positive reviews too. Following its release Abhishek was seen in ‘Tera Jadoo Chal gaya’ and ‘Dhai Akshar Prem Ke’ in the same year. ‘Dhai Akshar Prem Ke’ was the Pehli Baar that we saw Aishwarya Rai with AB Jr. (as he is popular in the social media world). There were other 10-12 movies of AB Jr’s that released between 2000 and 2004, all of which were not-so-commercially successful. But most of them had the critics appreciating Abhishek. ‘Yuva’ (2004) by Mani Ratnam is a point in case. ‘Bunty Aur Babli’ (2005) and ‘Dhoom’ (2004 ) were his biggest successes in that period. He has been trolled (a term that is in vogue in this age and times) for being his parents’ son and wife’s husband for the past few years. But he is a person who has never responded to any of the negatives that are being thrown at him and has been quietly working with a movie of his releasing every year.

Let me clear my stand here:- I am his parents’ fan not his. But I really like his work and the sincerity with which he dances and emotes. I don’t think there is any harm in appreciating good work and Abhishek does have some good movies in his filmography. I have seen him switch between atrocious comedy and absolute serious scenes with ease in Rohit Shetty’s ‘Bol Bachchan’ (2012) and ‘Zameen’ (2003). He is definitely his parents’ son (and I am not mentioning it in a negative way here). He has been around for 22 years and nobody will invest money on a flop actor if he was not going to give good returns.

So let us wish him well on his birthday today.

I have a whole set of possible songs to go with this post, but I shall stick to AB Jr’s first screen appearance. ‘Refugee’ had six songs of which the following two are on the blog – “Aisa Lagta Hai Jo Na Hua Hone Ko Hai” and “Raat Ki Hathlei Par Chaand Jagmagaata Hai“.

The first song appeared almost 10 years ago. Here is the next. It is sung by Sonu Nigam and Alka Yagnik, written by Javed Akhtar and Anu Malik is the music director. The song shows the young lovers building their future home.

Song – Taal Pe Jab Ye Zindgani Chali (Refugee) (2000) Singer – Alka Yagnik, Sonu Nigam, Lyrics – Javed Akhtar, MD – Anu Malik
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aaaa aaaaa aaaaaa
aaaa aaaa
haa..aaye
ho  oo

taal pe jab ye zindgani chali
taal pe jab ye zindgani chali
hum hain deewaane
hum hain deewaane
ye kahaani chali
oo oo oo oo oo
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaa

taal pe jab ye zindgani chali
taal pe jab ye zindgani chali
hum hain deewaane
hum hain deewaane
ye kahaani chali
oo oo oo oo oo
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaa

[sargam]

oo oo oo oo oo oo
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaa aaa

teri nazar ki dhoop hai jis ne mujh ko roop diya hai
nikhar gai hoon
sanwar gai hoon
jab se pyaar kiya hai
teri nazar ki dhoop hai jis ne mujh ko roop diya hai
nikhar gai hoon
sanwar gai hoon
jab se pyaar kiya hai
sach to ye hai sanam
hai ye tera karam
hosh saara ganvaa ke deewaani chali
taal pe jab ye zindgani chali
taal pe jab ye zindgani chali
hum hain deewaane
ye kahaani chali
oo oo oo oo oo
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaa

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
————————————————
आ॰॰आ आ॰॰आ आ॰॰आ
आ॰॰आ आ॰॰आ
हा॰॰ये
हो ओ

ताल पे जब ये ज़िंदगानी चली
ताल पे जब ये ज़िंदगानी चली
हम हैं दीवाने
हम हैं दीवाने
ये कहानी चली
ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ
आ आ आ आ आ

ताल पे जब ये ज़िंदगानी चली
ताल पे जब ये ज़िंदगानी चली
हम हैं दीवाने
हम हैं दीवाने
ये कहानी चली
ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ
आ आ आ आ आ

[सरगम]

ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ
आ आ आ आ आ आ

तेरी नज़र की धूप है जिसने मुझको रूप दिया है
निखर गई हूँ
संवर गई हूँ
जबसे प्यार किया है
तेरी नज़र की धूप है जिसने मुझको रूप दिया है
निखर गई हूँ
संवर गई हूँ
जबसे प्यार किया है
सच तो ये है सनम
है ये तेरा करम
होश सारा गंवा के दीवानी चली
ताल पे जब ये ज़िंदगानी चली
ताल पे जब ये ज़िंदगानी चली
हम हैं दीवाने
ये कहानी चली
ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ
आ आ आ आ आ


This article is written by Peevesie’s mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4923 Post No. : 16756 Movie Count :

4559

Hullo Atuldom

This post is courtesy my youngest sister. We were on this telephonic chat and she was asking me about my new hobby/addiction and how it is coming by. In the conversation she mentioned about the how she appreciated Dilip Kumar in the song”Nain Lad Jaihe To Manwaa Maa Kasak Hoibe Kari” – his dancing to be more exact. She spoke about how the dance was almost continuous like a single shot song. And my reply to her was that the song from “Jewel Thief”Hothon  Mein Aisi Baat Main Dabaa Ke Chali Aayi” is an ideal example of a song in a single-shot and how Vyjayanthimala has danced and cameras were strategically placed to catch every movement and moment. To this my sister replied that being a trained classical dancer it would not have been so difficult for Vyjayanthimala but see Dilip Kumar dance in ‘Ganga Jamna’.

Now the Dilip Kumar dance I have been seeing from time immemorial and it is one of the songs on my personal favorites list. But after speaking to my sister, I saw the song again just before I started this post. Even if it is not a single shot-song, the choreography makes it seem so. There is a flow in the movements and actions from one frame to the other and the end result is one amazing continuous dance-song.

What the morning conversation did was it reminded me of another song that is nearly like the Dilip Kumar song viz. the choreography makes it feel that the artists have danced seamlessly, without any cuts between shots. This is the handiwork of Farah Khan. It is from the 2004 released ‘Main Hoon Na’ that is produced by Gauri Khan (Red Chillies Entertainment) and Ratan Jain (Venus Records and Tapes) and directed by Farah khan. It has a small star cast consisting of Naseeruddin Shah (special appearance), Kabir Bedi (special appearance), Suniel Shetty (in a negative role), Satish Shah, Kiron Kher, Boman Irani (forgetful principal), and Sushmita Sen, Amrita Rao, Sharukh Khan and Zayed Khan. Plus there are Rakhi Sawant, Tabu and Sajid Khan (Farah’s brother) in blink and miss roles.

The songs are written by Javed Akhtar and Anu Malik is the music director. It was nominated for a few awards in that year and won the Filmfare Award for best music. Shreya Ghoshal, Sonu Nigam, Abhijeet, KK, Vasundhara Das, Alka Yagnik, Sunidhi Chauhan and the Sabri Brothers – Hashim and Aftab, are the voices that have sung in this film. Even Anu Malik sang a song in the film. Today’s song is in the voices of KK and Vasundhara Das.

We shall have this song today to wish Farah Khan on turning a year older. She had made her debut in films as dance director in 1992 with ‘Jo Jeeta Wahi Sikandar’ with the brilliantly picturised “Pehla Nasha Pehla Khumar” which had Aamir Khan prancing on the slopes of the Nilgiris in Ooty. She has since choreographed dance routines for about a 100 songs in 80 movies. She turned director with ‘Main Hoon Na’ and producer with ‘Joker’ (in 2012) which was directed by her husband Shirish Kunder. She has been in front of the camera in films right from 1995 as a person among the crowd etc. and she had a formal full length role in ‘Shirin Farhad Ki Toh Nikal Padi’ (2012) where she was romantic lead pair with Boman Irani and her aunt Daisy Irani played her to-be mother-in-law. Of course she has made it a practice to get her whole crew in front of the camera, along with the end-titles, in all the films that she has directed.

A very Happy Birthday to this multi-talented personality who comes from a family of artists who have been in Bollywood since the late ’50s – her maternal aunts are Honey and Daisy Irani, her father Kamran Khan was a stuntman-turned-filmmaker, Javed Akhtar is her maternal aunt’s ex-husband, so that makes Farhan Akhtar and Zoya Akhtar (filmmakers) her cousins.


Song- Chale jaise hawaayen sanan sanan(Main Hoon Na)(2004) Singers-Vasundhara Das, KK,Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-Anu Malik
Male chorus
Female chorus
Vasundhara Rao + K K

Lyrics

lalalalalala
lalalalalala
lalalalaa
lalalalalala
lalalalalala
lalalalaa

whats up?

o o o o
o o o o
o o o o
o o o o
o o o o
o o o o

chale jaise hawaayen sanan sanan
ude jaise parinde gagan gagan
jaayen titliyaan jaise chaman chaman
yoonhi ghoomoon main bhi magan magan
he he he he
hehe wo o o o
he he o ho
aa haa aa aa aa
main deewaani dil ki raani gham se anjaani
kab darti hoon wo karti hoon jo hai thhaani
chale jaise hawaayen sanan sanan
ude jaise parinde gagan gagan

chhuk chhuk chhuk chhuk dum
chhuk chhuk chhuk chhuk dum
chhuk dum chhuk dum dum
chhuk dum dum

whats up?

say what?

koi roke koi aaye
jitna bhi mujh ko samjhaaye
main naa sunungi kabhi
apni hi dhun mein rahti hoon
main pagli hoon mai ziddi hoon
kahte hain ye to sabhi
koi nahin jaana
ke armaan kyaa hai mera aa aa

chale jaise hawaayen sanan sanan
ude jaise parinde gagan gagan
jaayen titliyaan jaise chaman chaman
yoonhi ghoomoon main bhi magan magan
he he
he he
he he
o o o
he he
o ho
aa ha
aa aa aa aa

main deewaani dil ki raani gham se anjaani
kab darti hoon vo karti hoon jo hai thhaani
chale jaise hawaayen sanan sanan
uden jaise parinde gagan gagan

[Dialogues]

nananana
nananan
nananana
nananan
nananan

aayen haseenaayen to aayen
mujh ko dikhaane apni adaayen
main bhi kuchh kam nahin
yeah
aankhon mein aankhen jo daaloon
dil main churaa loon hosh chura loon
koi ho kitna haseen
mera
ho gayaa wo
jo ik baar mujh se mila aa aa aa

chale jaise hawaayen sanan sanan
uden jaise parinde gagan gagan
jaayen bhanwre jaise chaman chaman
yoonhi ghoomoon main bhi magan magan

he he
he he
he he
o o o o
he he
o ho
aa haa
aa aa aaa

main deewaana main anjaana gham se begaana
hoon aawaara lekin pyaara
sab ne maana
chale jaise hawaayen sanan sanan

uden jaise paride gagan gagan
jaayen bhanwre jaise chaman chaman/font>
yoonhi ghoomoon main bhi magan magan
chale jaise hawaayen sanan sanan
ude jaise parinde

gagan gagan


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4887 Post No. : 16685

This day that year 50 years ago.

4 dec 1971

We are into 2021. 1971 was exactly 50 years ago. How many of us are aware that the calenders of the two years are identical ! The calender of 1971 can be used in 2021 as well !

It was on the midnight on 3/4 december 2021 that Mrs Indira Gandhi, then Indian prime minister addressed the Indian public on radio. It was a national emergency that is why this address to the nation was at that unearthly hour. At around 5:30 PM, Pakistan Air Force had launched a pre emptive attack on Indian air force bases located on the west. They bombed 12 air bases in not one or two waves, but in three waves throughout the evening and night.

Mrs Gandhi had addressed the nation to inform Indians that Pakistan had attacked India and so India now had to face the aggression.

This address to the nation was made first in English and then in Hindi. It is available on youtube.

The full address was

I speak to you at a moment of grave peril to our country and our people. Some hours ago, soon after 5:30 P.M. on Dec. 3, Pakistan launched full scale war against us.

The Pakistan Air Force suddenly struck at our airfields in Amritsar, Pathankot, Srinagar, Avantipur, Utterlai, Jodhpur, Ambala and Agra.

Their ground forces are shelling our defense positions in Sulemankhi, Khemkaran, Poonch and other sectors.

Since last March we have borne the heaviest of burdens and withstood the greatest of pressure and a tremendous effort to urge the world to help in bringing about peaceful solution, in preventing annihilation of an entire people whose only crime was to vote democratically.

But the world ignored the basic causes and concerned itself only with certain repercussions.

The situation was bound to deteriorate, and the courageous band of freedom fighters have been staking their all in defense of the values for which we also have struggled and which are basic to our way of life.

Today, the war in Bangla Desh has become a war on India, and this imposes upon me, my Government and the people of India an awesome responsibility. We have no other option but to put our country on a war footing. Our brave officers and jawans are at their posts, mobilized for the defense of the country. Emergency has been declared for the whole of India. Every necessary step is being taken, and we are prepared for any eventualities.

I have no doubt that it is the united will of our people that this wanton and unprovoked aggression of Pakistan should be decisively and finally repelled. In this resolve, the Government is assured of the full and unflinching support of all political parties and every Indian citizen.

We must be prepared for a long period of hardship and sacrifice. We are a peaceloving people, but we know that peace cannot last if we do not guard our freedom, our democracy and our way of life. So today we fight, not merely for territorial integrity, but for the basic ideals which have given strength to this country, and in this alone we can progress to a better future. Aggression must be met and the people of India will meet it with fortitude and determination, with discipline and the utmost unity.

Pakistan think tank had drawn inspiration from Israel’s strategy during 1967 Israel-Arab 6 days war when Israel Air Force, in “operation Focus” had destroyed all air bases of their enemy nations (Egypt, Syria and Jordan) and rendered their airbases and aircrafts useless in a pre emptive air raid. In all, 450 aircrafts were destroyed. 18 Egyptian airfields were destroyed in a matter of hours on 5 june 1967.

Pakistani operation drew inspiration from Israel’s “operation Focus”. Pakistani operation was code named “Operation Chenghiz Khan” and it was launched at 5:30 PM IST on 3 december 1971, which, like in 2021 was a friday.

Pakistan, unlike Israel, failed to inflict any serious damage, despite attacking as many as 12 air force bases, that too in three waves. Unlike Egypt, Syria and Jordan, whose Air forces were rendered useless, Indian Air Force were able to launch its counterattack almost immediately.

As Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi prepared to addressed the nation on radio shortly after midnight informing about the Pakistani attack, the Indian Air Force had already struck back. By 21:00hrs, the Canberras of the No.35 Squadron and No.106 Squadron, as well as No.5 and No.16 squadron were armed and ready for their foray deep into Pakistan. These flew against eight Western Pakistani airbases: Murid, Mianwali, Sargodha, Chandhar, Risalewala, Rafiqui, and Masroor. In total, 23 combat sorties were launched that night, inflicting heavy damage to Sargodha and Masroor airbases. The PAF units stationed on these airfields had to operate from taxiways for the following two days.

Through the night the Indian Air Force also struck the main East Pakistani airfields of Tejgaon, and later Kurmitola. At the same time, the Indian Air Force was deploying additional aircraft to its forward airfields for the strikes that were to follow the next morning. Within days, India was able to achieve air superiority.

So, unlike the result of “Operation Focus” for Israel, “Operation Chengiz Khan” proved counterproductive for Pakistan. Of its stated objectives, the PAF was unable to neutralize the Indian Air Force in the west, which on its part had dispersed its aircraft in hardened aircraft shelters, suffering only minor damage to a few aircraft.

Newsweek magazine (1971) described the attack as :

Trying to catch the Indian Air Force napping, Yahya Khan, launched a Pakistani version of Israel’s 1967 air blitz in hopes that one rapid attack would cripple India’s far superior air power. But India was alert, Pakistani pilots were inept, and Yahya’s strategy of scattering his thin air force over a dozen air fields was a bust!

When Indian retaliation came, it was not just from air force, but from navy and army as well. It is something that the Pakistani arm chair generals may not have anticipated while living in delusion and planning “Operation Chenghiz Khan”.

It was not Indian Air Force, but Indian Navy that hit Pakistan where it hurt them the most.

The Port of Karachi housed the headquarters of the Pakistan Navy and almost its entire fleet was based in Karachi Harbour. Since Karachi was also the hub of Pakistan’s maritime trade, a blockade would be disastrous for Pakistan’s economy. The security of Karachi Harbour was predominant to the Pakistani High Command and it was heavily defended against any air or naval strikes. The port’s airspace was secured by the strike aircraft based at airfields in the area.

On 4 December, Karachi Strike Group was formed by Indian navy. It consisted of the three Vidyut-class missile boats: INS Nipat, INS Nirghat and INS Veer, each armed with four Soviet made SS-N-2B Styx surface-to-surface missiles with a range of 40 nautical miles (74 km), two Arnala-class anti-submarine corvettes: INS Kiltan and INS Katchall, and a fleet tanker, INS Poshak. The group was under the command of Commander Babru Bhan Yadav, the commanding officer of the 25th Missile Boat Squadron.

As planned, on 4 December, the strike group reached 250 nautical miles (460 km) south off the coast of Karachi, and maintained its position during the day, outside the surveillance range of the Pakistan Air Force. As Pakistani aircraft did not possess night-bombing capabilities, it was planned that the attack would take place between dusk and dawn. At 10.30 pm Pakistan Standard Time , the Indian task group moved 180 nautical miles (330 km ) from its position towards the south of Karachi. Soon Pakistani targets, identified as warships, were detected 70 nmi (130 km) to the northwest and northeast of the Indian warships.

INS Nirghat drove forward in a northwesterly direction and fired its first Styx missile at PNS Khaibar, a Pakistani Battle-class destroyer. Khaibar, assuming it was a missile from Indian aircraft, engaged its anti-aircraft systems. The missile hit the right side of the ship, exploding below the galley in the electrician’s mess deck at 10.45 pm . This led to an explosion in the first boiler room. Subsequently, the ship lost propulsion, and was flooded with smoke. An emergency signal that read: “Enemy aircraft attacked in position 020 FF 20. No. 1 boiler hit. Ship stopped”, was sent to Pakistan Naval Headquarters (PNHQ). Due to the chaos created by the explosion, the signal contained the wrong coordinates of the ship’s position. This delayed rescue teams from reaching its location. Observing that the ship was still afloat, Nirghat fired its second missile hitting Khaibar in the second boiler room on the ship’s starboard side, eventually sinking the ship and killing 222 sailors.

After verifying two targets in the area northwest of Karachi, at 11.00 pm (PKT), INS Nipat fired two Styx missiles – one each at cargo vessel MV Venus Challenger(Coming from Saigon and carrying American arms and ammunition for Pakistan army) and its escort PNS Shah Jahan, a C-class destroyer. Venus Challenger, carrying ammunition for the Pakistani forces, exploded immediately after the missile hit, and eventually sank 23 nmi (43 km) south of Karachi. The other missile targeted Shah Jahan and damaged the ship very badly. At 11.20 pm (PKT), PNS Muhafiz, an Adjutant-class minesweeper, was targeted by INS Veer. A missile was fired and Muhafiz was struck on the left side, behind the bridge. It sank immediately before it could send a signal to the PNHQ, killing 33 sailors.

Meanwhile, INS Nipat continued towards Karachi and targeted the Kemari oil storage tanks, placing itself 14 nmi (26 km) south of the Karachi harbour. Two missiles were launched; one misfired, but the other hit the oil tanks, which burned and were destroyed completely, causing a Pakistani fuel shortage. The task force returned to the nearest Indian ports.

Soon the PNHQ deployed rescue teams on patrol vessels to recover the survivors of Khaibar. As Muhafiz sank before it could transmit a distress call, the Pakistanis only learned of its fate from its few survivors who were recovered when a patrol vessel steered towards the ship’s burning flotsam.

The operation was carried for 90 minutes, which resulted in the firing of six missiles by Indian Navy that destroyed four enemy vessels. This day saw the first use of anti-ship missiles in combat in the region.

Pakistan lost a minesweeper, a destroyer, a cargo vessel carrying ammunition, and fuel storage tanks in Karachi. Another destroyer was also badly damaged and eventually scrapped.

In retaliation, Pakistan air force launched an attack on Okha Port. Indians had anticipated this attack and so they had removed all naval ships from Okha. PAF ended up damaging fuelling facilities for missile boats, an ammunition dump, and the missile boats’ jetty.

These damages delayed the next attack of Indian navy by three days. The next attack on Karachi port was launched three days later. This operation was code named “Operation Python”.

Though the Indian Navy had strategic victory with Operation Trident, its main target, the oil storage facilities in Karachi were still operational as only one of the two missiles fired had hit them. This failure was later assessed as the result of confusion created between the commanding officers of the three missile boats. Furthermore, the Indians mistook tracer fire from the coastal artillery of Karachi as originating from Pakistani aircraft and retreated hurriedly before they could properly target the tanks.

On the night of 8/9 December 1971, at 10:00 pm Pakistan Standard Time (PKT), in rough seas, a small strike group consisting of the missile boat INS Vinash, equipped with four Styx missiles, and two multipurpose frigates, INS Talwar and INS Trishul, approached Manora, a peninsula south of the Port of Karachi. During their voyage, a Pakistani patrol vessel was encountered and sunk. The Indian Navy’s official historian, Vice Admiral Hiranandani in his book Transition to Triumph, mentioned that while the group approached Karachi, Trishul’s electronic surveillance revealed that the radar there had stopped rotating and was directed straight at the group, confirming that it had been detected.

Around 11.00 pm (PKT), the group detected a batch of ships at a distance of 12 nmi (22 km). Vinash immediately fired all four of its missiles, the first of which struck the fuel tanks at the Kemari Oil Farm causing a heavy explosion. Another missile hit and sank the Panamanian fuel tanker SS Gulf Star. The third and fourth missiles hit the Pakistani Navy fleet tanker PNS Dacca and the British merchant vessel SS Harmattan. Dacca was damaged beyond repair, while Harmattan sank. As Vinash had now expended all of its missiles, the group immediately withdrew to the nearest Indian port.

Between Operations Trident and Python, and the Indian Air Force attacks on Karachi’s fuel and ammunition depots, more than fifty percent of the total fuel requirement of the Karachi zone was reported to have been destroyed. The result was a crippling economic blow to Pakistan. The damage was estimated to be worth $3 billion, with most of the oil reserves and ammunition warehouses and workshops destroyed. The Pakistan Air Force was also affected by the loss of fuel.

The Pakistani High Command ordered ships to reduce their ammunition dumps so as to reduce the explosion damage if hit. The ships were also ordered not to manoeuvre out at sea, especially during the night, unless ordered to do so. These two measures severely demoralized Pakistani naval crews. With the destruction caused by the Indian Navy, neutral merchant vessels soon started to seek safe passage from the Indian authorities before heading to Karachi. Gradually, neutral ships ceased sailing for Karachi. In effect, a de facto naval blockade was created by the Indian Navy.

As a result of these two operations, Karachi port was rendered unuseable.

So, Pakistan’s attempt to neutralise Indian Air Force in the west resulted in Pakistan navy and Pakistan maritime activity in the west getting neutralised. !

Navy operations do not receive the same coverage as air force operations and army operations, but these navy operations decisively swung the balance Indian way, and the ability of Pakistan to send and receive materials by sea route was absolutely crippled. Air route was in any case out of question. The two parts of Pakistan were physically cut of from each other.

This day 4 december 1971 was a big feather in the cap of Indian Navy. From that day onwards, this day is celebrated in India as Indian Navy day.

So today is the Indian Navy day. Let us hail Indian Military in general and Indian Navy in particular, whose swift retaliation on this this day 50 years ago quickly put paid to Pakistani evil designs of doing an Israel on India. When the dust settled, Pakistan had ended up getting dismembered, losing East Pakistan in the process. From that war onwards Pakistan army has not dared to enter into another war with India.

On this occasion, here is a song from “Border”(1997). This song is a befitting song for the occasion, seeing that the movie itself was based on 1971 war. This song in particular fits the Indian mood perfectly as it would have been on this day 50 years ago.

Audio full

Video (Partial)

Song-Hindustan Hindustan (Border)(1997) Singers-Sonali Rathod, Shankar Mahadevan, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-Anu Malik
narration-Kulbhushan Kharbanda
Chorus
Female chorus

Lyrics

ooooom

sarve bhavantu sukhina
sarve santu niraamaya
sarve bhadrani pashhyantu
maurkaschit dukh bha bhavet

aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa

hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
meri aan
meri shaan
meri jaan hindustan

hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
meri aan meri shaan
meri jaan hindustan

paanch hazaar varsh pehle
hamaare deshwaasi
isi ved mantra ka uchharan karke
param pita parmatma se
yaachna karte thhe
sabka bhala karo bhagwan
sabko sukh aur shaanti do
aur paanch sau varsh pahle
bhakti maarg ke darshak guru Nanak dev jee ne
isi baat ko saral bhaasha mein dohraaya
Nanak naam chaddhdi kala
tere paane sarwatda bhala

hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
meri aan meri shaan
meri jaan hindustan

parantu sabke liye sukh aur shaanti maangne waale Hindustani
kya khud shaanti se reh sake
rehte bhi to kaise
unki dharti ka doosra naam
sone ki chidiya hai
jiski mitti mein sona
aur jungalon mein chandan hai
shaayad isi liye prakriti ne
iski suraksha ke liye
uttar mein Himalay
dakshin mein Hind Mahasagar
poorab mein Bangal ki khaadi
aur paschim mein Thaar ka registan bana diya thha

hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
meri aan meri shaan
meri jaan hindustan

aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa

phir bhi sone ki chamak
aur chandan ki khushboo
baahar ke hamlaawaron ko lubhaati rahi
Sikandar ke ghodon ki taapon
hamaare dharti ke seene ki dhadkan tez kar dee
To Hun, Mangol, Arab, Mughal, Purtagaali, Fransisi aur Angrez
koi peechhe na raha
sab aaye aur aate hi rahe
shaayad nahin jaante thhe
ki jahaan sab duniya waale apni apni maatribhoomi se
pyaar karte hain
wahaan Hindustani apni maatribhoomi ki pooja karte hain
jee haan
Pooja

hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
meri aan meri shaan
meri jaan hindustan

karodon Hindustaaniyon ki bhaawnaa ko
shabdon mein dhhaalte huye hi to
Bankim babu ne kaha thha
Sujlaam Suflaam
Malyaj Sheetlaam
shashy shyaamlaam maatram
vande
vande maatram
hamlaawaron ko haar maan kar
waapas jaana pada
par kuchh log
yahin ke hoke rah gaye
unhen hamaari dharti maa ne
god le liya
aur itihaas saakshi hai
maa ne apni kokh se janme
aur god liye bachchon mein
kabhi antar nahin rakhha
shaayad isi liye
jab jab kisi hamlaawar ne
hamaare dharti ke seene par
paanv rakhna chaaha
sab bachche seena taan kar
saamne khade ho gaye
aur seema suraksha ki deewaar
khadi ho gayi

hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan

hamlaawar is deewaar se takraakar waapas jaate rahe
jo unneessaubaasath mein hua
wahi san painsath mein
aur wahi ikhattar mein
har baar Hindustaaniyon ne
waapas jaate huye dushman ki taraf
dosti ka haath badhaaya
kyonki hamaari mitti ne hamen
sikhaaya hai
ki yadi nafrat karne waale
nafrat ka daaman nahin chhodte
to mohabbat karne waale
mohabbat ka daaman kyon chhhoden

hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan
hindustan hindustan


This article is written by Peevesie’s mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4760 Post No. : 16505 Movie Count :

4485

Hullo to all in Atuldom

Ideally I would have liked to send the song with this post, a few days back so as to be posted on 26th July which was ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’. A day, which commemorates India’s victory over Pakistan, and regaining control of the mountain tops in Northern Kargil of Ladakh in July 1999.

I am sure that we all are aware of the background that led to the 1999 war between India and Pakistan, inspite of the Lahore Declaration of February 1999, which was meant to provide a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir-issue.

Here is what I have gathered from various sources on the internet about the Kargil conflict:

“During the winter of 1998-1999, some elements of the Pakistani Armed Forces were covertly training and sending Pakistani troops and paramilitary forces, some allegedly in the guise of mujahideen, into territory on the Indian side of the line of control (LOC). The infiltration was code named “Operation Badr.” The aim of the Pakistani incursion was to sever the link between Kashmir and Ladakh and cause Indian forces to withdraw from the Siachen Glacier, thus forcing India to negotiate a settlement on the broader Kashmir dispute. Pakistan also believed that any tension in the region would internationalise the Kashmir issue, helping it to secure a speedy resolution. Yet another goal may have been to boost the morale of the decade-long rebellion in Indian Administered Kashmir by taking a proactive role.

Initially, with little knowledge of the nature or extent of the infiltration, the Indian troops in the area assumed that the infiltrators were jihadis and claimed that they would evict them within a few days. Subsequent discovery of infiltration elsewhere along the LOC, and the difference in tactics employed by the infiltrators, caused the Indian army to realize that the plan of attack was on a much bigger scale. The total area seized by the ingress is generally accepted to between 130 sq.km – 200 sq.km.

The Government of India responded with Operation Vijay, a mobilisation of 200,000 Indian troops. Finally, war came to an official end on July 26, 1999, thus marking it as Kargil Vijay Diwas.

527 soldiers from Indian Armed Forces sacrificed their lives during the war”

I have written a post to commemorate Kargil Divas once before too, where the song was from “Lakshya- 2004”. There was one movie that was made on the theme of Kargil-war in 2003 too. That was written and directed by J P Dutta. It had a huge star-cast and songs were penned by Javed Akhtar which were set to music by Anu Malik. The song tries to express the feeling of a martyr who wishes well for his fellow warriors and I don’t want to dilute it by expressing my opinions etc about it.

I had first thought of this song when the Pulwama suicide attack had happened. I had felt that it was not the first of its kind; I remembered the attack on the Indian Parliament on 13th December 2001 as well as the 26/11 terrorist attack of 2008, on various locations around Mumbai. I am sure all these unwanted tensions will keep popping up till the Kashmir issue is resolved. The least an Indian can do is pay respects to the departed heroes and show gratitude to the armed forces.

Today’s song is in the voice of Sonu Nigam. It has (in order of their appearance) – Akshaye Khanna, Ashutosh Rana, Manoj Bajpai, Abhishek Bachchan, Ajay Devgan, Puru Rajkumar, Saif Ali Khan, Sanjay Kapoor, Rohit Roy, Suneil Shetty, Sanjay Dutt, Deepraj Rana, Sudesh Berry, Mukesh Tiwari, Kareena Kapoor, Rani Mukherjee, Esha Deol, Raveena Tandon, Namrata Shirodkar, Armaan Kohli, Preethi Jhangiani, Isha Koppikar, Mahima Chaudhry on-screen. “LOC Kargil” (2003) showed the war/ conflict almost as it had happened in the winter of 1999. Also, the names of the principal characters were also (almost) true-life as also the names of the various battalions.

Incidentally, 30th July is the birthdate of Sonu Nigam who was born in Haryana to Agham Kumar and Shobha Nigam in Faridabad. He began at singing at the age of four when he joined his father Agham Kumar on stage to sing ‘Kya Hua Tera Wada’- the Mohd. Rafi classic. He continued accompanying his father on various occasions before finally shifting to Mumbai at the age of 19 to try his luck in Bollywood. He has been singing in Bollywood from 1993 and has various hits to his credit. His voice is soft on the ear. Many of his songs are my personal favourites with ‘Sandese aate hain’ from ‘Border’ and ‘yeh dil deewaana’ from ‘Pardes’ topping my list. I don’t know if the followers of this blog have heard the song with this post but it is another one from my playlist.

Here is wishing this singer a healthy and happy future.

Audio

Video

Song-Bas itna yaad rahe ek saathhi aur bhi thha (LOC Kargil)(2003) Singers-Sonu Nigam, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-Anu Malik

Lyrics

Khaamosh hai jo yeh woh sada hai
Woh jo nahin hai woh keh raha hai

(Bharat Mata Ki Jai
Bharat Mata Ki Jai)

Saathiyon tumko miley ae
jeet hi jeet sada aa
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha
jaao jo laut ke tum m
ghar ho khushi se bhara
jaao jo laut ke tum m
ghar ho khushi se bhara
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha

kal parbaton pe kahin een
barsi thhi jab goliyaan
hum log thhe saath mein aen
aur hausle thhe jawaan
ab tak chattaanon pe hai ae
apne lahoo ke nishaan aan
saathi mubaarak tumhen aen
ye jashn hai jeet ka
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha

(Vande Matram
Vande Matram)

kal tumse bichhdi hui
mamta jo phir se miley
kal phool chehra koi
jab tumse milke khiley
kal tumse bichhdi hui ee
mamta jo phir se miley
kal phool chehra koi ee
jab tumse milke khiley
paao tum itni khushi ee
mit jaayen saare giley ae ae
hai pyaar jinse tumhen aen
saath rahen woh sada
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha

(this part plays along with end titles)

jab aman ki baansuri ee
goonje gagan ke taley
jab dosti ka diya aa
inn sarhadon pe jaley
jab bhool ke dushmani ee
lag jaaye koi galey ae ae
jab saare insaanon ka aa
ho ek hi kaafila
bas itna yaad rahey ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha
jaao jo laut ke tum
ghar ho khushi se bhara aa aa
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha


This article is written by Peevesie’s mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4708 Post No. : 16414

Hullo Atuldom

“Saagar” (1985) was produced by G P Sippy and directed by Ramesh Sippy. Its story, screenplay and lyrics were written by Jawed Akhtar and RD Burman was music director. The movie had 7 songs of which the blog has 5 but in my opinion we have covered six songs as the sad version of ‘saagar kinaare dil ye pukaare’ is found in the comments of post; which means that with today’s post “Saagar” will be YYIIPPEEEED!!!

Song Date of post
Maria o Maria 3 September 2008
Saagar kinaare dil ye pukaare 29 November 2008
Yoonhi gaate raho 9 August 2013
Ho chehra hai ya chaand khila hai 17 June 2018
Sach mere yaar hai 7 November 2020

We can see “Saagar” made its debut in 2008 ( 2 songs) then the next one came 5 years later. The movie waited for another 5 years when Atulji posted ‘chehra hai ya chaand khila hai’ and then we had a song last November.

“Saagar” was a star-studded movie (a term which was very commonly used in those times) with Dimple Kapadia (who was making a return to films), Rishi Kapoor, Kamal Haasan, Saeed Jaffrey, Nadira, Madhur Jaffrey, Kiran Vairale, Shafi Inaamdar, Satish Kaushik, A K Hangal etc. Kishore Kumar, S P Balasubrahmanyam, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhonsle and Shailendra Singh. ‘Chehra hai ya chaand khila hai’ got Kishore Kumar his 8th Filmfare award. It was a film that was sent as an entry to the Academy Awards in the Foreign Language category. Interestingly, Kamal Haasan was nominated under the Best Actor and Best Actor supporting categories in the Filmfare awards of that year. He won it in the Best Actor category, his only award in Hindi films. Before that, in 1968, Ashok Kumar was nominated in two categories for ‘Aashirwad’. The movie had a very simple story of two friends falling in love with the same girl with an economic classes clash thrown in for good measure.

I had lots of songs to choose from for today’s post to wish Dimple Kapadia on her 64th birthday. This song from ‘Saagar’ gives us a glimpse of how beautiful Dimple is/was. How gorgeous her hair is/was. How elegant she is/was. Though she had signed ‘Saagar’ first other movies like ‘Zakhmi Sher’, ‘Lava’, ‘Manzil Manzil’ etc released first. She has since been seen in many movies where her characters have showed emotions, drama, action etc.

It was not easy writing out the lyrics to this song. There are so many different styles of breathing intonation, I didn’t know if the sound ‘ssh’ with which the song begins is a word or the character catching her breath when the hero touching her. But all-in-all a very romantic song and there is a beautiful play of lights reflecting off the waters of the pool.

Happy Birthday Dimple. may you have many more…


Audio

Song-Jaane do na paas aao na (Saagar)(1985) Singers-Asha Bhonsle, Shailendra Singh, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-R D Burman

Lyrics

haa jaane do na
ae paas aao na
ho o jaane do na
hey paas aao na
chhuo na chhuo na mujhe
chhuo na chhuo na dekho
chhuo na chhuo na chhuo naa
ho o o pa..aa..as aao na
jaa..aa..n..ae..e do na
aao na aao na paas
aao na aao na dekho
aao na aao na aao na

ho o o jaa..aa..ne ae do na
paas aao naa

hmm
hm
chhodo kalaayi dekho ro doongi
chhodo kalaayi dekho ro doongi
jaao main tumse nahin boloongi
maan bhi jaao meri baat sanam
haathon mein rehne do yeh haath sanam

chhuo na chhuo na mujhe
chhuo na chhuo na dekho
chhu..oo..o na
pa..aa..as aao na
ja..aa..ne do naa

pyaase honthon ki jo kahaani hai
pyaase honthon ki jo kahaani hai
paas aake tumhein sunaani hai

yeh baatein main na kar paaoongi
paas na aana mar jaaoongi
aao na aao na paas
aao na aao na dekho
aa.o na aa

jaa.aa..ne do na
paas aao na

dil jaise karvaten badalta hai ae
dil jaise karvaten badalta hai
mera toh saara tan jalta hai
armaan jo dil mein machalte hain
tan yoonhi jalte uchhalte hain

chhuo na chhuo na mujhe
chhuo na chhuo na dekho
chhuo na aa aa
paas aao naa
o ja.aa..ne do na
aao na aao na paas
aao na aao na dekho
aao na aao na aao na

ho o o ja..aa.ne do na
paas aao na
ho hm hm hm hm
hm hm hm hm
hm hm hm hm
hmmm


This article is written by Nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4694 Post No. : 16382

Remembrance Day   —    Laxmikant Shantaram Kudalkar (of Laxmikant-Pyarelal)

Today is the 23rd remembrance day of Laxmikant S. Kudalkar one half of the music composer duo fondly known as L-P.  They were the sole torch bearers by 1988, of the melodious music of the golden era of HFM.   Though RD Burman was still around, but doing very few films.  L-P it seems never took a breather, till the demise of  Laxmikant on 25.05.1998.  I personally don’t know of any instance where Pyarelal composed a film score alone.

Laxmikant–Pyarelal received won 7 awards and 15 nominations for best music direction in the Filmfare awards.

Filmfare Award for Best Music Director– Won

1965 Dosti
1968 Milan
1970 Jeene Ki Raah
1978 Amar Akbar Anthony
1979 Satyam Shivam Sundaram
1980 Sargam
1981 Karz

They have composed close to 3000 songs out of which 896 are posted.  So the tally is so close to 900 mark.   Today is actually Remembrance Day of Sunil Dutt also.  I could have easily found a song by L-P featuring Sunil Dutt to post, but I was reminded of this wonderful group song from ‘Tezaab’ in a video forward in the family group.

Belgaum city has been put under strict lock down for the extended weekend from Friday to Monday.  The video is maybe shot last year showing empty streets, markets and by-lanes of the city.  It was moving very fast, so I failed to recognise much of the blurred views. This song from ‘Tezaab’ 1988 was playing in the background, so I decided to do this song post.  I have always liked the song for the humming in the background, and night journey in the battered vehicle with a broken wind shield.  Chunky Pandey and his friends are singing this song.  While sad looking Madhuri Dixit and Anil Kapoor are trying to enjoy their antics.  Second stanza is filmed on these two with background singing by Alka Yagnik and Shabbir Kumar.  Nitin Mukesh is giving playback to Chunky Pandey.

Peevesie’s Mom would have liked to post this as Chunky Pandey’s song, I suspect.  But I have it as a night song from ‘Tezaab’ by Nitin Mukesh.  That’s how I remembered it and had thought of including it in the ‘Chaandni Raatien’ series.  But since there is no moon visible here, nor it is mentioned in the song, so desisted.

The other day after reading Madhuri’s birthday post on 15th May, I remembered many songs.  Even started one post for a Madhuri song, but could not complete it.  That one is also a hit L-P score.  But for now, that song will have to wait.

For a five-minute song, this is having only 2 stanza’s.  So, I looked for audio version, thinking that it may have an extra stanza.  But there is no extra stanza in the audio version, which is slightly longer with repetition of mukhda.

So, let’s enjoy this hummable, slow, melodious, pensive, meaningful song, written by Javed Akhtar.

And remember Laxmikant Kudalkar, the musician.

Video

Audio

Song – So Gaya Ye Jahaan, So Gaya Aasmaan (Tezaab) (1988), Singer – Nitin Mukesh, Alka Yagnik, Shabbir Kumar, Lyrics – Javed Akhtar, MD – Lakshmikant Pyarelal
Chorus

Lyrics

hmmm mmmmmm
hmmm mmmmmm
hmmm mmmmmm
hmmm mmmmmm

so gaya ye jahaan
so gaya aasmaan
so gaya ye jahaan
so gaya aasmaan
so gayeen een
hain saari manzilien
o saari manzilein
so gayaa hai rastaa
so gaya ye jahaan (hmmmm)
so gaya aasmaan (hmmmm)
so gayeen een (hmmmm)
hain saari manzilien (hmmmm)
o saari manzilein (hmmmm)
so gayaa hai rast aa(hmmmm)
so gaya ye jahaan (hmmmm)
so gaya aasmaan (hmmmm)

raat aayi to wo jin ke ghar thhe
wo ghar ko gaye so gaye
raat aayi to ham jaise
awaara phir nikle
raahon mein aur kho gaye
raat aayi to wo jin ke ghar thhe
wo ghar ko gaye so gaye
raat aayi to ham jaise
awaara phir nikle
raahon mein aur kho gaye
iss gali uss gali
iss nagar uss nagar
jaayen bhi to kahaan
jaana chaahein agar
ho oo so gayeen een (hmmmm)
hain saari manzilien (hmmmm)
o saari manzilein
so gayaa hai rastaa
so gaya ye jahaan
so gaya aasmaan
so gaya ye jahaan
so gaya aasmaan

kuchh meri suno
kuchh apni kaho
ho paas to aise ea
chup na raho o
ham paas bhi hain
aur door bhi hain
azaad bhi hain
majboor bhi hain
kyun pyar ka mausam
beet gayaa
kyun ham se zamaana
jeet gayaa aa
har ghadi mera dil
gham ke ghere mein hai ea
zindagi door tak ab
andhere mein hai
andhere mein hai ea ea
andhere mein hai

ho so gayeen een
hain saari manzilien
o saari manzilein en
so gayaa hai rastaa
so gaya ye jahaan (hmmmm)
so gaya aasmaan (hmmmm)
so gaya ye jahaan (hmmmm)
so gaya aasmaan (hmmmm)

hmmm mmmmmm
hmmm mmmmmm
hmmm mmmmmm
hmmm mmmmmm

————————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics
(Provided by Sudhir)
————————————————————

हम्ममम म्ममममम
हम्ममम म्ममममम
हम्ममम म्ममममम
हम्ममम म्ममममम

सो गया ये जहां
सो गया आसमान
सो गया ये जहां
सो गया आसमान
सो गईं॰॰॰
हैं सारी मंज़िलें
सो गया है रस्ता
सो गया ये जहां (हम्ममम)
सो गया आसमान (हम्ममम)
सो गईं॰॰॰ (हम्ममम)
हैं सारी मंज़िलें (हम्ममम)
ओ सारी मंज़िलें (हम्ममम)
सो गया है रस्ता (हम्ममम)
सो गया ये जहां (हम्ममम)
सो गया आसमान (हम्ममम)

रात आई तो वो जिनके घर थे
वो घर को गए सो गए
रात आई तो हम जैसे
आवारा फिर निकले
राहों में और खो गए
इस गली उस गली
इस नगर उस नगर
जाएँ भी कहाँ
जाना चाहें अगर
हो ओ सो गईं॰॰॰ (हम्ममम)
हैं सारी मंज़िलें (हम्ममम)
ओ सारी मंज़िलें
सो गया है रस्ता
सो गया ये जहां
सो गया आसमान
सो गया ये जहां
सो गया आसमान

कुछ मेरी सुनो
कुछ अपनी कहो
हो पास तो ऐसे॰॰॰
चुप न रहो
हम पास भी हैं
और दूर भी हैं
आज़ाद भी हैं
मजबूर भी हैं
क्यूँ प्यार का मौसम
बीत गया
क्यूँ हमसे ज़माना
जीत गया
हर घड़ी मेरा दिल’
ग़म के घेरे में है
ज़िंदगी दूर तक अब
अंधेरे में है
अंधेरे में है॰॰॰
अंधेरे में है

हो सो गईं॰॰॰
हैं सारी मंज़िलें
ओ सारी मंज़िलें
सो गया है रस्ता
सो गया ये जहां (हम्ममम)
सो गया आसमान (हम्ममम)
सो गया ये जहां (हम्ममम)
सो गया आसमान (हम्ममम)

हम्ममम म्ममममम
हम्ममम म्ममममम
हम्ममम म्ममममम
हम्ममम म्ममममम


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4648 Post No. : 16312

Every few years or so, we have people proudly posting the photographs of their fingers with indelible ink in it, as proof of having voted in a parliament election or an assembly election. 🙂

These days, we have a non recurring once in a century occurrence taking place, namely Covid 19 vaccination. The process of this covid vaccination in India is very much comparable to the process of parliamentary general election. People are getting themslves vaccinated, and posting photos of their vaccination on their social media accounts. 🙂

India has two kinds of vaccines that are approved for vaccination. One is covishield (manufactured by Serum Institute of India Pune) and another is Covaxin (manufactured by Bharat Biotech, Hyderabad)

Both vaccines got the approval of India’s Central Drugs and Standards Committee (CDSCO) for emergency use on 3 january 2021 after they completed their various phases of trials.

Serum Institute of India has the largest capacity in the entire world for producing vaccines. Its vaccine Covishield was based on the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine developed in UK whereas Covaxin of Bharat Biotec was an indigenously developed vaccine. The capacity of Serum Institute of India is much higher than that of Bharat Biotech. Covishield vaccine was even offered by Government of India to some friendly countries. As on date, more than 80 countries have received consignments of Covishield vaccine, in a Government of India initiative dubbed as “Vaccine Maitri”. This initiative has won India tremendous goodwill worldwide. Some countries offered profuse thanks to India and Indian government for this gesture.

SII was manufacturing 65-70 million doses in a month but that was not enough to meet the demands of India and other countries. It plans to enhance its capacity to 100 million doses in a month and for that it has sought Government help of Rs 3000 crores($453 millions).

Till today, 90% of all vaccination done in India is of Covishield. Other 10 % is of covaxin. As of now (8 april 2021), 8 crore 29 lakh Covishield vaccine doses and 82 lakh covaxin doses have been administered in India. In addition, 6 crore 45 lakh doses of Covishield have also been supplied to 85 different countries as grant, on commercial basis, and also under CEPI, GAVI, WHO and UNICEFs COVAX programme.

These vaccines have much less stringent low temperature requirement for storage compared to some other vaccines developed abroad. So These vaccines can be transported and stored in India using the existing cold chain logistical infrastructure. That way they are suitable for other less developed countries of the world as well.

Coming to Indian vaccination programme, Just like all adult (18 plus) Indian citizens are eligible to vote, all citizens of certain age group are eligible for free vaccination. Initially people in 60 plus age group were eligible. Certain category of people, like doctors, frontline workers etc, who were in the forefront of fighting this pandemic were also eligible irrespective of their age. Beginning from 1 april 2021, all Indian citizens above the age of 45 are eligible. This will cover about 40 crore Indian citizens (out of 130 crore population).

My wife and daughter belonged to the category of medical personnel and so both of them were eligible for their doses of vaccination. Both of them got their two doses of vaccination before the end of march 2021.

I was not eligible. Some 45 to 59 years age group people who had comorbidities (viz serious health conditions) too were eligible before 1 april 2021 for vaccination on production of doctor’s report and many people of this age group got themselves vaccinated making use of this provision even when some of them had no comorbidities. My wife asked me to get myself vaccinated, as did our daughter, but I insisted that I was not eligible. I rejected my wife’s insinuation that I had hypertension and therefore comorbidity. 🙂

However, from 1 april 2021, I too became eligible for vaccination. My wife and daughter were in any case pestering me for that. The nearest hospital where vaccination was being administered was at NE Railway main hospital located near my workplace. I found out that the vaccination time was from 9:30 to 10 AM or so. I arrived at the place. I was under the impression (based on erroneous media reports) that there would be very small number of people and the medical staff would be sitting idle waiting for people to come. I was mistaken. There was a big crowd of people. So there were so many people interesting in vaccination, unlike what some media houses were trying to portray. I collected the form and filled it up. Though there was a good crowd, it thinned out by the time it was 10:30. I came to know that a limited number of doses are brought from the local state government cold storage that had to be consumed on the same day. There is no method of getting the supply replenished on the same day. 68 number of doses were allotted to the hospital on that day and they got used up within one hour.

I wondered how I was going to be able to get myself vaccinated if this was the state of affairs. The problem was, I was trying to avail the vaccination facility like a common man, standing in a queue, whereas I should have done it like a VIP, which I was for the Railway hospital, seeing that I headed the Railway workshop that employed 60% of all Railway employees based in Gorakhpur. My workplace was easily the biggest industrial workplace in Gorakhpur.

The next day of vaccination in the hospital was 5 april 2021, viz the next monday. This time I took no chances and asked my steno to phone up the doctor incharge of vaccination informing him that I would like to get vaccinated on that day. I went there, through the doctor’s entrance rather than the public entrance, which I was told was jampacked. My workplace has a small health unit headed by a lady doctor and she too was available there to make fuss over me-“hato hato saahab aaye hain”, getting the doctor incharge of vaccination to come and greet me etc. and in general to get my vaccination fast tracked. I had already filled up my form the previous day itself. As ID proof, I had attached my Aadhaar Card. That data gets filled in a computer, which verifies the Aadhaar card from UIDAI site. That done, the lady doctor made sure that I was the first person of the day to get vaccinated. 🙂

The vaccinated people are supposed to stay there for half an hour under observation to see that no adverse effect takes place on them. I did not feel any adverse effect, so I informed the lady doctor and left for the workplace. From there I informed my wife and daughter that I had taken my first dose. My daughter asked me to immediately take one tablet of paracetomol then and another tablet in the evening. But I am not feeling any ill effects, I protested. Still my daughter ordered me to take one tablet immediately which I duly did.

I realised after some time that I did not get the vaccination certificate that my wife and daughter had got. I thought that I would be able to get it using my Aadhaar Card number and registered mobile number. I was not far off in my guess but I also needed another information, viz Beneficiary Reference ID, which gets generated during registration at the vaccination centre. I asked my steno to find out this Beneficiary Reference ID. The steno found it out and even downloaded my Vaccination certificate on a nice photographic paper and presented in to me. So I had my vaccination certificate at hand. Later I downloaded a pdf copy on my mobile too and shared it with my wife and daughter.

This certificate is a miracle of Digital India initiative.It gives everyone a clearcut and foolproof, fully traceable, six sigma quality documentation of the progress of vaccination in the country. The details of all vaccination get updated in real time and they then figure in the live figures of vaccination at the site named cowin.gov.in.

The vaccination certificate has all the relevant details one can think of namely beneficiary details (name, age, gender, ID verification details, residence) and also vaccination details (name of vaccine, date of dose, next due date, vaccinated by, and place of vaccination). The certificate also had a machine readable bar code.

VaccineCertificate

When one looks at the vaccine certificate of USA (left in the picture above), technologically the most advanced nation on earth, one finds that their vaccine certificate is quite amateurish and that can be easily manipulated and forged. Their certificate will not pass muster as a legally valid document as it hardly contains any details, just name, vaccine name and date, and an illegible signature. That is all. There is no unique ID (say Social security number) mentioned in the certificate. Israeli certificate (right on the picture above)on the other hand is professionally made, as is expected of them.

I have mentioned earlier that many media houses, and also political parties are trying disinformation campaigns about the vaccines. There are many less informed people who fall prey to such malicious disinformation campaign. One school friend of my daughter phoned her. Her father had fallen prey to one such youtube video and he was refusing to listen to anyone and he would not get himself vaccinated. Would my daughter try to convince him ? How could I, if you and your mother couldnot, but let me try- my daughter replied. So my daughter was connected on phone to her old friend’s father. He stated that this youtube uploader has given such gory details about the process of vaccine manufacture that no one with a conscious could ever get these vaccines. My daughter asked him to get the credentials of this video uploader verified on wikipedia etc. Was he a qualified medical practitioner or belonged to pharma industry ? If not then his facts were imaginary, she informed him. But the Indian vaccines have been develoed in just two months, so these vaccines are fake as informed by this uploader- he stated. My daughter advised him about the vaccine development stages, that there are five stages, each stage is stringent. Initally tests are conducted on animals, then on humans, then the vaccines get certified by a regulatory agency. All this has taken nearly a year. The covishield vaccine has been certified fit for use in several countries, and not just India. In any case, this vaccine is developed not in India, but in UK, and India is only producing it under license, my daughter informed him.

Two days later, my daughter’s friend phoned again, and thanked my daughter profusely. After my daughter’s talk, her father had checked up on the credentials of the youtube uploader and had realised that he was unqualified to discuss this matter. He also realised that the vaccines had passed all the stages that vaccines are required to pass. So he had gone to the nearest vaccine center and had got himself vaccinated. That way, my daughter may have helped bring peace and harmony to the disturbed household of her old school friend. I felt quite proud of my daughter. It means she has the ability to convince others, which is a good ability to have for anyone.

The fact that India is self reliant in covid vaccines and is even in a position to export it to half the countries of the world is a matter of great pride for all Indians. This has been made possible by those Indians ho have lived in India and have tried to make a difference in the country. For instance, Serum Institute of India and Bharat Biotec are doing cutting edge work in their field. On this occasion of natinal and international emergency they have risen to the challenge and are helping the country fight this pandemic with confidence.

On this occasion, here is a song that catches the same feeling of national pride. This song is from “Swades”(2004). The song is sung and composed by A R Rahman. Javed Akhtar is the lyricist. This song plays in the background, hich the picturisation shows Shahrukh Khan, playing an NRI working in NASA dying to come back to India and give back to the nation. A very moving and inspirational song indeed !

Audio

Video

Song-Ye jo des hai tera (Swades)(2004) Singer-A R Rahman, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-A R Rahman

Lyrics

ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta aa

mitti ki hai jo khushbu, tu kaise bhulaayega
tu chaahe kahin jaaye
tu laut ke aayega
nayi-nayi raahon mein
dabi-dabi aaho mein
khoye-khoye dil se tere koyi ye kahega
ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta

hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm

tujhse zindagi hai ye keh rahi
sab toh paa liya
ab hai kya kami
yoon toh saare sukh hain barse
par door tu hai apne ghar se
aa laut chal tu ab deewaane
jahaan koyi toh tujhe apna maane
awaaz de tujhe bulaane wahi des
ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta aa

hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm

ye pal hai wahi
jis mein hai chhupi
poori ek sadi,
saari zindagi
tu na poochh raaste mein kaahe
aaye hai is tarha do raahe
tu hi toh hai raah jo sujhaaye
tu hi toh hai ab jo ye bataaye
chaahe toh kis disha mein jaaye wahi des
ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta aa
hmm hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm hmm


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16181

Hullo Atuldom

A very Happy Republic day to one and all.

“India is my country
And all Indians are my brothers and sisters.
I love my country, and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.
I shall always strive to be worthy of it.
I shall give respect to my parents, teachers, and all elders and treat everyone with courtesy.
To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion.
In their well being and prosperity alone, lies my happiness
Jai Hind!.”

This is the national pledge which is commonly found printed in the opening pages of the school text books and calendars. It is recited in the morning assembly of most Indian schools. It is part of the Indian Constitution. It is commonly recited by Indians in unison at public events, Independence day, Republic day etc. At least it used be so when I was a student, don’t know if this is still in practice. We all know who wrote the National Anthem or the National song but the author of the National Pledge is largely unknown. His name is P.V. Subba Rao who was a Telugu author and bureaucrat who composed the pledge when he was serving as District Treasury Officer in Vishakapatnam district in 1962/63. It was subsequently translated into other languages. Apparently Subba Rao himself was unaware of the Pledge having been adopted as National Pledge till he heard his grand daughter reading it from a textbook.

Hope we all get back to taking the pledge today on our 71st Republic day.
“Diljale” (1996) had music by Anu Malik and Javed Akhtar was the lyricist. It was produced by Paramjeet Baweja and directed by Harry Baweja; Karan Razdan (of the popular Doordarshan serial “Rajani” fame) was its story-screenplay-dialogue writer. It had a cast headed by Sonali Bendre- Ajay Devgan- Madhoo- Parmeet Sethi and Amrish Puri, Shakti Kapoor, Himani Shivpuri, Farida Jalal, Akash Khurana, Master Raju (as Raju Shrivastav), Rakesh Bedi, Tinnu Anand, Aroon Bakshi, Gulshan Grover etc in the supporting cast.

It was the story of Shyam (Ajay Devgan) who is the son of a patriotic village leader (Akash Khurana) who is in love with Radhika (Sonali Bendre) daughter of the local politician and an erstwhile Rajasaheb. The Raja cannot digest the love between the college students because of economic and class differences. He also cannot tolerate the village leader who is an obstacle in his aim to usurp the land of the villagers. The Raja, with the help of the local corrupt cop Gulshan Grover manages to frame the village leader and brand Shyam a terrorist when the latter goes to question the Raja’s actions. This causes a rift between the lovers.

Shyam manages to escape and finds refuge with Dara (Amrish Puri) and his gang who are basically pawns at the hand of India’s enemies. Shyam as Shaka tries to settle scores with Rajasaheb, and in process a few of his associates are captured by the army. Dara and his gang then hijack a bus of Vaishnodevi pilgrims so that they can pressurize the army into releasing their gang members. Radhika and her aunt are also part of the hostages. This provides the ex-lovers opportunity to clarify misunderstandings. The movie then proceeds to the climax with Shaka/ Shyam managing to avenge his father’s humiliation etc. He also manages to bring a change in the thinking of Dara and his gang who surrender to the army when they see that Shaka steps on a landmine that was meant to blow them up. All-in-all it was an entertaining movie but IMHO the solution to the terrorist problem, as shown in the movie, was rather lame.

“Diljale” had Alka Yagnik, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Poornima, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan and Master Aditya Narayan who has now grown into an adult and is a singer, composer and television host now. We have one song already in the blog out of the eight or nine songs that the movie had.

Today’s song is a two-version song. In the first version we have Akash Khurana lip-syncing to Kumar Sanu and tutoring his son about the motherland. The son lip-syncs to Aditya Narayan. This version has all the trappings of a National Day song with flag unfurling, releasing doves and Hindu Muslim bhaichara or unity as one may choose to view it. The second version starts as an antakshari played by the captives of Dara and gang and culminates as the patriotic song sung by Radhika in Kavita Krishnamurthy’s voice.

Incidentally 25th January happened to be Kavita Krishnamurthy’s 63rd birthday. She was born in Delhi as Sharada Krishnamurthy. She is married to Dr. L. Subramaniam a renowned composer, violinist, and conductor who is trained in Carnatic classical music as well as Western Classical music. Kavita got an opportunity to sing under the auspices of Hemant Kumar for a Bengali film in 1971 when she was still in college and Lata Mangeshkar was her co-singer. Hemantda’s daughter was instrumental in reintroducing Kavita to Hemantda and he began using her for his live performances. Manna Dey spotted her in one of these shows and then she sang a few advertisement jingles. Until 1985, when “Pyar Jhukta Nahin” happened, Kavita was a dubbing artist for many composers. “tumse milkar, na jaane kyun” and “Pyar Jhukta Nahin” was the turning point of her career. Here is wishing Kavita Krishnamurthy a life filled with happiness and music and good health.

Happy Republic Day once again.

Part I

Part II

Song-Mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan (Diljale)(1996) Singers-Kumar Sanu, Aditya Narayan, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-Anu Malik
Chorus

Lyrics

—————
Part I
—————

mera mulk mera desh
mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyaar ka chaman
iss ke waaste nisaar hai
mera tan
mera mann
ae watan ae watan ae watan
jaaneman jaaneman jaaneman
mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyar ka chaman

aaa aahaha ha
aaa aahaha ha
aaaaaa a aaaaaa
aaaaaaaa

apne is chaman ko swarag hum banaayenge
kona kona apne desh ka sajaayenge
jashn hoga zindagi ka
honge sab magan
honge sab magan
iske waaste nisaar hai mera tan mera man
ae watan ae watan ae watan
jaaneman jaaneman jaaneman

mera mulk mera desh
mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka
pyaar ka chaman
mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyaar ka chaman
mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyaar ka chaman
iske waaste nisaar hai
mera tan
mera man
ae watan ae watan ae watan
jaaneman jaaneman jaaneman
ae watan ae watan ae watan
jaaneman jaaneman jaaneman

———————-
Part II
———————-

hai na bolo bolo,
hai na bolo bolo
papa bolo bolo,
mummy bolo bolo
papa ko mummy se
mummy ko papa se
pyaar hai
pyaar hai
pyaar hai

hum tum
ek kamre mein band hon
aur chaabhi kho jaaye
nainon ki bhool bhulaiya mein
bobby kho jaye
hum tum, ek kamre me band ho
aur chabhi kho jaaye

ek do teen char panch chhe
saat aath nau das gyarah barah terah
ek do teen
char panch chhe
sat aath nau das gyarah barah terah
tera karoon din gin gin ke intzaar
aaja piya aayi bahaar
tera karoon din gin gin ke intzar
aaja piya aayi bahaar

roop tera mastana, pyaar mera deewaana
roop tera mastana, pyaar mera diwana
bhool koi hamse na ho jaaye
roop tera mastana, pyaar mera deewaana
bhool koi hamse na ho jaaye
raat nasheeli mast samaa hai
aaj nashe mein saara jahaan hai
haaye sharaabi mausam bahkaaye ae ae
roop tera mastana, pyaar mera diwana
bhool koi hamse na ho jaaye

ae bhai
ae bhai zara dekh ke chalo
aage hi nahin peechhe bhi
daayen hi nahi, baye bhi
upar hi nahi, neeche bhi
ae bhai, ae bhai zara dekh ke chalo
aage hi nahin pichhe bhi
daye hi nahin baye bhi
upar hi nahin neeche bhi ae bhai

eena meena deeka
eena meena deeka, daaye dama deeka
maka naka naka
cheeka peeka reeka
hey
eena meena deeka, daye dama dika
maka naka maka naka
peeka peeka rola rika
rampam posh saramm posh
rampam posh saramm posh
rampam posh saramm posh
rampam posh saramm posh
eena meena deeka

kya karen kya na karen ye kaisi mushkil haye
kya kare, kya na kare, ye kaisi mushkil haye
koi to bata de, iska hal o mere bhai
ke ek taraf isse pyar kare
aur usko hi, ye kahne se daren hum

mera mulk, mera desh, mera ye watan
shaanti ka, unnati ka, pyaar ka chaman

mera mulk
mera desh
mera ye watan
shaanti ka
unnati ka, pyaar ka chaman
iske waaste nisaar hai
mera tan
mera man
ae watan
ae watan
ae watan
jaaneman
jaaneman
jaaneman

kal ke saare waade aaj tootne lage
haath mein jo haath thhe wo chhootne lage
kaash laut aaye pahle jaisa apna man

ae watan, ae watan, ae watan
jaaneman, jaaneman, jaaneman

mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyaar ka chaman
mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4571 Post No. : 16175

I was not around when India got freedom from British Raj. When I was growing up, we were told that India won her freedom through non violent movement. Some people like Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Subhash Chandra Bose etc found passing mention who were not part of non violent movement.

I was around when Bangladesh won her freedom from Pakistan in 1971. I was surprised to know what Bangladeshis are taught about their freedom. They are taught that Mukti bahini defeated Pakistani army and secured freedom for Bangladesh from Pakistan ! There is no mention of the fact that there was a full fledged war between India and Pakistan and that Pakistanis army, with 93000 Pakistani soldiers, surrendered before Indian army in Dhaka, leading to the independence of Bangladesh. There is a famous surrender photograph to prove it.

As for Pakistan, they are taught in their text books that Pakistan had defeated India in 1971 war but the scheming Indians in collusion with the entire world got Bangladesh to separate from Pakistan. There is no mention of the fact in Pakistani history textbooks that Pakistani army massacred 3 million East Pakistanis and raped 5 lakh East Pakistani women in what was a human right abuse second only to what was perperated by Nazis on jews during second world war, which ultimately led to the liberation of Bangladesh.

Who knows, we Indians too may have been been disinformed about our freedom struggle the way Bangladeshis are disinformed about their freedom from Pakistan ! Today, in the era of internet we have access to information over and above what we were taught in India in our history textbooks. And the facts that emerge from these independent sources differ from what we have been told in India.

When the second world war ended, Britain had paid a heavy price for their war efforts. Britain, which was the largest economy in the world a few decades ago, found their economy in a bad shape. So much so that they had to take loan from USA (the new superpower) to shore up their economy. Britain had looted the resources of their colonies and they could no longer afford to hold on to their colonies as holding on to them had become prohibitively expensive for them.

Here is the lowdown about British economy in the aftermath of world war 2:-

Labour rejoiced at its political triumph, the first independent parliamentary majority in the party’s history, but it faced grave problems. The war had stripped Britain of virtually all its foreign financial resources, and the country had built up “sterling credits”—debts owed to other countries that would have to be paid in foreign currencies—amounting to several billion pounds. Moreover, the economy was in disarray. Some industries, such as aircraft manufacture, were far larger than was now needed, while others, such as railways and coal mines, were desperately short of new equipment and in bad repair. With nothing to export, Britain had no way to pay for imports or even for food. To make matters worse, within a few weeks of the surrender of Japan, on September 2, 1945, U.S. President Harry S. Truman, as he was required to do by law, ended lend-lease, upon which Britain had depended for its necessities as well as its arms. John Maynard Keynes, as his last service to Great Britain, had to negotiate a $3.75 billion loan from the United States and a smaller one from Canada. In international terms, Britain was bankrupt.

Also this:

Withdrawal from the empire
——————————
Britain, not entirely by coincidence, was also beginning its withdrawal from the empire. Most insistent in its demand for self-government was India. The Indian independence movement had come of age during World War I and had gained momentum with the Massacre of Amritsar of 1919. The All-India Congress Party, headed by Mohandas K. Gandhi, evoked sympathy throughout the world with its policy of nonviolent resistance, forcing Baldwin’s government in the late 1920s to seek compromise. The eventual solution, embodied in the Government of India Act of 1935, provided responsible government for the Indian provinces, the Indianization of the civil service, and an Indian parliament, but it made clear that the Westminster Parliament would continue to legislate for the subcontinent. The act pleased no one, neither the Indians, the Labour Party, which considered it a weak compromise, nor a substantial section of the Conservative Party headed by Churchill, which thought it went too far. Agitation in India continued.

Further British compromise became inevitable when the Japanese in the spring of 1942 swept through Burma to the eastern borders of India while also organizing in Singapore a large Indian National Army and issuing appeals to Asian nationalism. During the war, Churchill reluctantly offered increasing installments of independence amounting to dominion status in return for all-out Indian support for the conflict. These offers were rejected by both the Muslim minority and the Hindu majority.

The election of a Labour government at the end of World War II coincided with the rise of sectarian strife within India. The new administration determined with unduly urgent haste that Britain would have to leave India. This decision was announced on June 3, 1947, and British administration in India ended 10 weeks later, on August 15. Burma (now Myanmar) and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) received independence by early 1948. Britain, in effect, had no choice but to withdraw from colonial territories it no longer had the military and economic power to control.

The same circumstances that dictated the withdrawal from India required, at almost the same time, the termination of the mandate in Trans-Jordan, the evacuation of all of Egypt except the Suez Canal territory, and in 1948 the withdrawal from Palestine, which coincided with the proclamation of the State of Israel. It has been argued that the orderly and dignified ending of the British Empire, beginning in the 1940s and stretching into the 1960s, was Britain’s greatest international achievement. However, like the notion of national unity during World War II, this interpretation can also be seen largely as a myth produced by politicians and the press at the time and perpetuated since. The ending of empire was calculated upon the basis of Britain’s interests rather than those of its colonies. National interest was framed in terms of the postwar situation—that is, of an economically exhausted, dependent Britain, now increasingly caught up in the international politics of the Cold War. What later became known as “decolonization” was very often shortsighted, self-interested, and not infrequently bloody, as was especially the case in Malaysia (where the politics of anticommunism played a central role) and in Kenya.

So, as can be seen from the accounts of British historians, Britain was in no position to hold on to its colonies and they left these colonies as soon as they could. It is not just India, but also other colonies that got liberated one after other in the wake of world war 2. The circumstances that led to British haste was only partially to do with Mahatma Gandhi led movement. British historians mention Indian National Army also as a reason, something which Indian historians sought to push under the carpet.

The report also mentions rise of sectarian strifes within India. So those indulging in sectarian strifes were certainly not following non violence as preached by Gandhiji, but they too were contributing to British unease. It also shows that British rules found themselved unable to prevent these sectarian violences.

It would appear to me that British rulers did not fear non violent protest as much as they feared violence. It is the violence that began frequent in the second half of 1940s that unnerved the British. British ruled India through a machinery manned by Indians.

The INA trials, the stories of Subhas Chandra Bose (“Netaji”), as well as the stories of INA’s fight during the Siege of Imphal and in Burma were seeping into the glaring public-eye at the time. These, received through the wireless sets and the media, fed discontent and ultimately inspired rebellion in the ranks of navy.

A rebellion of Royal Indian air force, followed by a full fledged mutiny of Royal Indian Navy did take place in 1946. From the initial flashpoint in Bombay on 18 february 1946, the revolt spread and found support throughout British India, from Karachi to Calcutta, and ultimately came to involve over 20,000 sailors in 78 ships and shore establishments.

The mutiny was suppressed by British troops and Royal Navy warships. Total casualties were 8 dead and 33 wounded.

The rebelling Indian Naval personnel began calling themselves the “Indian National Navy” and offered left-handed salutes to British officers. At some places, NCOs in the British Indian Army ignored and defied orders from British superiors. In Madras and Poona (now Pune), the British garrisons had to face some unrest within the ranks of the Indian Army. Widespread rioting took place from Karachi to Calcutta. Notably, the revolting ships hoisted three flags tied together – those of the Congress, Muslim League, and the Red Flag of the Communist Party of India (CPI), signifying the unity and downplaying of communal issues among the mutineers.

The revolt was called off following a meeting between the President of the Naval Central Strike Committee (NCSC), M. S. Khan, and Vallab Bhai Patel of the Congress, who had been sent to Bombay to settle the crisis. Patel issued a statement calling on the strikers to end their action, which was later echoed by a statement issued in Calcutta by Mohammed Ali Jinnah on behalf of the Muslim League. Under these considerable pressures, the strikers gave way. Arrests were then made, followed by courts martial and the dismissal of 476 sailors from the Royal Indian Navy. None of those dismissed were reinstated into either the Indian or Pakistani navies after independence.

As can be guessed, such s revolt by a wing of armed forces is a serious matter and it must have unnerved the British. And just look at the name that these mutineers chose for themselves- India National Navy. Clearly inspired from the name “Indian National Army” that Subhash Chandra Bose had given to his army. So Subhash Chandra Bose was influencing Indian armed forces in a manner that was not to the liking of British government.

The weekly intelligence summary issued on 25 March 1946 admitted that the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force units were no longer trustworthy, and, for the Army, “only day to day estimates of steadiness could be made”. The situation has thus been deemed the “Point of No Return.”

In 1967 during a seminar discussion marking the 20th anniversary of Independence; it was revealed by the British High Commissioner of the time John Freeman (1965-1968), that the mutiny of 1946 had raised the fear of another large scale mutiny along the lines of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, from the 2.5 million Indian soldiers who had participated in the Second World War. The mutiny had accordingly been a large contributing factor to the British deciding to leave India. “The British were petrified of a repeat of the 1857 Mutiny, since this time they feared they would be slaughtered to the last man”.

There it is. The main reason why British left India was not non violent movement of independence, but fear of rebellion like in 1857, and this time fear of rebellion by armed forces, and not just some small time rulers (as in 1857). This fact was admitted by no less than a person than the British High Commissioner to India. And this state of affairs was caused by Subhash Chandra Bose. It was this kind of influence that Subhash Chandra Bose had on collective psyche of British rulers. It is a fact that has been carefully kept hidden by Indian historians. In fact the naval mutiny was not even known to most Indians. It has become known only in later decades when gathering information became easier thanks to internet.

This view that Mahatma Gandhi’s new found weapon of non violence defeated British and that Subhash Chandra Bose was just a misguided partiot who failed to see the merits of non violence was not exactly subscribed to by British rulers. For that matter it was not even subscribed to by large sections of people in India itself, viz those who were demanding separate Pakistan through violent means such as direct action day (16 august 1946) which saw an estimated 4000 people dead in bloody violence in one day. This violence sparked off further religious riots in the surrounding regions of Noakhali, Bihar, United Provinces (modern Uttar Pradesh), Punjab, and the North Western Frontier Province. These events sowed the seeds for the eventual Partition of India.

In summary, Subhash Chandra Bose’s contribution to Indian independence is far greater than what he is given credit for. His contribution has been conveniently pushed under the carpet. Hopefully, in future, his contribution will be realised and appreciated. He was not a misguided patriot, he was a great visionary, who had the drive and energy to implement his vision. He raised Indian National Army. His army got defeated no doubt, but it was defeated by fellow Indians fighting for British army. It was the age old problem of India, where Indians, at the behest of foreign powers, would act against Indian interests. No doubt INA got defeated and a few of their personnel were subjected to trial, but these trials galvanised Indian public, including sections of Indian armed forces. That way, Subhash Chandra Bose (by that time already dead) turned the tables on the British rulers. Even though his army was defeated, his army caught the imagination of Indians and drew widespread public support for themselves during INA trials. British rulers were more afraid of the prospect of armed forces rebellion, which could have happened at any time according to the assessment of British rulers. So that was a major reason why they left India in a hurry.

We have been discussing songs from “Bose-A Forgotten Hero”(2004) on 23 January of various years. So far we have covered three songs from the movie on 23rd January of three different years as shown below:-

Blog post number Song Date posted
7394 Mujhe yaad aati hai 23 January 2013
13964 Jodi tod daak shene keu na aashe…tanha raahi apni raah chalta jaayegaa 23 January 2018
14853 Ham Dilli Dilli jaayenge 23 January 2019

The routine of these posts is always the same, Avinash Scrapala, our inhouse hardcore patriot who keeps track of the anniversaries of various freedom fighters, sends me the lyrics, with request for my writeup. 🙂 He knows that I cannot help but summon up my increasingly dwindling creative juices to come up with some heartfelt tribute on the occasion.

So here it is, yet another song from “Bose The Forgotten Hero”(2004) on the occasion of the 125th birth anniversary (DoB 23 January 1897) of Subhash Chandra Bose.

The song is sung and composed by A R Rahman. Some chorus is also there but their words are not clear. Lyrics are by Jawed Akhtar.

Only the audio of the song seems to be available. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks in the lyrics.

Audio

Video (Partial)

Song-Jaage hain ab saare (Bose- The forgotten hero)(2004) Singer-A R Rahman, Lyrics-Jawed Akhtar, MD-A R Rahman
Chorus

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapala)

???
dushman ko lalkaara
???
???
tiranga pyaara
jai hind ka naara

jaage hain ab saare ae
log tere
log tere ae
dekh watan
goonje hai naaron se
ab ye zameen
aur ye gagan
kal tak main tanhaa thhaa
soone thhe sab raste
kal tak main tanhaa thhaa
par ab hain saath mere
laakhon dilon ki dhadkan
dekh watan

aazaadi ee paayenge ae
aazaadi ee laayenge
aazaadi ee chhaayegi
aazaadi ee aayegi
aayegi

???
dushman ko lalkaara
???
dushman ko lalkaara
???
tiranga pyaara
????

jaage hain ab saare ae
log tere ae
dekh watan
goonje hain naaron se
ab ye zameen
aur ye gagan
kal tak main tanhaa thhaa
soone thhe sab raste
kal tak main tanhaa thhaa
par ab hain saath mere
laakhon dilon ki ee dhadkan
dekh watan

ham chaahen aazaadi
ham maangen ae aazaadi
aazaadi ee chhaayegi
aazaadi ee aayegi
aayegi

jai ???
???
dushman ko lalkaara
jai ???
???
desh ko pyaara
tiranga pyaara
????


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4566 Post No. : 16166

76th Birthday of Javed Akhtar
————————————————————

Gham-e-dil sunnane ko jee chaahtaa hai
Tumhen aazmaane ko jee chaahtaa hai

Sunaa hai ke jab se bohat door ho tum
Bohat door jaane ko jee chaahtaa hai

Unhen ham se koyi shikaayat nahin hai
Yunhi rootth jaane ko jee chaahtaa hai

Faqat hai yahi unn ki nazron ka dhokaa
Ke dhoke mein aane ko jee chaahtaa hai

Duaa hai ke ham se woh sau baar rootthen
Hamaara manaane ko jee chaahtaa hai

Nazar wo na aayen par unn ki gali mein
Yunhi aane jaane ko jee chaahtaa hai

—————————————————-
I could not find whose ghazal is this is, but giving it here as it rhymes with the title of the movie ‘Dil Chahta hai” (2001).

The song is a duet by Alka Yagnik and Udit Narayan. All the songs of this film are penned by Javed Akhtar and composed by Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy. At the turn of the century, the melodious songs, sufiana, fusion, newer music instruments were all the new fad. And the foreign location shoots were also back with a bang in mainstream hindi films. It was not only the Yash Chopra films that were shot in Switzerland etc. There is the whole world to explore and Hindi films have been shot at many locations.

The film ‘Dil chahta hai’(2001) was shot at Australia, when the character Akash played by Amir Khan, moves to Sydney to look after his father business operation in Australia. The character of Akash was the meaty one in the film, with all the jokes to crack, all the drama to enact. It was the role of Sameer played by Saif Ali Khan that was less complex, understated but full of contradictions. Akshaye Khanna’s character was Siddarth, the quite sensitive artist, who looks at the world through the artistic eye.

I saw the movie again recently after this last post and thought again, that it is hard to believe that it is a 20 year old movie. Obviously made at the turn of the century, it has those vintage mobile phones, which look like antiques to today’s generation. Our generation has seen the most sweeping changes in lifestyle, of all the previous generations. The earlier generations, had very less comforts than us but I dare say their happiness quotients was higher than us, as they had less expectations and desires. The more our generation has achieved, it wants more of it, the comforts and the excitement, and thus losing out on the contentment in life.

Moving to the film, it has a few one liner jokes that have become a part of lingo between friends in my generation, like “hum log cake khaane ke liye kahin bhi jaa sakte hain”, ‘Waise bhi perfection ko improve karna mushkil hotaa hai”, ‘Kitni ajeeb baat hai, ke ham teenon hi Sydney jaa rahe hain – tum, main aur yeh flight” wagera wagera !

The song of this post is a duet by Udit Narayan and Alka Yagnik, with composers producing unique musical sounds, using newly invented music instruments. The song is shot in and around Sydney, in parks showing ancient trees, with Amir and Priety take the arial tour in a helicopter, overlooking the famous Lotus shaped Opera house at the famous harbor, picnic in the garden near the marina, travel in the city bus etc. I am not sure if one of the parks shown is the Botanical garden or not. The characters are having food at the cafes, and roaming around down town or up town whichever way you want to look at it, walking the harbour bridge which has the railway, road and walkway on the same level, while singing this song. Literally a steel sheet re-enforced ghat is shown to emphasis the line ‘pyaar ke ghat jo utarte hain’, which is carpeted with Chinese grass :-).

After one such outing the couple is returning home by the metro train, when Priety misses it, and left alone at the platform, while the train moves away. While Priety is waiting, an old man looking like a poor street person is approaching her and she is scared. At the same time Aamir returns by the returning train, and seeing that the old man has scared Preity, goes and hugs the old man saying ‘did she scare you?” ‘she did? how mean of her”. This is a movie and hence the joke. The big city crime scene is not a joke anywhere in the world.

Australia is a unique country, in a sense second only to USA. USA has a lot more mixture of different races. But Australia is something, which never sought independence from the colonial powers, because by the time the British empire was done with the continent, the aboriginals were extinct and the survivors were the one who had come to serve the British interests. So, no nativity and no going back to the past and not much history recorded of the pre-colonial era. Only to look towards the future, which is not a bad state to be in, all things considering. No wonder, it has been the land of opportunities for European, Asians, chinese, afrikans and Polynesians alike in the 20th century. It thrives in its solitary splendor in the southern hemisphere with jewel like cities dotting its coast line. The Chinese might have been the neighbors of long forgotten aboriginal races of the continent, as the continent is a snug fit into the south china sea. When the continents were a single land mass, of course.

Today is the 76th Birthday of Javed Akhtar, so to celebrate, here is this new age song penned by him. A poet is a champion who plays with words, and Javed Akhtar is a champion of champions in this regard.


Song-Jaane kyun log pyaar karte hain (Dil Chaahta Hai)(2001) Singers-Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy

Lyrics

Jaane kyun log pyaar karte hain
jaane kyun wo kisi pe marte hain
jaane kyun log pyar karte hain
jaane kyun wo kisi pe marte hain
jaane kyun u u
jaane kyun
jaane kyun
jaane kyun
jaane kyun

pyaar mein
sochiye to bas gham hain
pyar mein
jo sitam bhi hon kam hain
pyaar mein
sar jhukaana padtaa hai
dard mein
muskuraana padtaa hai
zehar kyun zindagi mein bharte hain
jaane kyun log pyaar karte hain
jaane kyun uun
jaane kyun
jaane kyun
jaane kyun
jaane kyun

pyar bin jeene mein
rakkhaa kya hai
pyaar jis ko nahin wo
tanhaa hai
pyaar bin jeene mein
rakkhaa kya hai
pyaar jis ko nahin wo
tanhaa hai
pyar sau rang le ke aata hai
pyar hi zindagi sajaata hai
log chhup chhup ke pyaar karte hain
jaane kyun saaf kehte darte hain
jaane kyun oon
jaane kyun
o jaane kyun
jaane kyun
jaane kyun

pyaar bekaar ki museebat hai
pyaar har tarah khoobsoorat hai
ho pyar se ham dur hi achchhe
arre pyaar ke sab roop hain sachche
ho ooo
pyar ke ghaat jo utarte hain
doobte hain na wo ubharte hain
jaane kyun
jaane kyun
pyaar to khair sabhi karte hain
jaane kyun aap hi mukarte hain
jaane kyun
jaane kyun

jaane kyun
jaane kyun
jaane kyun


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16900 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1313
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